over

adverb
\ ˈō-vər \

Definition of over 

(Entry 1 of 5)

1a : across a barrier or intervening (see intervene sense 4) space especially : across the goal line in football threw the ball over

b : forward beyond an edge or brink and often down wandered too near the cliff and fell over

c : across the brim soup boiled over

d : so as to bring the underside up turned his cards over

e : from a vertical to a prone or inclined position knocked the lamp over

f : from one person or side to another hand it over

g : across got his point over

h : to one's home invite some friends over

i : on the other side of an intervening (see intervene sense 4) space the next town over

j : to agreement or concord won them over

2a(1) : beyond some quantity, limit, or norm often by a specified amount or to a specified degree show ran a minute over

(2) : in an excessive manner : inordinately over-conservative traditionalists —John Arlott

b : till a later time (such as the next day) : overnight stay over sleep over

3a : above The plane was directly over.

b : so as to cover the whole surface windows boarded over

4 used on a two-way radio circuit to indicate that a message is complete and a reply is expected

5a : through read it over also : in an intensive or comprehensive manner talked the matter over with his wife

b : once more : again do it over Let's start over from the beginning.

Definition of over (Entry 2 of 5)

1 used as a function word to indicate motion or situation in a position higher than or above another towered over his motherflew over the lakerode over the old Roman road

2a used as a function word to indicate the possession of authority, power, or jurisdiction in regard to some thing or person respected those over him

b used as a function word to indicate superiority, advantage, or preference a big lead over the others

c used as a function word to indicate one that is overcome, circumvented, or disregarded passed over the governor's veto

3a : more than cost over $5

b : above sense 4

4a used as a function word to indicate position upon or movement down upon laid a blanket over the childhit him over the head

b(1) : all through or throughout showed me over the house went over his notes

(2) used as a function word connecting one mathematical set and another whose elements are coefficients or values of parameters used to form elements of the first set polynomials over the field of real numbers

c used as a function word to indicate a particular medium or channel of communication over the radio

5a used as a function word to indicate position on or motion to the other side or beyond lives over the wayfell over the edge

b : past or beyond (something) : done with and no longer experiencing On that day Lily was over the worst of the fever, and he had been able to tell Mrs. Dale that he did not think that she was now in danger. —Anthony Trollope

c : no longer interested in or concerned about (someone or something) … she had already filed New York State paperwork for a legal separation and was constantly on the phone with her new, non-Catholic, nonmusical boyfriend in Manhattan, reassuring him, every day, that she was so, so over Stephen. —Jonathan Franzen I think I'm over "It's a Wonderful Life," at least for this year. Fortunately, there is another classic Jimmy Stewart Christmas film to enjoy. —Jay Powell

6a : throughout, during over the past 25 years

b : until the end of stay over Sunday

7a used as a function word to indicate an object of solicitude, interest, consideration, or reference the Lord watches over his own

b used as a function word to indicate the object of an expressed or implied occupation, activity, or concern trouble over moneymet with advisers over lunch

over

adjective

Definition of over (Entry 3 of 5)

1a : upper, higher

b : outer, covering

c : excessive over imagination

2a : not used up : remaining something over to provide for unusual requirements —J. A. Todd

b : having or showing an excess or surplus

3 : being at an end the day is over

4 : fried on both sides ordered two eggs over

5 : no longer current, popular, or fashionable Over nearly two decades, the once funky Savoy has quietly grown up in SoHo. But as the fickle glitterati have begun to spurn the area for being "so over," Savoy has only gotten more self-assured.Gourmet

over easy

: fried on one side then turned and fried lightly on the other side eggs over easy

over

verb
overed; overing\ˈō-və-riŋ, ˈōv-riŋ \

Definition of over (Entry 4 of 5)

transitive verb

: to leap over

over-

prefix

Definition of over- (Entry 5 of 5)

1 : so as to exceed or surpass overachieve

2 : excessive overstimulation

3 : to an excessive degree overthin

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Synonyms & Antonyms for over

Synonyms: Adverb

afresh, again, anew

Synonyms: Preposition

above

Synonyms: Adjective

complete, completed, concluded, done, down, ended, finished, terminated, through, up

Antonyms: Adverb

nevermore

Antonyms: Preposition

below, beneath, under

Antonyms: Adjective

continuing, incomplete, ongoing, uncompleted, undone, unfinished

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Examples of over in a Sentence

Adverb

The wall's too high for us to climb over. We came to a stream and jumped over. She leaned over and kissed him. She knocked over the lamp. A couple of trees fell over during the storm. The baby rolled over onto his stomach.

