through

preposition
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) used as a function word to indicate movement into at one side or point and out at another and especially the opposite side of drove a nail through the board
(2) : by way of left through the door
(3) used as a function word to indicate passage from one end or boundary to another a highway through the foresta road through the desert
(4) : without stopping for : past drove through a red light
b used as a function word to indicate passage into and out of a treatment, handling, or process the matter has already passed through her hands
2 used as a function word to indicate means, agency, or intermediacy: such as
a : by means of : by the agency of
b : because of failed through ignorance
c : by common descent from or relationship with related through their grandfather
3a : over the whole surface or extent of : throughout homes scattered through the valley
b used as a function word to indicate movement within a large expanse flew through the air
c used as a function word to indicate exposure to a specified set of conditions put him through hell
4 used as a function word to indicate a period of time: such as
a : during the entire period of all through her life
b : from the beginning to the end of the tower stood through the earthquake
c : to and including Monday through Friday
5a used as a function word to indicate completion or exhaustion got through the bookwent through the money in a year
b used as a function word to indicate acceptance or approval especially by an official body got the bill through the legislature

through

adverb
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : from one end or side to the other
2a : from beginning to end
b : to completion, conclusion, or accomplishment see it through
3 : to the core : completely soaked through
4 : into the open : out break through

through

adjective
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : arrived at completion or accomplishment is through with the job
2a : admitting free or continuous passage : direct a through road
b : extending from one surface to another a through mortise
3a : initiated at and destined for points outside a local zone through traffic
b(1) : going from point of origin to destination without change or reshipment a through train
(2) : of or relating to such movement a through ticket

Synonyms & Antonyms for through

Synonyms: Preposition

Synonyms: Adverb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of through in a Sentence

Preposition He hit the nail through the wood. She looked through the binoculars. The bullet had gone through his hand. He just walked through the door. The security guards pushed their way through the crowd. She could see a figure through the fog. I looked through the window. Adverb Let these people go through, please. The nail went completely through. It snowed heavily, but we made it through. We'll never get through—the mud is too deep. The package was shipped through to New Orleans. Read the essay through and tell me what you think. Adjective When the police were through with him, a taxi took him, his suitcase, the homburg funeral hat, in the other direction … — Annie Proulx, Atlantic, November 1997 I tell him I like fanzines. This one's mad, he says, really mad. I can borrow it when he's through. — Lynne Tillman, Motion Sickness, 1991 Today though, once experience shows on a woman's face, she's through. — Patricia Volk, New Woman, November 1990 I'm not through yet. I have one more topic to discuss. If you're through using the phone, I'd like to use it next. Is this a through road? The left lane is for through traffic only. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition Those vouchers are being honored through the end of this year. Eve Chen, USA TODAY, 12 May 2022 Biden ordered the flag remain at half-staff through the end of Monday. Kaitlin Mccallum, Hartford Courant, 12 May 2022 The 80-19 vote reflected broad support in Congress for the Fed’s drive to combat surging prices through a series of sharp interest rate hikes that could extend well into next year. Christopher Rugaber, BostonGlobe.com, 12 May 2022 Peering through that barrier is a bit like peeling off an onion’s skins. Seth Fletcher, Scientific American, 12 May 2022 However, the main event occurs when the trailing cold front sweeps through the region by the evening and overnight hours. Derek Van Dam, CNN, 12 May 2022 Fans without tickets to the game must enter the Deer District through the south end of the plaza (near Highland and Vel R Phillips). Emmett Prosser, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 11 May 2022 Disney expects the hotel to be fully booked into the summer, through the end of the company’s third quarter. Katie Rice, Orlando Sentinel, 11 May 2022 The city will soon post an online survey for residents about the priorities in the draft budget, and the community can give feedback through the end of June. Megan Stringer, San Antonio Express-News, 11 May 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb Amanda Kloots recognizes that grief isn't simply a phase to pass through. Scott Huver, PEOPLE.com, 12 May 2022 Saturday the starter and relievers came through, along with some late clutch at-bats to give the White Sox a standout victory. Lamond Pope, Chicago Tribune, 7 May 2022 In the middle of excitedly posing in front of the ad, the Pitch Perfect star received a friendly warning to clear the street and let the vehicle through. Selena Barrientos, Good Housekeeping, 6 May 2022 Her friends came through, with a pill that mixed both drugs, which is supposed to have a higher rate of effectiveness. Washington Post, 6 May 2022 The Skin Cancer Foundation encourages loose-fitting gear because when tighter fitting clothes stretch, the fibers pull away from each other and allow more UV light to pass through. Sarah Madaus, SELF, 2 May 2022 The membranes used in hard shells allow less liquid and air to pass through. Jeremy Rellosa, Outside Online, 27 Apr. 2022 For now, the couple is grateful that the FBI came through. Tresa Baldas, Detroit Free Press, 27 Apr. 2022 Buildings where cases have been found sealed up their main entrances, with a small opening for pandemic prevention workers to pass through. NBC News, 25 Apr. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective This idea of solving a puzzle—playing games, uncovering secrets—is a through line in both your songs and your novels. Helen Rosner, The New Yorker, 24 Apr. 2022 The ingredient arnica is also used as a through line in each of the products to tie them all together beautifully. Tiffany Dodson, Harper's BAZAAR, 18 Apr. 2022 The visual language of hair is connective, a through line that anchors disparate POVs to a shared reality. Los Angeles Times, 28 Mar. 2022 Smith also narrates the playlist with an encyclopedic knowledge of pop music and a through line of love for the Black women who shape it. Washington Post, 9 Mar. 2022 Magic is another interest of Rose’s, and a through line in Enclosure. Marley Marius, Vogue, 10 Jan. 2022 For her part, Hadley (the CMO) is looking for the brand story, a through line from packaging to marketing. Sara L. Schneider, Robb Report, 8 Jan. 2022 Bold colors will be a through line in the collection. Christian Allaire, Vogue, 16 Mar. 2022 That’s the through line between the riots of last summer, Jan. 6 and now. New York Times, 5 Jan. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'through.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of through

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Adverb

before the 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for through

Preposition, Adverb, and Adjective

Middle English thurh, thruh, through, from Old English thurh; akin to Old High German durh through, Latin trans across, beyond, Sanskrit tarati he crosses over

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Time Traveler for through

Time Traveler

The first known use of through was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near through

throttling governor

through

through and through

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Statistics for through

Last Updated

14 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Through.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/through. Accessed 18 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for through

through

preposition
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Kids Definition of through

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : into at one side and out at the other side of He drove a nail through the wood.
2 : from one side or end to another of We rode through town.
3 : by way of I got in through the window.
4 : among sense 1 There's a path through the trees.
5 : by means of She succeeded through hard work.
6 : over the whole of The rumor swept through school.
7 : during the whole of The baby slept through the night.
8 : to and including We're open Monday through Friday.
9 : into and out of I'm through the worst of it.

through

adverb

Kids Definition of through (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : from one end or side to the other The nail went through.
2 : from beginning to end He read the book through in one evening.
3 : to completion I plan to see the job through.
4 : in or to every part Heat the sauce through.

through

adjective

Kids Definition of through (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : having reached an end We're through with the job.
2 : allowing free or continuous passage : direct a through road
3 : going from point of origin to destination without changes or transfers through trains
4 : coming from and going to points outside a local zone through traffic

More from Merriam-Webster on through

Nglish: Translation of through for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of through for Arabic Speakers

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