\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade


crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with upHis failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with overcrossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute



Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges

Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)



Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise


biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician


geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross


cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross


crosser noun


crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross. Verb We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other. Adjective I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun So the government filed the officers’ statements to Senior U.S. District Judge Claude Hilton, who will try the case without a jury, enabling him to hear the officers’ version of events without cross-examination. Washington Post, "Park Police officers claim Bijan Ghaisar drove at officer, prompting them to fatally shoot him," 16 Sep. 2020 The county now allows those with little or no direct contact to be played, including cross-country, tennis, golf and swimming. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, "Campus quarantines, no spring break, Vermont’s progress: News from around our 50 states," 16 Sep. 2020 Overall, testers said that these were a great investment running shoe that also work well for cross-training. Leta Shy, SELF, "25 Best Workout Shoes in 2020 for All Types of Exercise," 15 Sep. 2020 Pope John Paul II has earned district and state championships in softball, volleyball, swimming, soccer, football, cross-country and tennis. Kadee Krieger|contributing Writer,, "Pope John Paul II High School community gathers to celebrate," 14 Sep. 2020 Many high schools have started with what are considered the lowest-risk sports: golf, tennis, cross-country, swimming and diving. Tim Bannon,, "'I just want to play': $19 billion youth sports industry powers ahead through the pandemic largely unregulated," 11 Sep. 2020 The team fabricated titanium dioxide nanopillars on glass slides, using an elliptical cross-section rather than a circular one so that the diameter wasn't uniform but had a longer axis and shorter axis. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "Girl With a Pearl Earring," 11 Sep. 2020 After Nelson returned later, Barclay Goodrow cross-checked him in the back of the neck, a play that went uncalled. Stephen Whyno,, "Nikita Kucherov scores with under 9 seconds left in 2-1 Lightning victory over Islanders for 2-0 edge in Eastern finals," 10 Sep. 2020 If football is going to be played, then that likely means cross-country, volleyball, swimming and diving and badminton will also move forward. Richard Obert, The Arizona Republic, "Planned march by student-athletes canceled after Phoenix Union district discusses plans to restart football," 10 Sep. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The state measure exempts professional sports and amateur sports like tennis, golf, cross country, baseball and softball. David Eggert, Star Tribune, "Whitmer: Mask order applies to Big Ten, but may be changed," 17 Sep. 2020 Boys and girls cross country is probably one of the sports least affected by the restrictions placed on practices due to COVID-19. Shawn Mcfarland,, "What’s different about the fall high school season in Connecticut? Here’s how each sport has been affected by the pandemic," 16 Sep. 2020 Fall hashtags on Twitter: Golf, #cincygolf; tennis, #cincytennis; volleyball, #cincyvb; cross country #cincyxc; football, #cincyfb; soccer, #cincysoccer; field hockey, #cincyfh. Alex Harrison, The Enquirer, "Vote: Greater Cincinnati, Northern Kentucky fall high school athletes of the week Sept. 14," 15 Sep. 2020 There are few viable options for Pac-12 cross country teams. oregonlive, "After dealing with a plantar problem in Europe, Donavan Brazier ends his season: Oregon track & field rundown," 26 Aug. 2020 The numbers were confirmed by KATU News who cross-referenced databases from the Multnomah County district attorney, Portland police, and cases being pursued by the U.S. attorney. Bradford Betz, Fox News, "Portland: At least 24 people arrested more than once in protests, riots," 3 Sep. 2020 In 2018, Sony finally opened PS4 titles to cross-platform online play with other consoles after years of public reluctance on that score. Kyle Orland, Ars Technica, "Sony ponders potential PS to PC ports," 31 Aug. 2020 Many homes use Medicare payments for post-acute short-term care to cross-subsidize their long-term beds. Simon Montlake, The Christian Science Monitor, "Why the future of elder care may be fewer nursing homes," 31 Aug. 2020 In typical fashion for a man who in 2018 sent a Tesla Roadster into space, Musk didn’t hesitate to use the event to cross-promote his electric car company. Rebecca Robbins, STAT, "Elon Musk’s Neuralink unveils prototype of brain implants — and looks toward clinical trials," 28 Aug. