\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade


crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
b : intersect
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute



Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges



Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)

: across



Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise


biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician


geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross


cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross


crosser noun


crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross. Verb We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other. Adjective I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The senior was thinking about Dylan Dorrell, a Guyer senior cross country runner who died in August. Greg Riddle, Dallas News, "Running for a teammate who passed away, Denton Guyer’s Brynn Brown breaks state-meet record in the 3,200," 9 May 2021 The Board of Regents decided to spare the cross country team but eliminate the alpine team, something Anderson used as a rallying point during fundraising efforts. Beth Bragg, Anchorage Daily News, "After a year off, Turnagain Arm Trail Run returns with a fast course and no bear scares," 8 May 2021 Junior Charlie North ran a 3:55.62a to move into No. 3 all time for Franklin ahead of PIL Hall of Famer Bryce Burgess, who won two consecutive 3,000-meter state crowns as well as a cross country crown his senior year. oregonlive, "Four teams’ athletes and coaches run a mile in honor of Elden Kellar: Week 3 in Oregon high school track and field," 5 May 2021 The judges on Monday focused at one point on whether the case was still relevant because one of the plaintiffs, Lindsay Hecox, had dropped out of Boise State University after failing to qualify for the women's cross country team. NBC News, "U.S. appeals court considers Idaho transgender athletes ban," 4 May 2021 The Razorbacks have also won SEC championships in soccer, men’s and women’s cross country, and men’s and women’s indoor track and field in the past six months. Matt Jones, Arkansas Online, "Arkansas wins SEC softball championship," 4 May 2021 Track season had been canceled, with cross country axed in the fall. Eric Sondheimer Columnist, Los Angeles Times, "Prep Rally: Biggest track meet of the year is Saturday," 3 May 2021 The judges on Monday focused at one point on whether the case was still relevant because one of the plaintiffs, Lindsay Hecox, had dropped out of Boise State University after failing to qualify for the women's cross country team. Keith Ridler, Star Tribune, "US appeals court considers Idaho transgender athletes ban," 3 May 2021 It should be noted that Gilson has a bit of a rivalry with Grace Hartman of Dayton Oakwood, who kept Gilson from winning her third consecutive cross country title last fall, winning by 0.1 on a lean at the finish line. Joe Magill, cleveland, "Mayfield’s Nick Biega, Mentor’s Paige Floriea and Michael Petrovic lead the way at Saturday’s Mentor Relays," 1 May 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The shocking scene where Bullett and Jan then try to double-cross each other — with Bullett ending up on the wrong end of Jan's gun — was added by Ritchie during filming. Bryan Alexander, USA TODAY, "Scott Eastwood fuels Jason Statham's fury in 'Wrath of Man,' talks blood money ending (spoilers)," 8 May 2021 Massachusetts will soon cross the threshold of having more than 4 million residents with at least one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine — meaning almost 58 percent the population has some measure of immunity to the deadly virus., "Mass. will soon have over 4 million residents who’ve gotten at least one dose of the vaccine. So what does that mean?," 7 May 2021 And with the first day of spring long gone, spring cleaning won’t cross my mind until next year. Deena Campbell, Essence, "This Is The Only Brand I Use to Clean My Entire House," 7 May 2021 Nepali citizens can now only cross from India at 13 out of 35 border points, according to Nepal's Foreign Minister, Pradeep Kumar Gyawali. Julia Hollingsworth, Sophie Jeong And Asha Thapa, CNN, "Nepal's cases skyrocket, prompting concern the country's outbreak could mimic India's," 6 May 2021 More than 90,000 Americans and Mexicans cross the busy portal at San Ysidro each day to go to school or work, to shop or to meet with friends and relatives. Los Angeles Times, "As immigrants seek refuge, America struggles to live up to its promise," 6 May 2021 In Texas’ Rio Grande Valley, migrants cross in groups of more than 50 or 100 and often turn themselves in to authorities, hoping to be processed and then released until their court date. USA Today, "Local police are helping Border Patrol catch migrants at the border. That’s bad policy, experts say," 3 May 2021 With no immigration controls, residents cross freely as if in a single town—shopping, working, dating and even marrying across the border. Luciana Magalhaes, WSJ, "Brazil Covid-19 Variant Tears Through South America in Warning to World," 28 Apr. 2021 Many expelled under Title 42 try again to cross the border, often with the help of the smugglers, and potentially could further complicate efforts to stop the spread of the virus. Dianne Solis, Dallas News, "Will pandemic-related measures fall at the U.S.