Definition of jury trial
: a trial that is decided by a jury I demand my right to a jury trial.
Word by Word Definitions
: a body of persons sworn to give a verdict on some matter submitted to them
: a body of persons legally selected and sworn to inquire into any matter of fact and to give their verdict according to the evidence
: a committee for judging and awarding prizes at a contest or exhibition
: improvised for temporary use especially in an emergency : makeshift
: the formal examination before a competent tribunal of the matter in issue in a civil or criminal cause in order to determine such issue
: the action or process of trying or putting to the proof : test
: a preliminary contest (as in a sport)
: of, relating to, or used in a trial
: made or done as a test or experiment
: used or tried out in a test or experiment
Legal Definition of jury trial
: a trial in which a jury serves as the trier of fact —called also trial by jury — compare bench trial
Additional Notes on jury trial
The right to a jury trial is established in the U.S. Constitution, but it is not an absolute right. The Supreme Court has stated that petty crimes (as those carrying a sentence of up to 6 months) do not require trial by jury. The right to a jury trial in a criminal case may be waived by the “express and intelligent consent” of the defendant, usually in writing, as well as, in federal cases, the approval of the court and consent of the prosecutor. There is no right to a jury trial in equity cases. When a civil case involves both legal and equitable issues or procedure, either party may demand a jury trial (and failure to do so is taken as a waiver), but the judge may find that there is no right to a jury trial because of equitable issues or claims.
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