through

preposition
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) used as a function word to indicate movement into at one side or point and out at another and especially the opposite side of drove a nail through the board
(2) : by way of left through the door
(3) used as a function word to indicate passage from one end or boundary to another a highway through the foresta road through the desert
(4) : without stopping for : past drove through a red light
b used as a function word to indicate passage into and out of a treatment, handling, or process the matter has already passed through her hands
2 used as a function word to indicate means, agency, or intermediacy: such as
a : by means of : by the agency of
b : because of failed through ignorance
c : by common descent from or relationship with related through their grandfather
3a : over the whole surface or extent of : throughout homes scattered through the valley
b used as a function word to indicate movement within a large expanse flew through the air
c used as a function word to indicate exposure to a specified set of conditions put him through hell
4 used as a function word to indicate a period of time: such as
a : during the entire period of all through her life
b : from the beginning to the end of the tower stood through the earthquake
c : to and including Monday through Friday
5a used as a function word to indicate completion or exhaustion got through the bookwent through the money in a year
b used as a function word to indicate acceptance or approval especially by an official body got the bill through the legislature

through

adverb
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : from one end or side to the other
2a : from beginning to end
b : to completion, conclusion, or accomplishment see it through
3 : to the core : completely soaked through
4 : into the open : out break through

through

adjective
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : arrived at completion or accomplishment is through with the job
2a : admitting free or continuous passage : direct a through road
b : extending from one surface to another a through mortise
3a : initiated at and destined for points outside a local zone through traffic
b(1) : going from point of origin to destination without change or reshipment a through train
(2) : of or relating to such movement a through ticket

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Synonyms & Antonyms for through

Synonyms: Preposition

Synonyms: Adverb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of through in a Sentence

Preposition He hit the nail through the wood. She looked through the binoculars. The bullet had gone through his hand. He just walked through the door. The security guards pushed their way through the crowd. She could see a figure through the fog. I looked through the window. Adverb Let these people go through, please. The nail went completely through. It snowed heavily, but we made it through. We'll never get through—the mud is too deep. The package was shipped through to New Orleans. Read the essay through and tell me what you think. Adjective When the police were through with him, a taxi took him, his suitcase, the homburg funeral hat, in the other direction … — Annie Proulx, Atlantic, November 1997 I tell him I like fanzines. This one's mad, he says, really mad. I can borrow it when he's through. — Lynne Tillman, Motion Sickness, 1991 Today though, once experience shows on a woman's face, she's through. — Patricia Volk, New Woman, November 1990 I'm not through yet. I have one more topic to discuss. If you're through using the phone, I'd like to use it next. Is this a through road? The left lane is for through traffic only.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition In Rwanda, about 75 percent of blood delivered outside of the capital of Kigali is done through Zipline. Jacob Muñoz, Smithsonian Magazine, "Drones Are Delivering Covid-19 Vaccines to Underserved Communities," 7 Apr. 2021 Kole Ramage is throwing a lot of pitches — 38 through two innings. Matt Jones, Arkansas Online, "LIVE UPDATES: Arkansas vs. UALR Game 1," 7 Apr. 2021 This is what officials know now: There will be additional entrances and exits, so 2,400 audience members won’t have to stream through just one door. Mary Carole Mccauley, baltimoresun.com, "BSO announces new season of in-person performances, begins search for Marin Alsop’s successor," 6 Apr. 2021 The city pays the bond debt through property taxes. Emily Goodykoontz, Anchorage Daily News, "The Anchorage election is Tuesday. Here’s how to vote - and what happens next.," 6 Apr. 2021 Cover the pan loosely with foil and cook, without disturbing, for 3 to 5 minutes, or until the rice forms a crust on the bottom of the pan and the shrimp and peas are heated through. BostonGlobe.com, "Recipe: An easy oven paella with shrimp and artichokes makes a weeknight feast," 6 Apr. 2021 Scroll through all of Tuesday’s best bargains below. Maren Estrada, BGR, "Today’s top deals: $2 mini smart plugs, $40 camera drone, Instant Pot accessories, $26 portable speaker, MacBook deals, more," 6 Apr. 2021 Scientists and medical professionals began testing the blood of volunteers in the U.K. trial in March, and it is expected to continue through April. Alicia Lansom, refinery29.com, "Here’s What Happens If You End Up Getting Two Different Vaccines," 6 Apr. 2021 Elsewhere, the garage to the fore of the engine room can accommodate a 20-foot tender that is launched through a side-opening shell door. Rachel Cormack, Robb Report, "Meet Falcon Legacy, a 131-Foot Superyacht Shaped Like a Giant Torpedo," 5 Apr. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb But ultimately the technology failed, allowing many similar posts to slip through. Jeremy Kahn, Fortune, "Can A.I. help Facebook cure its disinformation problem?," 6 Apr. 2021 About halfway through, when a traditional coaster would be starting to peter out, VelociCoaster kicks in with its 70 mph launch and ascension of the top hat tower. Arthur Levine, USA TODAY, "'Ultimate thrill coaster': Universal Orlando will release the dinosaurs in its Jurassic World VelociCoaster," 6 Apr. 2021 That could indicate that the wall behind the tub is open, with nothing to stop cold air from blowing through. Washington Post, "What to do about a cold bathroom that chills the whole house?," 5 Apr. 2021 In fact, the fencing was right there when the car drove through. ABC News, "'This Week' Transcript 4-4-21: Lt. Gen. Russel Honoré (Ret.), Sen. Roy Blunt, Sec. Pete Buttigieg," 4 Apr. 2021 Their discussion centered on just how much radical change a president could jam through in a short time frame. John Fund, National Review, "Biden Aims to Outshine Obama as a Progressive Reformer," 4 Apr. 2021 The Maribis dispensary in Chicago attracts travelers from nearby Midway Airport, Linn noted, while the two stores in the Springfield area get tourists and travelers passing through. Robert Mccoppin, chicagotribune.com, "Recreational marijuana sales in Illinois smash record in March — $109 million," 3 Apr. 2021 Here’s hoping Ainge is not through yet and can come up with backboard-inhaling Andre Drummond when his buyout is finalized. BostonGlobe.com, "Why Thursday wasn’t so great for the Celtics, and other thoughts," 26 Mar. 2021 And then also the journey of the world around me, and what my friends were going through. Anne Cohen, refinery29.com, "With Kid90, Soleil Moon Frye Takes Us Into The Private World Of Hollywood Child Stars," 18 Mar. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The result was a click-through rate, which indicates how often ad exposures lead to clicks, around 9% higher than previous campaigns that relied on common but now endangered targeting methods, such as using data from third-party sources. Alexandra Bruell, WSJ, "Google’s Ad Changes Prompt Big Brands to Revamp Data Strategies," 1 Apr. 2021 There is a through line here of steely feminine will, the haute-couture necessary battle gear when fighting to create one’s ideal self. Kyle Smith, National Review, "The Incomparable Audrey Hepburn," 26 Mar. 2021 Denim, too, seems to be a through line in each of his Mugler collections, with each season offering high-fashion takes on the all-American classic. Todd Kingston Plummer, Harper's BAZAAR, "Casey Cadwallader of Mugler Has the Coolest Side Hustle," 4 Mar. 2021 Brave says their advertisers are seeing, on average, a 9% click-through rate for their campaigns, compared to the 2% industry average. Nina Bambysheva, Forbes, "Brave Battles Google Amid Growing Demand For Privacy," 4 Mar. 2021 To be truly sustainable, businesses need to go about this work in a through manner leaving no stone unturned. Roger Trapp, Forbes, "Time For Leaders To Stand Up On Making Business Truly Sustainable," 26 Feb. 2021 Glaude said that in Baldwin’s nearly 7,000 pages of writing the demand for honesty is the through line. USA Today, "In modern times of protest, James Baldwin’s meditations on America and race still resonate," 23 Feb. 2021 Is there a through line from that to Jason Bourne to Johanna in News of the World? Bilge Ebiri, Vulture, "With News of the World, Paul Greengrass Went for Optimism," 3 Feb. 2021 For nearly 20 years, Joe DeCicco has worked at the drive-through window of a Taco Bell in South Daytona, Florida. Alaa Elassar, CNN, "A 70-year-old employee known as 'Taco Bell Joe' received a $6,000 tip from his community," 27 Dec. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'through.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of through

