turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Definition of turnover

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the amount received in sales for a stated period
(2) : the ratio of sales for a stated period to average inventory
(3) : a cycle of purchase, sale, and replacement of a stock of goods
b : the number of persons hired within a period to replace those leaving or dropped from a workforce also : the ratio of this number to the number in the average force maintained
c : movement (as of goods or people) into, through, and out of a place
2 : the amount of business done especially : the volume of shares traded on a stock exchange
3 : the act or an instance of a team's losing possession of a ball through error or a minor violation of the rules (as in basketball or football)
4 : a filled pastry made by folding half of the crust over the other half
5 : an act or result of turning over : upset
6 : a turning from one side, place, or direction to its opposite : shift, reversal
7 : a reorganization with a view to a shift in personnel : shake-up
8 : something that is turned over
9 : the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (such as a cell or tissue) of a living system



Definition of turnover (Entry 2 of 3)

: capable of being turned over

turn over

turned over; turning over; turns over

Definition of turn over (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to turn from an upright position : overturn
b : rotate turn over a stiff valve with a wrench also : to cause (an internal combustion engine) to begin firing
2 : deliver, surrender I'm turning the job over to you also : to lose possession of turned the ball over three times
3a : to do business to the amount of turning over $1000 a week
b : to receive and dispose of (a stock of merchandise)
4 : to search (clothes, papers, etc.) by lifting or moving one by one
5 : to read or examine (something, such as a book) slowly or idly

intransitive verb

2a : rotate
b of an engine : to have crankshaft rotation especially by external means (as by a starter) the engine turned over but didn't start
3a of one's stomach : to heave with nausea
b of one's heart : to seem to leap or lurch convulsively with sudden fright
turn over a new leaf
: to make a change for the better especially in one's way of living

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Examples of turnover in a Sentence

Noun The company had an increase in turnover this quarter. The company has a high turnover rate. We want to find ways to speed up inventory turnover. Verb reluctantly turned the ship over to the first mate while he went below to try to stop the leak turned the evidence over to the police
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The high rate of tooth turnover could offer clues about the animal’s diet. Riley Black, Smithsonian, "Flesh-Ripping Dinosaurs Replaced Their Teeth Multiple Times a Year," 28 Nov. 2019 High turnover, once frowned upon, is now commonplace, and technological innovations are rapidly changing the business landscape. Ephrat Livni, Quartz at Work, "Would you dare take a talent assessment inspired by the testing methods of the IDF?," 25 Nov. 2019 In an industry where turnover is astronomical, Palmer said that in addition to Schultz’s long service, four of his other 13 employees have worked there 16 to 18 years and two have logged six or seven years. Jerry Fallstrom, orlandosentinel.com, "Longtime Long John Silver’s manager enjoys hosting Thanksgiving feast — but don’t expect seafood," 25 Nov. 2019 The Cardinals committed five turnovers while sinking just two field goals over the last 10 minutes, allowing Akron to slash a 22-point lead to four points with 24 seconds to play. Tim Sullivan, The Courier-Journal, "Louisville basketball coach Chris Mack committed to wielding depth as a weapon," 25 Nov. 2019 But resources are limited, so the training simply consists of a 30-minute online program, and the level of turnover in the TSA is high, with an approximate 17 percent attrition rate. Kam Burns, Allure, "The Unique Anxiety of Traveling While Transgender," 23 Nov. 2019 The Giants are 2-18 when committing two or more turnovers in a game since the start of the 2017 season. Joe Williams, USA TODAY Sportsbook Wire, "Giants-Bears odds: NY Giants spotted a touchdown in Chicago," 21 Nov. 2019 Brown added that turnover is a problem across the industry. Mary Grace Keller, baltimoresun.com/maryland/carroll, "911 center in Carroll County needs more positions and overtime has ‘exploded,’ staff tell commissioners," 16 Nov. 2019 Analytics experts will tell you that turnovers are subject to luck, at least to a certain degree. Michael Lev, azcentral, "What happened to Arizona Wildcats' football season? A closer look at the numbers," 14 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The Border Patrol turned over its surveillance video for review by police and the forensic pathologist who conducted the autopsy. Robert Moore, ProPublica, "Inside the Cell Where a Sick 16-Year-Old Boy Died in Border Patrol Care," 8 Dec. 2019 Irwin turned over the petition to Gov. Doug Ducey’s office and other state leaders. AZCentral.com, "In western Arizona, corporate megafarms turn water into profits, leaving small towns in the dust," 5 Dec. 2019 State police detectives, who investigated each deadly use of force, had turned over their investigative findings to Hardy within months of each shooting. Nicholas Rondinone, courant.com, "Criminal Justice Commission could vote Wednesday to start disciplinary proceedings against Hartford State’s Attorney Gail P. Hardy over outstanding police shooting probes," 4 Dec. 2019 Patricia ran a less demanding training camp this summer, and the Lions have turned over more than half of their roster, but that hasn't helped the product on the field. Dave Birkett, Detroit Free Press, "Glover Quin: Detroit Lions might not love Matt Patricia enough to turn things around," 4 Dec. 2019 In each round where mission cards are played, the king turns over two or three such cards. Keith Law, Ars Technica, "Turn your tabletop into a real Game of Thrones with Oathbreaker game," 23 Nov. 2019 The man turned over the items but then left the store until apprehended by police. Bruce Geiselman, cleveland, "Driver arrested for OVI after falling asleep behind the wheel: North Olmsted Police Blotter," 23 Nov. 2019 Tatum did turn over four boxes full of documents in response to the subpoena, but the materials were not what the board required. John Lynch, Arkansas Online, "Turn in records, judge tells former head of Little Rock charter school," 22 Nov. 2019 Amazon turned over recordings to the authorities, who are analyzing the data, Hallandale Beach Police Department spokesman Sgt. Kc Baker, PEOPLE.com, "After Fla. Woman Is Impaled by a Spear, Police Seek Clues From Amazon Alexa Recordings," 1 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turnover.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of turnover


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


circa 1849, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

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Time Traveler for turnover

Time Traveler

The first known use of turnover was in the 14th century

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Statistics for turnover

Last Updated

3 Dec 2019

Cite this Entry

“Turnover.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/turnover. Accessed 16 December 2019.

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More Definitions for turnover


How to pronounce turn over (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of turnover

: the amount of money that is received in sales by a store or company
: the rate at which people leave a place, company, etc., and are replaced by others
: the rate at which the goods in a store are sold and replaced by other goods


turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Kids Definition of turnover

: a filled pastry with one half of the crust turned over the other


turn·​over | \ ˈtər-ˌnō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Medical Definition of turnover

: the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (as a neurotransmitter, cell, or tissue) of a living system protein turnover in various pathological states— J. C. Waterlow hyperthyroidism accelerates bone turnover and shortens the normal bone remodeling cycle— Richard Sadovsky

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More from Merriam-Webster on turnover

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with turnover

Spanish Central: Translation of turnover

Nglish: Translation of turnover for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of turnover for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about turnover

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having a smooth flowing sound

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