cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade

cross

verb
crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
b : intersect
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute

cross

adjective

Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges

cross

preposition

Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)

: across

cross

adverb

Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise

Cross

biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician

Cross

geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross

Noun

cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross

Verb

crosser noun

Adjective

crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

crucible, fire, gauntlet (also gantlet), ordeal, trial

Synonyms: Verb

backstab, betray, double-cross, sell (out), two-time

Synonyms: Adjective

cold-blooded (or coldblood), crossbred, hybrid, mixed, mongrel

Antonyms: Verb

stand by

Antonyms: Adjective

blooded, full-blood, full-blooded, purebred, thoroughbred

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun

a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross.

Verb

We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other.

Adjective

I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Little, who is already serving a life sentence for murdering three women in California, has made the series of confessions to the cross-country killings since last year while being held in Texas for the 1994 murder of Denise Christie Brothers. Fox News, "Convicted serial killer Samuel Little may be linked to death of Arkansas woman," 17 July 2019 Hull's decision to stay in the midst of a tumultuous offseason paid off in cross country. oregonlive.com, "Four-time NCAA champion Jessica Hull signs with Nike, joins the Oregon Project," 16 July 2019 Four kids from Australia did not let their age stop them from going on an unsupervised cross-country road trip on Sunday. Caitlin O'kane, CBS News, "Four kids, ages 10 to 14, steal parent's car and go on a nearly 600-mile road trip," 15 July 2019 The three boys and one girl — not all from the same family — packed up one of their parents’ cars with fishing poles, and embarked on the cross-country adventure early Sunday morning, authorities told the BBC. Claudia Harmata, PEOPLE.com, "Kids Ages 10 to 14 Steal Family Car and Go on 600-Mile Road Trip," 15 July 2019 That means a cross-country flight, or at one of great distance, taking place almost weekly. Kaelen Jones, SI.com, "'It Don't Stop': Jalen Rose's Work Days Are a Whirlwind," 11 July 2019 As a sophomore at Marietta High in Ohio, Wickham decided to go out for the cross country and track teams, distance running. Dana Hunsinger Benbow, Indianapolis Star, "Three college athletes, one coach, all pastors at same Greenfield church," 11 July 2019 There are a total of 12 making the cross-country trip with the cast and crew of Hello, Dolly! 2. Manuel Mendoza, Dallas News, "5 things you might not know about Fort Worth's Broadway diva Betty Buckley, starring in 'Hello, Dolly!' tour," 10 July 2019 But those conditions haven’t existed for years in France, where the labor market is stagnant and immobile by American standards, and workers have little culture of moving cross-country for a new job. Adam Nossiter, New York Times, "35 Employees Committed Suicide. Will Their Bosses Go to Jail?," 9 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The next time totality will hit North America won’t be until April 8, 2024, when the shadow of the moon will cross Mexico and Texas before traveling northeast to pass over numerous U.S. states. Michael Waters, Smithsonian, "Photos Capture the Great South American Eclipse," 2 July 2019 The next big total solar eclipse to pass through North America is set for 2024, when the path of totality will cross from Mexico to Maine. Loren Grush, The Verge, "How to watch today’s total solar eclipse if you’re not in a small portion of South America," 2 July 2019 Dylan humorously cross-checks a good story about a police raid that saw some musicians stay to face the music while Stills bolted out a window. Robert Abele, Detroit Free Press, "Doc fondly recalls Laurel Canyon music scene," 27 June 2019 The recognition of the role of trauma in immigration puts the experiences of the thousands of people crossing the border in context, and roots disability advocacy organizations in a large and complicated fight. S.e. Smith, Vox, "Meet the people fighting for health care access for disabled kids detained at the border," 26 June 2019 Virginia also boasts the reigning national champion basketball program, and the thought of playing both sports in college crossed his mind. Adam Lichtenstein, sun-sentinel.com, "Stranahan three-star defensive back Dave Herard commits to Virginia," 25 June 2019 The system will also monitor for danger when crossing intersections, backing out of parking spaces, and opening doors if there's something approaching. Jonathan M. Gitlin, Ars Technica, "The 2019 Audi A7 might be all the car anyone ever needs," 24 June 2019 Where the trail crosses the many dirt roads in the area, be sure to locate the next marker before proceeding to keep from wandering off course. Mare Czinar, azcentral, "Arizona hike: Shady, easy-to-navigate forest trail leads to big mountain views," 21 June 2019 To determine this, their analyst team cross-referenced each of Pixar’s 20 titles with national Google Trends data to discover which film with each state’s border are residents most interested in. Marcus Jones, EW.com, "The most popular Pixar movie in each state," 20 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Kim started doing triathlons in 2002, and ran cross country at the University of Tampa. Hannah Kirby, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "This Raised Grain co-owner used to be a professional cyclist. Sunday, his 6-year-old will be in her first race.," 21 June 2019 Green ran cross country for the first time last fall to help with his pace while still being prepared to deliver his finishing kick. Jace Frederick, Twin Cities, "State boys track: Rosemount’s Otterdahl goes out on top, Eastview’s Green is nation’s best," 8 June 2019 For her accomplishments, Payne -- a West Virginia soccer signee who also ran cross country -- is today named AL.com’s Birmingham Girls Athlete of the Year. Josh Bean | Jbean@al.com, al.com, "Meet 2019 Birmingham Athletes of the Year," 20 June 2019 Mass demonstrations in recent days have galvanized a broad cross-section of society, infuriated by a proposal to amend laws to allow suspects, for the first time, to be transferred to the mainland for trial. Amy Gunia, Time, "Protesters Call for Hong Kong Leader Carrie Lam to Step Down in the Wake of the Failed Extradition Bill," 16 June 2019 Season three followed largely the same sexless trajectory with the two cross-century love birds trying to find their way back to each other. Wendy Naugle, Glamour, "Outlander's Sex Scenes Are More Than Hot—They're Genuinely Feminist," 7 Dec. 2018 There’s not a guarantee that the ingredients a company says are in the supplement will be there, and there can even be cross-contamination with prescription medications and other substances. Cheryl Wischhover, Vox, "Adaptogenic dusts, oils, and pills have a veneer of science, but there’s not much evidence to back them up.," 2 Nov. 2018 The old Air’s battery life was once industry-leading: Thirteen hours—two cross country-flights—without needing a charge. Joanna Stern, WSJ, "New MacBook Air Review: Your Next Laptop Has Arrived (Three Years Late)," 6 Nov. 2018 Getty Think of this as your starting point to the most epic cross-country trip ever. Caitlin Morton, Condé Nast Traveler, "The Most Beautiful Place in Every U.S. State," 9 May 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

