presumption

noun pre·sump·tion \ pri-ˈzəm(p)-shən \

Definition of presumption

1 :presumptuous attitude or conduct :audacity
2 a :an attitude or belief dictated by probability :assumption
b :the ground, reason, or evidence lending probability to a belief
3 :a legal inference as to the existence or truth of a fact not certainly known that is drawn from the known or proved existence of some other fact

Examples of presumption in a Sentence

  1. The trial was unfair from the beginning because there was no presumption of innocence.

  2. a defendant's right to a presumption of innocence

Recent Examples of presumption from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'presumption.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of presumption

Middle English presumpcioun, from Anglo-French presumption, from Late Latin & Latin; Late Latin praesumption-, praesumptio presumptuous attitude, from Latin, assumption, from praesumere



PRESUMPTION Defined for English Language Learners

presumption

noun

Definition of presumption for English Language Learners

  • : a belief that something is true even though it has not been proved

  • law : an act of accepting that something is true until it is proved not true

  • : willingness to do something without the right or permission to do it


PRESUMPTION Defined for Kids

presumption

noun pre·sump·tion \ pri-ˈzəmp-shən \

Definition of presumption for Students

1 :behavior or attitude going beyond what is proper
2 :a strong reason for believing something to be so
3 :something believed to be so but not proved

Law Dictionary

presumption

noun pre·sump·tion \ pri-ˈzəmp-shən \

legal Definition of presumption

:an inference as to the existence of a fact not certainly known that the law requires to be drawn from the known or proven existence of some other fact
conclusive presumption
:a presumption that the law does not allow to be rebutted called also irrebuttable presumption; compare rebuttable presumption in this entry
mandatory presumption
:a presumption that a jury is required by law to make upon proof of a given fact — compare permissive presumption in this entry
permissive presumption
:an inference or presumption that a jury is allowed but not required to make from a given set of facts called also permissive inference; compare mandatory presumption in this entry
presumption of fact
:a presumption founded on a previous experience or on general knowledge of a connection between a known fact and one inferred from it
presumption of innocence
:a rebuttable presumption in the favor of the defendant in a criminal action imposing on the prosecution the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt
presumption of intent
:a permissive presumption that if a criminal defendant committed an act it was his or her intent to commit it
presumption of law
:a presumption (as of the innocence of a criminal defendant) founded on a rule or policy of law regardless of fact
presumption of survivorship
:the presumption in the absence of direct evidence that of two or more persons dying in a common disaster (as a fire) one was the last to die because of youth, strength, or other reasons rendering survivorship likely
rebuttable presumption
:a presumption that may be rebutted by evidence to the contrary — compare conclusive presumption in this entry


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