ad·​junct | \ ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it The website is designed as an adjunct to the book.
2 grammar
a : a word or word group that qualifies or completes the meaning of another word or other words and is not itself a main structural element in its sentence
b : an adverb or adverbial phrase (such as heartily in "They ate heartily" or at noon in "We left at noon") attached to the verb of a clause especially to express a relation of time, place, frequency, degree, or manner — compare disjunct sense 2
3a : an associate or assistant of another
b : an adjunct faculty member at a college or university (see adjunct entry 2 sense 2)



Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct professor

Other Words from adjunct


adjunctive \ a-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​tiv How to pronounce adjunct (audio) , ə-​ \ adjective


adjunctly \ ˈa-​ˌjəŋ(k)-​tlē How to pronounce adjunct (audio) , -​ˌjəŋk-​lē \ adverb

Breaking Down Adjunct

With its prefix, ad-, meaning "to or toward", adjunct implies that one thing is "joined to" another. A car wash may be operated as an adjunct to a gas station. An adjunct professor is one who's attached to the college without being a full member of the salaried faculty. And anyone trying to expand his or her vocabulary will find that daily reading of a newspaper is a worthwhile adjunct to actual vocabulary study.

Examples of adjunct in a Sentence

Noun Because Joseph Ellis has been an outspoken critic of social and women's history, he appears a peculiar choice to write the foreword, despite his many publications on the Revolutionary era. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, he treats Abigail here more as her husband's adjunct and supporter than as her own woman. — Anthony Lewis, New York Times Book Review, 4 Nov. 2007 As an adjunct to its basic educational role, the public library will increasingly serve as an access point to the resources of other libraries as well as to nonlibrary sources of publicly available information. — Fred Lerner, The Story of Libraries, (1945) 1998 In A.D. 400 western Europe was merely a geographic expression. Roman civilization was centered on the Mediterranean, and France, England, and the Rhine valley were mere adjuncts of the Mediterranean world. — Norman F. Cantor, The Civilization of the Middle Ages, 1993 Massage therapy can be used as an adjunct along with the medication. In “They ate heartily,” the word heartily is an adjunct and in “We left at noon,” the phrase at noon is an adjunct. Adjective But it's Sainte-Marie's less-well-known life as a computer geek—and an adjunct professor of digital art, Native American studies, and philosophy at several universities—that brings her to midtown Manhattan today. — Ophira Edut, Ms., August/September 1999 There is a terrible shortage of jobs in the universities, where, increasingly, men and women with Ph.D.s hang on to various forms of underpaid adjunct posts. Believe me, it happens at Harvard, too. — Martin Peretz, New Republic, 5 July 1999 Using his chauffeur-driven car as an adjunct office, the designer shuttles among the design ateliers of his three major collections: the one that bears his name; Chanel, and, after a seven-year hiatus, Chloé. — Carrie Donovan, New York Times Magazine, 11 Oct. 1992 massage therapy as an adjunct treatment See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The degree to which the super PAC worked as something of an adjunct to the campaign itself is remarkable. New York Times, 4 May 2022 Most of the time, though, if an adjunct is let go, it’s because a university faces budget cuts or if the professor didn’t perform well, Austin said. The Salt Lake Tribune, 14 Feb. 2022 Do keep in mind, however, that a water flosser is an adjunct to flossing and does not take the place of traditional flossing. Susan Brickell,, 31 Jan. 2022 There’s no scientific literature to back this up, other than some discussions of walking as an adjunct to a beginner running program or for injury rehab, such as Walsh’s work with ACLs. Richard A. Lovett, Outside Online, 6 Mar. 2020 Professor Christopher Eccles wants to keep Tessa close to him, toiling as an adjunct. Washington Post, 31 Dec. 2021 Dorothy lives in Brooklyn with her blandly sensible boyfriend, Rog—neither of them has a last name—and teaches four courses a term as an English department adjunct. Michael Gorra, The New York Review of Books, 27 May 2021 An exam is an adjunct to clinical decision-making, not a substitute for it. Jonathan Bush, STAT, 10 Dec. 2021 Dorothy lives in Brooklyn with her blandly sensible boyfriend, Rog—neither of them has a last name—and teaches four courses a term as an English department adjunct. Michael Gorra, The New York Review of Books, 27 May 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Singer is a managing director at Econ One and an adjunct professor at Georgetown’s McDonough School of Business. Hal Singer, Forbes, 5 May 2022 Rebecca Sun was then joined by Dr. Yalda Uhls, assistant adjunct professor and founder of UCLA’s Center for Scholars and Storytellers, to break down diversity, equity and inclusion by the numbers. Kirsten Chuba, The Hollywood Reporter, 20 Apr. 2022 But the lifetime savings of not having to buy contact lenses or glasses should be considered, said Dr. Bobby Saenz, NuVision’s clinic director and assistant adjunct professor at the University of the Incarnate Word Rosenberg School of Optometry. Laura Garcia, San Antonio Express-News, 13 Apr. 2022 In 2019, Nadal accepted a role as an adjunct professor at her alma mater. Effie Orfanides,, 25 Apr. 2022 Bronnenkant has 15 years of experience, including working for Ernst & Young and Fidelity and as an adjunct tax professor at Seton Hall University. Send us your question below. Washington Post, 13 Apr. 2022 Jeffrey Kirby, pastor of Our Lady of Grace Catholic Church in Indian Land, South Carolina, and adjunct professor at Belmont Abbey College in North Carolina, shared with Fox News Digital by email. Jon Brown, Fox News, 10 Apr. 2022 The author, a lifelong Californian, is a high school English teacher and adjunct professor. Vincent Parker, Los Angeles Times, 8 Apr. 2022 Robert DePalma, an adjunct professor and University of Manchester graduate student, said Tanis researchers have found spherules containing pieces of unmelted rock. Jason Duaine Hahn,, 8 Apr. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'adjunct.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of adjunct


1554, in the meaning defined at sense 3a


1516, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for adjunct


borrowed from Latin adjunctum "concomitant factor," from neuter of adjunctus adjunct entry 2


borrowed from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere "to link up, join, add, attach" — more at adjoin

Learn More About adjunct

Time Traveler for adjunct

Time Traveler

The first known use of adjunct was in 1516

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Dictionary Entries Near adjunct



adjunct accusative

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Statistics for adjunct

Last Updated

12 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Adjunct.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 19 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for adjunct


ad·​junct | \ ˈaj-ˌəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Medical Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a person associated with or assisting another in some duty or service
2 : adjuvant sense b drugs used as short-term adjuncts in weight-loss programs



Medical Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct psychiatrist

More from Merriam-Webster on adjunct

Nglish: Translation of adjunct for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of adjunct for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about adjunct


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