roughen

verb
rough·​en | \ˈrə-fən \
roughened; roughening\ˈrə-​fə-​niŋ, ˈrəf-​niŋ \

Definition of roughen 

transitive verb

: to make rough or rougher her hands were roughened by work— Ellen Glasgow

intransitive verb

: to become rough

Examples of roughen in a Sentence

Roughen the surface with a file before you apply the glue. Her hands were roughened by years of hard work. Age caused his skin to roughen.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web

This will roughen your hair up in just the right way. Devin Toth, Redbook, "How to Get Sexy Hair for Valentine's Day," 13 Feb. 2012 Distinctive patches of raised, roughened skin cover each right whale’s head — allowing researchers to identify individual animals. Sarah Kaplan, Washington Post, "These whales will be extinct in 25 years, scientists say — unless we act now to save them," 20 Apr. 2018 Distinctive patches of raised, roughened skin cover each right whale’s head - allowing researchers to identify individual animals. Sarah Kaplan, BostonGlobe.com, "N. Atlantic right whales will be extinct in 25 years, scientists say - unless we act now to save them," 20 Apr. 2018 The sandpaper was used in an attempt to roughen one side of the ball, which changes its aerodynamics while bowling — similar to a pitcher tampering with a baseball. Tom Schad, USA TODAY, "Sandpaper scandal shakes Australian national cricket team as cheating plot revealed," 28 Mar. 2018 Textured implants have roughened surfaces that may act as an irritant in some women, provoking inflammation that can lead to lymphoma, researchers say. Denise Grady, New York Times, "More Cases Are Reported of Unusual Cancer Linked to Breast Implants," 21 Mar. 2018 Which meant that scores of atmosphere, delicacy and refinement were roughened by the acoustics. Alan Artner, chicagotribune.com, "Alex Klein creates warm sounds in Orion Chamber Ensemble season opener," 28 Sep. 2017 Nearly all the cases have been linked to implants with a textured or slightly roughened surface, rather than a smooth covering. Denise Grady, The Seattle Times, "New worries on breast implants after links found to lymphoma," 17 June 2017 Nearly all the cases have been linked to implants with a textured or slightly roughened surface, rather than a smooth covering. Denise Grady, The Seattle Times, "New worries on breast implants after links found to lymphoma," 17 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roughen.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of roughen

1582, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about roughen

Statistics for roughen

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for roughen

The first known use of roughen was in 1582

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for roughen

roughen

verb

English Language Learners Definition of roughen

: to become rough or cause (something) to become rough

roughen

verb
rough·​en | \ˈrə-fən \
roughened; roughening

Kids Definition of roughen

: to make or become rough

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on roughen

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with roughen

Spanish Central: Translation of roughen

Nglish: Translation of roughen for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of roughen for Arabic Speakers

Comments on roughen

What made you want to look up roughen? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

a typical or ideal example

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Find the Cousins

  • a-large-tree-with-many-branches
  • Which pair shares a common word ancestor?
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Word Winder's CrossWinder

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!