Definition of presumption
2a : an attitude or belief dictated by probability : assumptionb : the ground, reason, or evidence lending probability to a belief
3 : a legal inference as to the existence or truth of a fact not certainly known that is drawn from the known or proved existence of some other fact
Examples of presumption in a Sentence
The trial was unfair from the beginning because there was no presumption of innocence.
a defendant's right to a presumption of innocence
Recent Examples of presumption from the Web
But that amounts mainly to a presumption police and federal agents must go on until solid leads point them elsewhere.
There is a presumption among gay white men that the rainbow flag already represents everyone, Hikes said.
Those benefits include the exclusive right to use the mark in connection with specific goods and services, and a legal presumption of ownership.
Failure to follow these protocols could result in criminal or civil penalties, and could form the basis of legal claims, legal presumptions, or jury instructions relating to spoliation of evidence.
Related: Virginia Shooting Witness: 'It Was A Firefight' on Baseball Field In the past, the game was canceled due to The Great Depression, World War II, and a House speaker’s presumption that baseball is just too rough.
Perhaps for the first time in history, the question of whether a president is entitled to that presumption is being seriously debated.
Instead, there will be a presumption that any bail set in connection with those categories of crimes shouldn't be monetary.
Theoretically, this helps ensure the presumption of the innocence of the accused before trial.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'presumption'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Origin and Etymology of presumption
Middle English presumpcioun, from Anglo-French presumption, from Late Latin & Latin; Late Latin praesumption-, praesumptio presumptuous attitude, from Latin, assumption, from praesumere
First Known Use: 13th centurySee Words from the same year
PRESUMPTION Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of presumption for English Language Learners
: a belief that something is true even though it has not been proved
law : an act of accepting that something is true until it is proved not true
: willingness to do something without the right or permission to do it
PRESUMPTION Defined for Kids
Definition of presumption for Students
1 : behavior or attitude going beyond what is proper
2 : a strong reason for believing something to be so
3 : something believed to be so but not proved
Legal Definition of presumption
: an inference as to the existence of a fact not certainly known that the law requires to be drawn from the known or proven existence of some other fact conclusive presumption : a presumption that the law does not allow to be rebutted —called also irrebuttable presumption — compare rebuttable presumption in this entry mandatory presumption : a presumption that a jury is required by law to make upon proof of a given fact — compare permissive presumption in this entry permissive presumption : an inference or presumption that a jury is allowed but not required to make from a given set of facts —called also permissive inference — compare mandatory presumption in this entry presumption of fact : a presumption founded on a previous experience or on general knowledge of a connection between a known fact and one inferred from it presumption of innocence : a rebuttable presumption in the favor of the defendant in a criminal action imposing on the prosecution the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt presumption of intent : a permissive presumption that if a criminal defendant committed an act it was his or her intent to commit it presumption of law : a presumption (as of the innocence of a criminal defendant) founded on a rule or policy of law regardless of fact presumption of survivorship : the presumption in the absence of direct evidence that of two or more persons dying in a common disaster (as a fire) one was the last to die because of youth, strength, or other reasons rendering survivorship likely rebuttable presumption : a presumption that may be rebutted by evidence to the contrary — compare conclusive presumption in this entry
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