cross

noun
\ˈkrȯs \

Definition of cross 

(Entry 1 of 8)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution

b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified

2a : crucifixion

b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.

3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders

4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol

b capitalized : the Christian religion

5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave

6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature

7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration

8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing

9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love

10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals

b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.

c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.

11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw

b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross

12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another

13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross

b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle

14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade

cross

verb
crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 8)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across

b : intersect

2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over

3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list

4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms

5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose

(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict

b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct

c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.

(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal

6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state

b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.

c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers

7a : to draw a line across

b : to mark or figure with lines : streak

8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize

9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.

10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.

11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection

12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river

b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate

2 : to lie or be athwart each other

3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions

cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed

: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker

cross paths

: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip

cross swords

: to engage in a dispute

cross

adjective

Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 8)

1a : lying across or athwart

b : moving across cross traffic

2a : running counter : opposite

b : mutually opposed cross purposes

3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal

4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper

5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges

cross

preposition

Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 8)

: across

cross

adverb

Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 8)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise

Cross

biographical name
\ˈkrȯs \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 8)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician

Cross

geographical name
\ˈkrȯs \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 8)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross

Noun

cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross

Verb

crosser noun

Adjective

crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

crucible, fire, gauntlet (also gantlet), ordeal, trial

Synonyms: Verb

backstab, betray, double-cross, sell (out), two-time

Synonyms: Adjective

cold-blooded (or coldblood), crossbred, hybrid, mixed, mongrel

Antonyms: Verb

stand by

Antonyms: Adjective

blooded, full-blood, full-blooded, purebred, thoroughbred

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun

a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross.

Verb

We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other.

Adjective

I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The school announced on Wednesday Tebow will be recognized during halftime of the annual cross-division matchup. Khadrice Rollins, SI.com, "Florida Will Induct Tim Tebow Into Ring of Honor During LSU Game Oct. 6," 11 July 2018 The graves are marked by unadorned metal pipe crosses — but bear no names. Carol Marbin Miller, miamiherald, "A painful reunion at school of horror," 11 July 2018 Until this year’s Pyeongchang Olympics, Bill Koch was the only American to reach the Olympic podium in the sport of cross country skiing, winning a silver medal in the 30-kilometer event at the 1976 Innsbruck Games. Roxanna Scott, USA TODAY, "Olympic gold medalist Kikkan Randall diagnosed with breast cancer," 11 July 2018 Cale recalls a thrilling cross-pollination of forms that benefited the live show and its digital counterpart. Jessica Gelt, latimes.com, "John Lithgow's latest stage isn't a stage at all: How theater is moving to your phone and car," 9 July 2018 Meeting up in Tokyo, the bands sat down for an exclusive interview with Billboard to talk about how the cross-cultural collaboration happened. Jeff Benjamin, Billboard, "Watch Epik High & End of the World Discuss Their Cross-Cultural Collaboration: Exclusive," 9 July 2018 Charlotte’s first road game is at cross-county rival Davidson on Nov. 27. charlotteobserver, "How does the Charlotte 49ers’ nonconference basketball schedule stack up?," 9 July 2018 Outside of minicamp, Peterson has cross-trained as well. Katherine Fitzgerald, azcentral, "Cardinals' Patrick Peterson enjoying summer before 'getting back to play-making ways'," 2 July 2018 Such cross-fertilisation is improving Latin American journalism overall, even in Nicaragua. The Economist, "Latin America’s new media are growing up," 14 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Some of the boys at Casa Padre were separated from their parents at the border, but most were caught crossing without a parent or guardian. BostonGlobe.com, "A migrant child’s days in detention included cleaning toilets," 14 July 2018 The zero-tolerance policy calls for the criminal prosecution of anyone caught crossing the border illegally. Andrew O'reilly, Fox News, "Trump admin says all eligible immigrant children reunited with families, but some still held for safety concerns," 13 July 2018 The zero-tolerance policy calls for the criminal prosecution of anyone caught crossing the border illegally. Colleen Long, chicagotribune.com, "Trump administration says eligible migrant children reunited with families, but some parents already deported," 12 July 2018 Days after taking office, Trump said anyone in the U.S. without authorization was a priority for deportation, and directed Customs and Border Protection to detain every unauthorized immigrant caught crossing the border until their case was resolved. Margaret Hartmann, Daily Intelligencer, "Trump Returns to ‘Catch and Release’ for Migrant Families – But Maybe Not for Long," 11 July 2018 President Donald Trump, Attorney General Jeff Sessions and other administration officials have argued that nearly all immigrants caught crossing the border illegally should be detained and quickly deported. WSJ, "Trump Administration Plans to Ask Court to Approve Choice for Migrant Parents," 11 July 2018 LAist Key ruling: A federal judge in Los Angeles dealt the Trump administration a significant blow by rejecting its attempt to indefinitely detain immigrant children caught crossing the border illegally with their parents. Shelby Grad, latimes.com, "Essential California: Why the heat left so many powerless in L.A.," 10 July 2018 Attorneys for the government had previously argued that releasing those who were caught crossing the border illegally while their immigration cases were pending encourages others to attempt to do the same. baltimoresun.com, "Trump appears to walk back 'zero tolerance' immigration policy as it rushes to reunite families," 10 July 2018 Attorneys for the government had previously argued that releasing those who were caught crossing the border illegally while their immigration cases were pending encourages others to attempt to do the same. Kristina Davis, sandiegouniontribune.com, "Trump administration says detained parents must decide whether to keep families intact," 10 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The other 4 to 9 spots are open to involved citizens, business owners, committee or board members, and builders or developers to provide a broad cross-section of the community. Karen Huppertz, ajc, "Norcross seeking volunteers for committee openings," 5 June 2018 The criss-cross rattan takes the starch out of a formal bed frame shape without sacrificing any drama. Joanna Linberg, Sunset, "10 Stunning Rattan Pieces for Your Home," 22 Jan. 2018 Ruth Borst, Julian’s mother, ran cross country at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Mich., and running has always been part of her life. Stefanie Loh, The Seattle Times, "As a new Special Olympics USA Games men’s 5,000m champ is crowned, a rivalry blooms," 2 July 2018 This also means the SAT scores provide a broad cross-section of student performance. Kevin Richert, idahostatesman, "Idaho's spring standardized test scores improved. But the SAT had lackluster numbers.," 20 June 2018 Al-Abadi has led a more cross-sectarian government marked by his ability to balance the interests of his two allies often at odds: the U.S. and Iran. Washington Post, "Iraqi polls open in first elections since victory over IS," 12 May 2018 Al-Abadi has led a more cross-sectarian government marked by his ability to balance the interests of his two allies often at odds: the U.S. and Iran. BostonGlobe.com, "Polls close across Iraq in first vote since victory over Islamic State," 12 May 2018 Channeling her '80s days, the singer wore a ton of tiny layered cross necklaces along with some rosary beads. Lauren Alexis Fisher, Harper's BAZAAR, "Like A Prayer, Madonna Graced The Met Gala Covered in Crosses," 8 May 2018 Louisville dominates state cross country meet (Nov. 4, 2017) Louisville produced four individual champions and three team champions at the State Cross Country Meet held at the Kentucky Horse Park. Jason Frakes, The Courier-Journal, "Louisville area's top 10 high school sports stories from 2017-18," 22 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