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Adverb

before the 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for through

Preposition, Adverb, and Adjective

Middle English thurh, thruh, through, from Old English thurh; akin to Old High German durh through, Latin trans across, beyond, Sanskrit tarati he crosses over

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Time Traveler for through

Time Traveler

The first known use of through was before the 12th century

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Statistics for through

Last Updated

8 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Through.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/through. Accessed 15 Apr. 2021.

Style: MLA
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More Definitions for through

through

preposition

English Language Learners Definition of through

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: into one side and out the other side of (something)
: from one side or end to another side or end of (something)
used to describe movement within a place or an area of land, air, etc.

through

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of through (Entry 2 of 3)

: from one side or end to the other
: over the whole distance
: from the beginning to the end

through

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of through (Entry 3 of 3)

: having reached the end of an activity, job, etc.
: no longer in a romantic relationship
: no longer able to continue in a role, activity, etc.

through

preposition
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Kids Definition of through

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : into at one side and out at the other side of He drove a nail through the wood.
2 : from one side or end to another of We rode through town.
3 : by way of I got in through the window.
4 : among sense 1 There's a path through the trees.
5 : by means of She succeeded through hard work.
6 : over the whole of The rumor swept through school.
7 : during the whole of The baby slept through the night.
8 : to and including We're open Monday through Friday.
9 : into and out of I'm through the worst of it.

through

adverb

Kids Definition of through (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : from one end or side to the other The nail went through.
2 : from beginning to end He read the book through in one evening.
3 : to completion I plan to see the job through.
4 : in or to every part Heat the sauce through.

through

adjective

Kids Definition of through (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : having reached an end We're through with the job.
2 : allowing free or continuous passage : direct a through road
3 : going from point of origin to destination without changes or transfers through trains
4 : coming from and going to points outside a local zone through traffic

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Comments on through

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