short

adjective
\ ˈshȯrt How to pronounce short (audio) \

Definition of short

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1a : having little length
b : not tall or high : low
2a : not extended in time : brief a short vacation
b : not retentive a short memory
c : expeditious, quick made short work of the problem
d : seeming to pass quickly made great progress in just a few short years
3a of a speech sound : having a relatively short duration
b : being the member of a pair of similarly spelled vowel or vowel-containing sounds that is descended from a vowel that was short in duration but is no longer so and that does not necessarily have duration as its chief distinguishing feature short i in sin

c of a syllable in prosody

(1) : of relatively brief duration
(2) : unstressed
4 : limited in distance a short trip
5a : not coming up to a measure or requirement : insufficient in short supply
b : not reaching far enough the throw to first was short
c : enduring privation
d : insufficiently supplied short of cash short on brains
6a : abrupt, curt I'm sorry I was short with you
b : quickly provoked a short temper
8 : payable at an early date a short loan
9a : containing or cooked with shortening also : flaky short pastry
b of metal : brittle under certain conditions
10a : not lengthy or drawn out a short speech
b : made briefer : abbreviated
11a : not having goods or property that one has sold in anticipation of a fall in prices
b : consisting of, relating to, or engaging in the sale of securities or commodities that the seller does not possess or has not contracted for at the time of the sale short sale a short seller
12 : near the end of a tour of duty
in short order
: with dispatch : quickly

short

adverb

Definition of short (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : in a curt manner
2 : for or during a brief time short-lasting
3 : at a disadvantage : unawares caught short
4 : in an abrupt manner : suddenly the car stopped short
5 : at some point or degree before a goal or limit aimed at or under consideration the bombs fell short quit a month short of graduation
6 : clean across the axle was snapped short
7 : by or as if by a short sale

short

noun

Definition of short (Entry 3 of 4)

1 : the sum and substance : upshot
2a : a short syllable
b : a short sound or signal

3 shorts plural

a : a by-product of wheat milling that includes the germ, fine bran, and some flour
b : refuse, clippings, or trimmings discarded in various manufacturing processes
4a : knee-length or less than knee-length trousers usually used in plural
b shorts plural : short drawers
c : a size in clothing for short men
5a : one who operates on the short side of the market
b shorts plural : short-term bonds
6 shorts plural : deficiencies
8 : shortstop
b : a brief story or article (as in a newspaper)
for short
: as an abbreviation named Katherine or Kate for short
in short
: by way of summary : briefly

short

verb
shorted; shorting; shorts

Definition of short (Entry 4 of 4)

transitive verb

3 : to sell (a security) short in expectation of a fall in prices

intransitive verb

: short-circuit often used with out in U.S. English … were sabotaging the system by deliberately entering incorrect information into the computers and, if all else failed, hosing the computers down until they shorted out.— John Sedgwick

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Other Words from short

Adjective

shortish \ ˈshȯr-​tish How to pronounce shortish (audio) \ adjective
shortness \ ˈshȯrt-​nəs How to pronounce shortness (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for short

Synonyms: Adjective

little, low, low-lying, low-slung, sawed-off

Synonyms: Adverb

abruptly, suddenly

Synonyms: Verb

beat, bilk, bleed, cheat, chisel, chouse, con, cozen, defraud, diddle, do, do in, euchre, fiddle, fleece, flimflam, gaff, gyp, hose [slang], hustle, mulct, nobble [British slang], pluck, ream, rip off, rook, screw, shake down, shortchange, skin, skunk, squeeze, stick, stiff, sting, sucker, swindle, thimblerig, victimize

Antonyms: Adjective

altitudinous, high, lofty, tall, towering

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Examples of short in a Sentence

Adjective

One of my legs is slightly shorter than the other. He is short for his age. the shortest day of the year Life's too short to worry about the past. The movie was very short. You have done a lot in a short space of time. a short burst of speed I've only lived here for a short time. She has made great progress in a few short years. He visited for two short weeks.

Adverb

He threw the ball short. the bicyclist ahead of me unexpectedly pulled up short and I unavoidably plowed into him

Noun

The short before the main movie was very funny.

Verb

The lightning shorted the TV. The hair dryer must have shorted.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

