Thesaurus

assume

verb

Synonyms & Antonyms of assume

1 to take to or upon oneself
  • we promised to assume responsibility for any damage to the flower beds caused by the volleyball game in the backyard

Synonyms for assume

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Antonyms for assume

2 to take as true or as a fact without actual proof
  • everyone assumed, wrongly, that someone else was bringing dessert

Synonyms for assume

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Phrases Synonymous with assume

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3 to form an opinion from little or no evidence
  • as I just assumed it was too late to go out, I didn't think to ask

Synonyms for assume

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4 to present a false appearance of
  • she assumed an air of nonchalance even though she was wildly ecstatic she was going on the date

Synonyms for assume

Words Related to assume

Phrases Synonymous with assume

5 to provide with a paying job
  • assumed as partner by the prestigious law firm

Synonyms for assume

Words Related to assume

Near Antonyms for assume

Antonyms for assume

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Frequently Asked Questions About assume

How does the verb assume contrast with its synonyms?

Some common synonyms of assume are affect, counterfeit, feign, pretend, sham, and simulate. While all these words mean "to put on a false or deceptive appearance," assume often implies a justifiable motive rather than an intent to deceive.

assumed an air of cheerfulness around the patients

When would affect be a good substitute for assume?

The words affect and assume are synonyms, but do differ in nuance. Specifically, affect implies making a false show of possessing, using, or feeling.

affected an interest in art

In what contexts can counterfeit take the place of assume?

In some situations, the words counterfeit and assume are roughly equivalent. However, counterfeit implies achieving the highest degree of verisimilitude of any of these words.

an actor counterfeiting drunkenness

How does the word feign relate to other synonyms for assume?

Feign implies more artful invention than pretend, less specific mimicry than simulate.

feigned sickness

When is it sensible to use pretend instead of assume?

While in some cases nearly identical to assume, pretend implies an overt and sustained false appearance.

pretended that nothing had happened

When is sham a more appropriate choice than assume?

The words sham and assume can be used in similar contexts, but sham implies an obvious falseness that fools only the gullible.

shammed a most unconvincing limp

When might simulate be a better fit than assume?

The synonyms simulate and assume are sometimes interchangeable, but simulate suggests a close imitation of the appearance of something.

cosmetics that simulate a suntan

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Time Traveler for assume

Time Traveler

The first known use of assume was in the 15th century

See more words from the same century

Cite this Entry

“Assume.” Merriam-Webster.com Thesaurus, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/assume. Accessed 3 Mar. 2021.

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More from Merriam-Webster on assume

Dictionary: Definition of assume

Nglish: Translation of assume for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of assume for Arabic Speakers

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