turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Definition of turnover

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the amount received in sales for a stated period
(2) : the ratio of sales for a stated period to average inventory
(3) : a cycle of purchase, sale, and replacement of a stock of goods
b : the number of persons hired within a period to replace those leaving or dropped from a workforce also : the ratio of this number to the number in the average force maintained
c : movement (as of goods or people) into, through, and out of a place
2 : the amount of business done especially : the volume of shares traded on a stock exchange
3 : the act or an instance of a team's losing possession of a ball through error or a minor violation of the rules (as in basketball or football)
4 : a filled pastry made by folding half of the crust over the other half
5 : an act or result of turning over : upset
6 : a turning from one side, place, or direction to its opposite : shift, reversal
7 : a reorganization with a view to a shift in personnel : shake-up
8 : something that is turned over
9 : the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (such as a cell or tissue) of a living system



Definition of turnover (Entry 2 of 3)

: capable of being turned over

turn over

turned over; turning over; turns over

Definition of turn over (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to turn from an upright position : overturn
b : rotate turn over a stiff valve with a wrench also : to cause (an internal combustion engine) to begin firing
2 : deliver, surrender I'm turning the job over to you also : to lose possession of turned the ball over three times
3a : to do business to the amount of turning over $1000 a week
b : to receive and dispose of (a stock of merchandise)
4 : to search (clothes, papers, etc.) by lifting or moving one by one
5 : to read or examine (something, such as a book) slowly or idly

intransitive verb

1 : upset, capsize
2a : rotate
b of an engine : to have crankshaft rotation especially by external means (as by a starter) the engine turned over but didn't start
3a of one's stomach : to heave with nausea
b of one's heart : to seem to leap or lurch convulsively with sudden fright
turn over a new leaf
: to make a change for the better especially in one's way of living

Examples of turnover in a Sentence

Noun The company had an increase in turnover this quarter. The company has a high turnover rate. We want to find ways to speed up inventory turnover. Verb reluctantly turned the ship over to the first mate while he went below to try to stop the leak turned the evidence over to the police
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Due to changes in chart methodology over the years, eras are weighted differently to account for chart turnover rates over various periods. Jim Asker, Billboard, 7 May 2022 Amazon's workplace has been under scrutiny for its high turnover rates and on-the-job injuries in recent years. Sara Ashley O'brien, CNN, 2 May 2022 Frood admits that turnover rates, traditionally low in the NASCAR industry, are rising, but points out it’s not something isolated to the sport. Greg Engle, Forbes, 25 Apr. 2022 Analysts point to high turnover rates among blue-collar workers, which stymie efforts to marshal union support. Jacob Carpenter, Fortune, 4 Apr. 2022 The goal was reducing job turnover rates, which had been roughly 30 percent among hourly employees. David Garrick, San Diego Union-Tribune, 12 Mar. 2022 In the last couple of years, the agency has had double-figure turnover rates, with 20% in 2019 and 12% in 2020. Vanessa Swales, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 8 Jan. 2022 The highest turnover rates were among prison guards at adult and youth prison facilities, the report showed – a consistent problem year after year. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 13 Nov. 2021 The audit found that the board needed to better align its direction with state statute and work on improving staff turnover. Courtney Tanner, The Salt Lake Tribune, 3 May 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb By contrast, Walmart, Target and off-price retailer TJX all turn over inventory more than six times a year. Jinjoo Lee, WSJ, 19 May 2022 That guarantee has been crucial to persuading many people, including noncitizens and those from racial and ethnic minority groups, to voluntarily turn over personal information. New York Times, 21 Apr. 2022 Previously, Eastman was ordered to turn over 101 documents following an unsuccessful bid to safeguard some of his emails between Jan. 4 and Jan. 7, 2021, as confidential legal communications pertaining to Trump. Brigid Kennedy, The Week, 19 Apr. 2022 Teams regularly turn over roughly a quarter of the 53-man roster from one season to the next, and there is still some possibility that the return of the team’s most influential locker room voice last season could lessen the blow. Joel A. Erickson, The Indianapolis Star, 15 Apr. 2022 Place all the ingredients in a bowl and stir to combine. Remove baking sheet from the oven, turn over each tofu bite, and bake for 15 minutes more. Bethany Thayer, Detroit Free Press, 9 Apr. 2022 Carter, whose California court district includes Los Angeles, rejected Eastman’s claim that the materials were privileged between attorney and client, ruling Eastman must turn over more than 100 emails to the House committee. Sarah D. Wire, Los Angeles Times, 4 Apr. 2022 Carli disappeared March 27 after meeting Spanevelo in a restaurant parking lot in Navarre, Florida to turn over their daughter, Saylor, to him for a visit. Carol Robinson | Crobinson@al.com, al, 3 Apr. 2022 July 13, 2015 - Nichols files a motion asking the court to force the FBI to turn over approximately ten firearms, belonging to him, that were seized after the bombings. CNN, 20 Mar. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turnover.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of turnover


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


circa 1849, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

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turn out to be (something)


turn over

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Last Updated

17 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Turnover.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/turnover. Accessed 23 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for turnover


turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Kids Definition of turnover

: a filled pastry with one half of the crust turned over the other


turn·​over | \ ˈtər-ˌnō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Medical Definition of turnover

: the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (as a neurotransmitter, cell, or tissue) of a living system protein turnover in various pathological states— J. C. Waterlow hyperthyroidism accelerates bone turnover and shortens the normal bone remodeling cycle— Richard Sadovsky

More from Merriam-Webster on turnover

Nglish: Translation of turnover for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of turnover for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about turnover


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