run

verb
\ ˈrən How to pronounce run (audio) \
ran\ ˈran How to pronounce ran (audio) \ also chiefly dialectal run; run; running

Definition of run

 (Entry 1 of 3)

intransitive verb

1a : to go faster than a walk specifically : to go steadily by springing steps so that both feet leave the ground for an instant in each step
b of a horse : to move at a fast gallop
c : flee, retreat, escape dropped the gun and ran
d : to utilize a running play on offense used of a football team
2a : to go without restraint : move freely about at will let chickens run loose
b : to keep company : consort a ram running with ewes ran with a wild crowd when he was young
c : to sail before the wind in distinction from reaching or sailing close-hauled
d : roam, rove running about with no overcoat
3a : to go rapidly or hurriedly : hasten run and fetch the doctor
b : to go in urgency or distress : resort runs to mother at every little difficulty
c : to make a quick, easy, or casual trip or visit ran over to borrow some sugar
4a : to contend in a race
b : to enter into an election contest will run for mayor
5a : to move on or as if on wheels : glide file drawers running on ball bearings
b : to roll forward rapidly or freely
c : to pass or slide freely a rope runs through the pulley
d : to ravel lengthwise stockings guaranteed not to run
6 : to sing or play a musical passage quickly run up the scale
7a : to go back and forth : ply the train runs between New York and Washington
b of fish : to migrate or move in considerable numbers especially : to move up or down a river to spawn
8a : turn, rotate a swiftly running grindstone
b : function, operate the engine runs on gasoline software that runs on her computer
9a(1) : to continue in force, operation, or production the contract has two more years to run the play ran for six months
(2) : to have a specified duration, extent, or length the manuscript runs nearly 500 pages
b : to accompany as a valid obligation or right a right-of-way that runs with the land
c : to continue to accrue or become payable interest on the loan runs from July 1
10 : to pass from one state to another run into debt
11a : to flow rapidly or under pressure
b : melt, fuse
c : spread, dissolve colors guaranteed not to run
d : to discharge liquid (such as pus or serum) a running sore
12a : to develop rapidly in some specific direction especially : to throw out an elongated shoot of growth
b : to tend to produce or develop a specified quality or feature they run to big noses in that family
13a : to lie in or take a certain direction the boundary line runs east
b : to lie or extend in relation to something
c : to go back : reach
d(1) : to be in a certain form or expression the letter runs as follows
(2) : to be in a certain order of succession
14a : to occur persistently musical talent runs in the family
b(1) : to remain of a specified size, amount, character, or quality profits were running high
(2) : to have or maintain a relative position or condition (as in a race) ran third running late
c : to exist or occur in a continuous range of variation shades run from white to dark gray
15a : to spread or pass quickly from point to point chills ran up her spine
b : to be current : circulate speculation ran rife

