\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade


crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
b : intersect
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute



Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges



Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)

: across



Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise


biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician


geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross


cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross


crosser noun


crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

crucible, fire, gauntlet (also gantlet), ordeal, trial

Synonyms: Verb

backstab, betray, double-cross, sell (out), two-time

Synonyms: Adjective

cold-blooded (or coldblood), crossbred, hybrid, mixed, mongrel

Antonyms: Verb

stand by

Antonyms: Adjective

blooded, full-blood, full-blooded, purebred, thoroughbred

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Examples of cross in a Sentence


a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross.


We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other.


I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

For a huge swath of the populace -- a cross-section of generations and political stripes -- the messages exposed the arrogance and insolence of a political elite long divorced from the struggles of ordinary people. Ray Sanchez, CNN, "The sudden downfall of one of Puerto Rico's most powerful political dynasties," 2 Aug. 2019 This helped in dealing with a cross-section of customers. Jay Nordlinger, National Review, "Hilde Zadek’s Last Wishes," 26 July 2019 During cross examination, the mother denied the teen was abused in her custody. Cassandra Jaramillo, Dallas News, "Dallas teen accused in series of rapes, slaying of 23-year-old woman will face trial as an adult," 24 July 2019 The bill had broad support from a cross-section of organizations and leaders., "Governor signs sweeping juvenile justice bill into law," 22 July 2019 During cross-examination, defense attorney Christine Lepera attempted to poke holes in Decker’s claim regarding the ostinatos' alleged uniqueness. Chris Eggertsen, Billboard, "Musicologist Backs Up Copyright Infringement Claim Against Katy Perry on Day Two of 'Dark Horse' Trial," 20 July 2019 Apache Lake Music Festival will celebrate its 10th year of presenting a stellar cross-section of the Valley's most popular artists with two days of music and camping on Oct. 18 and 19. Ed Masley, azcentral, "Apache Lake Music Festival announces its 10th anniversary lineup and it's packed with local talent," 10 July 2019 According to the company, 3M’s display will feature a cross-section of 3M products made in the U.S. that represents all of its businesses. Deanna Weniger, Twin Cities, "3M products will be on display at White House event this month," 1 July 2019 Schnell said, and instead hope to attract a cross-section of people who enjoy racing and socializing at parties to watch ball games and other live sporting events. Grace Schneider, The Courier-Journal, "Louisville's downtown betting club means big bucks for Churchill. But how much is a secret," 24 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Southbound I-205 travelers in Vancouver who are heading to the airport will need to take SR 14 westbound and cross into Portland using the Interstate Bridge., "Portland Wednesday traffic: Glenn Jackson Bridge/I-205 closes overnight for sign bridge installation," 14 Aug. 2019 On the busy floor, cross-cultural exchanges are inevitable and often delightful. Jamie Feldmar, Los Angeles Times, "Super King is L.A.’s most beloved international supermarket — and the customers are fiercely loyal," 14 Aug. 2019 So some analysts want a credible, possibly cross-party, commitment to establish a fund that would disburse several hundred billion euros over the next decade. The Economist, "Germany’s economy just shrank. Will the government open the spending taps?," 14 Aug. 2019 The Denver Post also confirmed the New York Times’ report Tuesday evening that Hickenlooper met privately with U.S. Sen. Michael Bennet in Iowa, where the two Coloradans crossed paths at a fundraising dinner. Nic Garcia, The Denver Post, "John Hickenlooper is considering a Senate run amid pressure from national Democrats," 13 Aug. 2019 Rookie cornerback Marvell Tell grabbed Cain’s jersey as the receiver crossed Tell's body to make a play on the ball, but Cain somehow found a way to dive, reach out and catch the ball. Joel A. Erickson, Indianapolis Star, "Colts camp observations: Rock Ya-Sin, Deon Cain light up shortened practice," 12 Aug. 2019 Betts walked up the alley beside Blind Bob’s, ignoring an easily accessible crowd on the patio, before crossing Fifth. Paige Williams, The New Yorker, "Leading Dayton, Ohio, in an Era of Guns, Trump, and Madness," 12 Aug. 2019 For instance, some Labour MPs from northern constituencies that voted heavily for Brexit will undoubtedly cross the floor to signal they’re keeping faith with the referendum result. John O'sullivan, National Review, "Brexit: The Rubik’s Cube of British Politics," 12 Aug. 2019 The other obvious thing is that the last variable—demographics and crime—has been crossed out. Cassie Werber, Quartz at Work, "Solve your next big problem at work or home with the help of a logic tree," 7 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Pro-democracy protests have traditionally attracted a broad cross-section of Hong Kong society. James Griffiths, CNN, "Mob violence tests the limits of Hong Kong's leaderless protest movement," 15 Aug. 2019 While détente with the Soviets had prominent advocates in both parties, the Soviet regime was loathed by a broad cross-section of Americans in a way Xi’s regime is not. Jonathan S. Tobin, National Review, "Don’t Dismiss Communist China’s Critics," 23 July 2019 The growing frequency and intensity of disasters is being felt in every region of the country and across a broad cross-section of the economy, from energy and real estate to farming and fisheries. Daniel Cusick, Scientific American, "Climate Change Will Strain Federal Finances," 18 July 2019 His struggles in appealing to a broad cross-section of the Democratic primary electorate have raised growing questions about his continued viability in the primary. NBC News, "Buttigieg: Citizenship question is racially motivated census manipulation," 12 July 2019 Wisconsin's nominees were cross country and track and field national champion Morgan McDonald for the men's award and national champion swimmer Beata Nelson on the women's side. Jr Radcliffe, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin native Megan Gustafson named Big Ten female athlete of the year," 3 July 2019 Source: Pollstar Lower prices help Mr. Sheeran attract a broad cross-section of potential fans, music executives say. Neil Shah, WSJ, "Ed Sheeran Is On Track for the No. 1 Concert Tour of All Time. Here’s How.," 19 June 2019 Kim started doing triathlons in 2002, and ran cross country at the University of Tampa. Hannah Kirby, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "This Raised Grain co-owner used to be a professional cyclist. Sunday, his 6-year-old will be in her first race.," 21 June 2019 Green ran cross country for the first time last fall to help with his pace while still being prepared to deliver his finishing kick. Jace Frederick, Twin Cities, "State boys track: Rosemount’s Otterdahl goes out on top, Eastview’s Green is nation’s best," 8 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