At the pageant, children sat cross-legged in the dirt, crowded close to the spindly stage where the contestants spun and danced in red feather headdresses, gold brocade and clouds of tulle. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "A Transgender Paradox, and Platform, in the Philippines," 29 Apr. 2018 In a corner of their studio, a small white robot sits cross-legged, surrounded by coils of sweet-smelling incense. The Economist, "Prophets and profitsIn South Korea fortune-telling will soon be a $3.7bn business," 24 Feb. 2018 The company projects that the merger will result in more than $1 billion in cost savings and eventually generate additional revenue from cross-selling products and services to its customers. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Molinaroli left his mark on Johnson Controls in his brief, tumultuous tenure as CEO," 2 Sep. 2017 Both assertions were rejected in January by a federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., which found that the jury instructions were valid and that the witness already had been cross-examined once, and a second cross would yield nothing materially new. Michael Hiltzik, chicagotribune.com, "A convicted coal executive is still trying to dodge blame for the deaths of 29 miners," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

1551, in the meaning defined above

Adverb

1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Learn More about cross

Dictionary Entries near cross

crosier

crosiered

crosnes

cross

Cross

crossability

crossable

Statistics for cross

Last Updated

19 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for cross

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for cross

cross

noun

English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
: the cross on which Jesus Christ died
: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity

cross

verb

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)
: to go or pass across each other
: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other

cross

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.

cross

verb
crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)

cross

adjective
crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds

cross

adjective

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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More from Merriam-Webster on cross

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cross

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for cross

Spanish Central: Translation of cross

Nglish: Translation of cross for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cross for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cross

Comments on cross

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appealing forcibly to the mind or reason

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