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adverb

noun ad·verb \ ˈad-ˌvərb \
Updated on: 7 Mar 2018

Definition of adverb

: a word belonging to one of the major form classes in any of numerous languages, typically serving as a modifier of a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a preposition, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence, expressing some relation of manner or quality, place, time, degree, number, cause, opposition, affirmation, or denial, and in English also serving to connect and to express comment on clause content
  • In "arrived early" the word "early" is an adverb.
— compare adjunct, conjunct, disjunct

Examples of adverb in a Sentence

  1. In “arrived early,” “runs slowly,” “stayed home,” and “works hard” the words “early,” “slowly,” “home,” and “hard” are adverbs.

Recent Examples of adverb from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'adverb.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of adverb

Middle English adverbe, borrowed from Middle French, borrowed from Latin adverbium (translation of Greek epírrhēma), from ad- ad- + verbum "word, utterance, verb" + -ium, suffix in compounds — more at 1word

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms


2

adverb

adjective

Definition of adverb

: adverbial
  • the adverb suffix "-ly"

Origin and Etymology of adverb

attributive use of 1adverb

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms



ADVERB Defined for English Language Learners

adverb

Definition of adverb for English Language Learners

  • : a word that describes a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a sentence and that is often used to show time, manner, place, or degree


ADVERB Defined for Kids

adverb

noun ad·verb \ ˈad-ˌvərb \

Definition of adverb for Students

: a word used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb and often used to show degree, manner, place, or time
  • The words “almost” and “very” in “at almost three o'clock on a very hot day” are adverbs.

Word Root of adverb

The Latin word verbum, meaning “word,” gives us the root verb. Words from the Latin verbum have something to do with words. A verb is a word that shows action. An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb. A proverb, or short saying containing a wise thought, is made up of a few well-chosen words. Anything verbal is made up of spoken words.


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