cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade

cross

verb
crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
b : intersect
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute

cross

adjective

Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges

cross

preposition

Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)

: across

cross

adverb

Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise

Cross

biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician

Cross

geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross

Noun

cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross

Verb

crosser noun

Adjective

crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

crucible, fire, gauntlet (also gantlet), ordeal, trial

Synonyms: Verb

backstab, betray, double-cross, sell (out), two-time

Synonyms: Adjective

cold-blooded (or coldblood), crossbred, hybrid, mixed, mongrel

Antonyms: Verb

stand by

Antonyms: Adjective

blooded, full-blood, full-blooded, purebred, thoroughbred

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun

a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross.

Verb

We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other.

Adjective

I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

To comfortably sit cross-legged on the grass in your skirt, wear Spanx or boy shorts underneath. Marina Liao, Marie Claire, "These Coachella Outfit Ideas Are So Good, You'll Be Watching the Likes Roll In," 7 Mar. 2019 Later, motifs evolved to reflect Christian symbols, such as a cross or fish. Arricca Elin Sansone, Country Living, "The History of Easter Eggs and Why They're Decorated," 25 Feb. 2019 In a rare photo of her youngest son — who turns 2 in August — Journey sits cross-legged while wearing a green Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles t-shirt. Maria Pasquini, PEOPLE.com, "Turtle Time! Megan Fox’s Son Journey Sweetly Pays Tribute to His Mother in Adorable New Photo," 29 June 2018 Joseph Livingston was sitting cross-legged in his yard with other children during a neighborhood gathering on Labor Day in 2016 as a neighbor set off fireworks on the other side of their cul-de-sac. Meredith Cohn, baltimoresun.com, "With 4th of July come warnings about dangers from fireworks," 28 June 2018 Perez talks about childhood memories of sitting cross-legged in the corner of her aunt’s television studio, sketching in a notebook and listening while her aunt carried out her interviews. John Schmid, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "With childhood trauma in spotlight, Milwaukee native's book profiles woman who saves lives," 22 June 2018 Now, the 22-year-old enjoys documenting his cross-country travels with his fiancé, Isabel Rock. Eileen Reslen, Good Housekeeping, "This Is Why Molly Roloff Is Barely on "Little People, Big World"," 2 Apr. 2019 For centuries, trading ships visiting the port city of Veracruz expedited cross-cultural pollination. Providence Cicero, The Seattle Times, "Chester Gerl’s versatile, crunchy salsa macha is so much more than a chip dip," 2 Jan. 2019 And companies engage not just in trade, but in cross-border investment too. The Economist, "America Inc and the rage against Beijing," 28 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