At the pageant, children sat cross-legged in the dirt, crowded close to the spindly stage where the contestants spun and danced in red feather headdresses, gold brocade and clouds of tulle. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "A Transgender Paradox, and Platform, in the Philippines," 29 Apr. 2018 In a corner of their studio, a small white robot sits cross-legged, surrounded by coils of sweet-smelling incense. The Economist, "Prophets and profitsIn South Korea fortune-telling will soon be a $3.7bn business," 24 Feb. 2018 The company projects that the merger will result in more than $1 billion in cost savings and eventually generate additional revenue from cross-selling products and services to its customers. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Molinaroli left his mark on Johnson Controls in his brief, tumultuous tenure as CEO," 2 Sep. 2017 Both assertions were rejected in January by a federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., which found that the jury instructions were valid and that the witness already had been cross-examined once, and a second cross would yield nothing materially new. Michael Hiltzik, chicagotribune.com, "A convicted coal executive is still trying to dodge blame for the deaths of 29 miners," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

1551, in the meaning defined above

Adverb

1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

Verb

see cross entry 1

Adjective

see cross entry 1

Preposition

see cross entry 1

Adverb

see cross entry 1

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Learn More about cross

Dictionary Entries near cross

crosier

crosiered

crosnes

cross

Cross

crossability

crossable

Statistics for cross

Last Updated

11 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for cross

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for cross

cross

noun

English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment

the Cross : the cross on which Jesus Christ died

: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity

cross

verb

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)

: to go or pass across each other

: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other

cross

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry

cross

noun
\ˈkrȯs \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other

2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity

3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.

cross to bear

: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.

cross

verb
crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.

2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!

3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.

4 : to go across : intersect

5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose

6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.

7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.

8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids

9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.

cross off

: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.

cross out

: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.

cross someone's mind

: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.

cross yourself

: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)

cross

adjective
crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable

2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb

cross

noun
\ˈkrȯs \

Medical Definition of cross 

(Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one

2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals

b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds

cross

adjective

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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Comments on cross

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