roughen

verb
rough·​en | \ ˈrə-fən How to pronounce roughen (audio) \
roughened; roughening\ ˈrə-​fə-​niŋ How to pronounce roughen (audio) , ˈrəf-​niŋ \

Definition of roughen

transitive verb

: to make rough or rougher her hands were roughened by work— Ellen Glasgow

intransitive verb

: to become rough

Examples of roughen in a Sentence

Roughen the surface with a file before you apply the glue. Her hands were roughened by years of hard work. Age caused his skin to roughen.
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Recent Examples on the Web That can roughen up the cuticle, which leads to tangles, frizz, and then breakage. Sable Yong, Allure, 29 Dec. 2021 Fisher has recruited sturdily in his four seasons at A&M, but that road will roughen in the state with UT and OU joining the mighty football conference, one that has led the nation in NFL draft picks for 15 consecutive years. Brent Zwerneman, San Antonio Express-News, 28 Sep. 2021 This will roughen up the paneling’s glossy surface, so the primer will adhere better. Joseph Truini, Popular Mechanics, 18 Dec. 2020 Prine sang his conversational lyrics in a voice roughened by a hard-luck life, particularly after throat cancer left him with a disfigured jaw. NBC News, 8 Apr. 2020 Winner of a lifetime achievement Grammy earlier this year, Prine sang his conversational lyrics in a voice roughened by a difficult life, particularly after throat cancer left him with a disfigured jaw. CBS News, 8 Apr. 2020 Like many of his contemporaries, Mr. Caballero prefers a shorter soak, just long enough to infiltrate the seafood and slightly roughen its slippery texture. Pete Wells, New York Times, 18 Feb. 2020 But as cases make their way to court, the legal road for proving age discrimination, always difficult, has only roughened. Patricia Cohen, New York Times, 7 June 2019 Upgrade Your Kitchen Step 1: Sand the backsplash wall with 80-grit sandpaper; both thinset and tile mastic will adhere better to a roughened surface. Joseph Truini, Popular Mechanics, 26 Apr. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roughen.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of roughen

1582, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

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Time Traveler for roughen

Time Traveler

The first known use of roughen was in 1582

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Dictionary Entries Near roughen

rough edges

roughen

rough endoplasmic reticulum

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Statistics for roughen

Last Updated

12 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Roughen.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/roughen. Accessed 27 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for roughen

roughen

verb

English Language Learners Definition of roughen

: to become rough or cause (something) to become rough

roughen

verb
rough·​en | \ ˈrə-fən How to pronounce roughen (audio) \
roughened; roughening

Kids Definition of roughen

: to make or become rough

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