roof

1 of 2

noun

plural roofs ˈrüfs How to pronounce roof (audio)
ˈru̇fs,
 also  ˈrüvz,
ˈru̇vz How to pronounce roof (audio)
1
a(1)
: the cover of a building
(2)
: material used for a roof : roofing
b
: the roof of a dwelling conventionally designating the home itself
didn't have a roof over my head
they share the same roof
2
a
: the highest point : summit
b
: an upper limit : ceiling
3
a
: the vaulted upper boundary of the mouth
b
: a covering structure of any of various parts of the body
roof of the skull
4
: something suggesting a roof: such as
a
: a canopy of leaves and branches
b
: the top over the passenger section of a vehicle
roofed
ˈrüft How to pronounce roof (audio)
ˈru̇ft
adjective
roofless
ˈrü-fləs How to pronounce roof (audio)
ˈru̇-
adjective
rooflike
ˈrüf-ˌlīk How to pronounce roof (audio)
ˈru̇f-
adjective

Illustration of roof

Illustration of roof
  • 1 gambrel
  • 2 mansard
  • 3 hip
  • 4 lean-to

roof

2 of 2

verb

roofed; roofing; roofs

transitive verb

1
a
: to cover with or as if with a roof
b
: to provide with a particular kind of roof or roofing
often used in combination
slate-roofed houses
2
: to constitute a roof over
roofer noun
Phrases
through the roof
: to an extremely or excessively high level
prices went through the roof

Examples of roof in a Sentence

Noun the roof of a car The roof of the old barn collapsed. He bit into a hot slice of pizza and burned the roof of his mouth. Verb fed and roofed the emergency volunteers for a week
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
My favorite, predictably, was the Tunnel of Love, where couples can pose on a vintage pink Cadillac under a roof painted with cherubs. Amy Kaufman, Los Angeles Times, 10 Feb. 2024 Perhaps the board, years ago, wanted to keep activity and noise on the roof to a minimum, or avoid the costs associated with the city’s place of assembly requirements. Jill Terreri Ramos, New York Times, 10 Feb. 2024 Footage from the scene showed intense flames rising from the roof and top floor of the three-story home before spreading to the lower levels, largely gutting the structure. Sarah Rumpf-Whitten, Fox News, 9 Feb. 2024 Many fans were injured when large sheets of ice fell off the roof of AT&T Stadium. Lawrence Dow, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 9 Feb. 2024 The sweet treat featured the family’s car decorated with red and blue bows, while the roof of the vehicle was covered with the number 3, pink clouds, a flower and a tree. Kirsty Hatcher, Peoplemag, 9 Feb. 2024 The blueprints reflect a village community that will operate with a singular goal: to keep siblings in the foster care system together and under the same roof. Chris Gardner, The Hollywood Reporter, 8 Feb. 2024 Two homes in the Southside Park section of downtown also suffered major damage Sunday after a tree tumbled into their roofs. Ishani Desai, Sacramento Bee, 5 Feb. 2024 Insurance companies would also be allowed to offer policies with a separate roof deductible that would not exceed 2% of the policy dwelling limits or 50% of the roof replacement costs. Lawrence Mower, Miami Herald, 30 Jan. 2024
Verb
In Denver, Colbert’s bathroom roof partly caved in from a leak last year, and the landlord delayed a fix even as rent went up $200 a month. Jesse Bedayn, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2024 In Denver, Colbert's bathroom roof partly caved in from a leak last year, and the landlord delayed a fix even as rent went up $200 a month. Jesse Bedayn and Michael Casey, Quartz, 7 Feb. 2024 LIke many other solar installers, his company now does roofing jobs and is considering expanding into Nevada and Arizona in search of customers. Julie Cart, The Mercury News, 26 Jan. 2024 Enlarge / The Notre-Dame de Paris has been under restoration since a devastating fire destroyed the main spire and roof in April 2019. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, 5 Jan. 2024 Washer and dryer in unit — plus doorman and roof access. Nora Deligter, Curbed, 8 Sep. 2023 Skies will be sunny, and with no rain in the forecast, expect the panels and roof to be open. Jr Radcliffe, Journal Sentinel, 23 Aug. 2023 Early plans also showed a spa, restaurant, roof top bar and refreshed lobby. Megan Sims, cleveland, 17 Aug. 2023 Additional insulation can also be attached to the inside of the walls and roof with an outdoor, weather-resistant adhesive. Timothy Dale, Better Homes & Gardens, 7 Aug. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'roof.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

Middle English, from Old English hrōf; akin to Old Norse hrōf roof of a boathouse and perhaps to Old Church Slavonic stropŭ roof

First Known Use

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of roof was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near roof

Cite this Entry

“Roof.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/roof. Accessed 24 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

roof

1 of 2 noun
plural roofs ˈrüfs How to pronounce roof (audio) ˈru̇fs How to pronounce roof (audio)
ˈrüvz,
ˈru̇vz
1
a
: the upper covering part of a building
b
: a place to live : home
a roof over one's head
2
: the upper boundary of the mouth
3
: something resembling a roof in form, position, or purpose
roofed
ˈrüft How to pronounce roof (audio)
ˈru̇ft
adjective
roofless
ˈrüf-ləs How to pronounce roof (audio)
ˈru̇f-
adjective
rooflike adjective

roof

2 of 2 verb
1
: to cover with or as if with a roof
2
: to provide with roofing
roofer noun

Medical Definition

roof

noun
plural roofs
ˈrüfs, ˈru̇fs also ˈrüvz, ˈru̇vz
1
: the vaulted upper boundary of the mouth supported largely by the palatine bones and limited anteriorly by the dental lamina and posteriorly by the uvula and upper part of the fauces
2
: a covering structure of any of various parts of the body other than the mouth
roof of the skull
roof of the dental pulp chamber

More from Merriam-Webster on roof

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