under

adverb
un·​der | \ ˈən-dər How to pronounce under (audio) \

Definition of under

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : in or into a position below or beneath something
2 : below or short of some quantity, level, or limit $10 or under often used in combination understaffed
3 : in or into a condition of subjection, subordination, or unconsciousness put the patient under for surgery
4 : down to defeat, ruin, or death weaker competitors will be forced under
5 : so as to be covered buried under by the avalanche

under

preposition

Definition of under (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : below or beneath so as to be overhung, surmounted, covered, protected, or concealed by under sunny skies a soft heart under a stern exterior under cover of darkness
2a : subject to the authority, control, guidance, or instruction of served under the general under the terms of the contract a program that runs under any operating system
b : receiving or undergoing the action or effect of under pressure courage under fire under the influence of alcohol the image of a point under a mapping under oath
3a : within the group or designation of under this heading
b : having as name or title traveling under an alias
4 : less or lower than (as in size, amount, or rank) especially : falling short of a standard or required degree under the legal age under par

under

adjective

Definition of under (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : lying or placed below, beneath, or on the ventral side often used in combination the ocean's undercurrentsthe underside of a car
b : facing or protruding downward often used in combination the undersurface of a leaf
2 : lower in rank or authority : subordinate often used in combination the undersecretary of defense
3 : lower than usual, proper, or desired in amount, quality, or degree often used in combination undernourished children

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Synonyms & Antonyms for under

Synonyms: Adverb

below, beneath, underneath

Synonyms: Preposition

below, beneath, neath [dialect]

Antonyms: Adverb

up

Antonyms: Preposition

above, over

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Examples of under in a Sentence

Adverb

Pull the bed sheets tight then fold the ends under. He turned under his shirt's collar. The whale surfaced briefly then dove under again. The bridge was too low for the ship to sail under. A score of 60 is needed to pass; anything under is failing. They had to put me under for surgery.

Preposition

They couldn't climb over the wall, so they dug a hole under it. Draw a line under each word you don't know. We sat under a tree and rested a while. I'm wearing a sweater under my jacket. The ball rolled under the car. How long can you hold your breath under water? The cafe is under new management. The army captured three forts while under the general's command. He has been under a lot of pressure at work lately. You will be under anesthesia during the operation.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Even Nathan Fillion, who punches well above his weight class when struggling under bad scripts, only makes a slight impression here. Kyle Orland, Ars Technica, "Observations and lessons from two decades of writing about video games," 25 Nov. 2018 The Gaza Health Ministry said the latest deaths brought to 18 the number of minors, age 18 and under, killed in the past four months. Fox News, "Thousands bury 11-year-old, 2 others killed by Israeli fire," 28 July 2018 On Fridays, the museum remains open until 7 p.m. Museum admission for nonmembers is $12 for adults, $10 for seniors and free for students and those 18 and under. Graydon Megan, chicagotribune.com, "Elmhurst Art Museum opens Mies van der Rohe exhibit," 11 June 2018 The Summer Food Service Program was created to fill that void and provide children 18 and under free nutritious meals while school is out, according to the IDOE website. Chris Sims, Indianapolis Star, "Where Indianapolis area kids can get free meals over summer," 6 June 2018 General museum admission is $10 for adults, $5 for children ages 3-12 and free for members, active military members and children ages 2 and under. Megan Becka, cleveland.com, "Hale Farm & Village celebrates 60 years as museum, announces events," 1 Feb. 2018 Wrigley Field: Fans 2 and under are admitted to regular season Cubs games without a ticket, provided they are seated on the lap of a parent or guardian. Audrey Gorden, RedEye Chicago, "Take the kids: Chicago venues' policies on children," 11 May 2017 That means that round-trip fares for children 11 and under start around $60. Bridget Hallinan, Condé Nast Traveler, "12 Days of Deals: Kids Fly Free on SAS," 7 Dec. 2018 Nearly half of 10-to-12-year-olds have their own smartphones; nearly 1.5 million children age 11 and under have active Snapchat accounts. Recode Staff, Recode, "Recode Daily: Why Facebook banned Alex Jones — and why Twitter didn’t," 13 Aug. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition

