turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Definition of turnover

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the amount received in sales for a stated period
(2) : the ratio of sales for a stated period to average inventory
(3) : a cycle of purchase, sale, and replacement of a stock of goods
b : the number of persons hired within a period to replace those leaving or dropped from a workforce also : the ratio of this number to the number in the average force maintained
c : movement (as of goods or people) into, through, and out of a place
2 : the amount of business done especially : the volume of shares traded on a stock exchange
3 : the act or an instance of a team's losing possession of a ball through error or a minor violation of the rules (as in basketball or football)
4 : a filled pastry made by folding half of the crust over the other half
5 : an act or result of turning over : upset
6 : a turning from one side, place, or direction to its opposite : shift, reversal
7 : a reorganization with a view to a shift in personnel : shake-up
8 : something that is turned over
9 : the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (such as a cell or tissue) of a living system



Definition of turnover (Entry 2 of 3)

: capable of being turned over

turn over

turned over; turning over; turns over

Definition of turn over (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to turn from an upright position : overturn
b : rotate turn over a stiff valve with a wrench also : to cause (an internal combustion engine) to begin firing
2 : deliver, surrender I'm turning the job over to you also : to lose possession of turned the ball over three times
3a : to do business to the amount of turning over $1000 a week
b : to receive and dispose of (a stock of merchandise)
4 : to search (clothes, papers, etc.) by lifting or moving one by one
5 : to read or examine (something, such as a book) slowly or idly

intransitive verb

1 : upset, capsize
2a : rotate
b of an engine : to have crankshaft rotation especially by external means (as by a starter) the engine turned over but didn't start
3a of one's stomach : to heave with nausea
b of one's heart : to seem to leap or lurch convulsively with sudden fright
turn over a new leaf
: to make a change for the better especially in one's way of living

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Examples of turnover in a Sentence


The company had an increase in turnover this quarter. The company has a high turnover rate. We want to find ways to speed up inventory turnover.


reluctantly turned the ship over to the first mate while he went below to try to stop the leak turned the evidence over to the police
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

All of which left him picking up an aging team with too little turnover. Joshua Robinson, WSJ, "Two Teams, One Manager and Five Months of Misery in Madrid," 26 Oct. 2018 The defense comes up huge again late with a game-clinching turnover. Stefan Stevenson, star-telegram, "Purple crystal ball: game-by-game prediction for TCU's 2018 football season," 4 June 2018 The Hokies committed 10 of their 13 turnovers after halftime. Hank Kurz Jr, The Seattle Times, "McMahon shoots No. 16 Cardinals past No. 11 Hokies, 72-64," 5 Feb. 2019 Vitamin C serum increases your cell turnover and minimizes hyperpigmentation and acne scarring. Maya Allen, Marie Claire, "Beyoncé's Makeup Artist Says These Will Be the Coolest Makeup Trends of 2019," 23 Jan. 2019 While other places might have flashier perks, these are the true every day perks that has our turnover at significantly below industry averages each and every year. Fortune, "Plante Moran," 26 June 2018 Their defensive intensity was incredible; that had a lot to do with our turnovers and mistakes. Ron Kroichick, San Francisco Chronicle, "Warriors wear down opponents with 3rd-quarter blitz," 30 May 2018 My efficiency needs to go up and my turnovers need to go down. David Scott, charlotteobserver, "Charlotte 49ers' Jon Davis is nearing a decision on the NBA draft. What will it be? | Charlotte Observer," 25 May 2018 But because the fines are so steep — violating GDPR will cost a company 4 percent of its global turnover or $20 million, whichever is larger — no one really wants to be caught non-complaint. Nick Statt, The Verge, "Instapaper is temporarily shutting off access for European users due to GDPR," 23 May 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The hearing isn’t a criminal proceeding, and the board chairman said any allegation of criminal activity would be turned over to the district attorney’s office. Valerie Bauerlein, WSJ, "North Carolina Board Calls for New Election in Last Undecided House Race," 21 Feb. 2019 Body camera video and other available video was immediately turned over to the Jefferson County Sheriff’s Department as part of the investigation. German Lopez, Vox, "After a mall shooting, police killed the wrong person — and the real shooter remains at large," 26 Nov. 2018 The same day, Henry County District Attorney Darius Pattillo said no felony charges would be brought against Marrow and that the misdemeanor charges would be turned over to the county solicitor general for review. Kate Brumback, Fox News, "Lawyers: Officials conspired to hide info about arrest," 27 Aug. 2018 As a result, more than 2,300 children were turned over to HHS. Martha Mendoza And Larry Fenn, Detroit Free Press, "Detaining immigrant kids is now a billion-dollar industry, research shows," 12 July 2018 The bodies were turned over to the Delaware Division of Forensic Science, which ruled their deaths murder and suicide by gunshot. CBS News, "Police, neighbors shed light on Delaware family killed in apparent murder-suicide," 11 July 2018 Les Halles was an oasis in a neighborhood that was emptied of its office workers at night, when the blocks would be turned over to clusters of prostitutes and the artists and writers who lived in their midst. Carolina A. Miranda, latimes.com, "For Anthony Bourdain, food was just the entry point for a much wider cultural discussion," 8 June 2018 NBC News reported that adults subject to the policy would be turned over to U.S. marshals and children would be placed with the Office of Refugee Resettlement. Jewel Wicker, Teen Vogue, "An ACLU Challenge to the Trump Administration's Immigrant Family Separation Policy Is Moving Forward," 7 June 2018 The representative said that state law allows for the investigation of any facility in violation of Missouri statute and that findings would be turned over to local prosecutors. Katy Bergen, kansascity, "Abuse reports shut down his Alabama boys home. Now he's opened another in Missouri," 30 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turnover.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of turnover


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


circa 1849, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

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Statistics for turnover

Last Updated

9 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for turnover

The first known use of turnover was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for turnover



English Language Learners Definition of turnover

: the amount of money that is received in sales by a store or company
: the rate at which people leave a place, company, etc., and are replaced by others
: the rate at which the goods in a store are sold and replaced by other goods


turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Kids Definition of turnover

: a filled pastry with one half of the crust turned over the other


turn·​over | \ ˈtər-ˌnō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Medical Definition of turnover

: the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (as a neurotransmitter, cell, or tissue) of a living system protein turnover in various pathological states— J. C. Waterlow hyperthyroidism accelerates bone turnover and shortens the normal bone remodeling cycle— Richard Sadovsky

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More from Merriam-Webster on turnover

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with turnover

Spanish Central: Translation of turnover

Nglish: Translation of turnover for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of turnover for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about turnover

Comments on turnover

What made you want to look up turnover? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


having no equal

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