run

verb
\ ˈrən How to pronounce run (audio) \
ran\ ˈran How to pronounce ran (audio) \ also chiefly dialectal run; run; running

Definition of run

 (Entry 1 of 3)

intransitive verb

1a : to go faster than a walk specifically : to go steadily by springing steps so that both feet leave the ground for an instant in each step
b of a horse : to move at a fast gallop
c : flee, retreat, escape dropped the gun and ran
d : to utilize a running play on offense used of a football team
2a : to go without restraint : move freely about at will let chickens run loose
b : to keep company : consort a ram running with ewes ran with a wild crowd when he was young
c : to sail before the wind in distinction from reaching or sailing close-hauled
d : roam, rove running about with no overcoat
3a : to go rapidly or hurriedly : hasten run and fetch the doctor
b : to go in urgency or distress : resort runs to mother at every little difficulty
c : to make a quick, easy, or casual trip or visit ran over to borrow some sugar
4a : to contend in a race
b : to enter into an election contest will run for mayor
5a : to move on or as if on wheels : glide file drawers running on ball bearings
b : to roll forward rapidly or freely
c : to pass or slide freely a rope runs through the pulley
d : to ravel lengthwise stockings guaranteed not to run
6 : to sing or play a musical passage quickly run up the scale
7a : to go back and forth : ply the train runs between New York and Washington
b of fish : to migrate or move in considerable numbers especially : to move up or down a river to spawn
8a : turn, rotate a swiftly running grindstone
b : function, operate the engine runs on gasoline software that runs on her computer
9a(1) : to continue in force, operation, or production the contract has two more years to run the play ran for six months
(2) : to have a specified duration, extent, or length the manuscript runs nearly 500 pages
b : to accompany as a valid obligation or right a right-of-way that runs with the land
c : to continue to accrue or become payable interest on the loan runs from July 1
10 : to pass from one state to another run into debt
11a : to flow rapidly or under pressure
b : melt, fuse
c : spread, dissolve colors guaranteed not to run
d : to discharge liquid (such as pus or serum) a running sore
12a : to develop rapidly in some specific direction especially : to throw out an elongated shoot of growth
b : to tend to produce or develop a specified quality or feature they run to big noses in that family
13a : to lie in or take a certain direction the boundary line runs east
b : to lie or extend in relation to something
c : to go back : reach
d(1) : to be in a certain form or expression the letter runs as follows
(2) : to be in a certain order of succession
14a : to occur persistently musical talent runs in the family
b(1) : to remain of a specified size, amount, character, or quality profits were running high
(2) : to have or maintain a relative position or condition (as in a race) ran third running late
c : to exist or occur in a continuous range of variation shades run from white to dark gray
15a : to spread or pass quickly from point to point chills ran up her spine
b : to be current : circulate speculation ran rife

