\, tu̇, ˈtü How to pronounce to (audio) \

Essential Meaning of to

1 used to indicate that the following verb is in the infinitive form I like to swim."To be, or not to be—that is the question…" — Shakespeare, Hamlet (1600)That's a tough question to answer.I have an appointment to keep.The soup is too hot to eat.Do you need to use this?I have to go now.To look at him, you'd never think he was 80!I didn't really like the movie, to be honest. often used by itself in place of an infinitive verb when the verb is understood You can go if you want to. [=you can go if you want to go]"You left the door unlocked." "I didn't mean to."
2 used to indicate the place, person, or thing that someone or something moves toward We are flying to London tomorrow.They climbed to the top of the mountain.I sent the e-mail to the wrong address.He was sent to the principal.The little girl ran to her mother.
3 used to indicate the place where someone participates in a particular activity Where do you go to school?She wore her new red dress to the party.We went to lunch together.This is the child's first visit to the dentist.

Full Definition of to

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a used as a function word to indicate movement or an action or condition suggestive of movement toward a place, person, or thing reached drove to the citywent back to the original ideawent to lunch
b used as a function word to indicate direction a mile to the southturned his back to the doora tendency to silliness
c used as a function word to indicate contact or proximity applied polish to the tableput her hand to her heart
d(1) used as a function word to indicate the place or point that is the far limit 100 miles to the nearest town
(2) used as a function word to indicate the limit of extent stripped to the waist
e used as a function word to indicate relative position perpendicular to the floor
2a used as a function word to indicate purpose, intention, tendency, result, or end came to our aiddrink to his health
b used as a function word to indicate the result of an action or a process broken all to piecesgo to seedto their surprise, the train left on time
3 used as a function word to indicate position or relation in time: such as
a : before five minutes to five
b : until sense 2 from eight to five up to now
4 used as a function word to indicate addition, attachment, connection, belonging, possession, accompaniment, or response the key to the doordanced to live musiccomes to her call
5 used as a function word (1) to indicate the extent or degree (as of completeness or accuracy) loyal to a mangenerous to a fault or the extent and result (as of an action or a condition) beaten to death (2) to indicate the last or an intermediate point of a series moderate to cool temperatures
6a used as a function word (1) to indicate a relation to one that serves as a standard inferior to her earlier works (2) to indicate similarity, correspondence, dissimilarity, or proportion compared him to a god
b used as a function word to indicate agreement or conformity add salt to tasteto my knowledge
c used as a function word to indicate a proportion in terms of numbers or quantities 400 to the boxodds of ten to one
7a used as a function word (1) to indicate the application of an adjective or a noun agreeable to everyoneattitude to friendstitle to the property (2) to indicate the relation of a verb to its complement or to a complementary element refers to the traditions (3) to indicate the receiver of an action or the one for which something is done or exists gives a dollar to the man and often used with a reflexive pronoun to indicate exclusiveness (as of possession) or separateness had the house to themselves
b used as a function word to indicate agency falls to his opponent's blows
8 used as a function word to indicate that the following verb is an infinitive wants to go and often used by itself at the end of a clause in place of an infinitive suggested by the preceding context knows more than she seems to


\ ˈtü How to pronounce to (audio) \

Definition of to (Entry 2 of 3)

1a used as a function word to indicate direction toward run to and fro
b : close to the wind the gale having gone over, we came to— R. H. Dana
2 : to a state of consciousness or awareness brings her to with smelling salts
3a : into contact especially with the frame used of a door or a window the door snapped to
b used as a function word to indicate physical application or attachment he … hath set to his seal — John 3:33 (King James Version)
4 used as a function word to indicate application or attention will stand to— William Shakespeare
5 : at hand : by get to see 'em close to— Richard Llewellyn

Definition of TO (Entry 3 of 3)

1 table of organization
2 traditional orthography
3 turnover

Synonyms & Antonyms for to

Synonyms: Preposition

Antonyms: Preposition

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Examples of to in a Sentence

Preposition right now it's 25 minutes to 10:00 Adverb The wind blew the door to.
Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition Their only home loss was to WAC Utah Valley in overtime 86-74. Richard Obert, The Arizona Republic, 27 Nov. 2021 Santa visits and there'll be a drive-by toy giveaway to the first 200 kids. Luann Gibbs, The Enquirer, 26 Nov. 2021 Experts acknowledged just how traumatic the incident has been to those who suffered losses and injuries, as well as for victims and survivors of domestic violence. Ashley Luthern, USA TODAY, 26 Nov. 2021 The blue chips were down 950 points by midday trading to 34,857. Ken Sweet, Paul Wiseman, Anchorage Daily News, 26 Nov. 2021 National Security Writer Robert Burns and Darlene Superville, both in Washington, contributed to this report. Yuras Karmanau, ajc, 26 Nov. 2021 Still, the question on the lips of many film and TV folk is whether their first overseas trip will be to Berlin in February next year, or Cannes in May. Patrick Frater, Variety, 25 Nov. 2021 Due to the blood-brain barrier, biomarkers couldn’t be found in sufficient quantities. Tribune News Service, oregonlive, 25 Nov. 2021 According to a joint statement from the Recording Academy, CBS and show producers, the Grammy Awards, originally scheduled for January 31, are postponed until March due to the coronavirus pandemic. CNN, 25 Nov. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb In the fire's aftermath, land managers confronting the effects of steadily larger and hotter infernos burning enormous swaths of forest must determine where to most efficiently plant new trees. Susan Cosier, Scientific American, 26 Mar. 2021 That will take time — 12 to 24 months at a minimum — and the calendar has not been kind to under-performing retailers recently. Warren Shoulberg, Forbes, 25 Feb. 2021 Here are the pizzas, from best- to worst-tasting: 1. Los Angeles Times, 27 Jan. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'to.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of to


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for to


Middle English, from Old English ; akin to Old High German zuo to, Latin donec as long as, until

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Time Traveler

The first known use of to was before the 12th century

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Statistics for to

Last Updated

28 Nov 2021

Cite this Entry

“To.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/to. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

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More Definitions for to


\ How to pronounce to (audio) , ˈtü \

Kids Definition of to

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : in the direction of I'm walking to school.
2 : against sense 4, on Apply salve to the burn.
3 : as far as It fell from the top to the bottom. Water was up to my waist.
4 : so as to become or bring about You broke it to pieces!
5 : before entry 2 sense 2 Meet me at ten to six.
6 : until entry 1 The café is open from six to noon.
7 : fitting or being a part of or response to I found a key to the lock. What do you say to that?
8 : along with Skip to the music.
9 : in relation to or comparison with This one is similar to that one. We won ten to six.
10 : in agreement with It's made to order.
11 : within the limits of There's no more to my knowledge.
12 : contained, occurring, or included in There are two pints to a quart.
13 used to show the one or ones that an action is directed toward He spoke to my parents.I gave it to them.
14 : for no one except We had the room to ourselves.
15 : into the action of We got to talking.
16 used to mark an infinitive I like to swim.


\ ˈtü How to pronounce to (audio) \

Kids Definition of to (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : in a direction toward They ran to and fro.
2 : to a conscious state The driver came to an hour after the accident.

More from Merriam-Webster on to

Nglish: Translation of to for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of to for Arabic Speakers


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