1

rough

play
adjective \ˈrəf\

Definition of rough

rougher

;

roughest

  1. 1a :  marked by inequalities, ridges, or projections on the surface :  coarseb :  covered with or made up of coarse and often shaggy hair rough-coated collie — compare smooth, wirehairedc (1) :  having a broken, uneven, or bumpy surface rough terrain (2) :  difficult to travel through or penetrate :  wild into the rough woods — P. B. Shelley

  2. 2a :  turbulent, tempestuous rough seasb (1) :  characterized by harshness, violence, or force (2) :  presenting a challenge :  difficult rough to deal with — R. M. McAlmon

  3. 3 :  coarse or rugged in character or appearance: such asa :  harsh to the earb :  crude in style or expressionc :  indelicated :  marked by a lack of refinement or grace :  uncouth

  4. 4a :  crude, unfinished rough carpentryb :  executed or ventured hastily, tentatively, or imperfectly a rough draft rough estimate; also :  approximate a rough idea

roughish

play \ˈrə-fish\ adjective

roughness

play \ˈrəf-nəs\ noun

Examples of rough in a sentence

  1. He trimmed the rough edge of the paper.

  2. We traveled over rough dirt roads.

  3. They hiked through rough terrain.

  4. We were a bit shaken from the plane's rough landing.

  5. He went through a rough patch after his divorce.

  6. They've hit a few rough spots in their marriage.

  7. Despite a rough start, the team won more games this season than last.

Origin and Etymology of rough

Middle English, from Old English rūh; akin to Old High German rūh rough, Lithuanian raukas wrinkle


First Known Use: before 12th century

Synonym Discussion of rough

rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous mean not smooth or even. rough implies points, bristles, ridges, or projections on the surface. a rough wooden board harsh implies a surface or texture distinctly unpleasant to the touch. a harsh fabric that chafes the skin uneven implies a lack of uniformity in height, breadth, or quality. an old house with uneven floors rugged implies irregularity or roughness of land surface and connotes difficulty of travel. a rugged landscape scabrous implies scaliness or prickliness of surface. a scabrous leaf

synonyms see in addition rude


2

rough

adverb

Definition of rough

  1. 1 :  roughly 1

  2. 2 British :  without usual conveniences; especially :  without proper shelter become homeless and have to sleep roughLondon Times

Examples of rough in a sentence

  1. The engine is running a little rough.

  2. Life has been treating her pretty rough.

  3. He plays rough with the dog.

  4. people living rough on the streets

14th Century

First Known Use of rough

14th century


3

rough

noun

Definition of rough

  1. 1 :  uneven ground covered with high grass, brush, and stones; specifically :  such ground bordering a golf fairway

  2. 2 :  the rugged or disagreeable side or aspect hiking-camping admirers of nature in the rough — Eleanor Stirling

  3. 3a :  something in a crude, unfinished, or preliminary stateb :  broad outline :  general terms the question … has been discussed in roughManchester Guardian Weeklyc :  a hasty preliminary drawing or layout

  4. 4 :  rowdy

Examples of rough in a sentence

  1. He hit his drive into the rough.

  2. He showed me a few roughs of the new building.

15th Century

First Known Use of rough

15th century


4

rough

verb

Definition of rough

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  roughen

  3. 2a :  to subject to abuse :  manhandle, beat —usually used with upb :  to subject to unnecessary and intentional violence in a sport a penalty for roughing the passerc :  shell 3 —used with up was roughed up for six runs

  4. 3 :  to calk or otherwise roughen (a horse's shoes) to prevent slipping

  5. 4a :  to shape, make, or dress in a rough or preliminary wayb :  to indicate the chief lines of rough out the structure of a building

rougher

noun

rough it

  1. :  to live under harsh or primitive conditions

Examples of rough in a sentence

  1. He was called for roughing the kicker.

1728

First Known Use of rough

1728


ROUGH Defined for English Language Learners

1

rough

play
adjective \ˈrəf\

Definition of rough for English Language Learners

  • : having a surface that is not even

  • : having or causing sudden, violent movements

  • : difficult or unpleasant to deal with


2

rough

adverb

Definition of rough for English Language Learners

  • : in a rough way

  • : outside and without shelter


3

rough

noun

Definition of rough for English Language Learners

  • the rough golf : an area on a golf course covered with tall grass that makes it difficult to hit the ball

  • : something (such as a drawing) that is done quickly and is not detailed or finished

  • : a person who is loud and violent


4

rough

verb

Definition of rough for English Language Learners

  • American football + ice hockey : to hit (a player) very hard in a way that is not allowed by the rules


ROUGH Defined for Kids

1

rough

play
adjective \ˈrəf\

Definition of rough for Students

rougher

;

roughest

  1. 1 :  uneven in surface rough tree bark a rough road

  2. 2 :  having many bumps and jolts a rough ride

  3. 3 :  not calm rough seas

  4. 4 :  being harsh or violent rough treatment

  5. 5 :  difficult or unpleasant to deal with “You're in for a rough night …” — J. K. Rowling, Chamber of Secrets

  6. 6 :  coarse or rugged in nature or look a rough face

  7. 7 :  having a harsh sound a rough voice

  8. 8 :  not complete or exact a rough estimate a rough draft

roughly

adverb

roughness

noun

2

rough

play
noun

Definition of rough for Students

  1. 1 :  uneven ground covered with high grass, brush, and stones

  2. 2 :  something in a crude or unfinished state It's not a finished drawing, just a rough.


3

rough

play
verb

Definition of rough for Students

roughed

;

roughing

  1. 1 :  to handle violently :  beat He was roughed up by bullies.

  2. 2 :  to make or shape coarsely or unevenly

rough it

  1. :  to live without ordinary comforts We spent the summer roughing it in northern Maine.


Medical Dictionary

rough

play
adjective \ˈrəf\

Medical Definition of rough

  1. :  having a broken, uneven, or bumpy surface; specifically :  forming or being rough colonies usually made up of organisms that form chains or filaments and tend to marked decrease in capsule formation and virulence—used of dissociated strains of bacteria; compare smooth



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