turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Definition of turnover

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the amount received in sales for a stated period
(2) : the ratio of sales for a stated period to average inventory
(3) : a cycle of purchase, sale, and replacement of a stock of goods
b : the number of persons hired within a period to replace those leaving or dropped from a workforce also : the ratio of this number to the number in the average force maintained
c : movement (as of goods or people) into, through, and out of a place
2 : the amount of business done especially : the volume of shares traded on a stock exchange
3 : the act or an instance of a team's losing possession of a ball through error or a minor violation of the rules (as in basketball or football)
4 : a filled pastry made by folding half of the crust over the other half
5 : an act or result of turning over : upset
6 : a turning from one side, place, or direction to its opposite : shift, reversal
7 : a reorganization with a view to a shift in personnel : shake-up
8 : something that is turned over
9 : the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (such as a cell or tissue) of a living system



Definition of turnover (Entry 2 of 3)

: capable of being turned over

turn over

turned over; turning over; turns over

Definition of turn over (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to turn from an upright position : overturn
b : rotate turn over a stiff valve with a wrench also : to cause (an internal combustion engine) to begin firing
2 : deliver, surrender I'm turning the job over to you also : to lose possession of turned the ball over three times
3a : to do business to the amount of turning over $1000 a week
b : to receive and dispose of (a stock of merchandise)
4 : to search (clothes, papers, etc.) by lifting or moving one by one
5 : to read or examine (something, such as a book) slowly or idly

intransitive verb

1 : upset, capsize
2a : rotate
b of an engine : to have crankshaft rotation especially by external means (as by a starter) the engine turned over but didn't start
3a of one's stomach : to heave with nausea
b of one's heart : to seem to leap or lurch convulsively with sudden fright
turn over a new leaf
: to make a change for the better especially in one's way of living

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Examples of turnover in a Sentence


The company had an increase in turnover this quarter. The company has a high turnover rate. We want to find ways to speed up inventory turnover.


reluctantly turned the ship over to the first mate while he went below to try to stop the leak turned the evidence over to the police
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Additionally, the turnover for non-Cabinet senior officials in the Trump administration was 74% as of July 8, 2019, according to Brookings. Madeleine Joung, Time, "Trump Has Now Had More Cabinet Turnover Than Reagan, Obama and the Two Bushes," 12 July 2019 While the turnover on Wisconsin’s offensive line is more than usual, the product on the field should be more of the same for a Wisconsin team that often overpowers opponents in the trenches. The Si Staff, SI.com, "Top 100 College Football Players of 2019: Nos. 100–51," 9 July 2019 That shows the coaching turnover hasn’t been catastrophic. Josh Bean | Jbean@al.com, al.com, "How Alabama’s coaching turnover impacted recruiting," 7 July 2019 Pension benefits: Under the Pradhan Mantri Karam Yogi Maan Dhan scheme, small retail traders and storeowners whose annual turnover is less than Rs1.5 crore will be eligible for pensions. Niharika Sharma, Quartz India, "Key takeaways from the first annual budget of Modi 2.0," 4 July 2019 The key turnover leading to the second US goal was an unforced error, Amel Majri’s pass intended for Amandine Henry — her Lyon teammate. Frank Dell’apa, BostonGlobe.com, "Team USA made itself at home from the start," 28 June 2019 In trucking, where turnover is high, business uncertain and risk of accidents ever present, each day can feel like a leap of faith and an opportunity to give thanks. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Sikh drivers are transforming U.S. trucking. Take a ride along the Punjabi American highway," 27 June 2019 Like a growing number of prisons, Mississippi’s Wilkinson County Correctional Facility had trouble finding people for dangerous, low-paying guard jobs (the yearly turnover for them was close to 90%). USA TODAY, "The border crisis in one photo," 26 June 2019 The turnover is likely to trigger the renewal of several lawsuits the parish had filed against the authority that are aimed at forcing it to pay for the interior drainage features, all of which were put on hold as the negotiations were underway. Mark Schleifstein, nola.com, "East bank levee authority turns over internal drainage and pumps to St. Bernard Parish," 25 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Police turned over four 16-year-old Lakewood girls to their parents. Bruce Geiselman, cleveland.com, "Burglars target jewelry, cash in home break-in: Westlake Police Blotter," 6 July 2019 When the ball turned over, Curaçao frequently was able to find a pass that unsettled the USA, as space opened up between the midfield and back four. Brian Straus, SI.com, "USMNT Gets Away With Disjointed Showing vs. Curacao, Advances in Gold Cup," 30 June 2019 The legislation contains more than $1 billion to shelter and feed migrants detained by the border patrol and almost $3 billion to care for unaccompanied migrant children who are turned over the Department of Health and Human Services. Anchorage Daily News, "House sends Trump $4.6B border bill, yielding to Senate," 27 June 2019 The legislation contains more than $1 billion to shelter and feed migrants detained by the border patrol and almost $3 billion to care for unaccompanied migrant children who are turned over the Department of Health and Human Services. Andrew Taylor, chicagotribune.com, "House sends Trump $4.6 billion border bill, yielding to Senate plan and dealing blow to progressive wing," 27 June 2019 The bill contains more than $1 billion to shelter and feed migrants detained by the border patrol and almost $3 billion to care for unaccompanied migrant children who are turned over the Department of Health and Human Services. Andrew Taylor, Fortune, "$4.5 Billion Border Aid Bill Sets Up Showdown With Republican-Led Senate," 26 June 2019 During the brief hearing Wednesday, state prosecutors turned over DVDs allegedly containing pornographic evidence involving a minor. Ray Sanchez, CNN, "R. Kelly appears in Chicago court as prosecutors turn over 'pornographic' video evidence," 26 June 2019 Rather than turn over unpaid bills to debt collectors, some hospitals, including nonprofit ones, sue directly to seek payments. Stephanie Armour, WSJ, "When Patients Can’t Pay, Many Hospitals Are Suing," 25 June 2019 School officials turned over the contract to The Baltimore Sun after the news publication filed a Maryland Public Information Act request. Liz Bowie, baltimoresun.com, "Baltimore County interim superintendent Verletta White, now demoted, will earn $232,700 consulting salary," 25 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turnover.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of turnover


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


circa 1849, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

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Statistics for turnover

Last Updated

16 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for turnover

The first known use of turnover was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for turnover



English Language Learners Definition of turnover

: the amount of money that is received in sales by a store or company
: the rate at which people leave a place, company, etc., and are replaced by others
: the rate at which the goods in a store are sold and replaced by other goods


turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Kids Definition of turnover

: a filled pastry with one half of the crust turned over the other


turn·​over | \ ˈtər-ˌnō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Medical Definition of turnover

: the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (as a neurotransmitter, cell, or tissue) of a living system protein turnover in various pathological states— J. C. Waterlow hyperthyroidism accelerates bone turnover and shortens the normal bone remodeling cycle— Richard Sadovsky

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More from Merriam-Webster on turnover

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with turnover

Spanish Central: Translation of turnover

Nglish: Translation of turnover for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of turnover for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about turnover

Comments on turnover

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to complain fretfully

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