array

verb
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying; arrays

Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attire : adorn … he had already arrayed himself in his best clothes.— Thomas Hardy
2a : to set or place in order : draw up, marshal the forces arrayed against us
b : to set or set forth in order (something, such as a jury) for the trial of a cause
3 : to arrange or display in or as if in an array The … data are arrayed in descending order.— Ed Burnett

array

noun

Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an imposing group : large number faced a whole array of problems also : variety, assortment a broad array of styles
2a : a regular and imposing grouping or arrangement : order lined up … in soldierly array— Donald Barthelme
b law : an orderly listing of jurors impaneled
b : rich or beautiful apparel : finery
4 : a body of soldiers : militia the baron and his feudal array
5a(1) : a number of mathematical elements arranged in rows and columns
(2) : a data structure in which similar elements of data are arranged in a table
b : a series of statistical data arranged in classes in order of magnitude
6 : a group of elements forming a complete unit an antenna array

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Other Words from array

Verb

arrayer noun

Examples of array in a Sentence

Verb She arrayed herself in rich velvets and satins. a door arrayed for the holidays with a beautiful evergreen wreath Noun an array of solar panels an array of baseball gloves in the corner of his room
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb During President Barack Obama's troop surge, about 100,000 military personnel were arrayed across the country, fighting to win remote areas from Taliban control. Missy Ryan, Anchorage Daily News, "For most of Afghanistan war, America ‘never really fought to win,’ Trump declares," 19 May 2020 These fears stem from China’s military capabilities arrayed along much of India’s Himalayan border and the failure to resolve a border dispute. Sumit Ganguly, Quartz India, "All trade and no democracy is the new hallmark of India-US ties," 25 Feb. 2020 With his administration engulfed by crisis, Trump can no longer control the forces once solidly arrayed behind him. Philip Rucker, Anchorage Daily News, "Trump’s season of weakness: President who prizes strength enters key stretch in a fragile state," 19 Oct. 2019 The 6,000-square-foot home is in a neighborhood overlooking Lake Zurich that was once a vineyard but is now arrayed with golf courses and polite villa-style mansions. Christopher Bollen, New York Times, "Who Was Carlo Scarpa?," 18 Feb. 2020 The cabinet displayed forty dials arrayed in four rows and ten columns. Andrew Whitby, Wired, "A Brief History of the Census—and How Covid-19 Could Change It," 1 Apr. 2020 Go Family-Style, but on the Side The table was arrayed, simply, with Calvin Klein glassware and plates and flatware from the Italian company Match. Kurt Soller, New York Times, "How an Author and His Husband Host Casual Dinners in Their New York Apartment," 14 Feb. 2020 Jewelry, watches and other accessories were arrayed on a long table; cowboy boots, high-heeled pumps and clogs sat neatly along a windowsill. Tara Bahrampour, Washington Post, "‘The differences get overlooked’: How people in their 20s swap clothes with people in their 70s," 9 Dec. 2019 Meticulously arrayed, the echoing curves suggest fingerprint whorls or ripples on lakes and ponds. Mark Jenkins, Washington Post, "In the galleries: Disrupting and denaturing the concept of comfortable at home," 13 Mar. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun That way, students don’t have to spend the whole day with the same set of their peers and can have a wider array of electives to choose from. oregonlive, "Portland Public Schools’ new SE feeder patterns come into sharper focus," 13 Jan. 2021 Any new accord—to limit Iran’s missiles and, potentially in return, the weaponry in rival Arab arsenals—will almost certainly have to include a wider array of countries. Robin Wright, The New Yorker, "Biden Faces a Minefield in New Diplomacy with Iran," 4 Jan. 2021 Featuring choreography by Francesca Harper, Tsai Hsi Hung, and Manuel Vignoulle, the films are shot in scenic locations across Philadelphia and feature unique costuming, inspired cinematography, and an array of technical styles. Ariana Marsh, Harper's BAZAAR, "The Culture Lover’s January Guide," 1 Jan. 2021 This season, back in her Los Angeles office (and sometimes outside of it, to adhere to COVID-19 safety precautions), Dr. Lee sees a wide variety of patients and an even wider array of skin conditions. Sarah Midkiff, refinery29.com, "Dr. Pimple Popper Is Back For A New Season — & We Have Your Exclusive First Look," 17 Nov. 2020 The park has extensive hiking and mountain-biking trails and 52 sites (from $40) spread between two campgrounds, as well as an array of yurts that opened in 2018. Megan Michelson, Outside Online, "6 Camping Destinations That Are Better in Winter," 14 Nov. 2020 The Gators will stick to the game plan, though 6-foot-6 Pitts' size, array of skills and big-play ability are sure to be missed. Edgar Thompson, orlandosentinel.com, "Gators host Arkansas aiming to build on Georgia win, sharpen championship form," 13 Nov. 2020 Expanding on the food truck, Sherpa Kitchen offered a wider array of dishes to give diners a taste of Nepal. Priscilla Totiyapungprasert, The Arizona Republic, "Metro Phoenix's only Nepali restaurant is closing. Here's what's next for the family shop," 12 Nov. 2020 Instead the grille contains camera, radar and an array of other sensors. Mike Duff, Car and Driver, "2022 BMW iX Electric Crossover Will Offer 500 HP, 300-Mile Range," 11 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'array.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of array

