adjunct

1 of 2

noun

ad·​junct ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio)
1
: something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it
The website is designed as an adjunct to the book.
2
grammar
a
: a word or word group that qualifies or completes the meaning of another word or other words and is not itself a main structural element in its sentence
b
: an adverb or adverbial phrase (such as heartily in "They ate heartily" or at noon in "We left at noon") attached to the verb of a clause especially to express a relation of time, place, frequency, degree, or manner compare disjunct sense 2
3
a
: an associate or assistant of another
b
: an adjunct faculty member at a college or university (see adjunct entry 2 sense 2)
4
adjunctive adjective

adjunct

2 of 2

adjective

1
: added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2
: attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff
an adjunct professor
adjunctly
ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)-tlē How to pronounce adjunct (audio)
-ˌjəŋk-lē
adverb

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Breaking Down Adjunct

With its prefix, ad-, meaning "to or toward", adjunct implies that one thing is "joined to" another. A car wash may be operated as an adjunct to a gas station. An adjunct professor is one who's attached to the college without being a full member of the salaried faculty. And anyone trying to expand his or her vocabulary will find that daily reading of a newspaper is a worthwhile adjunct to actual vocabulary study.

Examples of adjunct in a Sentence

Noun Because Joseph Ellis has been an outspoken critic of social and women's history, he appears a peculiar choice to write the foreword, despite his many publications on the Revolutionary era. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, he treats Abigail here more as her husband's adjunct and supporter than as her own woman. Anthony Lewis, New York Times Book Review, 4 Nov. 2007
As an adjunct to its basic educational role, the public library will increasingly serve as an access point to the resources of other libraries as well as to nonlibrary sources of publicly available information. Fred Lerner, The Story of Libraries, (1945) 1998
In A.D. 400 western Europe was merely a geographic expression. Roman civilization was centered on the Mediterranean, and France, England, and the Rhine valley were mere adjuncts of the Mediterranean world. Norman F. Cantor, The Civilization of the Middle Ages, 1993
Massage therapy can be used as an adjunct along with the medication. In “They ate heartily,” the word heartily is an adjunct and in “We left at noon,” the phrase at noon is an adjunct. Adjective But it's Sainte-Marie's less-well-known life as a computer geek—and an adjunct professor of digital art, Native American studies, and philosophy at several universities—that brings her to midtown Manhattan today. Ophira Edut, Ms., August/September 1999
There is a terrible shortage of jobs in the universities, where, increasingly, men and women with Ph.D.s hang on to various forms of underpaid adjunct posts. Believe me, it happens at Harvard, too. Martin Peretz, New Republic, 5 July 1999
Using his chauffeur-driven car as an adjunct office, the designer shuttles among the design ateliers of his three major collections: the one that bears his name; Chanel, and, after a seven-year hiatus, Chloé. Carrie Donovan, New York Times Magazine, 11 Oct. 1992
massage therapy as an adjunct treatment See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
Until recently, Bryan wouldn’t even recommend using cannabis as an adjunct to exercise. Christine Ricciardi, Hartford Courant, 12 Jan. 2024 Meanwhile, management determined which classes adjuncts would teach and when, complicating their work outside USC. Katie Kilkenny, The Hollywood Reporter, 29 Nov. 2023 Barley, along with other adjuncts in beer, such as corn, rice and wheat, is an annual crop. Tony Rehagen, Washington Post, 10 Aug. 2023 The adjuncts’ organizing campaign began small, without union involvement. Katie Kilkenny, The Hollywood Reporter, 29 Nov. 2023 The group compiled a spreadsheet listing all their fellow adjuncts and their phone number and emails in August. Katie Kilkenny, The Hollywood Reporter, 29 Nov. 2023 Back then, free spousal labor was common in government service: during much of the Cold War, even into the 1980s, wives of politicians and diplomats were expected to serve as full-time adjuncts. TIME, 18 Oct. 2023 Remnants of the military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from 1964 to 1985, police militias were once broadly accepted by authorities as an adjunct to official security forces in the fight against violent criminal gangs. Paulina Villegas, Washington Post, 26 Sep. 2023 An adjunct being paid $5,753 over a semester for a three-credit course — the ceiling until now — would earn $6,520. BostonGlobe.com, 11 Dec. 2022
Adjective
But Kelley’s teaching stands out: Only full-time faculty teach in the program, with no adjunct professors or outsiders filling in. John Rau, Forbes, 15 Feb. 2024 Chamblee is an attorney and an associate adjunct professor at George Washington University. Molly Fellin Spence, Baltimore Sun, 12 Feb. 2024 Steve Blank is an adjunct professor at Stanford and co-founder of the Gordian Knot Center for National Security Innovation. Steve Blank, Fortune, 9 Feb. 2024 Goldsmith is an attorney and former law partner, adjunct law professor, superior court judge, San Diego city attorney, California state legislator and mayor of Poway. Jan Goldsmith, San Diego Union-Tribune, 8 Feb. 2024 Wen is an emergency physician and adjunct associate professor at George Washington University. Katia Hetter, CNN, 7 Feb. 2024 Jacob Ware is a research fellow at the Council of Foreign Relations and an adjunct professor at Georgetown University and DeSales University. TIME, 5 Feb. 2024 He got kicked out of Harvard and the only job he’s had since is as an adjunct classics teacher at a 1970 New England prep school. Bob Strauss, Los Angeles Times, 4 Jan. 2024 However, Roseman University of Health Sciences in Henderson said Polito had an adjunct faculty contract and taught two courses in the school’s the Master of Business Administration program from October 2018 to June 2022. Rio Yamat, Fortune, 8 Dec. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'adjunct.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

borrowed from Latin adjunctum "concomitant factor," from neuter of adjunctus adjunct entry 2

Adjective

borrowed from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere "to link up, join, add, attach" — more at adjoin

First Known Use

Noun

1554, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Adjective

1516, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of adjunct was in 1516

Dictionary Entries Near adjunct

Cite this Entry

“Adjunct.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adjunct. Accessed 1 Mar. 2024.

Kids Definition

adjunct

noun
ad·​junct
ˈaj-ˌəŋ(k)t

Medical Definition

adjunct

1 of 2 noun
ad·​junct ˈaj-ˌəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio)
1
: a person associated with or assisting another in some duty or service
2
: adjuvant sense b
drugs used as short-term adjuncts in weight-loss programs

adjunct

2 of 2 adjective
1
: added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2
: attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff
an adjunct psychiatrist

More from Merriam-Webster on adjunct

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