battery

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noun bat·tery \ˈba-t(ə-)rē\

Definition of battery

plural

batteries

  1. 1a :  the act of beating someone or something with successive blows :  the act of battering (see 1batter 1)b law :  an offensive touching or use of force on a person without the person's consent <evidence that supports a charge of battery> — compare assault 2a

  2. 2 [Medieval French batterie, from battre to beat] military a :  a grouping of artillery pieces for tactical (see tactical 1a(1)) purposes <a battery of cannon from the Revolutionary War>b :  the guns of a warship <the starboard battery>

  3. 3 military :  an artillery (see artillery 2b) unit in the army equivalent to a company (see 1company 2b)

  4. 4a :  a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effect <a battery of generators>b :  a group of two or more cells (see cell 5) connected together to furnish electric current; also :  a single cell that furnishes electric current <need to replace the flashlight's batteries>c batteries plural :  level of energy or enthusiasm <needs a vacation to recharge her batteries>

  5. 5a :  a number of similar articles, items, or devices arranged, connected, or used together :  set, series <a battery of tests>b :  a usually impressive or imposing group :  array <a battery of specialists>

  6. 6 :  the position of readiness of a gun for firing <the gun would not return to batteryInfantry Journal>

  7. 7 baseball :  the pitcher and catcher of a team <one of the greatest batteries in baseball history>

Examples of battery in a sentence

  1. I bought new batteries for the flashlights.

  2. The operation was performed by a battery of doctors.

Origin and Etymology of battery

Anglo-French baterie, from batre to beat, from Latin battuere


First Known Use: 1531



BATTERY Defined for English Language Learners

battery

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noun bat·tery \ˈba-t(ə-)rē\

Definition of battery for English Language Learners

  • : a device that is placed inside a machine (such as a clock, toy, or car) to supply it with electricity

  • : a usually large group of similar people, things, or ideas that work together, are used together, etc.

  • : a group of two or more big guns used by the military


BATTERY Defined for Kids

battery

play
noun bat·tery \ˈba-tə-rē\

Definition of battery for Students

plural

batteries

  1. 1 :  two or more big military guns that are controlled as a unit

  2. 2 :  an electric cell or connected electric cells for providing electric current <a flashlight battery>

  3. 3 :  a number of similar items or devices grouped together <a battery of tests>

  4. 4 :  an unlawful touching or use of force on a person against his or her will


Medical Dictionary

battery

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noun bat·tery \ˈbat-ə-rē, ˈba-trē\

Medical Definition of battery

plural

batteries

  1. 1a:  a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effectb:  a group of two or more cells connected together to furnish electric current; also :  a single cell that furnishes electric current

  2. 2:  a group or series of tests; especially :  a group of intelligence or personality tests given to a subject as an aid in psychological analysis


Law Dictionary

battery

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noun bat·tery \ˈba-tə-rē, -trē\

Legal Definition of battery

  1. :  the crime or tort of intentionally or recklessly causing offensive physical contact or bodily harm (as by striking or by administering a poison or drug) that is not consented to by the victim — compare assault aggravated battery :  criminal battery that is accompanied by aggravating factors: as a :  criminal battery that causes or is intended to cause serious bodily injury especially through the use of a dangerous weapon b :  criminal battery committed on a protected person (as a minor or a police officer) — compare simple battery in this entry Editor's note: Aggravated battery is usually classified as a felony. sexual battery :  intentional and offensive sexual contact and especially sexual intercourse with a person who has not given or (as in the case of a child) is incapable of giving consent; broadly :  forced or coerced contact with the sexual parts of either the victim or the perpetrator — see also rape Editor's note: This is a broad definition of the offense. The specific elements of this crime vary from state to state, and some states use more narrow definitions. simple battery :  criminal battery that is not accompanied by aggravating factors (as a dangerous weapon) — compare aggravated battery in this entry Editor's note: Simple battery is usually classified as a misdemeanor.

Origin and Etymology of battery

Old French batterie beating, from battre to beat, from Latin battuere



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