transitive verb

1a : to cause (an animal) to go rapidly : ride or drive fast
b : to bring to a specified condition by or as if by running ran himself to death
c : to go in pursuit of : hunt, chase dogs that run deer
d : to follow the trail of backward : trace ran the rumor to its source
e : to enter, register, or enroll as a contestant in a race
f : to put forward as a candidate for office
g : to carry (the football) on a running play
2a : to drive (livestock) especially to a grazing place
b : to provide pasturage for (livestock)
c : to keep or maintain (livestock) on or as if on pasturage
3a(1) : to pass over or traverse with speed
(2) : to run on or over in athletic competition runs the bases well run the floor
b : to accomplish or perform by or as if by running ran a great race run errands
c : to slip or go through or past run a blockade run a red light
d : to travel on in a boat run the rapids
4a : to cause to penetrate or enter : thrust ran a splinter into her toe
b : stitch
c : to cause to pass : lead run a wire in from the antenna
d : to cause to collide ran his head into a post
e : smuggle run guns
5 : to cause to pass lightly or quickly over, along, or into something ran her eye down the list
6a : to cause or allow (a vehicle or a vessel) to go in a specified manner or direction ran the car off the road
b : operate run a lathe
c : to direct the business or activities of : manage, conduct run a factory
d : to employ or supervise in espionage run an agent
7a : to be full of or drenched with streets ran blood
8a : to cause to move or flow in a specified way or into a specified position run cards into a file
b : to cause to produce a flow (as of water) run the faucet also : to prepare by running a faucet run a hot bath
9a : to melt and cast in a mold run bullets
b : treat, process, refine run oil in a still run a problem through a computer
10 : to make oneself liable to : incur ran the risk of discovery
11 : to mark out : draw run a contour line on a map
12a : to permit (charges) to accumulate before settling run a tab at the bar often used with upran up a large phone bill
b : cost sense 1 rooms that run $50 a night
13a : to produce by or as if by printing usually used with offran off 10,000 copies of the first edition
b : to carry in a printed medium : print every newspaper ran the story
14a : to make (a series of counts) without a miss run 19 in an inning in billiards
b : to lead winning cards of (a suit) successively
c : to alter by addition ran his record to six wins and four losses
15 : to make (a golf ball) roll forward after alighting
16 baseball : to eject (a player, coach, or manager) from a game Ron Luciano ran Weaver early in game one of a doubleheader in 1975, and then ran him again during the lineup meeting prior to the start of game two.— Jeff Burd
run across
: to meet with or discover by chance
run a fever or run a temperature
: to have a fever
run after
1 : pursue, chase especially : to seek the company of
2 : to take up with : follow run after new theories
run against
1 : to meet suddenly or unexpectedly
2 : to work or take effect unfavorably to : disfavor, oppose
run a tight ship
: to have strict and exacting standards in controlling or managing something (such as a business)
run by or run past
: to present to (as for evaluation) ran some ideas by her
run circles around or run rings around
: to show marked superiority over : defeat decisively or overwhelmingly
run dry
1 : to use up an available supply
2 : to become exhausted or spent his inspiration had run dry
run interference
: to provide assistance by or as if by clearing a path through obstructions ran interference for me with the press
run into
1a : to change or transform into : become
b : to merge with
c : to mount up to their yearly income often runs into six figures
2a : to collide with
b : to meet by chance ran into an old classmate the other day
run low on
: to approach running out of running low on options
run one's mouth
: to talk excessively or foolishly
run riot
1 : to act wildly or without restraint
2 : to occur in profusion daffodils running riot
run short
: to become insufficient
run short of
: to use up : run low on
run the numbers
: to perform calculations
run the table
1 : to sink all remaining shots without missing in pool
2 : to win all remaining contests
run to
: to mount up to the book runs to 500 pages
run upon
: to run across : meet with
run with
1 : to use or exploit fully : make the most of took the idea and ran with it
2 : to publicize widely the press ran with the quote

run

noun

Definition of run (Entry 2 of 3)

1a : an act or the action of running : continued rapid movement
b : a quickened gallop
c : a migration of fish (as up or down a river) especially to spawn also : such fish in the process of migration
d : a running race a mile run
e : a score made in baseball by a runner reaching home plate safely
f : strength or ability to run
g : a gain of a usually specified distance made on a running play in football scored on a 25-yard run also : a running play
h : a sustained usually aggressive effort (as to win or obtain something) making a run at the championship
2a chiefly Midland : creek sense 1
b : something that flows in the course of an operation or during a particular time the first run of sap in sugar maples
3a : the stern of the underwater body of a ship from where it begins to curve or slope upward and inward
b : the direction in which a vein of ore lies
c : a direction of secondary or minor cleavage : grain the run of a mass of granite
d : a horizontal distance (such as that covered by a flight of steps)
e : general tendency or direction
4 : a continuous period or series especially of things of identical or similar sort a run of bad luck : such as
a : a rapid passage up or down a scale in vocal or instrumental music
b : a number of rapid small dance steps executed in even tempo
c : the act of making successively a number of successful shots or strokes also : the score thus made a run of 20 in billiards
d : an unbroken course of performances or showings a long run on Broadway
e : a set of consecutive measurements, readings, or observations
f : persistent and heavy demands from depositors, creditors, or customers a run on a bank
5 : the quantity of work turned out in a continuous operation a press run of 10,000 copies
6 : the usual or normal kind, character, type, or group the average run of students
7a : the distance covered in a period of continuous traveling or sailing
b : a course or trip especially if mapped out and traveled with regularity
c : a news reporter's regular territory : beat
d : freedom of movement in or access to a place or area has the run of the house
8a : the period during which a machine or plant is in continuous operation
b : the use of machinery for a single set of processing procedures a computer run
9a : a way, track, or path frequented by animals
b : an enclosure for domestic animals where they may feed or exercise
c Australia
(1) : a large area of land used for grazing a sheep run
(2) : ranch, station run-holder
d : an inclined passageway
10a : an inclined course (as for skiing or bobsledding)
b : a support (such as a track, pipe, or trough) on which something runs
11a : a ravel in a knitted fabric (as in hosiery) caused by the breaking of stitches
b : a paint defect caused by excessive flow
12 runs plural in form but singular or plural in construction : diarrhea used with the
on the run
1 : in haste : without pausing ate lunch on the run
2 : in retreat : in flight (as from the law) an escaped convict on the run
run for one's money
: a serious challenge to one's supremacy is expected to give the incumbent a good run for his money