Preposition

The sun's coming up over the mountain. She looked at him over the top of her glasses. Their balcony looks out over the city. He looked over the fence. A plane was flying low over the trees. The meat was cooked over an open fire. She slung the bag over her shoulder. His hat was pulled low over his eyes. Throw the rocks over the side of the boat. He fell over the cliff's edge.

Adjective

When is this class over? And before we knew it, the storm was over. When it's over, it's over. You don't get a second chance.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Turn again, move over indirect heat, and brush with remaining sauce. Rick Martinez, Bon Appetit, "Spicy Grilled Cauliflower Steaks," 29 Aug. 2017 The fun part was just that all of our teammates were over at the movie theater (to watch the fight) having a good time; their wives, girlfriends, and all of that. Bob Condotta, The Seattle Times, "About that Russell Wilson/The Money Team picture. …," 28 Aug. 2017 Justin Graham and Pam Statz also lived in a small house that didn't leave too much room to invite friends and family over. Janet Eastman, OregonLive.com, "Get inside 24 rentable granny flats: Portland's Accessory Dwelling Unit Tour (photos)," 28 Aug. 2017 As Albert Einstein said, doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result is the definition of insanity. Dan Labbe, cleveland.com, "Joe Thomas ranked No. 16 on ESPN's top 100 NFL players list," 28 Aug. 2017 Four rounds of chemotherapy had left her numb in places and weak all over, and with sores forming in her mouth. Gregg Doyel, Indianapolis Star, "Doyel: Her season lost to cancer, Roncalli athlete runs one last race — for Audrey," 26 Aug. 2017 AHAVA’s Diamond Glow Luxurious Day Cream utilizes actual diamond dust to impart an all-over radiant glow to the skin. Wendy Gould, Allure, "12 Luxury Beauty Launches to Satisfy Your Inner Rich Bitch This Fall," 24 Aug. 2017 An older man rushed over to hold Powe, a friend of his. John Diedrich, jsonline.com, "'No face, no case': How one man tried to permanently silence the witnesses to his crimes," 18 Aug. 2017 All over, gas stations are being bulldozed to make way for new mixed-use apartment buildings in growing neighborhoods like Hollywood and Koreatown. Neal Broverman, Los Angeles Magazine, "Developers Have Uncovered a Brilliant Use for LA’s Old Gas Stations," 16 Aug. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Takata air-bag inflaters degrade over time as they are exposed to humidity and repeated wide fluctuation in the daily temperature. Anchorage Daily News, "10 years later, thousands of risky air bags are still on the road," 23 Apr. 2018 Summer is over and fall's chill is settling in early. Samantha Nelson, RedEye Chicago, "Oktoberfest in Chicago: 14 spots with celebrations, steins and sausages," 18 Sep. 2017 That may increase over time as ridership rises, according to a spokesman for the mayor. Paul Berger, WSJ, "New Ferries Headed for New York City," 3 May 2018 Takata air-bag inflaters degrade over time as they are exposed to humidity and repeated wide fluctuation in the daily temperature. Anchorage Daily News, "10 years later, thousands of risky air bags are still on the road," 23 Apr. 2018 Takata air-bag inflaters degrade over time as they are exposed to humidity and repeated wide fluctuation in the daily temperature. Ashley Halsey Iii, chicagotribune.com, "10 years later, thousands of risky air bags are still on the road," 23 Apr. 2018 Although output from all oil fields diminishes over time as the pressure in their reservoirs falls, Angola’s deep-water operations are especially costly to maintain. Rupert Rowling, Bloomberg.com, "OPEC Cuts May Go Deeper as Another Member Sees Output Slump," 27 Apr. 2018 Takata air-bag inflators degrade over time as they are exposed to humidity and repeated wide fluctuation in the daily temperature. Washington Post, latimes.com, "10 years after Takata recall began, thousands of 'time bomb' air bags are still on the road," 23 Apr. 2018 Takata air-bag inflaters degrade over time as they are exposed to humidity and repeated wide fluctuation in the daily temperature. Anchorage Daily News, "10 years later, thousands of risky air bags are still on the road," 23 Apr. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Southgate needs to get the balance right, England could still do with another three points to ensure advancement but should be cautious not to over-commit in a likely dead rubber match. SI.com, "World Cup Preview: England vs Panama - Recent Form, Team News, Predictions & More," 23 June 2018 Beat the heavy cream in the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a balloon-whisk attachment or a handheld electric mixer on medium speed until stiff peaks form (but be careful not to over-beat). Jason Wilson, charlotteobserver, "Vermont’s maple syrup business is booming, thanks to technology and changing tastes," 4 May 2018 The Southeast is home to over a quarter of all butt implants, calf augmentations, and pectoral implants. Macaela Mackenzie, Allure, "How Plastic Surgery Trends Are Often Influenced by Where You Live," 22 June 2018 Add the sugars to the butter and cream together, careful not to over-mix. Noelle Carter, latimes.com, "Celebrate National Peanut Butter Cookie Day with this recipe," 12 June 2018 The portion that believed immigrants strengthened America increased from just under three-in-10 in rural places to over four-in-10 in urban centers (with the suburbs falling in between). Ronald Brownstein, CNN, "Republicans and Democrats increasingly really do occupy different worlds," 12 June 2018 That allocation was based on an average of each state’s snapper landings overs a multi-year period. Shannon Tompkins, Houston Chronicle, "Red snapper season gains length this year," 31 May 2018 So far, this approach to innovation seems to be paying off: the 11 companies in last year's inaugural cohort have nearly doubled their funding since graduating from the program, from $10.5 million to over $20 million. Cherie Hu, Billboard, "Meet the 2018 Techstars Music Startups Transforming the Music Industry for Good: Exclusive," 3 May 2018 Stir flour mixture into sugar mixture until just moistened, being careful not to over mix. Darlene Zimmerman, Detroit Free Press, "Rhubarb season is here. Time to make bread.," 28 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'over.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of over

