verb as·sume \ə-ˈsüm\

Definition of assume




  1. transitive verb
  2. 1a :  to take to or upon oneself :  undertake assume responsibilityb :  to place oneself in assume a position

  3. 2 :  seize, usurp assume control

  4. 3 :  to pretend to have or be :  feign assumed an air of confidence in spite of her nervousness

  5. 4 :  to take as granted or true :  suppose I assume he'll be there.

  6. 5 :  to take over (the debts of another) as one's own

  7. 6 :  put on, don Mrs. Fairfax assumed her best black satin gown, her gloves, and her gold watch. — Charlotte Brontë

  8. 7a :  to take up or in :  receiveb :  to take into partnership, employment, or use


play \-ˌsü-mə-ˈbi-lə-tē\ noun


play \-ˈsü-mə-bəl\ adjective


play \-blē\ adverb

Examples of assume in a sentence

  1. I assumed he was coming, so I was surprised when he didn't show up.

  2. She assumed from his expression that he was confused.

  3. We'll be arriving around noon. That's assuming that our flight is on time.

  4. The king assumed the throne when he was very young.

  5. Under certain conditions, the chemical will assume the appearance of ice.

Origin and Etymology of assume

Middle English, from Latin assumere, from ad- + sumere to take — more at consume

First Known Use: 15th century

Synonym Discussion of assume

assume, affect, pretend, simulate, feign, counterfeit, sham mean to put on a false or deceptive appearance. assume often implies a justifiable motive rather than an intent to deceive. assumed an air of cheerfulness around the patients affect implies making a false show of possessing, using, or feeling. affected an interest in art pretend implies an overt and sustained false appearance. pretended that nothing had happened simulate suggests a close imitation of the appearance of something. cosmetics that simulate a suntan feign implies more artful invention than pretend, less specific mimicry than simulate . feigned sickness counterfeit implies achieving the highest degree of verisimilitude of any of these words. an actor counterfeiting drunkenness sham implies an obvious falseness that fools only the gullible. shammed a most unconvincing limp

ASSUME Defined for English Language Learners


verb as·sume \ə-ˈsüm\

Definition of assume for English Language Learners

  • : to think that something is true or probably true without knowing that it is true

  • : to begin (a role, duty, etc.) as a job or responsibility

  • : to take or begin to have (power, control, etc.) in a job or situation

ASSUME Defined for Kids


verb as·sume \ə-ˈsüm\

Definition of assume for Students




  1. 1 :  to begin to take on or perform assume responsibility assumed the presidency

  2. 2 :  to take or begin to have The problem assumes greater importance now.

  3. 3 :  to pretend to have or be We both assumed an air of weary worldliness … — Richard Peck, A Long Way From Chicago

  4. 4 :  to accept as true I assume you're right.

Law Dictionary


transitive verb as·sume

Legal Definition of assume



  1. 1 :  to voluntarily take upon oneself assume a risk

  2. 2 :  to take over (the debts or obligations of another) as one's own assume a mortgage

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