Definition of run (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : being in a melted state run butter
b : made from molten material : cast in a mold run metal
2 of fish : having made a migration or spawning run a fresh run salmon
3 : exhausted or winded from running

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Other Words from run

Noun

runless \ ˈrən-​ləs How to pronounce runless (audio) \ adjective

Using Run in the Past Tense: Usage Guide

Verb

The past tense run still survives in speech in southern England and in the speech especially of older people in some parts of the U.S. It was formerly used in literature, and was a standard variant in our dictionaries from 1828 until 1934. Grammarians have generally opposed it, and many people consider it nonstandard. Just about everybody uses ran in writing now.

Examples of run in a Sentence

Verb How fast can you run? He runs faster than anyone else on the team. She ran up the stairs to get her jacket. We ran for the train—but missed it. I heard her scream and ran to help. She ran to me for help. The dog ran away from me. The dog ran toward me. When I called the dog, he came running. Don't expect me to come running every time you want something. I'm not your servant. Noun He goes for a six-mile run every evening. She took the dogs out for a run.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Lamb didn’t run a route long enough to become a viable target. Calvin Watkins, Dallas News, "5 thoughts from Cowboys-Rams: Questionable play-calling late in game; injuries pile up for Dallas," 14 Sep. 2020 For the fall 2020 run the DNR is planning to gather 2 million chinook salmon eggs, 1 million brown trout eggs and 900,000 coho salmon eggs. Paul A. Smith, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "The DNR is again forced to use its secondary sites to collect salmon eggs for stocking," 13 Sep. 2020 Sophie Tyl has run a Polish bakery called Siedem Roz for 16 years and is thinking of closing because so few of her customers are coming in for cookies and breads anymore. Lydia Depillis, cleveland, "The big corporate rescue and the America that’s too small to save," 12 Sep. 2020 Those that are available can run as much as $32 a piece. Nate Carlisle, The Salt Lake Tribune, "Utah’s new nursing home goal: Keep the coronavirus outbreaks small," 12 Sep. 2020 Dan Riccio, 57, has run Apple’s hardware engineering division since 2012 and oversees the hardware development of almost every Apple device. Mark Gurman, Fortune, "Apple’s leadership evolves ahead of a post-Tim Cook era," 12 Sep. 2020 The openings run from noon-8 p.m. Saturday and coincide with Cincinnati's Table community take-out dinner, featuring free tamales by Lety Sanchez. Luann Gibbs, The Enquirer, "Top 5 things to do in Cincinnati this weekend: Sept. 11-13," 11 Sep. 2020 Next year, on the 20th anniversary of 9/11, first responders from Indiana will run more than 700 miles to New York City in honor of those who died in 2001. Jordan Erb, The Indianapolis Star, "Memorial Mass honors first responders who died in World Trade Center," 11 Sep. 2020 Also, patients undergoing treatment for failing kidneys run a greater risk, as do those with cancer and other conditions where treatments suppress immune systems. Janet Moore, Star Tribune, "Minnesota reports 13 more deaths from COVID-19," 11 Sep. