1

throw

verb \ ˈthrō \
Updated on: 19 Nov 2017

Definition of throw

threw play \ˈthrü\; thrown play \ˈthrōn\; throwing
transitive verb
1 a : to propel through the air by a forward motion of the hand and arm
  • throw a baseball
b : to propel through the air in any manner
  • a rifle that can throw a bullet a mile
c : pitch 6b
  • threw a no-hitter
2 a : to cause to fall
  • threw his opponent
b : to cause to fall off : unseat
  • the horse threw its rider
c : to get the better of : overcome
  • the problem didn't throw her
3 a : to fling (oneself) precipitately
  • threw herself down on the sofa
b : to drive or impel violently : dash
  • the ship was thrown on a reef
4 a (1) : to put in a particular position or condition
  • threw her arms around him
  • thrown into chaos
  • threw him into prison
(2) : to put on or off hastily or carelessly
  • threw on a coat
b : to bring to bear : exert
  • threw all his efforts into the boy's defense
  • throw their weight behind the proposal
c : build, construct
  • threw a pontoon bridge over the river
5 : to give by way of entertainment
  • throw a party
6 : to indulge in : give way to
  • threw a temper tantrum
7 : to lose intentionally
  • throw a game
8 : to form or shape on a potter's wheel
9 : to deliver (a blow) in or as if in boxing
10 a : to make a cast of (dice or a specified number on dice)
b : roll 1a
  • throw a bowling ball
11 : to give up : abandon
12 : to send forth : project
  • the setting sun threw long shadows
; also : shed 3c
  • throw some light on the matter
13 : to make (oneself) dependent : commit (oneself) for help, support, or protection
  • threw himself on the mercy of the court
14 : to perform (something, such as a stunt) successfully
  • throwing tricks on a skateboard
15 a : to bring forth
  • throws a good crop
b : to give birth to
  • threw large litters
16 a : to move (a lever) so as to connect or disconnect parts of a clutch or switch; also : to make or break (a connection) with a lever
b : to put (an automobile) in a different gear especially quickly or suddenly
  • he threw the car into reverse
17 : deposit 2b
  • the wine throws sediment
18 : to twist two or more filaments of into a thread or yarn
intransitive verb
: cast, hurl

thrower

play \ˈthrō-ər\ noun
throw cold water on
: to discourage especially through pessimism or indifference
throw money at
: to spend large sums of money on or for especially recklessly or ineffectively
  • trying to solve problems by throwing money at them
throw one's weight around or throw one's weight about
: to exercise influence or authority especially to an excessive degree or in an objectionable manner
throw to the wolves
: to leave unprotected against fierce opposition or attack
throw together
1 : to put together in a hurried and usually careless manner
  • a bookshelf hastily thrown together
2 : to bring into casual association
  • different kinds of people are thrown together
  • —Richard Sennett

Examples of throw in a Sentence

  1. She threw the ball to first base.

  2. We threw our hats in the air at the end of the ceremony.

  3. Let's see how far you can throw.

  4. You throw like a wimp.

  5. She threw her coat on the bed.

  6. Don't throw your trash on the ground. Throw it in the trash can.

  7. The wrestler threw his opponent to the mat.

  8. The crash threw the driver from the car.

  9. She was thrown from the horse.

  10. The storm threw the boat against a reef.

Recent Examples of throw from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'throw.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of throw

Middle English thrawen, throwen to cause to twist, throw, from Old English thrāwan to cause to twist or turn; akin to Old High German drāen to turn, Latin terere to rub, Greek tribein to rub, tetrainein to bore, pierce

throw Synonyms

Synonym Discussion of throw

throw, cast, toss, fling, hurl, pitch, sling mean to cause to move swiftly through space by a propulsive movement or a propelling force. throw is general and interchangeable with the other terms but may specifically imply a distinctive motion with bent arm.
    • can throw a fastball and a curve
cast usually implies lightness in the thing thrown and sometimes a scattering.
    • cast it to the winds
toss suggests a light or careless or aimless throwing and may imply an upward motion.
    • tossed the coat on the bed
fling stresses a violent throwing.
    • flung the ring back in his face
hurl implies power as in throwing a massive weight.
    • hurled himself at the intruder
pitch suggests throwing carefully at a target.
    • pitch horseshoes
sling stresses either the use of whirling momentum in throwing or directness of aim.
    • slung the bag over his shoulder

