adjunct

noun
ad·​junct | \ ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it The website is designed as an adjunct to the book.
2 grammar
a : a word or word group that qualifies or completes the meaning of another word or other words and is not itself a main structural element in its sentence
b : an adverb or adverbial phrase (such as heartily in "They ate heartily" or at noon in "We left at noon") attached to the verb of a clause especially to express a relation of time, place, frequency, degree, or manner — compare disjunct sense 2
3a : an associate or assistant of another
b : an adjunct faculty member at a college or university (see adjunct entry 2 sense 2)

adjunct

adjective

Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct professor

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Other Words from adjunct

Noun

adjunctive \ a-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​tiv How to pronounce adjunctive (audio) , ə-​ \ adjective

Adjective

adjunctly \ ˈa-​ˌjəŋ(k)-​tlē How to pronounce adjunctly (audio) , -​ˌjəŋk-​lē \ adverb

Breaking Down Adjunct

With its prefix, ad-, meaning "to or toward", adjunct implies that one thing is "joined to" another. A car wash may be operated as an adjunct to a gas station. An adjunct professor is one who's attached to the college without being a full member of the salaried faculty. And anyone trying to expand his or her vocabulary will find that daily reading of a newspaper is a worthwhile adjunct to actual vocabulary study.

Examples of adjunct in a Sentence

Noun Because Joseph Ellis has been an outspoken critic of social and women's history, he appears a peculiar choice to write the foreword, despite his many publications on the Revolutionary era. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, he treats Abigail here more as her husband's adjunct and supporter than as her own woman. — Anthony Lewis, New York Times Book Review, 4 Nov. 2007 As an adjunct to its basic educational role, the public library will increasingly serve as an access point to the resources of other libraries as well as to nonlibrary sources of publicly available information. — Fred Lerner, The Story of Libraries, (1945) 1998 In A.D. 400 western Europe was merely a geographic expression. Roman civilization was centered on the Mediterranean, and France, England, and the Rhine valley were mere adjuncts of the Mediterranean world. — Norman F. Cantor, The Civilization of the Middle Ages, 1993 Massage therapy can be used as an adjunct along with the medication. In “They ate heartily,” the word heartily is an adjunct and in “We left at noon,” the phrase at noon is an adjunct. Adjective But it's Sainte-Marie's less-well-known life as a computer geek—and an adjunct professor of digital art, Native American studies, and philosophy at several universities—that brings her to midtown Manhattan today. — Ophira Edut, Ms., August/September 1999 There is a terrible shortage of jobs in the universities, where, increasingly, men and women with Ph.D.s hang on to various forms of underpaid adjunct posts. Believe me, it happens at Harvard, too. — Martin Peretz, New Republic, 5 July 1999 Using his chauffeur-driven car as an adjunct office, the designer shuttles among the design ateliers of his three major collections: the one that bears his name; Chanel, and, after a seven-year hiatus, Chloé. — Carrie Donovan, New York Times Magazine, 11 Oct. 1992 massage therapy as an adjunct treatment
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The Mardi Gras Indians and the Baby Dolls are occasional adjuncts. Timothy O'grady, Condé Nast Traveler, "In New Orleans, Life Is at Full Blast," 14 Oct. 2019 When Olitzky was introduced to Atiya Aftab, a Muslim attorney and adjunct professor at Rutgers University, their partnership took off as the nonprofit Sisterhood of Salaam Shalom. Washington Post, "Tragedies deepen Jewish-Muslim bonds to fight hate crimes," 23 Oct. 2019 In a tradition that dated back decades, the agency had also used adjunct advisory panels to furnish additional expertise for those assessments. Sean Reilly, Science | AAAS, "Dismissed EPA science advisers gather in ‘unprecedented’ challenge to Trump administration," 10 Oct. 2019 But, of course, there are some adjunct-heavy beers as a nod to current tastes, including one made with granola. Josh Noel, chicagotribune.com, "Goose Island Bourbon County beers in 2019 focus on whiskey barrels and one made with — granola?," 14 Aug. 2019 In 1970, adjuncts made up 20 percent of all higher education faculty. Philip Eil, BostonGlobe.com, "Consumers called out Nike and Uber for their labor conditions. Now, it’s time to shame colleges," 17 July 2019 Nearly 95 percent of the 4,500 faculty at UMUC are adjuncts, a much higher share than any other school in the University System of Maryland. Danielle Douglas-gabriel, Washington Post, "‘UMUC is not like everybody else’: Tensions flare over school’s direction," 16 June 2019 Mark Kirchner is a photography adjunct instructor at Soka University. Ada Tseng, latimes.com, "Tom