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Swarbrick’s confidence was rewarded with a 33-6 Irish run collectively in the three seasons that followed, which included the team’s first-ever playoff appearance in 2018. Eric Hansen, The Indianapolis Star, "Notre Dame rewards Brian Kelly with contract extension through 2024 season," 13 Sep. 2020 Gonzalez, hit a two-run home run vs. Zach Plesac to get the Twins started in the second inning. Patrick Reusse, Star Tribune, "Twins, Astros and Dodgers: Funky connection through Marwin," 13 Sep. 2020 Joe Jimenez tossed in the eighth inning and was the only pitcher who did not allow a run. Evan Petzold, Detroit Free Press, "Detroit Tigers blasted, 14-0, for eighth loss to White Sox in nine games," 13 Sep. 2020 Ryan Evans added a 4-yard run with 6:43 left, and also had an interception. cleveland, "No. 8 Hudson has its offense in overdrive in 47-22 victory over Barberton," 12 Sep. 2020 Lawson ran off right tackle and sprinted down the sideline for a 59-yard touchdown run, his first varsity score. James Weber, The Enquirer, "Simon Kenton holds off Highlands in season opener as Chase Crone runs, passes for 300 yards," 12 Sep. 2020 Gardendale found pay dirt on its next drive -- following a failed onside kick attempt by the Cougars -- as L.T Sanders broke loose for a 25-yard touchdown run. Evan Dudley, al, "Clay-Chalkville rolls to 38-17 win over Gardendale," 12 Sep. 2020 Both fires exploded, with Beachie Creek making a spectacular 55-mile run of flame toward the valley. oregonlive, "Oregon’s historic wildfires: the unprecedented was predictable," 12 Sep. 2020 Arkansas State, which gave defending American Athletic champ Memphis a battle last week, will give Kansas State a run for its money as well. Usa Today Sports, USA TODAY, "Bold predictions for Week 2 of the college football season," 12 Sep. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Can consistently reach second level in run support. oregonlive, "Bram Walden, Adidas All-American Bowl selection and 4-star OL, commits to Oregon Ducks over Ohio State, LSU, others," 8 May 2020 Could improve physicality and tackling technique, particularly in run support. oregonlive, "Steven Ortiz Jr., 4-star cornerback, announcing decision Thursday; Oregon Ducks in top 5," 9 Apr. 2020 Brown, a Leroy graduate, spent last season as run game coordinator at Mobile Christian. Ben Thomas | Bthomas@al.com, al, "HS Coaching News: Scott Rials leaving Luverne to take over at Baldwin County," 17 Mar. 2020 Also, this 2020 group is heavy on pass catchers and light on run blockers. Scott Patsko, cleveland, "Tight ends and the Browns at NFL combine 2020: What you need to know," 25 Feb. 2020 The oldest two will be working as volunteers at a run aid station Sunday, waiting for a glimpse of their parents among the capacity field competing in and around Tempe Town Lake. Jeff Metcalfe, azcentral, "Half Ironman triathlon isn't enough, Scottsdale husband-wife taking on full 5 weeks later," 21 Nov. 2019 For more on state budgeting and economic performance, see the states with the best and worst economies , the best and worst states for business , and the best and worst run states in America: a survey of all 50 . Nancy Tengler, USA TODAY, "If you're saving for retirement, remember this: It's really just 20 years of unemployment," 22 Oct. 2019 Unfortunately, Clinton-Dix tends to be a bit passive in run support and really struggles to defeat blocks, even from wide receivers (above clip). John Owning, Dallas News, "Film room: How will new safety Ha Ha Clinton-Dix fit into Cowboys’ defense?," 20 Mar. 2020 Henderson is considered an excellent cover guy, if a little light in run support. Kevin Sherrington, Dallas News, "Do the Cowboys really need to let Byron Jones walk? Maybe not, but they are betting on drafting a CB for a lower price," 7 Mar. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'run.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of run