transitive verb

1a : to cause (an animal) to go rapidly : ride or drive fast
b : to bring to a specified condition by or as if by running ran himself to death
c : to go in pursuit of : hunt, chase dogs that run deer
d : to follow the trail of backward : trace ran the rumor to its source
e : to enter, register, or enroll as a contestant in a race
f : to put forward as a candidate for office
g : to carry (the football) on a running play
2a : to drive (livestock) especially to a grazing place
b : to provide pasturage for (livestock)
c : to keep or maintain (livestock) on or as if on pasturage
3a(1) : to pass over or traverse with speed
(2) : to run on or over in athletic competition runs the bases well run the floor
b : to accomplish or perform by or as if by running ran a great race run errands
c : to slip or go through or past run a blockade run a red light
d : to travel on in a boat run the rapids
4a : to cause to penetrate or enter : thrust ran a splinter into her toe
b : stitch
c : to cause to pass : lead run a wire in from the antenna
d : to cause to collide ran his head into a post
e : smuggle run guns
5 : to cause to pass lightly or quickly over, along, or into something ran her eye down the list
6a : to cause or allow (a vehicle or a vessel) to go in a specified manner or direction ran the car off the road
b : operate run a lathe
c : to direct the business or activities of : manage, conduct run a factory
d : to employ or supervise in espionage run an agent
7a : to be full of or drenched with streets ran blood
8a : to cause to move or flow in a specified way or into a specified position run cards into a file
b : to cause to produce a flow (as of water) run the faucet also : to prepare by running a faucet run a hot bath
9a : to melt and cast in a mold run bullets
b : treat, process, refine run oil in a still run a problem through a computer
10 : to make oneself liable to : incur ran the risk of discovery
11 : to mark out : draw run a contour line on a map
12a : to permit (charges) to accumulate before settling run a tab at the bar often used with upran up a large phone bill
b : cost sense 1 rooms that run $50 a night
13a : to produce by or as if by printing usually used with offran off 10,000 copies of the first edition
b : to carry in a printed medium : print every newspaper ran the story
14a : to make (a series of counts) without a miss run 19 in an inning in billiards
b : to lead winning cards of (a suit) successively
c : to alter by addition ran his record to six wins and four losses
15 : to make (a golf ball) roll forward after alighting
16 baseball : to eject (a player, coach, or manager) from a game Ron Luciano ran Weaver early in game one of a doubleheader in 1975, and then ran him again during the lineup meeting prior to the start of game two.— Jeff Burd
run across
: to meet with or discover by chance
run a fever or run a temperature
: to have a fever
run after
1 : pursue, chase especially : to seek the company of
2 : to take up with : follow run after new theories
run against
1 : to meet suddenly or unexpectedly
2 : to work or take effect unfavorably to : disfavor, oppose
run a tight ship
: to have strict and exacting standards in controlling or managing something (such as a business)
run by or run past
: to present to (as for evaluation) ran some ideas by her
run circles around or run rings around
: to show marked superiority over : defeat decisively or overwhelmingly
run dry
1 : to use up an available supply
2 : to become exhausted or spent his inspiration had run dry
run interference
: to provide assistance by or as if by clearing a path through obstructions ran interference for me with the press
run into
1a : to change or transform into : become
b : to merge with
c : to mount up to their yearly income often runs into six figures
2a : to collide with
b : to meet by chance ran into an old classmate the other day
run low on
: to approach running out of running low on options
run one's mouth
: to talk excessively or foolishly
run riot
1 : to act wildly or without restraint
2 : to occur in profusion daffodils running riot
run short
: to become insufficient
run short of
: to use up : run low on
run the numbers
: to perform calculations
run the table
1 : to sink all remaining shots without missing in pool
2 : to win all remaining contests
run to
: to mount up to the book runs to 500 pages
run upon
: to run across : meet with
run with
1 : to use or exploit fully : make the most of took the idea and ran with it
2 : to publicize widely the press ran with the quote

run

noun

Definition of run (Entry 2 of 3)