While a few brands may finish for a short time in an oak barrel, ours is rested for a longer, whiskey-like duration. Francine Maroukian, Popular Mechanics, "What Is Aquavit, and Why Are They Suddenly Making Scandinavian Booze in Colorado?," 24 Feb. 2019 For larger items, such as tablecloths or runners, place them in the dryer on low to medium heat for a very short time to remove some moisture, and then press them. Elle Decor Editors, ELLE Decor, "Everything You Need to Know About Caring for Tabletop Accessories," 11 Feb. 2019 The Cambridge's unexpected trip, which is intended to celebrate the young people of Northern Ireland, will be short lived, however. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kate Middleton Sparkles in a Green Missoni Dress in Ireland," 27 Feb. 2019 This year’s letter was shorter than usual and stuck mostly to discussing Berkshire’s business. Nicole Friedman, WSJ, "Warren Buffett’s Kraft Heinz Bet Dragged Down Berkshire Hathaway in 2018," 23 Feb. 2019 The stakes will always be enormous; time will always be short; there will never be an excuse to stop fighting. David Roberts, Vox, "The case for “conditional optimism” on climate change," 29 Jan. 2019 In Mic’s case, since the company was short on cash and therefore sold at a fraction of its valuation, there’s only so much financial compensation for employees the union can bargain for. Shirin Ghaffary, Recode, "As digital media companies brace for change, unions try to cushion the blow," 26 Dec. 2018 While her previous style was still fairly short, all things considered, her inches-off change was certainly refreshing and noticeable. Avery Matera, Teen Vogue, "Hailey Bieber’s Haircut Has Fans Comparing Her to Justin," 14 Dec. 2018 This style can be tall or short, and tightly or loosely constructed, depending on the size and number of loops. Lucia Tonelli, ELLE Decor, "The Best Carpet Types for a Perfectly Grounded Space," 13 Feb. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

The motor is very short ranged, in the region of a few hundred yards. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Iran Shows off Unusual Ship-Killing Torpedo/Missile Combination," 28 Feb. 2019 View this post on Instagram A post shared by Ciara (@ciara) on Feb 24, 2019 at 10:29am PST Her sassy short cut was done by celebrity hairstylist César DeLeön Ramirêz using IGK hair products. Maya Allen, Marie Claire, "Ciara Got a Bob With Wispy Bangs, Now I Want a Bob With Wispy Bangs," 25 Feb. 2019 Those who fall short can model the impact of saving more or delaying retirement. Anne Tergesen, WSJ, "How Your 401(k) Could Imitate Netflix," 14 Feb. 2019 People can also become impatient and short-tempered and have difficulty concentrating. Kate Gardner, SELF, "What It’s Like to Be So Sleep Deprived That You Hallucinate," 14 Feb. 2019 The shop does single-origin blends as well as four brew styles: pour over, Aeropress regular, Aeropress short, and espresso. Katie Lockhart, Condé Nast Traveler, "11 Best Places For Coffee in Bangkok," 18 Oct. 2018 Long story short, on their two-year anniversary, A-Rod was set on getting Jo from Waco to Malibu. Elizabeth Gulino, House Beautiful, "Jennifer Lopez Turns to Joanna Gaines for Help Remodeling Her $6.6 Million Malibu Beach House," 4 Mar. 2019 Long story short: Tristan Thompson, Khloé Kardashian's partner and the father of her daughter, reportedly cheated on Khloé with Jordyn. Rachel Epstein, Marie Claire, "Are Kylie Jenner and Jordyn Woods Living Together? Here's What We Know," 20 Feb. 2019 To make a long story short, the two decide to get back together and start over without rushing things. Jessica Radloff, Glamour, "The Big Bang Theory Season 12, Episode 12 Recap: Penny and Leonard Have a Big Decision," 10 Jan. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Since running shorts and tops were the most common items to be categorized as such, there are also track-inspired suit trousers and a cropped sports-bra-like top made with Chinese silk brocade. Brooke Bobb, Vogue, "Meet the Two Recent Parsons Grads Who Are Challenging China’s Anti-#MeToo Movement With Fashion," 4 Feb. 2019 Pressure from the shorts was cited by Musk as a reason to take Tesla private, the SEC notes in its complaint. Sean O'kane, The Verge, "Elon Musk sued by SEC over ‘funding secured’ tweet," 27 Sep. 2018 Elsewhere, a certain irreverent, unexpected elegance came to the fore: take Marion Cotillard at the Chanel Spring 2019 couture show, who wore skintight bike shorts with her little black Coco jacket. Christian Allaire, Vogue, "10 Best Dressed: Week of January 28, 2019," 28 Jan. 2019 With the business humming, one question is whether RH borrowed too much to beat back the shorts. Elizabeth Winkler, WSJ, "How Furniture Retailer RH Pulled Off Its Surprising Turnaround," 7 Jan. 2019 In the two shorts that have come out since Toy Story 3 Bonnie is featured as the owner on the toys. Tamara Fuentes, Seventeen, "Everything We Know About "Toy Story 4"," 13 Nov. 2018 According to Deadline, the other two shorts will fill in the backstory of Discovery's Klepian first officer (and possibly the show's best character) Saru, as well as the exploits of another fan favorite, Sylvia Tilly. Darren Orf, Popular Mechanics, "Everything We Know So Far About 'Star Trek: Discovery' Season 2," 5 Sep. 2018 The shorts might have lightened wallets, but likely did little to meaningfully reduce user's waistlines. USA TODAY, "The biggest exercise fad the year you were born," 12 July 2018 Over the summer, she was seen rocking her distinctive throwback uniform, which generally consists of bubbly graphic T-shirts and those thigh-grazing denim short shorts, all over the streets of New York City. Vogue, "Lourdes Leon Hits the Beach in Complete Noughties Fashion," 8 Jan. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Yelich took a changeup to run the count to 1–2, and then grounded out to short on a four-seamer. Michael Beller, SI.com, "By Adding a Cutter to His Arsenal, Cardinals Ace Carlos Martinez Is Even More Dangerous," 5 Apr. 2018 Sandberg also came under fire for reportedly asking whether Soros had shorted Facebook’s stock. Emily Stewart, Vox, "Facebook’s very bad year, explained," 21 Dec. 2018 Musk himself wound up in several spats with, variously, Donald Trump, media outlets, Azealia Banks, and investors who short Tesla. Elizabeth Lopatto, The Verge, "Elon Musk is the first influencer CEO," 21 Dec. 2018 The parties settled a couple of months later, but the producer still feels he's being shorted because of the studio's accounting practices. Ashley Cullins, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Gilmore Girls' Producer Files New Lawsuit Over Series Profits," 15 Mar. 2018 Some may remember him as the trader who shorted drug companies after trash-talking them. Bloomberg, latimes.com, "Martin Shkreli’s journey from pharma executive to inmate No. 87850-053," 9 Mar. 2018 Some may remember him as the trader who shorted drug companies after trash-talking them. Jaclyn Gallucci, Fortune, "How Martin Shkreli Went From Pharma Executive to Inmate #87850-053," 8 Mar. 2018 Some may remember him as the trader who shorted drug companies after trash-talking them. Patricia Hurtad, chicagotribune.com, "Martin Shkreli's journey from pharma exec to Inmate #87850-053," 8 Mar. 2018 Iran had fallen behind to a quite brilliant strike from Ricardo Quaresma, a goal out of keeping with a first half that was long on effort and short on real quality. Jonathan Wilson, SI.com, "Spain, Portugal Emerge From World Cup Group After Influential Use of VAR," 25 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'short.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of short

