\, tu̇, ˈtü How to pronounce to (audio) \

Definition of to

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a used as a function word to indicate movement or an action or condition suggestive of movement toward a place, person, or thing reacheddrove to the citywent back to the original ideawent to lunch
b used as a function word to indicate directiona mile to the southturned his back to the doora tendency to silliness
c used as a function word to indicate contact or proximityapplied polish to the tableput her hand to her heart
d(1) used as a function word to indicate the place or point that is the far limit100 miles to the nearest town
(2) used as a function word to indicate the limit of extentstripped to the waist
e used as a function word to indicate relative positionperpendicular to the floor
2a used as a function word to indicate purpose, intention, tendency, result, or endcame to our aiddrink to his health
b used as a function word to indicate the result of an action or a processbroken all to piecesgo to seedto their surprise, the train left on time
3 used as a function word to indicate position or relation in time: such as
a : before five minutes to five
b : until sense 2 from eight to five up to now
4 used as a function word to indicate addition, attachment, connection, belonging, possession, accompaniment, or responsethe key to the doordanced to live musiccomes to her call
5 used as a function word (1) to indicate the extent or degree (as of completeness or accuracy)loyal to a mangenerous to a fault or the extent and result (as of an action or a condition)beaten to death (2) to indicate the last or an intermediate point of a seriesmoderate to cool temperatures
6a used as a function word (1) to indicate a relation to one that serves as a standardinferior to her earlier works (2) to indicate similarity, correspondence, dissimilarity, or proportioncompared him to a god
b used as a function word to indicate agreement or conformityadd salt to tasteto my knowledge
c used as a function word to indicate a proportion in terms of numbers or quantities400 to the boxodds of ten to one
7a used as a function word (1) to indicate the application of an adjective or a nounagreeable to everyoneattitude to friendstitle to the property (2) to indicate the relation of a verb to its complement or to a complementary elementrefers to the traditions (3) to indicate the receiver of an action or the one for which something is done or existsgives a dollar to the man and often used with a reflexive pronoun to indicate exclusiveness (as of possession) or separatenesshad the house to themselves
b used as a function word to indicate agencyfalls to his opponent's blows
8 used as a function word to indicate that the following verb is an infinitivewants to go and often used by itself at the end of a clause in place of an infinitive suggested by the preceding contextknows more than she seems to
\ ˈtü How to pronounce to (audio) \

Definition of to (Entry 2 of 3)

1a used as a function word to indicate direction towardrun to and fro
b : close to the wind the gale having gone over, we came to— R. H. Dana
2 : to a state of consciousness or awareness brings her to with smelling salts
3a : into contact especially with the frame used of a door or a windowthe door snapped to
b used as a function word to indicate physical application or attachmenthe … hath set to his seal — John 3:33 (King James Version)
4 used as a function word to indicate application or attentionwill stand to— William Shakespeare
5 : at hand : by get to see 'em close to— Richard Llewellyn

Definition of TO (Entry 3 of 3)

1 table of organization
2 traditional orthography
3 turnover

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Synonyms & Antonyms for to

Synonyms: Preposition

Antonyms: Preposition

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Examples of to in a Sentence

Preposition right now it's 25 minutes to 10:00 Adverb The wind blew the door to.
Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition Despite a complaint from the White House to Rupert Murdoch, Fox’s boss and one-time friend of the president, the Fox decision desk did not budge. The Economist, "As the Trump show is cancelled, what next for Fox News?," 14 Nov. 2020 In Juárez, essential businesses, including grocery stores, are limited to one shopper at a time. Dallas News, "Court halts El Paso shutdown even as coronavirus death toll nears 750," 14 Nov. 2020 To enjoy unlimited access to our journalism, subscribe today. Jeremy Kahn, Fortune, "He’s worried A.I. may destroy humanity. Just don’t confuse him with Elon Musk," 13 Nov. 2020 The Salt Lake Tribune is providing free access to critical stories about the coronavirus. Erin Alberty, The Salt Lake Tribune, "Utah coronavirus hospitalizations and deaths at record highs on Friday," 13 Nov. 2020 Another advantage of installing panels on dam reservoirs is easy access to grid connection. Will Mathis, Bloomberg.com, "Flower-Shaped Floating Solar Farm Planned at South Korea’s Hapcheon Dam," 13 Nov. 2020 About a third of private-sector workers don’t have access to a workplace retirement-savings plan. Wsj Noted., WSJ, "Workforce Inequalities Mean Few Are Dipping Into 401(k) Accounts, Economists Say," 13 Nov. 2020 The widespread attention to child abuse in scouting helps. Tim Prudente, baltimoresun.com, "‘Now it’s out ... America knows.’ Maryland men tell of decades-old child sexual abuse amid Boy Scouts bankruptcy.," 13 Nov. 2020 Daugherty said Friday those full quarantine measures will be extended to students living in Busby Suites, Russell Hall, Alsop A, Fairfield Hall and Litchfield Hall. Amanda Blanco, courant.com, "UConn places entire Storrs campus under quarantine as coronavirus cases rise; in-person classes continue but gatherings prohibited," 13 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'to.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of to

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for to

Preposition

Middle English, from Old English ; akin to Old High German zuo to, Latin donec as long as, until

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Time Traveler for to

Time Traveler

The first known use of to was before the 12th century

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Statistics for to

Last Updated

15 Nov 2020

Cite this Entry

“To.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/to. Accessed 28 Nov. 2020.

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More Definitions for to

How to pronounce TO (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of to

 (Entry 1 of 2)

used to indicate that the following verb is in the infinitive form often used by itself in place of an infinitive verb when the verb is understood
used to indicate the place, person, or thing that someone or something moves toward
used to indicate the place where someone participates in a particular activity
How to pronounce TO (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of to (Entry 2 of 2)

: into a state of being awake or conscious
chiefly British : into a position that is closed or almost closed
\ How to pronounce to (audio) , ˈtü \

Kids Definition of to

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : in the direction of I'm walking to school.
2 : against sense 4, on Apply salve to the burn.
3 : as far as It fell from the top to the bottom. Water was up to my waist.
4 : so as to become or bring about You broke it to pieces!
5 : before entry 2 sense 2 Meet me at ten to six.
6 : until entry 1 The café is open from six to noon.
7 : fitting or being a part of or response to I found a key to the lock. What do you say to that?
8 : along with Skip to the music.
9 : in relation to or comparison with This one is similar to that one. We won ten to six.
10 : in agreement with It's made to order.
11 : within the limits of There's no more to my knowledge.
12 : contained, occurring, or included in There are two pints to a quart.
13 used to show the one or ones that an action is directed towardHe spoke to my parents.I gave it to them.
14 : for no one except We had the room to ourselves.
15 : into the action of We got to talking.
16 used to mark an infinitiveI like to swim.
\ ˈtü How to pronounce to (audio) \

Kids Definition of to (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : in a direction toward They ran to and fro.
2 : to a conscious state The driver came to an hour after the accident.

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More from Merriam-Webster on to

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for to

Nglish: Translation of to for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of to for Arabic Speakers

Comments on to

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