1a : an act or the action of running : continued rapid movement
b : a quickened gallop
c : a migration of fish (as up or down a river) especially to spawn also : such fish in the process of migration
d : a running race a mile run
e : a score made in baseball by a runner reaching home plate safely
f : strength or ability to run
g : a gain of a usually specified distance made on a running play in football scored on a 25-yard run also : a running play
h : a sustained usually aggressive effort (as to win or obtain something) making a run at the championship
2a chiefly Midland : creek sense 1
b : something that flows in the course of an operation or during a particular time the first run of sap in sugar maples
3a : the stern of the underwater body of a ship from where it begins to curve or slope upward and inward
b : the direction in which a vein of ore lies
c : a direction of secondary or minor cleavage : grain the run of a mass of granite
d : a horizontal distance (such as that covered by a flight of steps)
e : general tendency or direction
4 : a continuous period or series especially of things of identical or similar sort a run of bad luck : such as
a : a rapid passage up or down a scale in vocal or instrumental music
b : a number of rapid small dance steps executed in even tempo
c : the act of making successively a number of successful shots or strokes also : the score thus made a run of 20 in billiards
d : an unbroken course of performances or showings a long run on Broadway
e : a set of consecutive measurements, readings, or observations
f : persistent and heavy demands from depositors, creditors, or customers a run on a bank
5 : the quantity of work turned out in a continuous operation a press run of 10,000 copies
6 : the usual or normal kind, character, type, or group the average run of students
7a : the distance covered in a period of continuous traveling or sailing
b : a course or trip especially if mapped out and traveled with regularity
c : a news reporter's regular territory : beat
d : freedom of movement in or access to a place or area has the run of the house
8a : the period during which a machine or plant is in continuous operation
b : the use of machinery for a single set of processing procedures a computer run
9a : a way, track, or path frequented by animals
b : an enclosure for domestic animals where they may feed or exercise
c Australia
(1) : a large area of land used for grazing a sheep run
(2) : ranch, station run-holder
d : an inclined passageway
10a : an inclined course (as for skiing or bobsledding)
b : a support (such as a track, pipe, or trough) on which something runs
11a : a ravel in a knitted fabric (as in hosiery) caused by the breaking of stitches
b : a paint defect caused by excessive flow
12 runs plural in form but singular or plural in construction : diarrhea used with the
on the run
1 : in haste : without pausing ate lunch on the run
2 : in retreat : in flight (as from the law) an escaped convict on the run
run for one's money
: a serious challenge to one's supremacy is expected to give the incumbent a good run for his money

Definition of run (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : being in a melted state run butter
b : made from molten material : cast in a mold run metal
2 of fish : having made a migration or spawning run a fresh run salmon
3 : exhausted or winded from running

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Other Words from run

Noun

runless \ ˈrən-​ləs How to pronounce runless (audio) \ adjective

Using Run in the Past Tense: Usage Guide

Verb

The past tense run still survives in speech in southern England and in the speech especially of older people in some parts of the U.S. It was formerly used in literature, and was a standard variant in our dictionaries from 1828 until 1934. Grammarians have generally opposed it, and many people consider it nonstandard. Just about everybody uses ran in writing now.

