Definition of battery
1a : the act of beating someone or something with successive blows : the act of battering (see 1batter 1)b law : an offensive touching or use of force on a person without the person's consent <evidence that supports a charge of battery> — compare assault 2a
2 [Medieval French batterie, from battre to beat] military a : a grouping of artillery pieces for tactical (see tactical 1a(1)) purposes <a battery of cannon from the Revolutionary War>b : the guns of a warship <the starboard battery>
4a : a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effect <a battery of generators>b : a group of two or more cells (see cell 5) connected together to furnish electric current; also : a single cell that furnishes electric current <need to replace the flashlight's batteries>c batteries plural : level of energy or enthusiasm <needs a vacation to recharge her batteries>
5a : a number of similar articles, items, or devices arranged, connected, or used together : set, series <a battery of tests>b : a usually impressive or imposing group : array <a battery of specialists>
6 : the position of readiness of a gun for firing <the gun would not return to battery — Infantry Journal>
7 baseball : the pitcher and catcher of a team <one of the greatest batteries in baseball history>
Examples of battery in a sentence
I bought new batteries for the flashlights.
The operation was performed by a battery of doctors.
Origin and Etymology of battery
Anglo-French baterie, from batre to beat, from Latin battuere
First Known Use: 1531
BATTERY Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of battery for English Language Learners
: a device that is placed inside a machine (such as a clock, toy, or car) to supply it with electricity
: a usually large group of similar people, things, or ideas that work together, are used together, etc.
: a group of two or more big guns used by the military
BATTERY Defined for Kids
Definition of battery for Students
1 : two or more big military guns that are controlled as a unit
2 : an electric cell or connected electric cells for providing electric current <a flashlight battery>
3 : a number of similar items or devices grouped together <a battery of tests>
4 : an unlawful touching or use of force on a person against his or her will
Medical Definition of battery
1a: a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effectb: a group of two or more cells connected together to furnish electric current; also : a single cell that furnishes electric current
2: a group or series of tests; especially : a group of intelligence or personality tests given to a subject as an aid in psychological analysis
Legal Definition of battery
: the crime or tort of intentionally or recklessly causing offensive physical contact or bodily harm (as by striking or by administering a poison or drug) that is not consented to by the victim — compare assault aggravated battery : criminal battery that is accompanied by aggravating factors: as a : criminal battery that causes or is intended to cause serious bodily injury especially through the use of a dangerous weapon b : criminal battery committed on a protected person (as a minor or a police officer) — compare simple battery in this entry Editor's note: Aggravated battery is usually classified as a felony. sexual battery : intentional and offensive sexual contact and especially sexual intercourse with a person who has not given or (as in the case of a child) is incapable of giving consent; broadly : forced or coerced contact with the sexual parts of either the victim or the perpetrator — see also rape Editor's note: This is a broad definition of the offense. The specific elements of this crime vary from state to state, and some states use more narrow definitions. simple battery : criminal battery that is not accompanied by aggravating factors (as a dangerous weapon) — compare aggravated battery in this entry Editor's note: Simple battery is usually classified as a misdemeanor.
Origin and Etymology of battery
Old French batterie beating, from battre to beat, from Latin battuere
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