-Mexico border?," 27 Apr. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Nearby on the damp wood sat a half-dozen students, masked, cross-legged and bundled into jackets against a slight springtime chill. Washington Post, "Indians in West Bengal line up to vote amid runaway covid outbreak," 29 Apr. 2021 Eventually Breeze plans to start flying bigger planes cross-country and overseas. Jeremy Bogaisky, Forbes, "JetBlue’s Founder Thinks You Need A Vacation – And He’s Launching A New Airline To Get You There," 28 Apr. 2021 The approach is similar to previous cross-sector campaigns to fund HIV treatment, when donors contributed small sums to provide medication to HIV-positive individuals. Star Tribune, "Gates aids fundraising drive for global vaccine distribution," 28 Apr. 2021 Gibraltar has begun vaccinating the 15,000 predominantly Spanish cross-border workers employed in the territory. Will Horner, WSJ, "Want a Peek at Post-Covid Life? Check Out Gibraltar," 28 Apr. 2021 Newbury Park track coach Sean Brosnan said his top runners have already decided to bypass the Southern Section championships for other races and to prepare for the 2021 cross-country season. Eric Sondheimer Columnist, Los Angeles Times, "CIF will hold regional playoffs but no state track finals," 28 Apr. 2021 Originally set in 1884, the time zones were intended to synchronize cross-country railroad transportation. Christian Wade, Washington Examiner, "New Hampshire weighs plan to ditch daylight savings," 28 Apr. 2021 Ekman left Papua New Guinea, frustrated by his first attempt at cross-cultural research on emotional expression. Kate Crawford, The Atlantic, "Why We Shouldn’t Trust AI to Tell Us What We Feel," 27 Apr. 2021 He was cross-trained to play both right guard and right tackle. Omar Kelly,, "Dolphins sending Ereck Flowers back to Washington, trading starting guard on eve of draft," 27 Apr. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb Arradondo was being cross-examined by defense attorney Eric Nelson before court recessed for an afternoon break. Erin Donaghue, CBS News, "Minneapolis police chief testifies Chauvin's actions violated policy," 6 Apr. 2021 Beshear said every death certificate in the state from that time was pulled and cross-referenced to the COVID list state officials use to determine the count. Steve Bittenbender, Washington Examiner, "Audit adds deaths to Kentucky’s COVID-19 numbers," 22 Mar. 2021 The staffing challenges have also meant some health care workers are being cross-trained to ensure there is coverage in the ICU. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, "Sandhill cranes, black-footed ferrets, Washington crossing the Delaware: News from around our 50 states," 28 Dec. 2020 Prepare your office for a number of your employees suffering a serious disruption in their work; make sure that the more important positions have employees cross-trained to provide backups just in case. Gleb Tsipursky, Fortune, "It may sound far-fetched, but businesses need to be ready for an election-related disaster," 29 Oct. 2020 And that’s the case with this show for which Cai Guo-Qiang, Paul Chan, Richard Prince, Julie Mehretu, Carrie Mae Weems and Jenny Holzer were invited to select six separate yet cross-talking thematic displays, one per ramp. Jason Farago, New York Times, "Holiday Museum Guide: Where to See Art This Season," 28 Nov. 2019 The two men sat cross-legged on the floor in the traditional style, with M.B.Z. serving his father coffee. New York Times, "Mohammed bin Zayed’s Dark Vision of the Middle East’s Future," 9 Jan. 2020 The wax figure sits cross-legged on a chair in the corner of Jenner’s home bar wearing a black sequin Dolce & Gabbana tuxedo jacket, complete with a pair of pointy-toed heels and a diamond ring. Natasha Reda, Glamour, "Kris Jenner Has a Life-Size Wax Figure of Herself in Her House," 21 Dec. 2019 Later in the evening, after Ben and Ella return home from their outing, Ella sits cross-legged on the living room couch, studying an image of her mother outside the flamingo enclosure at the zoo. Caitlin Gibson, Washington Post, "What does it mean to create new life when one parent is dying?," 9 Dec. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1551, in the meaning defined above


1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Time Traveler for cross

Time Traveler

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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Statistics for cross

Last Updated

12 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Cross.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 13 May. 2021.

Style: MLA
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More Definitions for cross



English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
: the cross on which Jesus Christ died
: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)
: to go or pass across each other
: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.


crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)


crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds



Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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