Examples of run in a Sentence

Verb How fast can you run? He runs faster than anyone else on the team. She ran up the stairs to get her jacket. We ran for the train—but missed it. I heard her scream and ran to help. She ran to me for help. The dog ran away from me. The dog ran toward me. When I called the dog, he came running. Don't expect me to come running every time you want something. I'm not your servant. Noun He goes for a six-mile run every evening. She took the dogs out for a run.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Johnson made the deal through the investment firm run by ex-wife Dany Garcia, The Garcia Companies. Mike Rogoway | The Oregonian/oregonlive, oregonlive, "‘The Rock’ buys a scoop of Portland ice cream -- Dwayne Johnson takes a stake in Salt & Straw," 13 Dec. 2019 Some are run by nation states, like Russia and Iran, for geopolitical or ideological purposes. CNN, "How fake accounts pushing inflammatory content went viral -- with the help of YouTube's algorithms," 13 Dec. 2019 Hazlitt is an online literary magazine run by a publishing company, Penguin Random House, and its long-form nonfiction skews experimental. Soraya Roberts, Longreads, "The Great White Nope," 13 Dec. 2019 Alipay, now run by Ant Financial, sprung up as the digital wallet for e-commerce giant Alibaba. John Detrixhe, Quartz, "Nubank is leading the fintech gold rush in Latin America," 13 Dec. 2019 The Bucks were also the team that stopped the 33-game run by the Los Angeles Lakers that remains the NBA record, a surge in 1972 that obliterated Milwaukee's 20-game NBA record. Jr Radcliffe, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Bucks' winning streak continues, unlike Warriors' streak that died 4 years ago today in Milwaukee," 12 Dec. 2019 The Kansas Secretary of State’s office — now run by Scott Schwab, a Republican — has repeatedly said that no matches have been performed using the program since late 2017. Jessica Huseman, ProPublica, "Kansas Abandons Technology Trumpeted by Kris Kobach, Trump’s Onetime Voter Fraud Czar," 12 Dec. 2019 The North’s touchdown was set up by a 32-yard run by Ely’s Shomari Lawrence, who was the game’s most valuable player after finishing with 100 yards rushing. Steve Evans, sun-sentinel.com, "Nesbitt, Deas, Lawrence propel North at BCAA all-star football game," 12 Dec. 2019 The program, run by Child and Family Services of Michigan, started in 1971. Jamie L. Lareau, Detroit Free Press, "Thousands of Ford and GM employees play Santa to Michigan foster kids," 12 Dec. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The run includes a 5K, 10K and a Kids Dash at Kingsland Baptist Church, 20555 Kingsland Blvd. Houston Chronicle, "Katy-area calendar of events," 23 Feb. 2020 Though coaches are inclined to overpraise their opponents, in part to mitigate their own shortcomings, Louisville has enough of the right pieces, enough experience and enough ways to score to contemplate a realistic run at the NCAA title. Tim Sullivan, The Courier-Journal, "Malik Williams leads Louisville basketball with his words and, increasingly, his play," 23 Feb. 2020 Sanders – the populist senator from Vermont’s who’s making his second straight White House run – is now two for two after winning a week and a half ago in New Hampshire’s primary. Paul Steinhauser, Fox News, "Though Sanders takes Nevada, Biden vows to beat him by ‘just moving on’," 23 Feb. 2020 Haaland maintains remarkable run Erling Braut Haaland may well match Messi and Ronaldo's scoring feats in the future if his current form is anything to go by. Paul Gittings, CNN, "Magical Messi gets four in Barcelona's Camp Nou rout of Eibar," 22 Feb. 2020 Draft picks and prospects are on the wish list, and the Wings have a handful of players who could draw interest from teams looking to shore up for a Stanley Cup run. Helene St. James, Detroit Free Press, "NHL trade deadline: Detroit Red Wings understand 'we're probably going to lose' someone," 22 Feb. 2020 Despite the troubles experienced by trailbreakers, Aklestad and Olstad made good time on the 63-mile run from Ophir to McGrath, making the trip in 62 minutes. Beth Bragg, Anchorage Daily News, "Thanks to trailbreakers, Iron Dog is on track to finish Saturday at Big Lake," 22 Feb. 2020 For those who want to relive the madness, or are just looking for a quick run-down of spoilers, keep reading for exactly how Criminal Minds ends. Megan Stein, Country Living, "How Does 'Criminal Minds' End? The Epic Final Scene Is So Heartbreaking," 22 Feb. 2020 Miles continues historic run After making history last season by becoming only the third Dallas ISD girls wrestler to win a state title in 20 years, Kimball’s Destiny Miles was not going to settle for second in her senior year. Peter Scamardo, Dallas News, "2020 UIL State Wrestling Tournament recap: Allen overcomes a slow start; historic run for Kimball’s Destiny Miles continues," 22 Feb. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Kearse’s size makes him a mismatch whenever blocked by a wide receiver, which enables him to be extremely effective in run support. John Owning, Dallas News, "Film room: 3 under-the-radar free agents the Cowboys should target, including a run-plugging, pocket-pushing nose tackle," 24 Jan. 2020 Olivia Nish, the first female driver in her family's three generations of racing at Bonneville, hit 155 mph on her first run, before spinning out while attempting to hit 180 mph on run number two. CBS News, "A bitter debate rages over the future of Utah's Bonneville Salt Flats," 5 Oct. 2019 The new position allows Breeze to use his striking power in run support and his instincts in pass coverage. oregonlive, "For Oregon Ducks safety Brady Breeze, the 2020 Rose Bowl is proof dreams come true," 26 Dec. 2019 Jarrad Davis has put together a couple nice games, and safety Tavon Wilson could play a bigger role in run support if Tracy Walker returns from his knee injury. Dave Birkett, Detroit Free Press, "Detroit Lions vs. Chicago Bears: Dave Birkett's scouting report, prediction," 27 Nov. 2019 Raiders head coach Jon Gruden, in turn, pointed to Ferrell’s play on run defense and willingness to shift inside on third down as impacts overlooked by statistics. Matt Kawahara, SFChronicle.com, "After ‘signature game,’ Raiders’ Clelin Ferrell lets others do the talking," 8 Nov. 2019 There was plenty of run support as the Solar Bears banged out 13 hits. Emmett Hall, sun-sentinel.com, "Fort Lauderdale Little League ballplayers enjoying fall ball experience," 7 Nov. 2019 The 49ers, second in the NFL in run defense, will key on stopping Panthers’ running back Christian McCaffrey. oregonlive, "Tevin Coleman scores 4 TDs as the San Francisco 49ers crush the Carolina Panthers: Recap, score, stats and more," 27 Oct. 2019 The Eagles lead the NFL in run defense, allowing just 63 yards per game, and Cook is second in the NFL with 542 yards rushing, more than 106 a game. Chris Tomasson, Twin Cities, "Vikings’ Dalvin Cook meets Eagles’ rugged run defense on Sunday," 11 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'run.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of run

