short

adjective
\ ˈshȯrt How to pronounce short (audio) \

Definition of short

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1a : having little length
b : not tall or high : low
2a : not extended in time : brief a short vacation
b : not retentive a short memory
c : expeditious, quick made short work of the problem
d : seeming to pass quickly made great progress in just a few short years
3a of a speech sound : having a relatively short duration
b : being the member of a pair of similarly spelled vowel or vowel-containing sounds that is descended from a vowel that was short in duration but is no longer so and that does not necessarily have duration as its chief distinguishing feature short i in sin
c of a syllable in prosody
(1) : of relatively brief duration
4 : limited in distance a short trip
5a : not coming up to a measure or requirement : insufficient in short supply
b : not reaching far enough the throw to first was short
c : enduring privation
d : insufficiently supplied short of cash short on brains
6a : abrupt, curt I'm sorry I was short with you
b : quickly provoked a short temper
8 : payable at an early date a short loan
9a : containing or cooked with shortening also : flaky short pastry
b of metal : brittle under certain conditions
10a : not lengthy or drawn out a short speech
b : made briefer : abbreviated
11a : not having goods or property that one has sold in anticipation of a fall in prices
b : consisting of, relating to, or engaging in the sale of securities or commodities that the seller does not possess or has not contracted for at the time of the sale short sale a short seller
12 : near the end of a tour of duty
in short order
: with dispatch : quickly

short

adverb

Definition of short (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : in a curt manner
2 : for or during a brief time short-lasting
3 : at a disadvantage : unawares caught short
4 : in an abrupt manner : suddenly the car stopped short
5 : at some point or degree before a goal or limit aimed at or under consideration the bombs fell short quit a month short of graduation
6 : clean across the axle was snapped short
7 : by or as if by a short sale

short

noun

Definition of short (Entry 3 of 4)

1 : the sum and substance : upshot
2a : a short syllable
b : a short sound or signal
3 shorts plural
a : a by-product of wheat milling that includes the germ, fine bran, and some flour
b : refuse, clippings, or trimmings discarded in various manufacturing processes
4a : knee-length or less than knee-length trousers usually used in plural
b shorts plural : short drawers
c : a size in clothing for short men
5a : one who operates on the short side of the market
b shorts plural : short-term bonds
6 shorts plural : deficiencies
b : a brief story or article (as in a newspaper)
for short
: as an abbreviation named Katherine or Kate for short
in short
: by way of summary : briefly

short

verb
shorted; shorting; shorts

Definition of short (Entry 4 of 4)

transitive verb

3 : to sell (a security) short in expectation of a fall in prices

intransitive verb

: short-circuit often used with out in U.S. English… were sabotaging the system by deliberately entering incorrect information into the computers and, if all else failed, hosing the computers down until they shorted out.— John Sedgwick

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Other Words from short

Adjective

shortish \ ˈshȯr-​tish How to pronounce shortish (audio) \ adjective
shortness \ ˈshȯrt-​nəs How to pronounce shortness (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for short

