off

adverb
\ ˈȯf How to pronounce off (audio) \

Definition of off

 (Entry 1 of 6)

1a(1) : from a place or position march off specifically : away from land ship stood off to sea
(2) : at a distance in space or time stood 10 paces off a long way off
b : from a course : aside turned off into a bypath specifically : away from the wind The ship eased off a point or two.
c : into an unconscious state dozed off
2a : so as to be separated from support rolled to the edge of the table and off or close contact blew the lid off the handle came off
b : so as to be divided surface marked off into squares
3a : to a state of discontinuance or suspension shut off an engine
b used as an intensifierdrink off a glassfinish it off
4 : in absence from or suspension of regular work or service take time off for lunch
5 : offstage The actor turns and goes off.

Definition of off (Entry 2 of 6)

1a used as a function word to indicate physical separation or distance from a position of rest, attachment, or uniontake it off the tablea path off the main walka shop just off the main street
b : to seaward of two miles off shore
2 : from the possession or charge of had his wallet stolen off him
3 used as a function word to indicate the object of an actionborrowed a dollar off himdined off oysters
4a used as a function word to indicate the suspension of an occupation or activityoff dutyoff liquor
b : below the usual standard or level of off his game

Definition of off (Entry 3 of 6)

1a : seaward
b : right
c : more removed or distant the off side of the building
2a : started on the way off on a spree
b : not taking place or staying in effect : canceled the deal was off
c : not operating
d : not placed so as to permit operation
3a : not corresponding to fact : incorrect off in his reckoning
c : not entirely sane : eccentric
d : remote, slight an off chance
4a : spent off duty reading on his off days
b : marked by a periodic decline in activity or business traveled in the off season for lower prices
b : inferior off grade of oil also : affected with putrefaction
c : down stocks were off
6 : circumstanced worse off

off

verb
offed; offing; offs

Definition of off (Entry 4 of 6)

intransitive verb

: to go away : depart used chiefly as an imperativeOff, or I'll shoot!

Definition of off (Entry 5 of 6)

office; officer; official
\ ˌȯf \

Definition of -off (Entry 6 of 6)

: competition : contest bake-off

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Examples of off in a Sentence

Adverb She put on her jacket and off she went. The car turned off onto a side street. Preposition She is still living off her parents. The family lives off welfare. They live off the land. They make their living off tourism. Adjective The lever is in the off position. He is off playing golf. She is off on a trip. Verb The movie is about a gangster who gets power by offing his rivals. the hit man bragged that he'd offed at least three people in the last year alone
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb Then cap the night off back in Midtown with seasonal craft cocktails at the wonderfully dark, moody, and very delicious Death and Taxes. Heather Platt, Los Angeles Magazine, "Reno: It’s Not Just The Place You Ignore While Skiing in Tahoe Anymore," 28 Aug. 2017 Even coming off the biggest win of his career—the Cincy title— SI.com, "2017 U.S. Open Men's Seed Reports," 26 Aug. 2017 Family and friends filled a hangar at the Illinois Army National Guard's Peoria aviation facility to send off 40 soldiers, including Specialist Dylan Ingersoll of Batavia, who are slated to spend the next several months in Afghanistan. Andy Kravetz, Aurora Beacon-News, "National Guard unit ready for stint in Afghanistan," 25 Aug. 2017 The combination of Tannehill not being all that great and replacement Jay Cutler being good enough means Miami has not fallen off much at the most important position. Greg Cote, miamiherald, "Dolphins’ Double-J offense will be enough to overcome shortcomings on D," 25 Aug. 2017 First off, Squidward is a total Krusty Krab traitor and Plankton actually looks like a villain. Stacey Grant, Seventeen, "This "SpongeBob SquarePants" Anime Opening Is Low-Key Nightmare Fuel," 24 Aug. 2017 Headaches are pretty awful at any time, but getting one in the A.M. is a sure-fire way to get your day off to crappy start. Korin Miller, SELF, "6 Causes of Morning Headaches," 24 Aug. 2017 A flight dispatcher’s job isn’t done when the plane takes off. Allison Hope, CNT, "This Person Is More in Control of Your Flight Than the Pilot," 24 Aug. 2017 If Elsevier cuts off access again, German researchers who want to read articles from Elsevier journals, among them Cell, The Lancet, and Physics Reports, will have to resort to measures such as interlibrary loans—or go to pirate sites like SciHub. Gretchen Vogel, Science | AAAS, "A bold open-access push in Germany could change the future of academic publishing," 23 Aug. 2017 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The incident occurred on Monday afternoon at approximately 3:30 p.m. in Houston, Texas when an off-duty police officer caught a strange sight on W. Sam Houston Parkway Beltway, according to ABC News' Houston station KTRK. Jon Haworth, ABC News, "5 kids caught in stolen truck lead police on short chase, crash into 2 other cars," 11 Feb. 2020 Bledsoe chipped in 16 points and seven assists, still affecting the game with his speed and aggression despite an off shooting night (7 of 20). Matt Velazquez, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Bucks 120, Pelicans 108: The first Giannis-Zion clash goes in the veteran's favor," 4 Feb. 2020 The suspect was identified as 51-year-old Lisa McMullan, who authorities say knew the victims, two of whom are retired Illinois state troopers and one of whom was an off-duty trooper. Zachary Halaschak, Washington Examiner, "'Heavy hearts': One trooper dead and two wounded after woman opens fire in cigar lounge," 25 Jan. 2020 The officer was working an off-duty detail at the time. Jennifer Edwards Baker, Cincinnati.com, "2 Cincinnati police cruisers struck on highways," 24 Jan. 2020 With Winston having an off night, Brown was one of four MSU players to score in double figures. Chris Solari, Detroit Free Press, "No. 9 Michigan State basketball at Indiana: Scouting report, prediction," 22 Jan. 2020 But Clemson had an off night against a team that was more memorable and dynamic to me than any of the national champions in recent memory. oregonlive, "Canzano: It’s steep climb for Oregon Ducks -- or anyone in the Pac-12 -- to a national title," 14 Jan. 2020 LeBron James, on an off night in his first season back with the Cavs, was impressed. Scott Patsko, cleveland, "Odell Beckham Jr.’s catch, the defining moment of his career, was five years ago today," 23 Nov. 2019 Andersen seeks to rebound after having an off night against the New York Islanders Wednesday, giving up four goals on 29 shots. Chris Wassel, USA TODAY Sportsbook Wire, "Bruins-Maple Leafs odds: Division rivals meet in Toronto," 15 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Brabham is a gentle man who hardly seems capable of splatting a spider, much less offing a rodent. Andrea Sachs, chicagotribune.com, "‘These are working cats’: Meet the feral felines tasked with hunting rodents," 5 Nov. 2019 Brabham is a gentle man who hardly seems capable of splatting a spider, much less offing a rodent. Andrea Sachs, chicagotribune.com, "‘These are working cats’: Meet the feral felines tasked with hunting rodents," 5 Nov. 2019 Brabham is a gentle man who hardly seems capable of splatting a spider, much less offing a rodent. Andrea Sachs, chicagotribune.com, "‘These are working cats’: Meet the feral felines tasked with hunting rodents," 5 Nov. 2019 Brabham is a gentle man who hardly seems capable of splatting a spider, much less offing a rodent. Andrea Sachs, chicagotribune.com, "‘These are working cats’: Meet the feral felines tasked with hunting rodents," 5 Nov. 2019 Brabham is a gentle man who hardly seems capable of splatting a spider, much less offing a rodent. Andrea Sachs, chicagotribune.com, "‘These are working cats’: Meet the feral felines tasked with hunting rodents," 5 Nov. 2019 Brabham is a gentle man who hardly seems capable of splatting a spider, much less offing a rodent. Andrea Sachs, Washington Post, "‘These are working cats’: Meet the feral D.C. felines tasked with hunting rodents," 4 Nov. 2019 After offing one of the Toretto family’s loved ones and parachuting away from her airbase in The Fate of the Furious, Cipher will be back to again face off against Dom and company in Fast & Furious 9. Marcus Jones, EW.com, "Charlize Theron ditches the dreads for Cipher's return in Fast & Furious 9," 2 Sep. 2019 Can someone go from on the team to off the team in five practices and two games? Scott Patsko, cleveland.com, "What we know about the Browns offensive line entering the third preseason game," 23 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'off.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of off

