of

1 of 3

preposition

əv,
 before consonants also  ə;
ˈəv How to pronounce of (audio)
ˈäv
1
used as a function word to indicate a point of reckoning
north of the lake
2
a
used as a function word to indicate origin or derivation
a man of noble birth
b
used as a function word to indicate the cause, motive, or reason
died of flu
c
: by
plays of Shakespeare
d
: on the part of
very kind of you
e
: occurring in
a fish of the western Atlantic
3
used as a function word to indicate the component material, parts, or elements or the contents
throne of gold
cup of water
4
a
used as a function word to indicate the whole that includes the part denoted by the preceding word
most of the army
b
used as a function word to indicate a whole or quantity from which a part is removed or expended
gave of his time
5
a
: relating to : about
stories of her travels
b
: in respect to
slow of speech
6
a
used as a function word to indicate belonging or a possessive relationship
king of England
b
used as a function word to indicate relationship between a result determined by a function or operation and a basic entity (such as an independent variable)
a function of x
the product of two numbers
7
used as a function word to indicate something from which a person or thing is delivered
eased of her pain
or with respect to which someone or something is made destitute
robbed of all their belongings
8
a
used as a function word to indicate a particular example belonging to the class denoted by the preceding noun
the city of Rome
b
used as a function word to indicate apposition
that fool of a husband
9
a
used as a function word to indicate the object of an action denoted or implied by the preceding noun
love of nature
b
used as a function word to indicate the application of a verb
cheats him of a dollar
or of an adjective
fond of candy
10
used as a function word to indicate a characteristic or distinctive quality or possession
a woman of courage
11
a
used as a function word to indicate the position in time of an action or occurrence
died of a Monday
b
: before
quarter of ten
12
archaic : on
a plague of all cowardsWilliam Shakespeare

of

2 of 3

auxiliary verb

əv,
 before consonants also  ə
nonstandard
: have
used in place of the contraction 've often in representations of uneducated speech
I could of beat them easyRing Lardner

OF

3 of 3

abbreviation

outfield

Examples of of in a Sentence

Preposition He is a coworker of mine. I threw out that old shirt of yours. She's a friend of my mother's. He had the support of his family to help him. the plays of William Shakespeare What is the name of the band? We admired the courage of the young woman. the President of the United States What is the total cost of the repairs? The value of the antique is high. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Preposition
In this fascinating examination of the battles that began in 2011 in Syria, Szekely traces a proliferation of fighting forces and factions, each with its own narrative justifying participation in the war. Lisa Anderson, Foreign Affairs, 20 Feb. 2024 That’s why the absence of Peso Pluma – a catalyst for the revival of an entire musical genre that has impacted the charts and American consciousness, and whose music is downright dazzling — in the general categories was so jarring. Leila Cobo, Billboard, 7 Feb. 2024 Watch a great supercut of some of the Universal Monsters below. William Earl, Variety, 7 Feb. 2024 As Webb predicted, some of the teachers sent portions of their winnings back to their community. Daniel Wu, Washington Post, 7 Feb. 2024 Then again when Square Enix updates that demo to include some of the Junon region! Sean Hollister, The Verge, 7 Feb. 2024 In 2018, Krasinski explained some of the impetus behind making a somewhat silent film. Kory Grow, Rolling Stone, 7 Feb. 2024 The expert then listed a slew of questions, hoping for answers to some of them from Fox’s and Disney’s quarterly earnings conference calls on Wednesday. Georg Szalai, The Hollywood Reporter, 7 Feb. 2024 Boeing said none of the other Alaska and United Max 9s have been discovered to be missing the critical bolts. David Koenig, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'of.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Preposition

Middle English, off, of, from Old English, adverb & preposition; akin to Old High German aba off, away, Latin ab from, away, Greek apo

Auxiliary verb

by alteration

First Known Use

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Auxiliary Verb

circa 1800, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of of was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near of

Cite this Entry

“Of.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/of. Accessed 4 Mar. 2024.

Kids Definition

of

preposition
əv,
ˈəv,
ˈäv
1
used to indicate a point from which something is located
north of the lake
2
a
used to indicate origin
of noble birth
b
used to indicate cause or reason
afraid of the dark
died of flu
c
: by entry 1 sense 4
the plays of Shakespeare
d
: on the part of
very kind of you
3
a
: made from
a ring of gold
b
used to indicate contents
a cup of water
c
used to indicate the number or amount in or making up something
a class of 20 students
interest of 5¼%
4
a
used to indicate the whole that includes an amount or part mentioned first
most of the team
b
used to indicate the whole or quantity from which part is removed or used
gave freely of their time
5
a
: relating to : about
stories of her adventures
b
: in respect to
slow of speech
great of heart
6
a
used to indicate belonging or possession
queen of France
courage of the pioneers
b
used to indicate relationship between a result and something upon which an operation or procedure is performed to produce it
the product of two numbers
the solution of an equation
7
used to indicate something that is removed
cured of her disease
relieved of his command
rid the barn of rats
8
used to indicate that an example belongs to a certain class
the city of Rome
9
used to indicate what a noun, verb, or adjective applies to
love of nature
cheated of a dollar
fond of oranges
10
: having as a quality or possession
a thing of no importance
11
: before entry 2 sense 3
ten minutes of eight

More from Merriam-Webster on of

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!