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective However, under current Census guidelines, seasonal residents who spend less than six months in border communities, as well as cross-border residents who live in Mexico but spend lots of time in the U.S., are not eligible to be counted in 2020. Rafael Carranza, The Arizona Republic, "Census efforts enter final stretch in hard-to-count areas of Arizona's border counties," 19 Sep. 2020 Money transfers on WeChat, which is widely used for cross-border transactions with businesses in China, could also be cut off, but the ban is not expected to cover ordinary people using the app for communication. Washington Post, "China threatens U.S. companies with sanctions following Trump’s WeChat ban," 19 Sep. 2020 Individual editions can be searched, using your computer’s search box, and some cross-edition searching is available., "Community News For The Manchester Edition," 18 Sep. 2020 Marcus’ father, Brian, was then the middle-school cross-country coach. David Woods, The Indianapolis Star, "How an orphaned Ethiopian shepherd became one of Indiana's top distance runners," 18 Sep. 2020 Big Ten teams will play a nine-game schedule that includes a cross-divisional game during championship week — an idea that was suggested by Jim Harbaugh. Orion Sang, Detroit Free Press, "Michigan football players up the intensity after Big Ten's reboot," 17 Sep. 2020 The three-day cross-conference event typically is conducted in late November or early December. Shannon Russell, The Courier-Journal, "Basketball questions remain, but Chris Mack calls Louisville players 'relieved' for season," 17 Sep. 2020 Wisconsin athletic Barry Alvarez stated that the ninth week would allow every team to play a cross-division game to close out the season. Stephen Means, cleveland, "Big Ten football returns: Schedule, news, opt-outs, and everything you need to know for Wednesday," 16 Sep. 2020 The government imposed a lockdown in March to curb the spread of the coronavirus, halting almost all cross-border travel and shuttering most businesses. Michael Cohen,, "South Africa Hails Success in Tackling Virus; Reopens Borders," 16 Sep. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb And that’s the case with this show for which Cai Guo-Qiang, Paul Chan, Richard Prince, Julie Mehretu, Carrie Mae Weems and Jenny Holzer were invited to select six separate yet cross-talking thematic displays, one per ramp. Jason Farago, New York Times, "Holiday Museum Guide: Where to See Art This Season," 28 Nov. 2019 The two men sat cross-legged on the floor in the traditional style, with M.B.Z. serving his father coffee. New York Times, "Mohammed bin Zayed’s Dark Vision of the Middle East’s Future," 9 Jan. 2020 The wax figure sits cross-legged on a chair in the corner of Jenner’s home bar wearing a black sequin Dolce & Gabbana tuxedo jacket, complete with a pair of pointy-toed heels and a diamond ring. Natasha Reda, Glamour, "Kris Jenner Has a Life-Size Wax Figure of Herself in Her House," 21 Dec. 2019 Later in the evening, after Ben and Ella return home from their outing, Ella sits cross-legged on the living room couch, studying an image of her mother outside the flamingo enclosure at the zoo. Caitlin Gibson, Washington Post, "What does it mean to create new life when one parent is dying?," 9 Dec. 2019 At the pageant, children sat cross-legged in the dirt, crowded close to the spindly stage where the contestants spun and danced in red feather headdresses, gold brocade and clouds of tulle. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "A Transgender Paradox, and Platform, in the Philippines," 29 Apr. 2018 In a corner of their studio, a small white robot sits cross-legged, surrounded by coils of sweet-smelling incense. The Economist, "Prophets and profitsIn South Korea fortune-telling will soon be a $3.7bn business," 24 Feb. 2018 The company projects that the merger will result in more than $1 billion in cost savings and eventually generate additional revenue from cross-selling products and services to its customers. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Molinaroli left his mark on Johnson Controls in his brief, tumultuous tenure as CEO," 2 Sep. 2017 Both assertions were rejected in January by a federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., which found that the jury instructions were valid and that the witness already had been cross-examined once, and a second cross would yield nothing materially new. Michael Hiltzik,, "A convicted coal executive is still trying to dodge blame for the deaths of 29 miners," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1551, in the meaning defined above


1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Time Traveler for cross

Time Traveler

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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Statistics for cross

Last Updated

20 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Cross.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 27 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for cross


How to pronounce Cross (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
: the cross on which Jesus Christ died
: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)
: to go or pass across each other
: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.


crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)


crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds



Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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