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

1685, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for run

Verb

Middle English ronnen, alteration of rinnen, intransitive verb (from Old English iernan, rinnan & Old Norse rinna) & of rennen, transitive verb, from Old Norse renna; akin to Old High German rinnan, intransitive verb, "to run," Sanskrit riṇāti "he causes to flow," and probably to Latin rivus "stream"

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Learn More about run

Time Traveler for run

Time Traveler

The first known use of run was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Statistics for run

Last Updated

18 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Run.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/run. Accessed 27 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for run

run

noun

Financial Definition of run

What It Is

A run occurs when a flood of depositors withdraw their funds from a bank within a short time frame.

How It Works

It’s important to remember one thing about banks: They don’t keep your money in cash in a vault. Rather, when people deposit funds in a bank, the bank lends a portion of those funds out to people who want loans for houses, cars, businesses or whatever else. Accordingly, depositing $100 into your bank account doesn’t mean there is $100 sitting in the vault.

By lending out deposits, banks make money in the form of interest. However, they must keep a portion of those deposits on hand at all times to support the day-to-day inflow and outflow of funds that depositors need.

So, for example, let’s say that John Doe reads a rumor on the Internet that Bank XYZ is getting ready to go bankrupt. Worried about the money in his checking and savings account there, John runs over to the bank and withdraws all of his money. He also tells his sister, his nephews and his parents, who also withdraw their money. Rumors of Bank XYZ’s demise spread over the Internet like wildfire. Soon, more people withdraw their funds or transfer them to other banks.

The rumor is not true and Company XYZ [Bank XYZ?] is in fine financial health. But by this point, Bank XYZ has given out so much cash from its vault that now it really is having a hard time fulfilling the withdrawal requests from its customers. Now the news goes national, and every depositor of Company XYZ hears that you’d better get your money out now before there’s none left. The downward cycle continues.

Eventually, the withdrawals reach a point where Company XYZ is drained of cash, actually does become financially unstable, and goes under. The run becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Why It Matters

Bank runs can destabilize the banking system quickly, which is why the Federal Reserve sets a reserve requirement for banks. For example, let’s assume that Bank XYZ has $400,000,000 in deposits. If the Federal Reserve’s reserve ratio requirement is 10%, Bank XYZ must keep at least $40,000,000 in an account at a Federal Reserve bank and may not use that cash for lending or any other purpose. This ensures that Bank XYZ always has some money on hand to prevent a run. If a bank is unable to meet its reserve ratio, it can borrow from the Federal Reserve to meet the requirement.