Cutting Truman would have also violated federal law: under 10 U.S.C. 8062(b) the minimum number of carriers in the U.S. Navy battle fleet is set at eleven ships. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Why the Navy Won’t Retire the USS Truman Early," 1 May 2019 Representing nearly one third of the world’s population, 60% of whom are under the age of 30, the Commonwealth also serves as a champion for youth empowerment, which is a key focus of The Duke and Duchess of Sussex. Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Celebrate the Commonwealth's 70th Anniversary," 26 Apr. 2019 Well, because Epic came under fire this week for its labor practices around Fortnite. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "This week in games: A first look at Vampire: The Masquerade 2 (sort-of) and Overwatch's new script editor," 22 Apr. 2019 The campaign also is targeting New Mexico, Nevada, and New Hampshire, all states where Trump fell short by under 100,000 votes. Zeke Miller, The Seattle Times, "Trump campaign eyes chances to vie for states lost in 2016," 14 Apr. 2019 As a result, Las Catalinas’ local shops neighbor private homes on pedestrian streets that meander through cobblestone plazas and under flowering balconies within earshot of rolling ocean waves. Nora Walsh, Vogue, "Eco Idyll: Las Catalinas, the Car-Free Costa Rica Town, Welcomes a New Hotel," 4 Apr. 2019 One cosmopolitan New York couple, who had previously resisted the impulse to own a beach house, came under the Meier-in-Miami spell. Vicky Lowry, ELLE Decor, "Delphine Krakoff Crafts a Magical Beachfront Retreat in Miami," 16 Apr. 2019 Flour, yeast, salt, water, and skill come together to make something truly magic and life-sustaining under Martin’s strong, watchful eye. Annemarie Conte, Woman's Day, "What We Learned After Baking Nothing But Bread for 3 Days," 9 Apr. 2019 The president repeated his warning that all options for U.S. action in Venezuela remain under consideration. ... Vivian Salama, WSJ, "Trump Meets at White House With Spouse of Venezuelan Opposition Leader," 27 Mar. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The biker exemption is one of many carve-outs under consideration as officials haggle over the final details of a congestion pricing system this weekend. Jimmy Vielkind, WSJ, "Motorcyclists May Steer Clear of New Congestion-Pricing Fee," 29 Mar. 2019 For the eyes, concentrate on the under eyes and tear ducts to effectively counteract dark circles. Lauren Valenti, Vogue, "A Guide to Ageless Makeup for Women Over 50, According to an Industry Veteran," 27 Mar. 2019 Her base nearly complete, Marley goes in with NARS’s Radiant Creamy Concealer on the under eyes and contours the hollows of her cheeks before using a powder foundation to seal everything in. Lauren Valenti, Vogue, "Watch Zuri Marley Do Her Full Valentine’s Day Date Night Beauty Look," 13 Feb. 2019 That role is now the under scrutiny by American authorities. Natasha Khan, WSJ, "Meng Wanzhou, Huawei CFO and Founder’s Daughter, Has Been Face of Secretive Company," 6 Dec. 2018 After your face serum and moisturizer, apply a gentle eye cream to the under eyes and lids, like Kiehl’s avocado treatment. Jenna Rennert, Vogue, "The Definitive Guide to Preventing Dry Skin—From a Top Dermatologist," 26 Oct. 2018 Hospital staff told the deputy Rangel left the room and walked out of the hospital despite being under arrest, court documents show. Jay R. Jordan, Houston Chronicle, "Houston DWI suspect who escaped from hospital captured 5 days later," 18 June 2018 After the two boys were moved into the police car, an officer at the end of Lindell's video said the boys were not under arrest. Ryan W. Miller, USA TODAY, "A police officer pointed his gun at 4 unarmed, black teens. Now police are investigating," 12 July 2018 The focus of this administration and the Congress should be on addressing the factors that contribute to the under count of minorities rather than advocating for untested questions that undermine full participation in the Census. Deborah Barfield Berry, USA TODAY, "Census urged to exclude undocumented immigrants in congressional seat count," 8 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'under.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of under

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for under

Adverb

Middle English, adverb & preposition, from Old English; akin to Old High German untar under, Latin inferus situated beneath, lower, infra below, Sanskrit adha

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Statistics for under

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Time Traveler for under

The first known use of under was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for under

under

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of under

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: in or into a position that is below or beneath something especially : in a position that is below the surface of water
: in a forward direction that passes below something
: less than an expected or stated number or amount

under

preposition

English Language Learners Definition of under (Entry 2 of 2)

: in or to a lower place than (something) : below or beneath (something)
: guided or managed by (a person or group)
: controlled or affected by (something)

under

adverb
un·​der | \ ˈən-dər How to pronounce under (audio) \

Kids Definition of under

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : in or into a position below or beneath something The dog squeezed under the fence.
2 : below some quantity or level ten dollars or under

under

preposition

Kids Definition of under (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : lower than and topped or sheltered by under a tree
2 : below the surface of under the sea
3 : in or into such a position as to be covered or hidden by I wore a sweater under my jacket.
4 : commanded or guided by Many soldiers served under George Washington.
5 : controlled or managed by The restaurant is under new management.
6 : affected or influenced by the action or effect of The disease is under treatment.
7 : within the division or grouping of That information is under this heading.
8 : less or lower than (as in size, amount, or rank) The candy costs under a dollar. The package weighs under two pounds.

under

adjective

Kids Definition of under (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : lying or placed below or beneath
2 : lower in position or authority
Hint: The adjective under is often used in combination with other words. underside

under

adverb
un·​der | \ ˈən-dər How to pronounce under (audio) \

Medical Definition of under

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: in or into a condition of unconsciousness put the patient under prior to surgery

under

preposition

Medical Definition of under (Entry 2 of 3)

: receiving or using the action or application of an operation performed under local anesthesia

under

adjective

Medical Definition of under (Entry 3 of 3)

: being in an induced state of unconsciousness given intravenously when the patient is under— C. A. Birch

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More from Merriam-Webster on under

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with under

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for under

Spanish Central: Translation of under

Nglish: Translation of under for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of under for Arabic Speakers

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