Synonyms: Adjective

Synonyms: Adverb

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of short in a Sentence

Adjective One of my legs is slightly shorter than the other. He is short for his age. the shortest day of the year Life's too short to worry about the past. The movie was very short. You have done a lot in a short space of time. a short burst of speed I've only lived here for a short time. She has made great progress in a few short years. He visited for two short weeks. Adverb He threw the ball short. the bicyclist ahead of me unexpectedly pulled up short and I unavoidably plowed into him Noun The short before the main movie was very funny. Verb The lightning shorted the TV. The hair dryer must have shorted.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The Tories have done their best to play it safe with their short and undetailed manifesto. The Economist, "Britain’s Conservatives launch a deliberately dull manifesto," 24 Nov. 2019 With the shift toward our present climate, growing season became shorter and more nutritionless peat formed. Anchorage Daily News, "What killed the world’s giants?," 23 Nov. 2019 The dismissal puts an end to Doutrive's short and curious stay with the Wildcats. Bruce Pascoe, azcentral, "Arizona Wildcats basketball dismisses Devonaire Doutrive for violation," 22 Nov. 2019 Kaiya has supported the resistance with Our Island’s Treasure, a short and heartfelt documentary meant to call attention to what her people are facing in the name of U.S. security. Delilah Friedler, Teen Vogue, "Okinawa Residents Are Protesting the Marines’ Relocation of a Military Base on Their Island," 21 Nov. 2019 But the word actually refers to a particular kind of noodle—short and golden, with vermicelli-like thinness—as well as to specific dishes. Jesse Sparks, Bon Appétit, "Long Noodles Are Great, But Have You Tried Fideos?," 18 Nov. 2019 But this style is significantly shorter than her past styles, and heavily rounded at the ends, which gorgeously accentuates her face. Maya Allen, Marie Claire, "Bella Hadid's New Bob Looks Exactly Like Kim Kardashian's Old Bob," 18 Nov. 2019 Just as faces can look vastly different, so can vulvas: some women have long, thin labia, others short and puffy; some vulvas are pale or pinkish, others dark purple or brown. Jessica Migala, Health.com, "A Vagina Museum Just Opened in London—Here Are the Biggest Vagina Myths the Founders Want to Bust Once and for All," 18 Nov. 2019 The declaration itself is short and unspecific, but the signatories are expected to finalize the language of a longer resolution at the Lisbon conference tomorrow, November 16. Zoë Schlanger, Quartz, "Psychologists from 40 countries pledged to use their jobs to address climate change," 15 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb Some of them are worried that the former NYC mayor is going to embarrass himself by running and coming up short. Brian Stelter, CNN, "Bloomberg reporters weary of Michael Bloomberg's White House bid," 26 Nov. 2019 But there’s concern that Mexico is coming up short on the reforms expected of it, which include independent labor courts and the right to elect union representatives. Sarah Babbage | Bloomberg, Washington Post, "Why Nafta Isn’t Dead (Yet) and What Might Replace It," 26 Nov. 2019 Edge: Bills Special teams Brandon McManus missed a 43-yard field goal in the fourth quarter against the Vikings, which turned out to be critical as the Broncos needed to score a touchdown late, and came up short. Kyle Newman, The Denver Post, "Broncos scouting report: How Denver matches up against the Bills and predictions," 23 Nov. 2019 South Carroll and Westminster are the only Carroll teams to ever advance to a state title game. The Cavaliers and Owls played in state championship games on the same day in 2005, but both teams came up short. Megan Woodward, baltimoresun.com/maryland/carroll, "Football: Liberty, Westminster hitting road for state quarterfinals," 21 Nov. 2019 Nonetheless, their furious rally over the final 20 minutes came up just short. Dane Mizutani, Twin Cities, "Furious rally comes up short as Wild fall 6-5 to Sharks," 8 Nov. 2019 Bishop Moore came up short numerous times in the first half as Jones built a 24-10 advantage thanks to a pair of early touchdown runs by Sparrow. J.c. Carnahan, orlandosentinel.com, "Jones leans on Avarius Sparrow while running away from Bishop Moore," 7 Nov. 2019 The pairing creates a team with full boom-or-bust potential for two organizations not unfamiliar with taking risks and coming up short. Nathan Brown, Indianapolis Star, "Arrow McLaren Racing SP, James Hinchcliffe, Pato O'Ward, Oliver Askew: Here's what we know," 29 Oct. 2019 My visit to the state vital records agency and the state library had come up short. USA Today, "Slaves had a harrowing journey to America. We tell it in augmented reality.," 17 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The People's Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers, dressed in black shorts and olive drab T-shirts, joined the clean-up outside Hong Kong Baptist University, the site of clashes earlier in the week. Fox News, "Hong Kong police officer shot with arrow, protesters set fires as Chinese troops appear to clean streets," 18 Nov. 2019 Dozens of Chinese troops, dressed in black shorts and olive drab T-shirts, ran out in loose formation and picked up paving stones, rocks and other obstacles that had cluttered the street. Washington Post, "Hong Kong police storm university held by protesters," 18 Nov. 2019 Dozens of Chinese troops, dressed in black shorts and olive drab T-shirts, ran out in loose formation and picked up paving stones, rocks, and other obstacles that had cluttered the street. Mike Ives, BostonGlobe.com, "Hong Kong police rush barricades at university campus, but retreat in face of fire," 17 Nov. 2019 Dozens of Chinese troops, dressed in black shorts and olive drab T-shirts, ran out in loose formation and picked up paving stones, rocks and other obstacles that had cluttered the street. Ken Moritsugu, The Denver Post, "Hong Kong police storm university held by protesters," 17 Nov. 2019 Dozens of Chinese troops, dressed in black shorts and olive T-shirts, came out from a nearby barracks to pick up paving stones, rocks and other obstacles that had cluttered the street and prevented traffic from flowing. Ken Moritsugu And Patrick Quinn, SFChronicle.com, "Chinese troops join cleanup from protests in Hong Kong," 16 Nov. 2019 On Monday, Spears, 37, shared a shot of herself doing the splits on Instagram in a white sports bra, black shorts, and knee-high socks. Christina Oehler, Health.com, "Britney Spears Shows Off Her Abs While Doing the Splits to Share Her New Workout Routine," 8 Oct. 2019 The man who held up the 46-year-old woman had brown eyes and was described as 6-foot-2 to 6-foot-5, weighing about 140 to 150 pounds, and was last seen wearing a black hooded sweatshirt and black shorts, according to police. Katherine Rosenberg-douglas, chicagotribune.com, "A robber pointed a handgun at a woman and demanded her property. His mark was an on-duty Chicago police officer.," 19 Sep. 2019 She was last seen wearing a tan T-shirt, black shorts, and gray tennis shoes. Carol Robinson | Crobinson@al.com, al, "Missing 17-year-old Opelika girl found safe after disappearing Wednesday," 12 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb In this case, John Roberts would have the final word on how quickly the Senate could move, potentially complicating the GOP's effort to short-circuit what could become a lengthy trial. Anchorage Daily News, "Prepare for impeachment, McConnell tells GOP senators," 17 Oct. 2019 More nimble investors who also shorted Takeda were actually doing the CEO a favor by lowering its acquisition cost, even if the share decline added to the pressure from credit downgrades and investor revolts. Washington Post, "Japan Health-Care Stocks Shake Off a Sickly Phase," 18 Sep. 2019 Harry Shearer, Christopher Guest, Michael McKean and Rob Reiner sued Vivendi, Studiocanal and UMG, claiming they were shorted profits. Ashley Cullins, The Hollywood Reporter, "Hollywood Docket: 'Billions' Battle Could Be Back On," 8 Nov. 2019 After retiring George Springer on a liner to short and Jose Altuve on a soft fly to right, Masahiro Tanaka walked Michael Brantley. Benjamin Hoffman, New York Times, "How the Astros Beat the Yankees in Game 4 of the A.L.C.S.," 17 Oct. 2019 This serves as an analytical and situational observation, and Murray will benefit in both areas where Rosen was shorted. Chris Allen, Sports Illustrated, "A Case for Kyler Murray as an Elite Fantasy Quarterback in 2019," 29 May 2019 By August 18th, the SEC notes, more than $13 billion shares of Tesla were shorted. Sean O'kane, The Verge, "Elon Musk sued by SEC over ‘funding secured’ tweet," 27 Sep. 2018 Multicoin shorted the virtual asset market in March, when cryptocurrency hedge funds as a whole lost 34%, according to performance-tracking firm Hedge Fund Research. Jen Wieczner, Fortune, "Cryptocurrency Hedge Fund Gets VC Fred Wilson's Backing Amid Bitcoin Slump," 20 June 2018 The Seminoles took the lead for good at 17-13 when Jordan Smith handled a direct snap and turned a 4th-and-short into a 17-yard touchdown. J.c. Carnahan, orlandosentinel.com, "Seminole defense derails DeLand in district opener," 14 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'short.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of short