Tully never knew he had a Hollywood star. His grandchildren found it decades after his death," 10 July 2019 The school also retains a god-like control over the schedules of adjuncts, who are literally laid off after every single semester, and then rehired as necessary for the following semester. Aaron Gilbreath, Longreads, "How College Professors Are Fighting for Their Lives," 25 June 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Phansey earned his master's degree in business from the school in 2008 and had taught there as an adjunct professor for several years, according to his spokeswoman. David K. Li, NBC News, "Babson College fires administrator who joked about U.S. cultural sites Iran could target," 10 Jan. 2020 David Andre, adjunct professor of tourism marketing at San Jose State, said the effect is raised by the extra games being on weekends, when business travel ebbs. Matt Kawahara, SFChronicle.com, "Is the 49ers’ success helping South Bay economy?," 10 Jan. 2020 Ashford was also reportedly an adjunct professor at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and a member of the Sigma Theta Tau Nursing Honor Society and the Zeta Phi Beta Sorority. Nick Powell, Houston Chronicle, "Woman killed by stray bullet during New Year celebration," 1 Jan. 2020 Most of the new cast members are people of color, and two transgender men are among the leads: Leo Sheng plays Micah Lee, a trans male adjunct professor, and Brian Michael Smith plays Pierce, Bette Porter’s trans male assistant. NBC News, "From 'L Word' fan to family: Jacqueline Toboni on starring in the lesbian reboot," 26 Dec. 2019 Patrick Pikus of Canton, a business manager and adjunct professor of global economics and business management who lost the 2016 Democratic primary to Harbaugh, filed to run again. Sabrina Eaton, cleveland, "Christina Hagan files to challenge Tim Ryan: See who’s running for Congress in Northeast Ohio," 18 Dec. 2019 Finley, Sophie, and Dani live with Micah Lee (Leo Sheng), an adjunct professor who takes his love interest out on a first date with a gift card (the revelation of which is refreshingly more climactic than the disclosure of his trans identity). Hannah Giorgis, The Atlantic, "One Way the New L Word Is Deeply Modern," 15 Dec. 2019 These include adjunct professors, clinical faculty, post-doctoral candidates, and lecturers, according to the American Association of University Professors. BostonGlobe.com, "That’s a breach of their contract and chips away at the idea of tenure, which provides professors academic freedom and guarantees them economic security, said Kevin Peters, an attorney representing the faculty members.," 13 Dec. 2019 One of the company's senior executives became a lecturer in the program and was appointed as an adjunct professor. Collin Binkley, chicagotribune.com, "Tufts University is severing ties with the Sackler family — which has given it millions — over concerns about OxyContin maker Purdue Pharma," 5 Dec. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'adjunct.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of adjunct

Noun

1554, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Adjective

1516, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for adjunct

Noun

borrowed from Latin adjunctum "concomitant factor," from neuter of adjunctus adjunct entry 2

Adjective

borrowed from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere "to link up, join, add, attach" — more at adjoin

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Time Traveler for adjunct

Time Traveler

The first known use of adjunct was in 1516

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Statistics for adjunct

Last Updated

1 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Adjunct.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adjunct. Accessed 21 January 2020.

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More Definitions for adjunct

adjunct

noun
How to pronounce adjunct (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something that is joined or added to another thing but is not an essential part of it
grammar : a word or phrase (such as an adverb or prepositional phrase) that provides added information about the meaning of a verb in a sentence by expressing a relation of time, place, manner, etc.

adjunct

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

: added or joined in order to be used with something
: added to a teaching staff for only a short time or in a lower position than other staff

adjunct

noun
ad·​junct | \ ˈaj-ˌəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Medical Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a person associated with or assisting another in some duty or service
2 : adjuvant sense b drugs used as short-term adjuncts in weight-loss programs

adjunct

adjective

Medical Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct psychiatrist

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Comments on adjunct

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