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

1666, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1717, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for off

Adverb, Preposition, Adjective, and Verb

Middle English of, from Old English — more at of

Noun combining form

runoff

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Time Traveler for off

Time Traveler

The first known use of off was before the 12th century

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Statistics for off

Cite this Entry

“Off.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/off. Accessed 26 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for off

off

adverb
How to pronounce -off (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of off

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: away from a place
: away from a main road, path, etc.
: at a distance in time or space

English Language Learners Definition of off (Entry 2 of 4)

used to indicate separation, distance, or removal from someone or something
: on money, food, energy, etc., supplied by (someone or something)
used to indicate something that someone is no longer doing or using

English Language Learners Definition of off (Entry 3 of 4)

: not attached to or covering something : not on
: not operating, functioning, or flowing
: in a position that stops the flow of electricity, water, etc.

off

verb

English Language Learners Definition of off (Entry 4 of 4)

US slang : to kill or murder (someone)

off

adverb
\ ˈȯf How to pronounce off (audio) \

Kids Definition of off

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1 : from a place or position He got angry and marched off.
2 : from a course : aside The driver turned off onto a side street.
3 : so as not to be supported, covering or enclosing, or attached I jumped off. The lid blew off. The handle fell off.
4 : so as to be discontinued or finished Turn the radio off. The couple paid off their debts.
5 : away from work I took the day off.

Kids Definition of off (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : away from the surface or top of Take those books off the table.
2 : at the expense of I lived off my parents.
3 : released or freed from The officer was off duty.
4 : below the usual level of We can save a dollar off the price.
5 : away from The hotel is just off the highway.

Kids Definition of off (Entry 3 of 4)

1 : not operating or flowing The radio is off. The electricity is off.
2 : not attached to or covering The lid is off.
3 : started on the way They're off on a trip.
4 : not taking place The game is off.
5 : not correct : wrong Your guess is way off.
6 : not as good as usual He's having an off day.
7 : provided for His family is well off.
8 : small in degree : slight There's an off chance I'll win.
9 : away from home or work He's off fishing.

Kids Definition of off.

office

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More from Merriam-Webster on off

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for off

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with off

Spanish Central: Translation of off

Nglish: Translation of off for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of off for Arabic Speakers

Comments on off

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