through

preposition
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) used as a function word to indicate movement into at one side or point and out at another and especially the opposite side ofdrove a nail through the board
(2) : by way of left through the door
(3) used as a function word to indicate passage from one end or boundary to anothera highway through the foresta road through the desert
(4) : without stopping for : past drove through a red light
b used as a function word to indicate passage into and out of a treatment, handling, or processthe matter has already passed through her hands
2 used as a function word to indicate means, agency, or intermediacy: such as
a : by means of : by the agency of
b : because of failed through ignorance
c : by common descent from or relationship with related through their grandfather
3a : over the whole surface or extent of : throughout homes scattered through the valley
b used as a function word to indicate movement within a large expanseflew through the air
c used as a function word to indicate exposure to a specified set of conditionsput him through hell
4 used as a function word to indicate a period of time: such as
a : during the entire period of all through her life
b : from the beginning to the end of the tower stood through the earthquake
c : to and including Monday through Friday
5a used as a function word to indicate completion or exhaustiongot through the bookwent through the money in a year
b used as a function word to indicate acceptance or approval especially by an official bodygot the bill through the legislature

through

adverb
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : from one end or side to the other
2a : from beginning to end
b : to completion, conclusion, or accomplishment see it through
3 : to the core : completely soaked through
4 : into the open : out break through

through

adjective
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Definition of through (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : arrived at completion or accomplishment is through with the job
2a : admitting free or continuous passage : direct a through road
b : extending from one surface to another a through mortise
3a : initiated at and destined for points outside a local zone through traffic
b(1) : going from point of origin to destination without change or reshipment a through train
(2) : of or relating to such movement a through ticket

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Synonyms & Antonyms for through

Synonyms: Preposition

Synonyms: Adverb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of through in a Sentence

Preposition He hit the nail through the wood. She looked through the binoculars. The bullet had gone through his hand. He just walked through the door. The security guards pushed their way through the crowd. She could see a figure through the fog. I looked through the window. Adverb Let these people go through, please. The nail went completely through. It snowed heavily, but we made it through. We'll never get through—the mud is too deep. The package was shipped through to New Orleans. Read the essay through and tell me what you think. Adjective When the police were through with him, a taxi took him, his suitcase, the homburg funeral hat, in the other direction … — Annie Proulx, Atlantic, November 1997 I tell him I like fanzines. This one's mad, he says, really mad. I can borrow it when he's through. — Lynne Tillman, Motion Sickness, 1991 Today though, once experience shows on a woman's face, she's through. — Patricia Volk, New Woman, November 1990 I'm not through yet. I have one more topic to discuss. If you're through using the phone, I'd like to use it next. Is this a through road? The left lane is for through traffic only.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb Of course, all those sales are hard to sort through, and not everything is worth the time (or money). Staff, CNN Underscored, "Black Friday 2019: All the best deals you can shop today," 29 Nov. 2019 Those are issues Nagy will have to sort through when the season is over. Brad Biggs, chicagotribune.com, "Bears Q&A: Could a veteran QB compete with Mitch Trubisky next season? Is the center/guard switch permanent? Why has the defense regressed?," 13 Nov. 2019 Now, as is often the case with mobile carrier promos, there's some fine print to sort through. Ars Staff, Ars Technica, "Dealmaster: Get a year of Disney+ for free if you’re a Verizon Wireless user," 12 Nov. 2019 But the measure would eliminate some significant hoops that affordable-housing developers have to jump through. Dominic Fracassa, SFChronicle.com, "Voters embrace plan to ease building of SF teacher and affordable housing," 5 Nov. 2019 There are four different versions to sort through, all with slightly different rules. Tara Siegel Bernard, New York Times, "The Should-Be Solution to the Student-Debt Problem," 13 Oct. 2019 But this time—perhaps after learning some lessons with Rogue One—the film got a new director midway through shooting, not after a cut was already done. Angela Watercutter, WIRED, "Solo: A Star Wars Story and the False Hope of Really Great Trailers," 9 Apr. 2018 Every player -- and coach -- in the organization will try to draw on some experience to push through. Chris Fedor, cleveland, "Cleveland Cavaliers’ latest challenge involves keeping morale from sinking and not losing sight of big picture," 23 Nov. 2019 Early morning showers have already slickened some of the roadways and a 90 percent chance of rain will continue through much of the day, meteorologists say. Michelle Iracheta, Houston Chronicle, "Soggy weather across Houston kicks off cold front, drops temperatures," 16 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Stash the parcel in a carry-on or check-through bag. Los Angeles Times, "Key to better packing? It’s in the bag," 26 Sep. 2019 The mission will now extend through 2021 as New Horizons examines other objects in the Kuiper Belt, the disc of icy rock and debris circling the sun beyond the orbit of Neptune. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "NASA Names Most Distant Object Ever Explored ‘Arrokoth,’ the Powhatan Word for Sky," 13 Nov. 2019 In overtime, Tessa Cinotti scored the game-winning goal off a through ball by Monica Prince to clinch the victory for the Gators. Glenn Graham, baltimoresun.com, "No. 1 Curley soccer states its case as area’s best with 3-0 win over No. 4 McDonogh," 8 Oct. 2019 But they weren't finished -- the group pulled through the drive-through lane and threw an empty can through its window. Kendall Trammell And Deanna Hackney, CNN, "Popeyes customer pulls a gun after being told there were no more chicken sandwiches," 3 Sep. 2019 An exchange between Bou and Carles Gil started the sequence, Gil slipping a through ball to Bye for a low cross from just outside the penalty area. Frank Dell’apa, BostonGlobe.com, "Gustavo Bou lifts Revolution over Fire," 24 Aug. 2019 There will be a through-line, the curators stressed, even as Linkof presented a slide that showed an ancient Greek vase inscribed with a tale of the Pantheon, next to an altarpiece panel telling the story of the Virgin Mary, next to a comic book. Todd Martens, chicagotribune.com, "Originally planned for Chicago, Lucas Museum gives the Comic-Con crowd a peek at new L.A. site," 24 July 2019 To ease congestion along Mountain Road, the town plans to add a through lane in both the northbound and southbound directions, Sommer said. Emily Brindley, courant.com, "West Hartford town council approves bike lane expansion on Mountain Road," 1 July 2019 Explorations of race and history have been a through line from his early works — his first and second novels, The Intuitionist and John Henry Days — to the present. Mitchell S. Jackson, Time, "'I Carry It Within Me.' Novelist Colson Whitehead Reminds Us How America's Racist History Lives On," 27 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'through.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of through

