presumption

noun
pre·​sump·​tion | \ pri-ˈzəm(p)-shən How to pronounce presumption (audio) \

Definition of presumption

1 : presumptuous attitude or conduct : audacity
2a : an attitude or belief dictated by probability : assumption
b : the ground, reason, or evidence lending probability to a belief
3 : a legal inference as to the existence or truth of a fact not certainly known that is drawn from the known or proved existence of some other fact

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Examples of presumption in a Sentence

The trial was unfair from the beginning because there was no presumption of innocence. a defendant's right to a presumption of innocence

Recent Examples on the Web

But Sputnik’s successful launch — and even its simple, constant beeping — would be enough to trigger a seismic disturbance in the presumption of American exceptionalism. Amy B Wang, Washington Post, "With Putin’s ‘invincible’ missile taunt, some hear chilling echoes of Sputnik and the Cold War," 2 Mar. 2018 The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act doesn’t expressly pre-empt state torts, and the Court has long held that there is a presumption against federal pre-emption of state laws. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "Fighting a Tort Plague," 6 Jan. 2019 That after the presumption of innocence for a defendant is gone the judge, as the conscience of the community, may pass some sort of rhetorical judgment. Andrew Cohen, New Republic, "Judging Larry Nassar," 25 Jan. 2018 Through such presumptions of guilt, our new public inquisition looks to right genuine past wrongs. James Panero, WSJ, "Where’s the Mercy in ‘Social Justice’?," 23 Jan. 2019 And my presumption based on that horrible disgusting behavior that the American population would not elect somebody demonstrating that behavior to be President in the United States. Fox News, "UK Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt on NATO, Russia and Brexit," 13 July 2018 But the presumption should be that the DNC serves as the epicenter for the data. Julie Bykowicz, WSJ, "Fight Over Voter Data Roils Democrats Ahead of Election," 15 Dec. 2018 Mexican officials are prohibited by law from revealing criminal case details for fear of compromising ongoing investigations or depriving suspects of the presumption of innocence. Christopher Weber, The Seattle Times, "Official: Man detained in US wanted for murder in Mexico," 20 Aug. 2018 Though Chuck Schumer apparently said that that's not -- there's no presumption of innocence in the Senate, that's on American. Fox News, "Kavanaugh's high school friend reacts to fiery testimony," 28 Sep. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'presumption.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of presumption

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for presumption

Middle English presumpcioun, from Anglo-French presumption, from Late Latin & Latin; Late Latin praesumption-, praesumptio presumptuous attitude, from Latin, assumption, from praesumere

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Statistics for presumption

Last Updated

18 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for presumption

The first known use of presumption was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for presumption

presumption

noun

English Language Learners Definition of presumption

: a belief that something is true even though it has not been proved
law : an act of accepting that something is true until it is proved not true
formal : willingness to do something without the right or permission to do it

presumption

noun
pre·​sump·​tion | \ pri-ˈzəmp-shən How to pronounce presumption (audio) \

Kids Definition of presumption

1 : behavior or attitude going beyond what is proper
2 : a strong reason for believing something to be so
3 : something believed to be so but not proved

presumption

noun
pre·​sump·​tion | \ pri-ˈzəmp-shən How to pronounce presumption (audio) \

Legal Definition of presumption

: an inference as to the existence of a fact not certainly known that the law requires to be drawn from the known or proven existence of some other fact
conclusive presumption
: a presumption that the law does not allow to be rebutted

called also irrebuttable presumption

— compare rebuttable presumption in this entry
mandatory presumption
: a presumption that a jury is required by law to make upon proof of a given fact — compare permissive presumption in this entry
permissive presumption
: an inference or presumption that a jury is allowed but not required to make from a given set of facts

called also permissive inference

— compare mandatory presumption in this entry
presumption of fact
: a presumption founded on a previous experience or on general knowledge of a connection between a known fact and one inferred from it
presumption of innocence
: a rebuttable presumption in the favor of the defendant in a criminal action imposing on the prosecution the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt
presumption of intent
: a permissive presumption that if a criminal defendant committed an act it was his or her intent to commit it
presumption of law
: a presumption (as of the innocence of a criminal defendant) founded on a rule or policy of law regardless of fact
presumption of survivorship
: the presumption in the absence of direct evidence that of two or more persons dying in a common disaster (as a fire) one was the last to die because of youth, strength, or other reasons rendering survivorship likely
rebuttable presumption
: a presumption that may be rebutted by evidence to the contrary — compare conclusive presumption in this entry

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Comments on presumption

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