presumption

noun
pre·​sump·​tion | \ pri-ˈzəm(p)-shən How to pronounce presumption (audio) \

Definition of presumption

1 : presumptuous attitude or conduct : audacity
2a : an attitude or belief dictated by probability : assumption
b : the ground, reason, or evidence lending probability to a belief
3 : a legal inference as to the existence or truth of a fact not certainly known that is drawn from the known or proved existence of some other fact

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Examples of presumption in a Sentence

The trial was unfair from the beginning because there was no presumption of innocence. a defendant's right to a presumption of innocence

Recent Examples on the Web

Like all people charged with a criminal offense, Sheriff Wilkins is entitled to a presumption of innocence. CBS News, "Sheriff spoke of killing deputy who had recording of his "racially offensive" comments, charges say," 17 Sep. 2019 But what if even that presumption of veracity disappeared? The Economist, "What is a deepfake?," 7 Aug. 2019 Although California state law says there's a presumption that juvenile dependency hearings are closed, the court could allow the public into a hearing if there’s a legitimate public interest in attending. Arizona Republic, "Did Arizona Department of Child Services try to bar parents from criticizing it?," 16 July 2019 There is a presumption, for instance, that the Pentagon’s precision weapons are as accurate as they’re billed to be, which is not always the case. Justin Rohrlich, Quartz, "Limited coverage of civilian deaths means Americans can’t comprehend the true cost of war," 16 July 2019 The sin of presumption apparently has been omitted from Mayor Pete’s negligent Episcopalian Sunday school curriculum. Kevin D. Williamson, National Review, "Playing God," 8 Sep. 2019 Forget your presumptions and immediate associations with a color. Michelle Li, Teen Vogue, "This Fall, We're Clashing Our Colors with Reckless Abandon," 6 Sep. 2019 Such outrageous stories and outsized personalities make for good subjects, of course, and the viewer is mainly treated to examples of presumption and ego-gratification that are often par for the course where dictatorship is concerned. Todd Mccarthy, The Hollywood Reporter, "'The Kingmaker': Film Review | Venice 2019," 31 Aug. 2019 The law would create a presumption against parole for convicted terrorists and terrorist supporters. Rod Mcguirk, BostonGlobe.com, "Australia proposes new laws to keep extremists in prison," 1 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'presumption.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of presumption

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for presumption

Middle English presumpcioun, from Anglo-French presumption, from Late Latin & Latin; Late Latin praesumption-, praesumptio presumptuous attitude, from Latin, assumption, from praesumere

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Statistics for presumption

Last Updated

5 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for presumption

The first known use of presumption was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for presumption

presumption

noun

English Language Learners Definition of presumption

: a belief that something is true even though it has not been proved
law : an act of accepting that something is true until it is proved not true
formal : willingness to do something without the right or permission to do it

presumption

noun
pre·​sump·​tion | \ pri-ˈzəmp-shən How to pronounce presumption (audio) \

Kids Definition of presumption

1 : behavior or attitude going beyond what is proper
2 : a strong reason for believing something to be so
3 : something believed to be so but not proved

presumption

noun
pre·​sump·​tion | \ pri-ˈzəmp-shən How to pronounce presumption (audio) \

Legal Definition of presumption

: an inference as to the existence of a fact not certainly known that the law requires to be drawn from the known or proven existence of some other fact
conclusive presumption
: a presumption that the law does not allow to be rebutted

called also irrebuttable presumption

— compare rebuttable presumption in this entry
mandatory presumption
: a presumption that a jury is required by law to make upon proof of a given fact — compare permissive presumption in this entry
permissive presumption
: an inference or presumption that a jury is allowed but not required to make from a given set of facts

called also permissive inference

— compare mandatory presumption in this entry
presumption of fact
: a presumption founded on a previous experience or on general knowledge of a connection between a known fact and one inferred from it
presumption of innocence
: a rebuttable presumption in the favor of the defendant in a criminal action imposing on the prosecution the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt
presumption of intent
: a permissive presumption that if a criminal defendant committed an act it was his or her intent to commit it
presumption of law
: a presumption (as of the innocence of a criminal defendant) founded on a rule or policy of law regardless of fact
presumption of survivorship
: the presumption in the absence of direct evidence that of two or more persons dying in a common disaster (as a fire) one was the last to die because of youth, strength, or other reasons rendering survivorship likely
rebuttable presumption
: a presumption that may be rebutted by evidence to the contrary — compare conclusive presumption in this entry

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Comments on presumption

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