\ ˈȯf How to pronounce off (audio) \

Definition of off

 (Entry 1 of 6)

1a(1) : from a place or position march off specifically : away from land ship stood off to sea
(2) : at a distance in space or time stood 10 paces off a long way off
b : from a course : aside turned off into a bypath specifically : away from the wind The ship eased off a point or two.
c : into an unconscious state dozed off
2a : so as to be separated from support rolled to the edge of the table and off or close contact blew the lid off the handle came off
b : so as to be divided surface marked off into squares
3a : to a state of discontinuance or suspension shut off an engine
b used as an intensifier drink off a glassfinish it off
4 : in absence from or suspension of regular work or service take time off for lunch
5 : offstage The actor turns and goes off.

Definition of off (Entry 2 of 6)

1a used as a function word to indicate physical separation or distance from a position of rest, attachment, or union take it off the tablea path off the main walka shop just off the main street
b : to seaward of two miles off shore
2 : from the possession or charge of had his wallet stolen off him
3 used as a function word to indicate the object of an action borrowed a dollar off himdined off oysters
4a used as a function word to indicate the suspension of an occupation or activity off dutyoff liquor
b : below the usual standard or level of off his game



Definition of off (Entry 3 of 6)

1a : seaward
b : right
c : more removed or distant the off side of the building
2a : started on the way off on a spree
b : not taking place or staying in effect : canceled the deal was off
c : not operating
d : not placed so as to permit operation
3a : not corresponding to fact : incorrect off in his reckoning
c : not entirely sane : eccentric
d : remote, slight an off chance
4a : spent off duty reading on his off days
b : marked by a periodic decline in activity or business traveled in the off season for lower prices
5a : off-color
b : inferior off grade of oil also : affected with putrefaction
c : down stocks were off
6 : circumstanced worse off


offed; offing; offs

Definition of off (Entry 4 of 6)

intransitive verb

: to go away : depart used chiefly as an imperative Off, or I'll shoot!

Definition of off (Entry 5 of 6)

office; officer; official
\ ˌȯf\

Definition of -off (Entry 6 of 6)

: competition : contest bake-off

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Examples of off in a Sentence


She put on her jacket and off she went. The car turned off onto a side street.


She is still living off her parents. The family lives off welfare. They live off the land. They make their living off tourism.


The lever is in the off position. He is off playing golf. She is off on a trip.


The movie is about a gangster who gets power by offing his rivals. the hit man bragged that he'd offed at least three people in the last year alone
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Then cap the night off back in Midtown with seasonal craft cocktails at the wonderfully dark, moody, and very delicious Death and Taxes. Heather Platt, Los Angeles Magazine, "Reno: It’s Not Just The Place You Ignore While Skiing in Tahoe Anymore," 28 Aug. 2017 Even coming off the biggest win of his career—the Cincy title—, "2017 U.S. Open Men's Seed Reports," 26 Aug. 2017 Family and friends filled a hangar at the Illinois Army National Guard's Peoria aviation facility to send off 40 soldiers, including Specialist Dylan Ingersoll of Batavia, who are slated to spend the next several months in Afghanistan. Andy Kravetz, Aurora Beacon-News, "National Guard unit ready for stint in Afghanistan," 25 Aug. 2017 The combination of Tannehill not being all that great and replacement Jay Cutler being good enough means Miami has not fallen off much at the most important position. Greg Cote, miamiherald, "Dolphins’ Double-J offense will be enough to overcome shortcomings on D," 25 Aug. 2017 First off, Squidward is a total Krusty Krab traitor and Plankton actually looks like a villain. Stacey Grant, Seventeen, "This "SpongeBob SquarePants" Anime Opening Is Low-Key Nightmare Fuel," 24 Aug. 2017 Headaches are pretty awful at any time, but getting one in the A.M. is a sure-fire way to get your day off to crappy start. Korin Miller, SELF, "6 Causes of Morning Headaches," 24 Aug. 2017 A flight dispatcher’s job isn’t done when the plane takes off. Allison Hope, CNT, "This Person Is More in Control of Your Flight Than the Pilot," 24 Aug. 2017 If Elsevier cuts off access again, German researchers who want to read articles from Elsevier journals, among them Cell, The Lancet, and Physics Reports, will have to resort to measures such as interlibrary loans—or go to pirate sites like SciHub. Gretchen Vogel, Science | AAAS, "A bold open-access push in Germany could change the future of academic publishing," 23 Aug. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

