cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade

cross

verb
crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with upHis failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with overcrossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute

cross

adjective

Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges

Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)

cross

adverb

Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise

Cross

biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician

Cross

geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross

Noun

cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross

Verb

crosser noun

Adjective

crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross. Verb We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other. Adjective I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The possibility of cross-play between the PS4 and PS5 is promising, but a big divide is likely to remain between PlayStation and Xbox. Simon Hill, Wired, "How the PlayStation 5 Improves on the PS4—and How It Doesn’t," 8 Oct. 2020 Excellent football teams and traditions and a cross-over game with UCLA, who’s got great talent and great challenge. James Crepea | The Oregonian/oregonlive, oregonlive, "What Mario Cristobal said before Oregon Ducks open preseason camp," 7 Oct. 2020 Bloomberg examined hundreds of pages of filings and cross-referenced them with public records to identify the lenders involved in the criminal cases. Michelle F Davis, Bloomberg.com, "PPP Scammers Made Fintech Companies Their Lenders of Choice," 7 Oct. 2020 The poverty rate declined across a large cross-section of the country, reaching a record low for a roughly three-year period. John F. Cogan And John B. Taylor, WSJ, "Trump’s Economic Dream Come True," 6 Oct. 2020 Attracting a cross-section of viewers was the point. Melena Ryzik, New York Times, "Black Stars, Classic Sitcoms and a Serious Message: Vote," 6 Oct. 2020 For outdoor events without seating, cross-country or golf for example, a site must maintain no more than 30 fans per 1,000 square feet at the location, with a maximum of 1,000 people. Kirkland Crawford, Detroit Free Press, "MHSAA to allow some fans at indoor events; no change to face covering mandates," 6 Oct. 2020 The Bears’ cross-division game is at Arizona State and the Cardinal’s is at home against Colorado. Steve Kroner, SFChronicle.com, "Pac-12 football openers: Washington at Cal, Stanford at Oregon on Nov. 7," 3 Oct. 2020 While our experiment is not large enough to be a scientific sample, it is designed to give a consistent cross-section of mail in key neighborhoods, week by week. Matt Wynn And Dan Keemahill, USA TODAY, "How USA TODAY is measuring swing state mail leading up to the election, and beyond," 2 Oct. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Without subsidized enrollees and federal overpayments for subsidized healthy enrollees, which indirectly cross-subsidize the nominally unsubsidized, it has been estimated that individual market enrollment would collapse by 80 percent. Chris Pope, National Review, "Why Didn’t Obamacare’s Mandate Work?," 29 Sep. 2020 Graphika found that many of the same accounts shut down by Facebook lived elsewhere online and that, within those platforms, the same assets cross-posted one another. Jamie Tarabay, Bloomberg.com, "Facebook Takedown Exposed Wider Russian Ops Network, Study Says," 25 Sep. 2020 The brothers were members of Westfield High School's boys cross-country and track teams. Chris Sims, The Indianapolis Star, "What we know about Carmel teens killed in weekend plane crash," 22 Sep. 2020 The Mountain West has yet to decide on the fate of the challenge series, which was supposed to begin this season but involves flying teams cross-country for a single game, not exactly ideal in the teeth of a pandemic. Mark Zeigler, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Aztecs have start date for basketball season, now must figure out schedule," 16 Sep. 2020 Starting from the far outside post, No. 18, Velazquez was able to cross the track without getting tangled in traffic. Tim Sullivan, The Courier-Journal, "How jockey John Velazquez won a third Kentucky Derby in his first competition with Authentic," 6 Sep. 2020 The Rockets were able to cross midfield on their second drive but L.T. Sanders fumbled into the hands of Pinson Valley’s Tradarrius Swanson. Evan Dudley, al, "Pinson Valley rallies for 26-15 win over Gardendale," 4 Sep. 2020 Local traffic will have access but will not be able to cross the work zone between Austin and Wilson. Staff Report, NOLA.com, "Meeting, closures planned in St. Tammany Parish," 17 Aug. 2020 If Adams was a little bit slower to react or maintained his pre-snap alignment a little bit longer, the tight end would have been able to cross Adams’ face and impede his progress toward the ball carrier. John Owning, Dallas News, "Film room: What kind of impact would a do-it-all safety like Jamal Adams have in the Cowboys’ defense?," 22 June 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective In February, a Supreme Court ruling closed off the possibility for families in cross-border shooting cases to seek remedies within the U.S. court system. Rafael Carranza, The Arizona Republic, "After Supreme Court rules against them, families in cross-border shootings turn to international watchdog," 10 Oct. 2020 As the pandemic continues to evolve over the coming months, these restrictions will surely continue to change, which poses difficulties for musicians planning cross-country shows. Kristen Chuba, Billboard, "Will Live Events Return? There May Be No 'Back to Normal'," 10 Oct. 2020 That makes the prospect of negotiations to tamp down cross-strait tensions more unlikely. Michael Schuman, The Atlantic, "Taiwan Is the Next Front in the U.S.