At the pageant, children sat cross-legged in the dirt, crowded close to the spindly stage where the contestants spun and danced in red feather headdresses, gold brocade and clouds of tulle. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "A Transgender Paradox, and Platform, in the Philippines," 29 Apr. 2018 In a corner of their studio, a small white robot sits cross-legged, surrounded by coils of sweet-smelling incense. The Economist, "Prophets and profitsIn South Korea fortune-telling will soon be a $3.7bn business," 24 Feb. 2018 The company projects that the merger will result in more than $1 billion in cost savings and eventually generate additional revenue from cross-selling products and services to its customers. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Molinaroli left his mark on Johnson Controls in his brief, tumultuous tenure as CEO," 2 Sep. 2017 Both assertions were rejected in January by a federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., which found that the jury instructions were valid and that the witness already had been cross-examined once, and a second cross would yield nothing materially new. Michael Hiltzik,, "A convicted coal executive is still trying to dodge blame for the deaths of 29 miners," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1551, in the meaning defined above


1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Statistics for cross

Last Updated

16 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for cross

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for cross



English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
: the cross on which Jesus Christ died
: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)
: to go or pass across each other
: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.


crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)


crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds



Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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More from Merriam-Webster on cross

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cross

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for cross

Spanish Central: Translation of cross

Nglish: Translation of cross for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cross for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about cross

Comments on cross

What made you want to look up cross? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


a usually brief trip or an expedition

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