In a selfie posted today, the supermodel is posing coyly in a cushy chair, her legs crossed quite intentionally to expose the gaping wide hole across the back of her denim pants. Vogue, "Emily Ratajkowski’s Wardrobe Malfunction Is Instagram Gold," 1 May 2019 Although Jeremy and Audrey lived just miles from one another in Helvetia, Oregon, the two never crossed paths. Michelle Manetti, Good Housekeeping, "5 Times Jeremy and Audrey Roloff's Book 'A Love Letter Life' Got Extremely Real," 12 Apr. 2019 As Firefox, and later Chrome, rose to challenge Internet Explorer's dominance, cross-browser testing became essential, and standards adherence became more valuable. Peter Bright, Ars Technica, "Google isn’t the company that we should have handed the Web over to," 17 Dec. 2018 Poll workers must be in superb physical condition to cross mountains, rivers, deserts, forests and national parks. Amrit Dhillon, The Seattle Times, "Poll workers journey to reach India’s most remote voters," 14 Apr. 2019 On Croatia's initial attempt to cross the ball near the front of the goal, an English defender kicked the ball away and sent it up in the air. Khadrice Rollins, SI.com, "Watch: Croatia Grabs Win Over England With Goal in Extra Time," 11 July 2018 Fans shouldn't cross out any hopes for a crossover. Tamara Fuentes, Seventeen, "Kiernan Shipka Reveals Cole Sprouse Was Her Celebrity Idol Growing Up," 25 Mar. 2019 Whether or not Kate and Clarke will cross paths in relation to the campaign is unclear right now, but both women are obviously staunch supporters of the amazing work that individuals in the nursing profession do on a daily basis. Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kate Middleton & Emilia Clarke Share a Special Connection," 16 Mar. 2019 This is fear of the ocean, or gephyrobia, which is the fear of crossing bridges. Katie Robinson, Town & Country, "A Charlie Brown Christmas," 8 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Season three followed largely the same sexless trajectory with the two cross-century love birds trying to find their way back to each other. Wendy Naugle, Glamour, "Outlander's Sex Scenes Are More Than Hot—They're Genuinely Feminist," 7 Dec. 2018 There’s not a guarantee that the ingredients a company says are in the supplement will be there, and there can even be cross-contamination with prescription medications and other substances. Cheryl Wischhover, Vox, "Adaptogenic dusts, oils, and pills have a veneer of science, but there’s not much evidence to back them up.," 2 Nov. 2018 The old Air’s battery life was once industry-leading: Thirteen hours—two cross country-flights—without needing a charge. Joanna Stern, WSJ, "New MacBook Air Review: Your Next Laptop Has Arrived (Three Years Late)," 6 Nov. 2018 Getty Think of this as your starting point to the most epic cross-country trip ever. Caitlin Morton, Condé Nast Traveler, "The Most Beautiful Place in Every U.S. State," 9 May 2018 Already by 8 pm Eastern, polls in a fairly broad cross-section of regions and swing districts will have closed. Andrew Prokop, Vox, "It could take days — or weeks — to find out which party won Congress," 6 Nov. 2018 The victim was on the school robotics team, student council, ran cross country and played in the marching band, Dwyer said. Fox News, "Police: Teen fatally stabs love rival at Detroit-area school," 12 Sep. 2018 Blind spot monitoring with rear cross traffic alert is also standard. Jeff Yip, Houston Chronicle, "Toyota’s all-new 2019 Avalon hits dealerships in May," 28 Apr. 2018 That’s mainly because Germans have learned from history that government shutdowns tend to be one of the least successful measures to force cross-party cooperation. Rick Noack, Washington Post, "Why other countries don’t have government shutdowns," 9 Feb. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

At the pageant, children sat cross-legged in the dirt, crowded close to the spindly stage where the contestants spun and danced in red feather headdresses, gold brocade and clouds of tulle. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "A Transgender Paradox, and Platform, in the Philippines," 29 Apr. 2018 In a corner of their studio, a small white robot sits cross-legged, surrounded by coils of sweet-smelling incense. The Economist, "Prophets and profitsIn South Korea fortune-telling will soon be a $3.7bn business," 24 Feb. 2018 The company projects that the merger will result in more than $1 billion in cost savings and eventually generate additional revenue from cross-selling products and services to its customers. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Molinaroli left his mark on Johnson Controls in his brief, tumultuous tenure as CEO," 2 Sep. 2017 Both assertions were rejected in January by a federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., which found that the jury instructions were valid and that the witness already had been cross-examined once, and a second cross would yield nothing materially new. Michael Hiltzik, chicagotribune.com, "A convicted coal executive is still trying to dodge blame for the deaths of 29 miners," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

1551, in the meaning defined above

Adverb

1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Dictionary Entries near cross

crosier

crosiered

crosnes

cross

Cross

crossability

crossable

Statistics for cross

Last Updated

10 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for cross

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for cross

cross

noun

English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
: the cross on which Jesus Christ died
: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity

cross

verb

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)
: to go or pass across each other
: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other

cross

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.

cross

verb
crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)

cross

adjective
crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds

cross

adjective

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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More from Merriam-Webster on cross

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cross

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for cross

Spanish Central: Translation of cross

Nglish: Translation of cross for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cross for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cross

Comments on cross

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