bat·tery | \ ˈba-t(ə-)rē \
plural batteries

Definition of battery 

1a : the act of beating someone or something with successive blows : the act of battering (see batter entry 1 sense 1)

b law : an offensive touching or use of force on a person without the person's consent evidence that supports a charge of battery — compare assault entry 1 sense 2a

2 [ Middle French batterie, from battre to beat ] military

a : a grouping of artillery pieces for tactical (see tactical sense 1a(1)) purposes a battery of cannon from the Revolutionary War

b : the guns of a warship the starboard battery

3 military : an artillery (see artillery sense 2b) unit in the army equivalent to a company (see company entry 1 sense 2b)

4a : a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effect a battery of generators

b : a group of two or more cells (see cell sense 5) connected together to furnish electric current also : a single cell that furnishes electric current need to replace the flashlight's batteries

c batteries plural : level of energy or enthusiasm needs a vacation to recharge her batteries

5a(1) : a number of similar articles, items, or devices arranged, connected, or used together : set, series ran through a battery of tests a battery of filing cabinets

(2) : a series of cages or compartments for raising or fattening poultry often used before another noun battery chickensbattery farming

b : a usually impressive or imposing group : array a battery of specialists

6 : the position of readiness of a gun for firing the gun would not return to batteryInfantry Journal

7 baseball : the pitcher and catcher of a team one of the greatest batteries in baseball history

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Examples of battery in a Sentence

I bought new batteries for the flashlights. The operation was performed by a battery of doctors.

Recent Examples on the Web

The policy included an award limit for assault and battery claims to $25,000 per incident with a maximum of $50,000 liability. Marco Santana,, "Murder case that saw Aramis Ayala, Rick Scott clash central to insurance suit," 6 July 2018 Attorney Nancy Olsen, who was handling Darwish’s appeal of two misdemeanor convictions for assault and battery, was also shocked by the news. Lyndsay Winkley,, "Did the 'system' fail mentally ill man who shot 2 San Diego police officers? Some think so," 1 July 2018 Hurst was taken into custody and charged with armed burglary, aggravated assault, battery, criminal mischief, and aggravated assault, police said. David Caraccio, sacbee, "Watch police K-9 snatch a loaded shotgun from armed suspect," 26 June 2018 She has been charged with assault and battery and is scheduled to be arraigned Friday. Caroline Blackmon, Detroit Free Press, "Employee stabs HR rep with a pen while resigning from Troy company," 13 July 2018 As to Conley, Puscian sued him for assault, battery, false imprisonment and intentional infliction of emotional distress. Michael Mccann,, "Could Gareon Conley Legally Prove That Rape Allegation Caused Draft Slide, Financial Harm?," 12 July 2018 Smart locks replace standard locks with an electronic device, often battery-powered, that can be accessed using a phone app, digital keypad or even fingerprint sensors. Joshua Fruhlinger, WSJ, "Is It Smart to Install a Smart Lock?," 11 July 2018 Sledziona was later arrested at his home and charged with assault and battery of high and aggravated nature, according to a police report. Mark Price, charlotteobserver, "'Stop or I'll shoot you,' cop yells as driver drags him. He didn't stop, video shows," 29 June 2018 He’s been charged with first-degree murder and aggravated battery with a firearm, police said. Rosemary Sobol,, "1 dead, 1 wounded in Waukegan shooting; 15-year-old boy charged," 14 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'battery.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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History and Etymology for battery

Anglo-French baterie, from batre to beat, from Latin battuere

Old French batterie beating, from battre to beat, from Latin battuere

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Statistics for battery

Last Updated

23 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

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More Definitions for battery



English Language Learners Definition of battery

: a device that is placed inside a machine (such as a clock, toy, or car) to supply it with electricity

: a usually large group of similar people, things, or ideas that work together, are used together, etc.

: a group of two or more big guns used by the military


bat·tery | \ ˈba-tə-rē \
plural batteries

Kids Definition of battery

1 : two or more big military guns that are controlled as a unit

2 : an electric cell or connected electric cells for providing electric current a flashlight battery

3 : a number of similar items or devices grouped together a battery of tests

4 : an unlawful touching or use of force on a person against his or her will


bat·tery | \ ˈbat-ə-rē, ˈba-trē \
plural batteries

Medical Definition of battery 

1a : a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effect

b : a group of two or more cells connected together to furnish electric current also : a single cell that furnishes electric current

2 : a group or series of tests especially : a group of intelligence or personality tests given to a subject as an aid in psychological analysis

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bat·tery | \ ˈba-tə-rē, -trē \

Legal Definition of battery 

: the crime or tort of intentionally or recklessly causing offensive physical contact or bodily harm (as by striking or by administering a poison or drug) that is not consented to by the victim — compare assault

aggravated battery

: criminal battery that is accompanied by aggravating factors: as

a : criminal battery that causes or is intended to cause serious bodily injury especially through the use of a dangerous weapon

b : criminal battery committed on a protected person (as a minor or a police officer) — compare simple battery in this entry

Note: Aggravated battery is usually classified as a felony.

sexual battery

: intentional and offensive sexual contact and especially sexual intercourse with a person who has not given or (as in the case of a child) is incapable of giving consent broadly : forced or coerced contact with the sexual parts of either the victim or the perpetrator — see also rape

Note: This is a broad definition of the offense. The specific elements of this crime vary from state to state, and some states use more narrow definitions.

simple battery

: criminal battery that is not accompanied by aggravating factors (as a dangerous weapon) — compare aggravated battery in this entry

Note: Simple battery is usually classified as a misdemeanor.

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Comments on battery

What made you want to look up battery? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to deposit or conceal in a hiding place

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