One person is dead Wednesday morning after a chain of events involving a crash and an assault, and ending with the victim being run over by an off-duty police officer. Ivana Hrynkiw |,, "Man dead after carjacking; later run over by off-duty Birmingham officer," 19 June 2019 The man suspected of running a red light early Tuesday morning and causing the crash that killed an off-duty Milwaukee police officer has been booked on a preliminary charge of homicide by intoxicated use of a vehicle. Keith Schubert, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Suspect in crash that killed police officer had 4 OWIs, was recently cited for speeding in same area," 19 June 2019 Police have said the victim, identified by the Corona Police Department as 32-year-old Kenneth French, of Riverside, assaulted an off-duty Los Angeles Police Department officer in an unprovoked attack before the shooting. Hollie Silverman, CNN, "Man who police say was killed after attacking an off-duty officer in Costco was a 'gentle giant,' cousin says," 17 June 2019 The off-duty officer suffered minor injuries and was treated and released. Josh Cain, The Mercury News, "Parents in Southern California Costco shooting still in critical condition; LAPD officer is on desk duty," 17 June 2019 Officers were told the people involved in the fight had been separated, and one of them was an off-duty police officer, the release said. Mike Cruz, azcentral, "Off-duty Globe police officer placed on leave after bar fight," 15 June 2019 The wounded included an off-duty Los Angeles police officer who was treated for minor injuries and released from a hospital, Los Angeles Police officer Greg Kraft said Saturday. Author: Lydia Mulvany, Josh Petri, Anchorage Daily News, "Terror, chaos inside California Costco amid deadly shooting," 15 June 2019 Police report that an off-duty police officer was inside Menta Academy providing security during the shooting and assisted in a lockdown protocol. News-sun Staff, Lake County News-Sun, "Two arrested after shooting outside Waukegan school," 11 June 2019 According to ABC News, Florida troopers said an off-duty Virginia state trooper witnessed the lightning strike and aftermath from afar. Eric Todisco,, "Motorcyclist Hit by Lightning in Florida Crashes and Dies," 10 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Now, this isn’t the first time that a series has offed its primary protagonist. Gabe Bergado, Teen Vogue, ""The Magicians" Finale Just Pulled Off Its Most Heart-wrenching Risk Yet," 18 Apr. 2019 The two actors had a tryst offscreen yet never on, though the characters’ passion for one another was palpable even in old age during The Force Awakens — before Han was offed by his kid Kylo Ren. Brian Truitt, USA TODAY, "We've got a good feeling about this: It's time for 'Star Wars' to have a sex scene," 30 May 2018 Here, six writers remind us of the ephemera many of us will miss when smartphones inevitably make wallets obsolete—and a few of the worthy trade-offs our devices bring. Matthew Kitchen, WSJ, "Will the Smartphone Ever Truly Replace Your Beloved Wallet?," 2 Aug. 2018 Might Laurie finally succeed in offing the boogeyman?, "The Halloween Trailer Contains No Treats, Only Terror," 8 June 2018 Unfortunately, what most people didn't expect was for sweet, Halloween-loving Bob to be offed by the Demogorgon before the season was out., "You Won't Believe Where These Dead Stranger Things Characters Are Now," 25 May 2018 In just its first week Infinity War has also already birthed an assortment of memes, as well as a fun website that reveals whether Thanos would have offed or spared you in his campaign to destroy half of all life in the universe. Emma Stefansky, HWD, "Avengers: Infinity War Has Already Made $1 Billion," 5 May 2018 She was supposed to be off by 4 p.m., but most of her kids didn’t leave until 5:30, and the teacher who was scheduled to stay late was among those who were out. Jeneen Interlandi, New York Times, "Why Are Our Most Important Teachers Paid the Least?," 9 Jan. 2018 By offing him in this manner, the movie can continue, without worrying about adding to its already lengthy ~150-minute run time. Graeme Mcmillan, The Hollywood Reporter, "Did 'The Last Jedi' Treat Its Villains Right?," 17 Dec. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'off.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of off


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1666, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1717, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for off

Adverb, Preposition, Adjective, and Verb

Middle English of, from Old English — more at of

Noun combining form


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Learn More about off

Dictionary Entries near off


of course not





Offa's Dyke

Statistics for off

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for off

The first known use of off was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for off



English Language Learners Definition of off

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: away from a place
: away from a main road, path, etc.
: at a distance in time or space

English Language Learners Definition of off (Entry 2 of 4)

used to indicate separation, distance, or removal from someone or something
: on money, food, energy, etc., supplied by (someone or something)
used to indicate something that someone is no longer doing or using



English Language Learners Definition of off (Entry 3 of 4)

: not attached to or covering something : not on
: not operating, functioning, or flowing
: in a position that stops the flow of electricity, water, etc.



English Language Learners Definition of off (Entry 4 of 4)

US slang : to kill or murder (someone)


\ ˈȯf How to pronounce off (audio) \

Kids Definition of off

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1 : from a place or position He got angry and marched off.
2 : from a course : aside The driver turned off onto a side street.
3 : so as not to be supported, covering or enclosing, or attached I jumped off. The lid blew off. The handle fell off.
4 : so as to be discontinued or finished Turn the radio off. The couple paid off their debts.
5 : away from work I took the day off.

Kids Definition of off (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : away from the surface or top of Take those books off the table.
2 : at the expense of I lived off my parents.
3 : released or freed from The officer was off duty.
4 : below the usual level of We can save a dollar off the price.
5 : away from The hotel is just off the highway.



Kids Definition of off (Entry 3 of 4)

1 : not operating or flowing The radio is off. The electricity is off.
2 : not attached to or covering The lid is off.
3 : started on the way They're off on a trip.
4 : not taking place The game is off.
5 : not correct : wrong Your guess is way off.
6 : not as good as usual He's having an off day.
7 : provided for His family is well off.
8 : small in degree : slight There's an off chance I'll win.
9 : away from home or work He's off fishing.

Kids Definition of off.


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More from Merriam-Webster on off

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with off

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for off

Spanish Central: Translation of off

Nglish: Translation of off for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of off for Arabic Speakers

Comments on off

What made you want to look up off? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


having a desire to acquire more things

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