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adverb

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

circa 1586, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1904, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for short

Adjective

Middle English, from Old English sceort; akin to Old High German scurz short, Old Norse skortr lack

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Time Traveler for short

Time Traveler

The first known use of short was before the 12th century

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Statistics for short

Last Updated

29 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Short.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/short?pronunciation&lang=en_us&dir=s&file=short001. Accessed 5 December 2019.

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More Definitions for short

short

adjective
How to pronounce short (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of short

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: extending a small distance from one end to the other end : having little length : not long
: not great in distance
: having little height : not tall

short

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of short (Entry 2 of 4)

: to or at a point that is not as far as expected or desired : to a point not reaching what is needed for something
: in a sudden manner
: for or during a short time

short

noun

English Language Learners Definition of short (Entry 3 of 4)

: pants that end at or above the knees
: a short movie
British : a small amount of liquor that you drink quickly

short

verb

English Language Learners Definition of short (Entry 4 of 4)

: to cause (something) to have a short circuit
: to stop working because of a short circuit

short

adjective
\ ˈshȯrt How to pronounce short (audio) \
shorter; shortest

Kids Definition of short

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : not long or tall short hair a short boy short stories
2 : not great in distance a short trip
3 : not lasting long : brief in time a short delay a short memory
4 : cut down to a brief length “Doc” is short for “doctor.”
5 : less than the usual or needed amount Fruit was in short supply. We met on short notice.
6 : having less than what is needed : not having enough I'm short of money. The team was short two players.
7 : not reaching far enough The throw was short.
8 : easily stirred up a short temper
9 : rudely brief I didn't mean to be short with you.
10 : of, relating to, or being one of the vowel sounds \ə, a, e, i, u̇\ and sometimes \ä\ and \ȯ\

Other Words from short

shortness noun

short

adverb

Kids Definition of short (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : with suddenness I stopped short.
2 : to or at a point that is not as far as expected or desired He threw the ball short.

short

noun

Kids Definition of short (Entry 3 of 3)

1 shorts plural : pants that reach to or almost to the knees
2 shorts plural : short underpants
3 : something (as a movie) shorter than the usual or regular length

short

adjective

Legal Definition of short

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : treated or disposed of quickly in court the calendar for short causes
2 : having a short term short loans short leases
3a : not having goods or property that one has sold in anticipation of a fall in prices a seller who was short at the time of the sale
b : consisting of or relating to a sale of securities or commodities that the seller does not possess or has not contracted for at the time of the sale a short position — see also short sale 1 at sale
4 : not involving or providing a sufficient amount of money to cover a loan — see also short sale 2 at sale, short refinance

short

adverb

Legal Definition of short (Entry 2 of 2)

: by or as if by a short sale sold the stock short

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More from Merriam-Webster on short

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for short

Spanish Central: Translation of short

Nglish: Translation of short for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of short for Arabic Speakers

Comments on short

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