2

throw

noun

Definition of throw

1 a : an act of throwing, hurling, or flinging
b (1) : an act of throwing dice
(2) : the number thrown with a cast of dice
c : a method of throwing an opponent in wrestling or judo
2 : the distance a missile may be thrown or light rays may be projected
3 a : a light coverlet (as for a bed)
b : a woman's scarf or light wrap
4 : an undertaking involving chance or danger : risk, venture
5 : the amount of vertical displacement produced by a geological fault
6 a : the extreme movement given to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam, crank, or eccentric : stroke
b : the length of the radius of a crank or the virtual crank radius of an eccentric or cam
a throw
: for each one : apiece
  • copies are to be sold at $5 a throw
  • —Harvey Breit

Examples of throw in a Sentence

  1. The quarterback made a perfect throw.

  2. He lost all his winnings on his last throw.

  3. a discus throw of 200 feet

  4. It's a long throw from center field to home plate.

Recent Examples of throw from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'throw.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of throw

1530

throw Synonyms

Synonyms
adventure, chance, crapshoot, enterprise, flier (also flyer), flutter [chiefly British], speculation, gamble, venture
Antonyms
sure thing
Related Words
bet, hazard, stake, wager; liberty; dark horse, long shot, play

THROW Defined for English Language Learners

throw

verb

Definition of throw for English Language Learners

  • : to cause (something) to move out of your hand and through the air by quickly moving your arm forward

  • : to put (something) in a particular place in a careless or forceful way

  • : to cause (someone or something) to move suddenly or forcefully to or away from a particular place


throw

noun

Definition of throw for English Language Learners

  • : an act of throwing something (such as a ball)

  • : an act of rolling dice

  • : the distance over which something is thrown or could be thrown


THROW Defined for Kids

1

throw

verb \ ˈthrō \

Definition of throw for Students

threw \ˈthrü\; thrown \ˈthrōn\; throwing
1 : to send through the air with a quick forward motion of the arm
  • Throw me a ball.
2 : to put suddenly in a certain position or condition
  • Don't throw trash on the ground.
  • They threw him in prison.
3 : to cause to fall
  • The horse threw its rider.
4 : to put on or take off in a hurry
  • Let me throw on a coat.
5 : to move (the body or part of the body) in a certain way
  • I threw myself on the bed.
  • He threw his arms around her.
6 : to move (as a window or switch) to an open or closed position
7 : to give by way of entertainment
  • Let's throw a party!

thrower

noun
throw away
1 : to get rid of : discard
2 : squander, waste
  • Don't throw away your money.
throw out
1 : to get rid of
  • Did you throw out the newspaper?
2 : to remove from a place, position, or participation
  • The ref threw out two players.
3 : to give off
  • The wire threw out sparks.
4 : to cause to project : extend
  • He threw out his arms.
throw up
: 2vomit

Synonym Discussion of throw

throw, toss, and hurl mean to cause something to move swiftly through space often by using the arm. throw is the broadest word and can be used of almost any motion and driving force.
    • The graduates threw their caps in the air.
    • A crash threw the driver from the car.
toss is used for a light or careless throwing of something.
    • Let's toss a coin.
    • He tossed the paper into the wastebasket.
hurl is used when throwing with strong force.
    • An angry mob hurled rocks.

2

throw

noun

Definition of throw for Students

1 : an act of causing something to move with a motion of the arm
2 : the distance something is or may be sent with a motion of the arm


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