array

verb
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying; arrays

Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attire : adorn … he had already arrayed himself in his best clothes.— Thomas Hardy
2a : to set or place in order : draw up, marshal the forces arrayed against us
b : to set or set forth in order (something, such as a jury) for the trial of a cause
3 : to arrange or display in or as if in an array The … data are arrayed in descending order.— Ed Burnett

array

noun

Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an imposing group : large number faced a whole array of problems also : variety, assortment a broad array of styles
2a : a regular and imposing grouping or arrangement : order lined up … in soldierly array— Donald Barthelme
b law : an orderly listing of jurors impaneled
b : rich or beautiful apparel : finery
4 : a body of soldiers : militia the baron and his feudal array
5a(1) : a number of mathematical elements arranged in rows and columns
(2) : a data structure in which similar elements of data are arranged in a table
b : a series of statistical data arranged in classes in order of magnitude
6 : a group of elements forming a complete unit an antenna array

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from array

Verb

arrayer noun

Examples of array in a Sentence

Verb

She arrayed herself in rich velvets and satins. a door arrayed for the holidays with a beautiful evergreen wreath

Noun

an array of solar panels an array of baseball gloves in the corner of his room
See More

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Los Angeles company Makers + Goods sources feel-good products that benefit various causes, arrays them in gift baskets and delivers to your door. Kavita Daswani, latimes.com, "Father's Day gift ideas for the fitness-minded dad," 8 June 2018 By the time the fighting had subsided, thousands of innocents had lost their lives — including five American nuns, who Taylor’s soldiers mistakenly believed to be cooperating with the forces arrayed against them. Jeremy Roebuck, Philly.com, "Another Liberian in Delco stands trial for alleged role in brutal civil war," 11 June 2018 Meanwhile, 46 battalions of Russia's Western Military District and the Kaliningrad Oblast—about nine combat divisions' worth—are arrayed against them. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "U.S. Official: Russia Could Defeat NATO in Less Than 3 Days," 14 June 2016 Naturally, the royal crash pad is beyond glamorous by today’s standards, with seemingly endless rooms arrayed in antiques, royal portraits, and family treasures, including an original Fabergé egg (more on that later). Olivia Martin, Town & Country, "The Story of the Incredible Paris Apartment in The Romanoffs Episode 1," 12 Oct. 2018 Facebook Oculus Quest builds sensors into the headset itself, with four cameras arrayed around the edges of the visor. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "The $399 Oculus Quest is a premium VR headset with no wires—and no PC required," 26 Sep. 2018 The Gatling featured four to ten barrels arrayed around a central axis and a top-loading magazine which loaded each barrel in turn before the continuing turn of the gun's crank fired the weapon. Matthew Moss, Popular Mechanics, "The Story of the Gatling Gun," 22 Aug. 2016 The final step is to dig the hundreds of horizontal burial shafts, arrayed like fish bones along the deepest access tunnels. Tim Heffernan, Popular Mechanics, "Finland's Crazy Plan to Make Nuclear Waste Disappear," 10 May 2012 England lines up from 35 yards in the center for a free kick; their targets are arrayed across the 18. Rory Smith, New York Times, "Croatia Digs Deeper, Burying England’s World Cup Dreams," 12 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The chic event was attended by an array of models and celebs that the fashion designer has worked with throughout his dextrous career. Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kate Moss and Her Daughter Lila Looked so Alike as They Attended Marc Jacobs's Wedding Together," 7 Apr. 2019 The conclusion of special counsel Robert Mueller’s Russia investigation leaves in its wake about a dozen other probes into President Trump and his associates by an array of federal, state and congressional investigators. Rebecca Ballhaus And Nicole Hong, WSJ, "Mueller Report Concludes, But Other Investigations Loom," 22 Mar. 2019 The continent is rapidly melting, and a large chunk of the snow and ice is held back from the ocean only by an array of glaciers and ice shelves guarding the coasts. Avery Thompson, Popular Mechanics, "NASA Found a Giant Underground Cavern in Antarctica Almost the Size of Manhattan," 31 Jan. 2019 It was spotted by an array of small telescopes tasked with finding and observing faint objects. Eric Bangeman, Ars Technica, "Talk amongst yourselves: 2018’s most-commented stories on Ars," 24 Dec. 2018 Libya is split between rival governments in the east and in the capital, Tripoli, each of which is backed by an array of militias. Rami Musa, The Seattle Times, "Libyan forces capture fugitive Egyptian militant," 8 Oct. 2018 Libya is currently split between rival governments in the east and the west, each backed by an array of militias. Rami Musa, Fox News, "Libyan officials say unknown missiles hit Tripoli airport," 12 Sep. 2018 The gas giant is made out of the same basic ingredients as the sun — hydrogen and helium — and is surrounded by an array of geologically diverse moons. Brian Resnick, Vox, "Astronomers discovered 10 new moons of Jupiter. Where have they been hiding?," 17 July 2018 This thinking has been contested by an impressively broad array of sceptics, ranging from Jerry Brown, the governor of California, to Bill Perry, a former defence secretary, and Richard Lugar, a retired Republican senator. The Economist, "What Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin ought to talk about in Helsinki," 12 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'array.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of array

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

History and Etymology for array

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French arraier, from Vulgar Latin *arredare, from Latin ad- + a base of Germanic origin; akin to Goth garaiths arranged — more at ready

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about array

Dictionary Entries near array

arrastre

Arrau

Arrawak

array

arrayal

arrayán

arrayment

Statistics for array

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for array

The first known use of array was in the 13th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for array

array

verb

English Language Learners Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

formal
: to place (a group of things) in a particular position so that they are in order or so that they look attractive
literary : to dress (someone, especially yourself) in fine clothing
: to put (soldiers) in a place or position so that they are ready to attack

array

noun

English Language Learners Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: a large group or number of things
: a group of numbers, symbols, etc., that are arranged in rows and columns
: a way of organizing pieces of information in the memory of a computer so that similar kinds of information are together

array

verb
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying

Kids Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to place in order Soldiers arrayed themselves for review. The table was arrayed with all sorts of delicacies.
2 : to dress especially in fine or beautiful clothing He was arrayed like a prince.

array

noun

Kids Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an impressive group You can choose from an array of colors.
2 : a group of persons (as soldiers) in a certain order
3 : fine or beautiful clothing They were dressed in magnificent array.
4 : regular order or arrangement
5 : a group of mathematical elements (as numbers or letters) arranged in rows and columns
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \

Legal Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to set (a jury) for trial specifically : to set (a jury) by calling out the names of the jurors one at a time — compare impanel

array

noun

Legal Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: the group of people summoned to serve as jurors from which the jury will be chosen also : a list of the jurors' names — see also challenge to the array at challenge — compare venire

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on array

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with array

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for array

Spanish Central: Translation of array

Nglish: Translation of array for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of array for Arabic Speakers

Comments on array

What made you want to look up array? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

a strong desire or propensity

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Challenging Vocabulary Quiz Returns!

  • stylized drawing of woman pole vaulting across gap to get trophy
  • Which is a synonym of fuliginous?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!