trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī(-ə)l How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Definition of trial

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the formal examination before a competent tribunal of the matter in issue in a civil or criminal cause in order to determine such issue
2a : the action or process of trying or putting to the proof : test
b : a preliminary contest (as in a sport)
3a : a tryout or experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness — compare clinical trial
b : one of a number of repetitions of an experiment
4 : a test of faith, patience, or stamina through subjection to suffering or temptation broadly : a source of vexation or annoyance

trial

adjective

Definition of trial (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or used in a trial
2 : made or done as a test or experiment
3 : used or tried out in a test or experiment

trial

verb
trialed or trialled; trialing or trialling; trials

Definition of trial (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to test the functioning, value, or usefulness of (something) In 2014, Germany trialed a copyright law granting publishers licensing fees for quoted content.— Kim Willsher So a raft of demonstration projects around the world have trialled "smart grids" that deal with electricity flowing in two directions—accommodating individuals selling power back to the utility company operation …— Caroline Williams

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Synonyms for trial

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Adjective

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Examples of trial in a Sentence

Noun He did not get a fair trial. He testified at the trial. She is awaiting trial on charges of assault. Early trials have shown that the treatment has some serious side effects. Recovering from her injury was a real trial of strength. I know I was a bit of a trial to my parents when I was a teenager. Cold winters can be a trial for older people. Adjective trial use of the product If you choose to use the software beyond the 30-day free trial period, you are required to pay for it.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun With just one week left in Trump's term, the Senate would have to return early from its recess to hold an impeachment trial — even a protracted one — and vote to remove Trump from office. TheWeek, "McConnell won't reconvene Senate for emergency impeachment trial," 13 Jan. 2021 That impeachment took four months before Trump’s Senate trial ended in acquittal, with only one Republican, Utah Sen. Mitt Romney, voting to convict. Tal Kopan, SFChronicle.com, "Eric Swalwell gets prominent role as Trump impeached a second time," 13 Jan. 2021 Chron: Trump's second impeachment trial is underway in the House. Alison Medley, Chron, "How will a second impeachment against Trump work? Rice University expert weighs in," 13 Jan. 2021 The Senate could wait to begin an impeachment trial until Jan. 19, unless all 100 senators agreed to start early. James Pindell, BostonGlobe.com, "Impeaching Trump again is a political no-brainer for Democrats," 13 Jan. 2021 Last week, prosecutors asked Cahill to postpone the March 8 trial to June 7 to reduce public health risks associated with COVID-19. Amy Forliti, Anchorage Daily News, "Former officer who held knee to George Floyd’s neck to be tried separately from others," 13 Jan. 2021 That didn’t stop the House vote or the Senate trial with 40 witnesses. Bart Jansen, USA TODAY, "Impeachment, resignation, 25th Amendment: How Democrats in Congress are trying to remove Trump after Capitol riots," 12 Jan. 2021 The European Medicines Agency’s key scientific committee will meet that day after additional analysis of the trial results and safety and manufacturing data. Jenny Strasburg, WSJ, "AstraZeneca Applies for European Clearance of Covid-19 Vaccine," 12 Jan. 2021 Thao, Kueng and Lane are scheduled to stand trial Aug. 23. Amy Forliti, ajc, "Officer with knee to George Floyd's neck to be tried alone," 12 Jan. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Loujain al-Hathloul has already been in pre-trial detention and has endured several stretches of solitary confinement. Fox News, "Prominent Saudi Arabian women's rights activist sentenced to nearly 6 years in prison," 29 Dec. 2020 Loujain al-Hathloul has already been in pre-trial detention and has endured several stretches of solitary confinement. Fox News, "Prominent Saudi Arabian women's rights activist sentenced to nearly 6 years in prison," 29 Dec. 2020 Loujain al-Hathloul has already been in pre-trial detention and has endured several stretches of solitary confinement. Aya Batrawy, chicagotribune.com, "Loujain al-Hathloul, Saudi women’s rights activist, sentenced to nearly 6 years in prison under vague terrorism law," 28 Dec. 2020 To date, more than 2,800 inmates have contracted coronavirus, and many have recovered, all while the total population has dropped by thousands, in part do to discretionary releases, but also from an apparent decline in pre-trial detentions. Nicholas Rondinone, courant.com, "COVID-19 cases, deaths rise in Connecticut prisons; DOC brings on additional health care workers, increases testing," 25 Dec. 2020 Her post-trial lawyers, Kelley Henry, Amy Harwell, and Lisa Nouri, are trying to contextualise Montgomery's actions, and have her sentence commuted. Elly Belle, refinery29.com, "Lisa Montgomery Endured Years Of Abuse Before Committing Murder. Can Her Death Sentence Be Overturned?," 22 Dec. 2020 Authorities placed him in pre-trial custody after he was charged Friday by a Paris investigative magistrate, Le Parisien reported, citing unidentified sources. Gaspard Sebag, Bloomberg.com, "Epstein Associate Brunel Charged in France With Rape: Parisien," 19 Dec. 2020 He wasn’t called after Judge Mary Staley Clark ruled the state should have access to his notes from pre-trial meetings with Harris and his lawyers. Christian Boone, ajc, "Defense: Ross Harris was stressed, sleep-deprived on day son died," 14 Dec. 2020 The fewest votes in support or opposition to a statewide measure were for Proposition 25, a race in which a majority of voters overturned a 2018 law that sought to abolish cash bail in favor of allowing judges to make pre-trial detainment decisions. John Myers, Los Angeles Times, "More eligible Californians voted in November’s election than any time since 1952," 11 Dec. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'trial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of trial

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

Adjective

1555, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1971, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for trial

Noun

Anglo-French, from trier to try

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Time Traveler for trial

Time Traveler

The first known use of trial was in the 15th century

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Statistics for trial

Last Updated

18 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Trial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/trial. Accessed 22 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for trial

trial

noun
How to pronounce trial (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of trial

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a formal meeting in a court in which evidence about crimes, disagreements, etc., is presented to a judge and often a jury so that decisions can be made according to the law
: a test of the quality, value, or usefulness of something
: a test of someone's ability to do something that is used to see if he or she should join a team, perform in a play, etc.

trial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of trial (Entry 2 of 3)

: relating to or used in a test that is done for a period of time to see if something is worth buying, using, etc.

trial

verb

English Language Learners Definition of trial (Entry 3 of 3)

British : to test the quality, value, or usefulness of (something)

trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī-əl How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Kids Definition of trial

1 : the hearing and judgment of something in court
2 : a test of someone's ability to do or endure something
3 : an experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness
4 : the action or process of trying or testing

trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī(-ə)l How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Medical Definition of trial

1 : a tryout or experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness — see clinical trial
2 : one of a number of repetitions of an experiment

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trial

noun
tri·​al

Legal Definition of trial

: a judicial examination of issues of fact or law disputed by parties for the purpose of determining the rights of the parties — compare hearing, inquest
at trial
: in or during the course of a trial

History and Etymology for trial

Anglo-French, from trier to try

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Comments on trial

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