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1837, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for over

Adverb

Middle English, adverb & preposition, from Old English ofer; akin to Old High German ubar (preposition) above, beyond, over, Latin super, Greek hyper

Preposition

see over entry 1

Adjective

see over entry 1

Verb

see over entry 1

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Statistics for over

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for over

The first known use of over was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for over

over

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of over

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: in an upward and forward direction across something

: downward from an upright position

: downward to a flat or horizontal position

English Language Learners Definition of over (Entry 2 of 4)

: from, to, or at a place that is higher than (someone or something)

: on top of (something) : so as to cover (something)

: beyond and down from (something)

over

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of over (Entry 3 of 4)

: having reached the end

over-

prefix

English Language Learners Definition of over- (Entry 4 of 4)

: too much or too great

: so as to be better or beyond

: very or extremely

over

adverb
\ ˈō-vər \

Kids Definition of over

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1 : across a barrier or space Just climb over. Can you move over?

2 : in a direction down or forward and down It fell over.

3 : across the brim The soup boiled over.

4 : so as to bring the underside up Turn the cards over.

5 : from one person or side to another Hand it over.

6 : to someone's home I asked them over.

7 : beyond a limit The show ran a minute over.

8 : more than needed She has food left over.

9 : once more : again Please do it over.

10 : overnight entry 1 sense 1 Can I sleep over?

over and over

: many times

Kids Definition of over (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : above in place : higher than He towered over us.

2 : above in power or value I respect those over me.

3 : in front of We have a big lead over the others.

4 : more than It costs over five dollars.

5 : down upon He hit me over the head.

6 : all through or throughout “… our dad gets to travel all over the country …” —Christopher Paul Curtis, Bud, Not Buddy

7 : on or along the surface of Glide over the ice.

8 : on or to the other side of : across Jump over the puddle.

9 : down from the top or edge of He fell over the edge.

10 : having to do with They are still arguing over it.

over

adjective

Kids Definition of over (Entry 3 of 4)

1 : being more than needed or expected The balance was three dollars over.

2 : brought or come to an end Those days are over.

over-

prefix
\ ˈō-vər , ˌō-vər \

Kids Definition of over-

: more than usual, normal, or proper overload oversize

over

adjective

Legal Definition of over 

: based on the termination or failure of a prior estate a limitation over — see also gift over at gift

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Comments on over

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