bombard

noun
bom·​bard | \ ˈbäm-ˌbärd How to pronounce bombard (audio) \

Definition of bombard

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a late medieval cannon used to hurl large stones

bombard

verb
bom·​bard | \ bäm-ˈbärd How to pronounce bombard (audio) also bəm- \
bombarded; bombarding; bombards

Definition of bombard (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to attack especially with artillery or bombers
2 : to assail vigorously or persistently (as with questions)
3 : to subject to the impact of rapidly moving particles (such as electrons)

Other Words from bombard

Verb

bombardment \ bäm-​ˈbärd-​mənt How to pronounce bombard (audio) \ noun

Synonyms for bombard

Synonyms: Verb

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Verb

attack, assail, assault, bombard, storm mean to make an onslaught upon. attack implies taking the initiative in a struggle. plan to attack the town at dawn assail implies attempting to break down resistance by repeated blows or shots. assailed the enemy with artillery fire assault suggests a direct attempt to overpower by suddenness and violence of onslaught. commandos assaulted the building from all sides bombard applies to attacking with bombs or shells. bombarded the city nightly storm implies attempting to break into a defended position. preparing to storm the fortress

Did you know?

In the late Middle Ages, a bombard was a cannon used to hurl large stones at enemy fortifications. Its name, which first appeared in English in the 15th century, comes from the Middle French bombarde, which in turn was probably a combination of the onomatopoeic bomb- and the suffix -arde (equivalent to the English ­-ard). The verb bombard blasted onto the scene in English in the 17th century, with an original meaning of "to attack especially with artillery"; as weapons technology improved throughout the centuries, such artillery came to include things like automatic rifles and bomber aircraft. Nowadays one can be bombarded figuratively in any number of ways, such as by omnipresent advertising messages or persistent phone calls.

Examples of bombard in a Sentence

Verb The navy bombarded the shore. Scientists bombarded the sample with X-rays. The car was bombarded by rocks as it drove away from the angry crowd.
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The film’s directors, Paula Eiselt and Tonya Lewis Lee, did not want to bombard the audience with statistics. Lucia Cheng, Smithsonian Magazine, 25 July 2022 Russian forces bombard the southern bridge connecting Lysychansk to Severodonetsk, rendering it unusable for 12,000 residents and hundreds of Ukrainian defenders. Los Angeles Times, 16 June 2022 Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has been calling on the EU to take stronger steps against Putin and Russia, especially as Russian forces bombard the eastern Ukrainian city of Sievierodonetsk with intense shelling. Catherine Garcia, The Week, 30 May 2022 The sun has been moving into the active part of its eleven-year cycle when more and more powerful solar flares can bombard Earth’s upper atmosphere. Eric Mack, Forbes, 15 July 2022 The petition has since sparked over 70,000 Starlink users to bombard the FCC’s filing system with messages. Michael Kan, PCMAG, 8 July 2022 Ukraine could move artillery into place to bombard the location, or send one of its precious few combat aircraft to conduct an air strike. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, 11 May 2022 Ukrainian officials said Sunday that Russian forces were continuing to bombard the sprawling steel factory where hundreds of Ukrainian soldiers and civilians are trapped. New York Times, 24 Apr. 2022 Latest Russian forces continued to bombard a chemical plant in Severodonetsk that is providing refuge for civilians and soldiers. Matthew Luxmoore, WSJ, 14 June 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bombard.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of bombard

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

1686, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for bombard

Noun

Middle English bombard, bumbard, borrowed from Middle French bombarde, probably from an onomatopoeic base bomb- + -arde -ard — more at bomb entry 1

Note: As with bomba, bombe, etc. (see note at bomb entry 1), the origin and diffusion of bombarda, bombarde, etc., remain incompletely elucidated. French bombarde, in reference to an engine of war, appears in the Vrayes chroniques of Jean le Bel, a history of the Hundred Years War begun in 1357 (see Dictionnaire du Moyen Français, online) and in the accounts of the Valenciennes city clerk Nicole de Dury from 1363 (see H. Caffiaux, Nicole de Dury, maître clerc de la ville de Valenciennes 1361-1373, Valenciennes, 1866, p. 103). Italian bombarda may be dependent on the French word, given that the earliest use of the word is in reference to artillery used at the battle of Crécy in 1346 (in the final book of the Nuova Cronica of Giovanni Villani, who died in 1348; manuscripts containing the final book are significantly later). The 1311 date given for bombarda in Trésor de la langue française, Cortelazzo and Zolli's Dizionario etimologico della lingua italiana, and a number of earlier sources from which they draw (as the Enciclopedia Italiana) is incorrect; the text in question, the Polystorio or Polyhistoria by Niccolò da Ferrara (not Bartolomeo da Ferrara), alludes to events of 1311 but was written sometime after 1367, when the chronicle ends, at the court of Niccolò II d'Este, marquess of Ferrara from 1361 (cf. Richard Tristano, "History 'Without Scruple': The Enlightenment Confronts the Middle Ages in Renaissance Ferrara," Medievalia et Humanistica, new series, no. 38 [2012], p. 85). Spanish lombarda, attested about 1400, is clearly a folk-etymologizing of bombarda (pace Coromines' etymology in Diccionario crítico-etimológico castellano e hispánico, which does not take account of the earlier French forms).

Verb

earlier, "to fire a large cannon," borrowed from Middle French bombarder, verbal derivative of bombarde bombard entry 1

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Cite this Entry

“Bombard.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bombard. Accessed 18 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for bombard

bombard

verb
bom·​bard | \ bäm-ˈbärd How to pronounce bombard (audio) \
bombarded; bombarding

Kids Definition of bombard

1 : to attack with heavy fire from big guns : shell bombard a fort
2 : to hit or attack again and again We were bombarded by ads. Smells he couldn't place bombarded him.— Brian Selznick, Wonderstruck

More from Merriam-Webster on bombard

Nglish: Translation of bombard for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bombard for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bombard

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