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

1685, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for run

Verb

Middle English ronnen, alteration of rinnen, intransitive verb (from Old English iernan, rinnan & Old Norse rinna) & of rennen, transitive verb, from Old Norse renna; akin to Old High German rinnan, intransitive verb, "to run," Sanskrit riṇāti "he causes to flow," and probably to Latin rivus "stream"

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Time Traveler for run

Time Traveler

The first known use of run was before the 12th century

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Statistics for run

Last Updated

16 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Run.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/run. Accessed 22 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for run

run

verb
How to pronounce run (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of run

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to move with your legs at a speed that is faster than walking
: to leave a place quickly by running
: to run as part of a sport, for exercise, or in a race

run

noun

English Language Learners Definition of run (Entry 2 of 2)

: an act of running
: a continuous series of similar things
: a continuous series of performances or showings

run

verb
\ ˈrən How to pronounce run (audio) \
ran\ ˈran \; run; running

Kids Definition of run

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to go at a pace faster than a walk
2 : to go rapidly or hurriedly She ran home to get her book.
3 : to take to flight They saw the police and ran.
4 : to pass over, across, or through She ran her fingers through her hair.
5 : function entry 2 That old car is still running.
6 : to cause to function Can you run this machine?
7 : extend sense 2 The trail runs from here to the border.
8 : to move freely about He let the animals run loose.
9 : flow entry 1 sense 1 A brook runs through the field.
10 : to be in charge of : manage My pop runs a newspaper here in town.— Oliver Butterworth, The Enormous Egg
11 : to do something by or as if by running I'm running errands.
12 : to take part in a race
13 : to move on or as if on wheels
14 : to go back and forth often according to a fixed schedule The train runs between Boston and Chicago.
15 : to migrate or move in schools The salmon are running early this year.
16 : to continue in force The exhibit runs until the end of the month.
17 : to pass into a specified condition The well ran dry.
18 : to spread into another area The dyes are guaranteed not to run.
19 : to give off liquid My nose is running.
20 : to tend to develop a specified feature or quality The shirts run small.
21 : to slip through or past They ran the blockade.
22 : to cause to penetrate He ran a knife through the bread.
23 : to cause to go The sheriff ran them out of town. I ran my car off the road.
24 : to take on She ran the risk of being caught.
25 : to print or broadcast Every channel runs the ad.
26 : to be a candidate for office She ran for mayor.
27 : to occur again and again The condition runs in the family.
run away
: to leave home secretly without intending to return
run into
: to meet by chance
run off
: to leave in a hurry
run out
1 : to come to an end Time ran out before I finished.
2 : to become used up Supplies were running out.
run out of
: to use up the available supply of We ran out of gas.
run over

run

noun

Kids Definition of run (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an act or the action of running He took the dog for a run.
2 : a score made in baseball by a base runner reaching home plate
3 : an enclosure for animals where they may feed and exercise
4 : the usual or normal kind It's like the usual run of shops.
5 : a continuous series especially of similar things We have had a long run of good luck.
6 : sudden heavy demands from depositors, creditors, or customers There was a run on the bank.
7 : the quantity of work turned out in a continuous operation
8 : the distance covered in a period of continuous traveling
9 : a regular course or trip
10 : freedom of movement Our guests had the run of the house.
11 : a way, track, or path frequented by animals a deer run
12 : slope entry 1 sense 1 a ski run
13 : a spot in knitted fabric that has unraveled My stocking has a run in it.
\ ˈrən How to pronounce run (audio) \
ran\ ˈran How to pronounce ran (audio) \; run; running

Medical Definition of run

: to discharge fluid (as pus or serum) a running sore
run a fever or run a temperature
: to have a fever

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ran; run; running

Legal Definition of run

1a : to be or continue to be in operation or effect
b : to proceed toward expiration or effectiveness statute of limitations began to run when she received notice of the injury — compare toll
2 : to continue to accrue or become payable in an amount increasing with the passing of time interest running from a particular date
run with the land
: to pass as a right or encumbrance upon the transfer of real property the restrictive covenant ran with the land

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More from Merriam-Webster on run

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for run

Nglish: Translation of run for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of run for Arabic Speakers

Comments on run

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