-China Standoff," 10 Oct. 2020 Seventeen of Minnesota’s current track athletes also compete in cross-country. Marcus Fuller, Star Tribune, "University of Minnesota decisionmakers called 'tone-deaf' for thinking outdoor track doesn't need indoor season," 9 Oct. 2020 So far, a handful of games, including Destiny 2, Chivalry 2, and Worms Rumble have confirmed cross-play support. Simon Hill, Wired, "How the PlayStation 5 Improves on the PS4—and How It Doesn’t," 8 Oct. 2020 The Tel Aviv exchange, which made its own market debut a year ago, has 1,020 stocks including several technology companies that are cross-listed in the U.S. Filipe Pacheco, Bloomberg.com, "Tel Aviv, Abu Dhabi Exchanges Study Dual Listings in Talks," 8 Oct. 2020 In a world that overprescribes all-wheel drive and cross-brand parts sharing, Cadillac remains stubbornly and admirably committed to rear-drive sports sedans. Eric Tingwall, Car and Driver, "$50,000 Sports Sedans Compared: 2020 BMW M235i Gran Coupe vs. 2020 Cadillac CT4-V vs. 2020 Mercedes-AMG A35," 8 Oct. 2020 Impersonation and cross-dressing laws aren’t unique to National City. Gustavo Solis, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Did you know cross-dressing is outlawed in National City?," 8 Oct. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb And that’s the case with this show for which Cai Guo-Qiang, Paul Chan, Richard Prince, Julie Mehretu, Carrie Mae Weems and Jenny Holzer were invited to select six separate yet cross-talking thematic displays, one per ramp. Jason Farago, New York Times, "Holiday Museum Guide: Where to See Art This Season," 28 Nov. 2019 The two men sat cross-legged on the floor in the traditional style, with M.B.Z. serving his father coffee. New York Times, "Mohammed bin Zayed’s Dark Vision of the Middle East’s Future," 9 Jan. 2020 The wax figure sits cross-legged on a chair in the corner of Jenner’s home bar wearing a black sequin Dolce & Gabbana tuxedo jacket, complete with a pair of pointy-toed heels and a diamond ring. Natasha Reda, Glamour, "Kris Jenner Has a Life-Size Wax Figure of Herself in Her House," 21 Dec. 2019 Later in the evening, after Ben and Ella return home from their outing, Ella sits cross-legged on the living room couch, studying an image of her mother outside the flamingo enclosure at the zoo. Caitlin Gibson, Washington Post, "What does it mean to create new life when one parent is dying?," 9 Dec. 2019 At the pageant, children sat cross-legged in the dirt, crowded close to the spindly stage where the contestants spun and danced in red feather headdresses, gold brocade and clouds of tulle. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "A Transgender Paradox, and Platform, in the Philippines," 29 Apr. 2018 In a corner of their studio, a small white robot sits cross-legged, surrounded by coils of sweet-smelling incense. The Economist, "Prophets and profitsIn South Korea fortune-telling will soon be a $3.7bn business," 24 Feb. 2018 The company projects that the merger will result in more than $1 billion in cost savings and eventually generate additional revenue from cross-selling products and services to its customers. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Molinaroli left his mark on Johnson Controls in his brief, tumultuous tenure as CEO," 2 Sep. 2017 Both assertions were rejected in January by a federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., which found that the jury instructions were valid and that the witness already had been cross-examined once, and a second cross would yield nothing materially new. Michael Hiltzik, chicagotribune.com, "A convicted coal executive is still trying to dodge blame for the deaths of 29 miners," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

1551, in the meaning defined above

Adverb

1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Time Traveler for cross

Time Traveler

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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Statistics for cross

Last Updated

14 Oct 2020

Cite this Entry

“Cross.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cross. Accessed 19 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for cross

cross

noun
How to pronounce Cross (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
: the cross on which Jesus Christ died
: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity

cross

verb

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)
: to go or pass across each other
: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other

cross

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.

cross

verb
crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)

cross

adjective
crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds

cross

adjective

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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Comments on cross

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