assault

1 of 2

noun

as·​sault ə-ˈsȯlt How to pronounce assault (audio)
1
a
: a violent physical or verbal attack
b
: a military attack usually involving direct combat with enemy forces
an assault on the enemy's air base
c
: a concerted effort (as to reach a goal or defeat an adversary)
an assault on drug trafficking
2
law
a
: a threat or attempt to inflict offensive physical contact or bodily harm on a person (as by lifting a fist in a threatening manner) that puts the person in immediate danger of or in apprehension (see apprehension sense 1) of such harm or contact compare battery sense 1b

assault

2 of 2

verb

assaulted; assaulting; assaults

transitive verb

1
: to make an assault on : to attack violently
assaulted a police officer
2
: rape sense 1
The victim was sexually assaulted.

intransitive verb

: to make an assault
assaulter noun
Choose the Right Synonym for assault

attack, assail, assault, bombard, storm mean to make an onslaught upon.

attack implies taking the initiative in a struggle.

plan to attack the town at dawn

assail implies attempting to break down resistance by repeated blows or shots.

assailed the enemy with artillery fire

assault suggests a direct attempt to overpower by suddenness and violence of onslaught.

commandos assaulted the building from all sides

bombard applies to attacking with bombs or shells.

bombarded the city nightly

storm implies attempting to break into a defended position.

preparing to storm the fortress

Examples of assault in a Sentence

Noun She was injured in a brutal assault. attended a class teaching women self-defense against assault Verb He was arrested for assaulting a police officer. She verbally assaulted one of her coworkers. Enemy forces assaulted the city.
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
Beijing has also softened its regulatory assault on Chinese technology companies and the property sector. Jacky Wong, WSJ, 6 Feb. 2023 Zelenskyy has warned for weeks that Moscow aims to step up its assault after about two months of virtual stalemate along the front line that stretches across the south and east. Reuters, NBC News, 31 Jan. 2023 That is why the Fed is taking a cautious stance and trying to avoid pulling back prematurely from its assault on inflation. Jeanna Smialek, BostonGlobe.com, 30 Jan. 2023 Within days of his assault on White, Seneca allegedly attempted to kidnap a different man and allegedly kidnapped another, the Justice Department said in a previous statement. Matt Lavietes, NBC News, 26 Jan. 2023 Luke return to recording, favoring a more personal and rock-based brand of her trademark pop assault that wasn’t much in step with radio trends of the late 2010s. Rania Aniftos, Billboard, 25 Jan. 2023 This, Miss Manners hopes, will at least give your guests pause to consider the alarming effect of their dual-handed assault on your door. Jacobina Martin, Washington Post, 21 Jan. 2023
Verb
Two women have come forward to accuse Jonathan Majors of abuse, two months after the Marvel star was convicted of recklessly assaulting his ex-girlfriend Grace Jabbari. Cheyenne Roundtree, Rolling Stone, 8 Feb. 2024 Related article 4 migrants accused of assaulting NYPD officers were arrested and released. Mark Morales, CNN, 8 Feb. 2024 In his closing argument on Monday, Pierce focused on only the first two counts – obstruction of an official proceeding and assaulting an officer. Daniel Desrochers, Kansas City Star, 7 Feb. 2024 In a bench trial, U.S. District Judge Jia Cobb in Washington, D.C., found Grant guilty of civil disorder, assaulting an officer with a deadly or dangerous weapon and obstruction of an official proceeding — all felonies. Joe Marusak, Charlotte Observer, 3 Feb. 2024 In Sunday’s incident, Rabbi Menachem Shemtov, the 29-year-old leader of Chabad Georgetown, said he was assaulted by a Lyft driver during a trip from the Chabad center in Adams Morgan to his Georgetown home. Peter Hermann, Washington Post, 2 Feb. 2024 The hate crime violation charging Marsh with assaulting the other victim carries a statutory maximum term of 10 years in prison and a $250,000 fine. Leah Sarnoff, ABC News, 1 Feb. 2024 Young was charged with three misdemeanors that have since been dropped: resisting arrest, assaulting an officer and disorderly conduct. Jessica Nicholson, Billboard, 30 Jan. 2024 He was charged with assaulting an officer, disorderly conduct and resisting arrest — all misdemeanor charges. Meg James, Los Angeles Times, 27 Jan. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'assault.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun and Verb

Middle English assaut, from Anglo-French, from Vulgar Latin *assaltus, from assalire — see assail

First Known Use

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of assault was in the 13th century

Dictionary Entries Near assault

Cite this Entry

“Assault.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/assault. Accessed 21 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

assault

noun
as·​sault
ə-ˈsȯlt
1
: a violent or sudden attack
2
: an unlawful attempt or threat to do harm to another
assault verb
Etymology

Noun

Middle English assaut "assault," from early French assaut (same meaning), derived from Latin assilire, adsilire "to leap upon," from as-, ad- "to, toward" and salire "to leap, spring" — related to insult, resilient

Legal Definition

assault

1 of 2 noun
as·​sault ə-ˈsȯlt How to pronounce assault (audio)
1
: the crime or tort of threatening or attempting to inflict immediate offensive physical contact or bodily harm that one has the present ability to inflict and that puts the victim in fear of such harm or contact compare battery
2
: the crime of assault accompanied by battery
specifically : sexual assault in this entry

called also assault and battery

aggravated assault
: a criminal assault accompanied by aggravating factors: as
a : a criminal assault that is committed with an intent to cause or that causes serious bodily injury especially through the use of a dangerous weapon
b : a criminal assault accompanied by the intent to commit or the commission of a felony (as rape) compare simple assault in this entry
assault with intent
: a criminal assault committed with the intent to commit another specified crime assault with intent to rob assault with intent to kill
civil assault
: an assault considered as a tort rather than as a crime compare criminal assault in this entry
criminal assault
: an assault considered as a crime rather than as a tort compare civil assault in this entry

Note: An assault may be both a criminal assault and a civil assault.

felonious assault
: a criminal assault that is classified as a felony and involves the infliction of serious bodily injury by the use of a dangerous weapon
indecent assault
: intentional offensive sexual contact that does not amount to sexual intercourse or involve penetration and that is committed without consent of the victim and without the intent to commit rape
sexual assault
: sexual contact usually that is forced upon a person without consent or inflicted upon a person who is incapable of giving consent (as because of age or physical or mental incapacity) or who places the assailant (as a doctor) in a position of trust see also rape

Note: Sexual assault in its most serious forms (often classified as first degree sexual assault) involves nonconsensual sexual penetration. In its less serious forms it may be the equivalent of statutory rape.

simple assault
: a criminal assault that is not accompanied by any aggravating factors (as infliction of serious injury or use of a dangerous weapon) compare aggravated assault in this entry

Note: Simple assault is usually classified as a misdemeanor.

assault

2 of 2 transitive verb
: to make an assault on
specifically : to subject to a sexual assault

intransitive verb

: to make an assault
assaulter noun
assaultive adjective
assaultively adverb
assaultiveness noun
Etymology

Noun

Old French assaut, literally, attack, ultimately from Latin assultus, from assilire to leap (on), attack

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