trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī(-ə)l How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Definition of trial

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the formal examination before a competent tribunal of the matter in issue in a civil or criminal cause in order to determine such issue
2a : the action or process of trying or putting to the proof : test
b : a preliminary contest (as in a sport)
3a : a tryout or experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness — compare clinical trial
b : one of a number of repetitions of an experiment
4 : a test of faith, patience, or stamina through subjection to suffering or temptation broadly : a source of vexation or annoyance
5 : attempt

trial

adjective

Definition of trial (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : of, relating to, or used in a trial
2 : made or done as a test or experiment
3 : used or tried out in a test or experiment

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Synonyms for trial

Synonyms: Noun

cross, crucible, fire, gauntlet (also gantlet), ordeal

Synonyms: Adjective

developmental, experimental, pilot

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Examples of trial in a Sentence

Noun

He did not get a fair trial. He testified at the trial. She is awaiting trial on charges of assault. Early trials have shown that the treatment has some serious side effects. Recovering from her injury was a real trial of strength. I know I was a bit of a trial to my parents when I was a teenager. Cold winters can be a trial for older people.

Adjective

trial use of the product If you choose to use the software beyond the 30-day free trial period, you are required to pay for it.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

France is considering bringing back more than 100 former Islamic State fighters, who would face trial, along with their families. Karla Adam, The Seattle Times, "Shamima Begum, teenager who joined ISIS, to lose UK citizenship," 20 Feb. 2019 Reinforcement algorithms learn through trial-and-error. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Left to Their Own Devices, Pricing Algorithms Resort to Collusion," 12 Feb. 2019 During that time, Jay became an NBC News legal analyst for high-profile cases, including the O.J. Simpson trial, according to The New York Times. Michelle Manetti, Good Housekeeping, "Get to Know Katie Couric's Daughters and Husband Before Ellie Monahan's Wedding," 12 Feb. 2019 The case went to trial in Alameda County Superior Court, where a jury sided with Brown and awarded her more than $3.75 million in damages. Kimberly Veklerov, SFChronicle.com, "Oakland to pay $2.2 million to settle ex-Black Panther’s claim," 12 July 2018 Efforts by the county to have the lawsuit thrown out were unsuccessful, and the lawsuit finally went to trial in April. Allan Vought, The Aegis, "Judge turns down Harford's request to waive bond in $45 million rubblefill judgment appeal," 12 July 2018 After the trial, Tamar gave birth at the age of 16. Chloe Foussianes, Town & Country, "The True Story of I Am the Night: How the Black Dahlia and George Hodel Were Connected," 10 Feb. 2019 Tune into see the trials and tribulations of all the Reagans on Blue Bloods, every Friday at 10 p.m. EST on CBS. Jennifer Aldrich, Country Living, "'Blue Bloods' Star Tom Selleck Confirms If Frank Reagan Will Date a Woman From His Past," 8 Feb. 2019 Fans were torn during the trial, with those who were paying attention falling into roughly two camps. Alexis Jones, Marie Claire, "R. Kelly Docuseries Reminds Us That Not All Stories of Sexual Assault Are Treated Equally," 11 Jan. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

His legal team has cited frigid cell temperature, lack of clean blankets, isolation from other inmates—and the fact that his only reading materials are trial evidence. Zolan Kanno-youngs, WSJ, "Trial of ‘El Chapo’ Poses Unprecedented Challenges," 12 Nov. 2018 People lined up in front of the downtown Orlando courthouse to get tickets for the courtroom where her mother, Casey, stood trial three years later — and was acquitted of murder. Red Huber, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Casey Anthony saga 10 years later — A look back through iconic pictures," 22 June 2018 But the bill would essentially skirt the FDA’s normal approval process to get trial medicines more rapidly to patients with life-threatening illnesses. Stephanie Armour, WSJ, "House Approves Giving Terminally Ill Quicker Access to Experimental Drugs," 22 May 2018 Only 50 of those trial color scheme hoodies were produced and sold in 23 regional shops. Avalon R. Zoppo, Philly.com, "10 years after Rowan student's brutal killing, $100K reward remains unclaimed," 30 Oct. 2017 Trial 5 (Epilogue) The Funk Situation: Standard build-up from a couple weeks of coffee/water use. Maggie Lange, Bon Appetit, "How to Get the Coffee Taste Out of Your Water Bottle," 29 Aug. 2017 Trial lawyer Jen Jordan has already announced her candidacy. Greg Bluestein, ajc, "Georgia GOP’s ex-minority engagement guru seeks state Senate gig," 17 Aug. 2017 A trial court decision that Microsoft should be broken up was overturned on appeal (though not the court’s finding of monopoly), and ultimately the case was settled by the George W. Bush administration. Paula Dwyer, Bloomberg.com, "Should America’s Tech Giants Be Broken Up?," 20 July 2017 Trial counsel runs around the conference table in his office and threatens to call the police. Tresa Baldas, Detroit Free Press, "Kwame Kilpatrick: I tried to beat up my lawyer before trial; he ran around a table," 13 July 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'trial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of trial

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

Adjective

1555, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for trial

Noun

Anglo-French, from trier to try

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Statistics for trial

Last Updated

9 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for trial

The first known use of trial was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for trial

trial

noun

English Language Learners Definition of trial

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a formal meeting in a court in which evidence about crimes, disagreements, etc., is presented to a judge and often a jury so that decisions can be made according to the law
: a test of the quality, value, or usefulness of something
: a test of someone's ability to do something that is used to see if he or she should join a team, perform in a play, etc.

trial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of trial (Entry 2 of 2)

: relating to or used in a test that is done for a period of time to see if something is worth buying, using, etc.

trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī-əl How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Kids Definition of trial

1 : the hearing and judgment of something in court
2 : a test of someone's ability to do or endure something
3 : an experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness
4 : the action or process of trying or testing

trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī(-ə)l How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Medical Definition of trial

1 : a tryout or experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness — see clinical trial
2 : one of a number of repetitions of an experiment

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trial

noun
tri·​al

Legal Definition of trial

: a judicial examination of issues of fact or law disputed by parties for the purpose of determining the rights of the parties — compare hearing, inquest
at trial
: in or during the course of a trial

History and Etymology for trial

Anglo-French, from trier to try

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More from Merriam-Webster on trial

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with trial

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for trial

Spanish Central: Translation of trial

Nglish: Translation of trial for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of trial for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about trial

Comments on trial

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