Source: Investing Answers

run

verb
How to pronounce run (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of run

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to move with your legs at a speed that is faster than walking
: to leave a place quickly by running
: to run as part of a sport, for exercise, or in a race

run

noun

English Language Learners Definition of run (Entry 2 of 2)

: an act of running
: a continuous series of similar things
: a continuous series of performances or showings

run

verb
\ ˈrən How to pronounce run (audio) \
ran\ ˈran \; run; running

Kids Definition of run

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to go at a pace faster than a walk
2 : to go rapidly or hurriedly She ran home to get her book.
3 : to take to flight They saw the police and ran.
4 : to pass over, across, or through She ran her fingers through her hair.
5 : function entry 2 That old car is still running.
6 : to cause to function Can you run this machine?
7 : extend sense 2 The trail runs from here to the border.
8 : to move freely about He let the animals run loose.
9 : flow entry 1 sense 1 A brook runs through the field.
10 : to be in charge of : manage My pop runs a newspaper here in town.— Oliver Butterworth, The Enormous Egg
11 : to do something by or as if by running I'm running errands.
12 : to take part in a race
13 : to move on or as if on wheels
14 : to go back and forth often according to a fixed schedule The train runs between Boston and Chicago.
15 : to migrate or move in schools The salmon are running early this year.
16 : to continue in force The exhibit runs until the end of the month.
17 : to pass into a specified condition The well ran dry.
18 : to spread into another area The dyes are guaranteed not to run.
19 : to give off liquid My nose is running.
20 : to tend to develop a specified feature or quality The shirts run small.
21 : to slip through or past They ran the blockade.
22 : to cause to penetrate He ran a knife through the bread.
23 : to cause to go The sheriff ran them out of town. I ran my car off the road.
24 : to take on She ran the risk of being caught.
25 : to print or broadcast Every channel runs the ad.
26 : to be a candidate for office She ran for mayor.
27 : to occur again and again The condition runs in the family.
run away
: to leave home secretly without intending to return
run into
: to meet by chance
run off
: to leave in a hurry
run out
1 : to come to an end Time ran out before I finished.
2 : to become used up Supplies were running out.
run out of
: to use up the available supply of We ran out of gas.
run over

run

noun

Kids Definition of run (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an act or the action of running He took the dog for a run.
2 : a score made in baseball by a base runner reaching home plate
3 : an enclosure for animals where they may feed and exercise
4 : the usual or normal kind It's like the usual run of shops.
5 : a continuous series especially of similar things We have had a long run of good luck.
6 : sudden heavy demands from depositors, creditors, or customers There was a run on the bank.
7 : the quantity of work turned out in a continuous operation
8 : the distance covered in a period of continuous traveling
9 : a regular course or trip
10 : freedom of movement Our guests had the run of the house.
11 : a way, track, or path frequented by animals a deer run
12 : slope entry 1 sense 1 a ski run
13 : a spot in knitted fabric that has unraveled My stocking has a run in it.

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\ ˈrən How to pronounce run (audio) \
ran\ ˈran How to pronounce ran (audio) \; run; running

Medical Definition of run

: to discharge fluid (as pus or serum) a running sore
run a fever or run a temperature
: to have a fever
ran; run; running

Legal Definition of run

1a : to be or continue to be in operation or effect
b : to proceed toward expiration or effectiveness statute of limitations began to run when she received notice of the injury — compare toll
2 : to continue to accrue or become payable in an amount increasing with the passing of time interest running from a particular date
run with the land
: to pass as a right or encumbrance upon the transfer of real property the restrictive covenant ran with the land

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More from Merriam-Webster on run

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for run

Spanish Central: Translation of run

Nglish: Translation of run for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of run for Arabic Speakers

Comments on run

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