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

History and Etymology for array

Verb

Middle English arayen, arrayen "to put in order, prepare, marshal (troops), equip, adorn," borrowed from Anglo-French arraier, arreyer, aroier "to arrange, order, marshal, set in order (a jury, assize), equip, attire, adorn" (continental Old French areer), going back to Vulgar Latin *arrēdāre, from Latin ad- ad- + Vulgar Latin *-rēdāre, in *conrēdāre, presumed adaptation of Gothic garedan "to make provisions" — more at curry entry 1

Note: The forms arrai-, aroi- presumably represent generalizations of the tonic stem of areer. The verb *arrēdāre is common to most Romance languages: Old Occitan arezar "to put in order," Catalan arrear "to provide," Spanish, "to adorn, decorate," Italian arredare "to furnish, equip."

Noun

Middle English aray, array, arraye "preparation, arrangement, condition, line of soldiers, equipment, adornment," borrowed from Anglo-French arrai, arraie "order, arrangement, condition, ordered list of jurors, body of men, entourage, equipment," noun derivative of arraier "to order, array entry 1"

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Time Traveler for array

Time Traveler

The first known use of array was in the 13th century

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Statistics for array

Cite this Entry

“Array.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/array. Accessed 22 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for array

array

verb
How to pronounce array (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

formal
: to place (a group of things) in a particular position so that they are in order or so that they look attractive
literary : to dress (someone, especially yourself) in fine clothing
: to put (soldiers) in a place or position so that they are ready to attack

array

noun

English Language Learners Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: a large group or number of things
: a group of numbers, symbols, etc., that are arranged in rows and columns
: a way of organizing pieces of information in the memory of a computer so that similar kinds of information are together

array

verb
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying

Kids Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to place in order Soldiers arrayed themselves for review. The table was arrayed with all sorts of delicacies.
2 : to dress especially in fine or beautiful clothing He was arrayed like a prince.

array

noun

Kids Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an impressive group You can choose from an array of colors.
2 : a group of persons (as soldiers) in a certain order
3 : fine or beautiful clothing They were dressed in magnificent array.
4 : regular order or arrangement
5 : a group of mathematical elements (as numbers or letters) arranged in rows and columns
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \

Legal Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to set (a jury) for trial specifically : to set (a jury) by calling out the names of the jurors one at a time — compare impanel

array

noun

Legal Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: the group of people summoned to serve as jurors from which the jury will be chosen also : a list of the jurors' names — see also challenge to the array at challenge — compare venire

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Comments on array

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