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Adverb

before the 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for through

Preposition, Adverb, and Adjective

Middle English thurh, thruh, through, from Old English thurh; akin to Old High German durh through, Latin trans across, beyond, Sanskrit tarati he crosses over

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Time Traveler for through

Time Traveler

The first known use of through was before the 12th century

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Statistics for through

Cite this Entry

“Through.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/through?pronunciation&lang=en_us&file=throug01. Accessed 13 December 2019.

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More Definitions for through

through

preposition
How to pronounce through (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of through

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: into one side and out the other side of (something)
: from one side or end to another side or end of (something)
used to describe movement within a place or an area of land, air, etc.

through

adverb
How to pronounce through (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of through (Entry 2 of 3)

: from one side or end to the other
: over the whole distance
: from the beginning to the end

through

adjective
How to pronounce through (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of through (Entry 3 of 3)

: having reached the end of an activity, job, etc.
: no longer in a romantic relationship
: no longer able to continue in a role, activity, etc.

through

preposition
\ ˈthrü How to pronounce through (audio) \

Kids Definition of through

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : into at one side and out at the other side of He drove a nail through the wood.
2 : from one side or end to another of We rode through town.
3 : by way of I got in through the window.
4 : among sense 1 There's a path through the trees.
5 : by means of She succeeded through hard work.
6 : over the whole of The rumor swept through school.
7 : during the whole of The baby slept through the night.
8 : to and including We're open Monday through Friday.
9 : into and out of I'm through the worst of it.

through

adverb

Kids Definition of through (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : from one end or side to the other The nail went through.
2 : from beginning to end He read the book through in one evening.
3 : to completion I plan to see the job through.
4 : in or to every part Heat the sauce through.

through

adjective

Kids Definition of through (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : having reached an end We're through with the job.
2 : allowing free or continuous passage : direct a through road
3 : going from point of origin to destination without changes or transfers through trains
4 : coming from and going to points outside a local zone through traffic

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More from Merriam-Webster on through

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for through

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with through

Spanish Central: Translation of through

Nglish: Translation of through for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of through for Arabic Speakers

Comments on through

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