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adverb

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

circa 1586, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1904, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for short

Adjective

Middle English, from Old English sceort; akin to Old High German scurz short, Old Norse skortr lack

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Learn More about short

Dictionary Entries near short

shorl

shorn

shors

short

short account

shortage

short and

Statistics for short

Last Updated

22 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for short

The first known use of short was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for short

short

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of short

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: extending a small distance from one end to the other end : having little length : not long
: not great in distance
: having little height : not tall

short

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of short (Entry 2 of 4)

: to or at a point that is not as far as expected or desired : to a point not reaching what is needed for something
: in a sudden manner
: for or during a short time

short

noun

English Language Learners Definition of short (Entry 3 of 4)

: pants that end at or above the knees
: a short movie
British : a small amount of liquor that you drink quickly

short

verb

English Language Learners Definition of short (Entry 4 of 4)

: to cause (something) to have a short circuit
: to stop working because of a short circuit

short

adjective
\ ˈshȯrt How to pronounce short (audio) \
shorter; shortest

Kids Definition of short

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : not long or tall short hair a short boy short stories
2 : not great in distance a short trip
3 : not lasting long : brief in time a short delay a short memory
4 : cut down to a brief length “Doc” is short for “doctor.”
5 : less than the usual or needed amount Fruit was in short supply. We met on short notice.
6 : having less than what is needed : not having enough I'm short of money. The team was short two players.
7 : not reaching far enough The throw was short.
8 : easily stirred up a short temper
9 : rudely brief I didn't mean to be short with you.
10 : of, relating to, or being one of the vowel sounds \ə, a, e, i, u̇\ and sometimes \ä\ and \ȯ\

Other Words from short

shortness noun

short

adverb

Kids Definition of short (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : with suddenness I stopped short.
2 : to or at a point that is not as far as expected or desired He threw the ball short.

short

noun

Kids Definition of short (Entry 3 of 3)

1 shorts plural : pants that reach to or almost to the knees
2 shorts plural : short underpants
3 : something (as a movie) shorter than the usual or regular length

short

adjective

Legal Definition of short

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : treated or disposed of quickly in court the calendar for short causes
2 : having a short term short loans short leases
3a : not having goods or property that one has sold in anticipation of a fall in prices a seller who was short at the time of the sale
b : consisting of or relating to a sale of securities or commodities that the seller does not possess or has not contracted for at the time of the sale a short position — see also short sale 1 at sale
4 : not involving or providing a sufficient amount of money to cover a loan — see also short sale 2 at sale, short refinance

short

adverb

Legal Definition of short (Entry 2 of 2)

: by or as if by a short sale sold the stock short

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More from Merriam-Webster on short

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for short

Spanish Central: Translation of short

Nglish: Translation of short for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of short for Arabic Speakers

Comments on short

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