\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade


crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
b : intersect
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute



Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges



Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)

: across



Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise


biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician


geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross


cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross


crosser noun


crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross. Verb We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other. Adjective I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The women who reported being raped said prosecutors appeared overworked, were unresponsive, and treated initial conversations like cross-examinations. New York Times, 18 July 2021 Trump, who is often at cross-purposes with McConnell, has appeared especially engaged in the Arizona and Georgia races, largely because of his own narrow losses there., 18 July 2021 Dealers will inspect the cross-axis ball joint and replace parts as necessary. Bailey Schulz, USA TODAY, 17 July 2021 Dealers will inspect the cross-axis ball joint and replace it and the knuckle if needed, as well as replace the toe links with a different design. Laura Sky Brown, Car and Driver, 17 July 2021 Ford Motor is recalling about 774,696 Ford Explorers because of potential fractures in the rear suspension, A seized cross-axis ball joint may cause a fractured rear suspension toe link. Chron, 16 July 2021 Mosley agreed during cross-examination Friday that third-party data about properties could be expensive. Jeff Amy, ajc, 16 July 2021 The accuser could testify at the hearing and be subject to cross-examination from Bauer’s attorneys. Los Angeles Times, 15 July 2021 Caraway’s loquacious and colorful testimony in the Hamilton trial turned to spectacle at times during cross-examination, with Lynn repeatedly telling him to wait for questions before answering and not to speak over the defense attorney. Kevin Krause, Dallas News, 15 July 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Even before Blackstenius headed in Sofia Jakobsson’s deft cross in the 25th minute, her colleagues had the Americans pinned back in their own end, forcing corners and making keeper Alyssa Naeher dive and leap and scramble., 22 July 2021 The visit is a testament to Biden's belief that going straight to voters will help cross a barbed political divide. Josh Boak, ajc, 21 July 2021 Customs and Border Protection data show that Cubans have made 26,000 attempts to cross that way so far this fiscal year, some more than once, up from 14,000 all of last year. Washington Post, 20 July 2021 Wildcats were led by a state championship competitive cheer squad, state runner-up teams in boys golf and boys lacrosse, and region title performances in girls cross country and boys tennis. J.c. Carnahan,, 14 July 2021 His teams won five Big Ten track and field titles — three indoors, two outdoors — and made 15 NCAA cross country meet trips, finishing among the top 20 teams eight times. Joe Christensen, Star Tribune, 8 July 2021 The Scots won state titles in team tennis and boys golf while placing in the top five at state in marching band, academics and girls cross country. Dallas News, 1 July 2021 Quincy Watts, a two-time Olympic gold medalist and current Trojans top assistant, has been named USC’s director of track and field and cross country, the university announced on Thursday. Los Angeles Times, 18 June 2021 Seniors on the girls cross country and wrestling teams also had notable wins. Karie Angell Luc,, 1 June 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective A few years back, Ken brought his Veritas, Ore., team east, and ran a sanctioned cross-country meet against South, Boston Latin, and host Weston., 11 July 2021 All told, a record-breaking 2.5 million Americans saw the exhibition during its cross-country tour. Nora Mcgreevy, Smithsonian Magazine, 10 July 2021 Under the new measures, regulation of data security and cross-border data flows, as well as the management of confidential data, will be improved. Zen Soo, ajc, 10 July 2021 The two leaders also discussed the recent renewal of cross-border humanitarian assistance to Syria in the UN Security Council, according to the White House. Maegan Vazquez, CNN, 9 July 2021 Also, a bison embryo makes a cross-country journey for a groundbreaking project and keepers train a coalition of cheetahs to walk the grounds of the zoo. Ed Stockly, Los Angeles Times, 9 July 2021 Booker, one of 2022′s top offensive tackles, recently finished a cross-country road trip that featured official visits to Florida, Oregon, Georgia, Ohio State and Alabama. Kyle Kelly, cleveland, 9 July 2021 Norris, a 30-year-old World Cup cross-country skier, crushed the uphill climb to build a big lead and was never threatened the rest of the way to win. Beth Bragg, Anchorage Daily News, 8 July 2021 The parental support continued cross-state, with the parents driving down I-5 to watch their son play water polo. Ann Killion, San Francisco Chronicle, 8 July 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb Talking to her sometimes feels like being cross-examined by the world’s smallest and cutest litigator. Jessica Grose, New York Times, 28 Apr. 2021 Arradondo was being cross-examined by defense attorney Eric Nelson before court recessed for an afternoon break. Erin Donaghue, CBS News, 6 Apr. 2021 Beshear said every death certificate in the state from that time was pulled and cross-referenced to the COVID list state officials use to determine the count. Steve Bittenbender, Washington Examiner, 22 Mar. 2021 The staffing challenges have also meant some health care workers are being cross-trained to ensure there is coverage in the ICU. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 28 Dec. 2020 Prepare your office for a number of your employees suffering a serious disruption in their work; make sure that the more important positions have employees cross-trained to provide backups just in case. Gleb Tsipursky, Fortune, 29 Oct. 2020 And that’s the case with this show for which Cai Guo-Qiang, Paul Chan, Richard Prince, Julie Mehretu, Carrie Mae Weems and Jenny Holzer were invited to select six separate yet cross-talking thematic displays, one per ramp. Jason Farago, New York Times, 28 Nov. 2019 The two men sat cross-legged on the floor in the traditional style, with M.B.Z. serving his father coffee. New York Times, 9 Jan. 2020 The wax figure sits cross-legged on a chair in the corner of Jenner’s home bar wearing a black sequin Dolce & Gabbana tuxedo jacket, complete with a pair of pointy-toed heels and a diamond ring. Natasha Reda, Glamour, 21 Dec. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1551, in the meaning defined above


1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Time Traveler for cross

Time Traveler

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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Statistics for cross

Last Updated

23 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Cross.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 24 Jul. 2021.

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More Definitions for cross



English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
: the cross on which Jesus Christ died
: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)
: to go or pass across each other
: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.


crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)


crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind


transitive verb

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds



Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

More from Merriam-Webster on cross

Nglish: Translation of cross for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cross for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about cross


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