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adverb

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noun ad·verb \ˈad-ˌvərb\

Definition of adverb

  1. :  a word belonging to one of the major form classes in any of numerous languages, typically serving as a modifier of a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a preposition, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence, expressing some relation of manner or quality, place, time, degree, number, cause, opposition, affirmation, or denial, and in English also serving to connect and to express comment on clause content In “arrived early” the word “early” is an adverb. — compare adjunct, conjunct, disjunct

Examples of adverb in a sentence

  1. In arrived early, runs slowly, stayed home, and works hard the words early, slowly, home, and hard are adverbs.

What is an adverb?

Adverbs are words that usually modify—that is, they limit or restrict the meaning of—verbs. They may also modify adjectives, other adverbs, phrases, or even entire sentences.

An adverb answers the question when?, where?, how?, how much?, how long?, or how often?:

The elections are coming soon.

They only shopped locally.

They are happily married.

The roads are very steep.

He stopped by briefly to say hello.

My daughter calls me regularly.

Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to an adjective. If the adjective already ends in -y, the -y usually changes to -i.


bold / boldly
solid / solidly
interesting / interestingly
heavy / heavily
unnecessary / unnecessarily

There are, however, many common adverbs that do not end in -ly, such as again, also, just, never, often, soon, today, too, very, and well.

There are a few different kinds of adverbs. The words when, where, why, and how are called interrogative adverbs when they begin a question.

When did the event occur?

Where is the proof?

Why was he so late?

How did they get here?

The relative adverbswhere, when, and why (how is sometimes included as well)—introduce subordinate clauses (also called dependent clauses), which are clauses that do not form simple sentences by themselves.

This is the house where I grew up.

They go to bed when they want to.

She wondered why the door was open.

When an adverb modifies a whole sentence or clause, it is called a sentence adverb. Words such as fortunately, frankly, hopefully, and luckily are generally used as sentence adverbs and usually express the speaker's feelings about the content of the sentence. Such adverbs normally come at the beginning of a sentence, but may also come in the middle or at the end.

Unfortunately, Friday will be cloudy.

Friday, unfortunately, will be cloudy.

Friday will be cloudy, unfortunately.

Origin and Etymology of adverb

Middle English adverbe, from Medieval French, from Latin adverbium, from ad- + verbum word — more at word


First Known Use: 14th century

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms


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adverb

adjective ad·verb

Definition of adverb

  1. :  adverbial the adverb suffix “-ly”

Origin and Etymology of adverb

see 1adverb


First Known Use: 1875

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms



ADVERB Defined for English Language Learners

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adverb

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noun ad·verb \ˈad-ˌvərb\

Definition of adverb for English Language Learners

  • : a word that describes a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a sentence and that is often used to show time, manner, place, or degree


ADVERB Defined for Kids

adverb

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noun ad·verb \ˈad-ˌvərb\

Definition of adverb for Students

  1. :  a word used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb and often used to show degree, manner, place, or time The words “almost” and “very” in “at almost three o'clock on a very hot day” are adverbs.



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