cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 5)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade

cross

verb
crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 5)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
b : intersect
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute

cross

adjective

Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 5)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges

cross

preposition

Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 5)

: across

cross

adverb

Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 5)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross

Noun

cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

Other Words from cross

Verb

crosser noun

Adjective

crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Adjective

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross. Verb We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other. Adjective I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Participating businesses also fly a blue-and-white flag, which bears a circular logo incorporating an oyster shell and the name of the trail, and cross-promote one another through informal referrals. Emily Cataneo, Smithsonian Magazine, 12 Aug. 2022 Sixty-eight Bnei Moshe passed a stringent cross-examination. Dominic Green, WSJ, 12 Aug. 2022 Holmes accessorized with a maroon cross-body bucket bag with gold hardware and rectangular black sunglasses. Rosa Sanchez, Harper's BAZAAR, 11 Aug. 2022 The fuselage is optimized for aerodynamic efficiency by being slightly larger in cross-section at the front than at the back. Rohit Jaggi, Robb Report, 11 Aug. 2022 In fact, a Science Magazine study of how disposable income can be used to promote happiness concluded that spending money on others promotes happiness (both cross-sectionally and longitudinally) more than spending money on oneself. Laura Jennings, Forbes, 10 Aug. 2022 The trial will resume Thursday morning with Gibbons' continued cross-examination of Reineck. Tresa Baldas, Detroit Free Press, 10 Aug. 2022 But most of these cross-over models felt more comfortable scrambling up hills than on the smooth and level, like a mountain bike with slightly less knobby tires. Jonathan Beverly, Outside Online, 9 Aug. 2022 Then there was the time that Gibbons was competing on The Celebrity Apprentice in 2015, and called on Newton-John to fly cross-country for a last-minute performance on the show's season finale. Rachel Desantis, Peoplemag, 9 Aug. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Scott McLaughlin finished fourth and was followed by Josef Newgarden as the Penske drivers worked together to cross the finish line in a row. Jenna Fryer, ajc, 30 July 2022 Scott McLaughlin finished fourth and was followed by Josef Newgarden as the Penske drivers worked together to cross the finish line in a row. Jenna Fryer, oregonlive, 30 July 2022 Right-hander Rico Garcia also allowed one run to cross in the eighth. Andy Kostka, Baltimore Sun, 24 July 2022 Trailing 15-3, Chapman lifted a two-out pop-up on the infield that fell between catcher Kevin Plawecki, reliever Kaleb Ort and third baseman Rafael Devers for a base hit that allowed another run to cross. Aaron Bracy, Chicago Tribune, 23 July 2022 Trailing 15-3, Chapman lifted a two-out pop-up on the infield that fell between catcher Kevin Plawecki, reliever Kaleb Ort and third baseman Rafael Devers for a hit that allowed another run to cross. Kyle Hightower, San Francisco Chronicle, 22 July 2022 Was there some line congressional Democrats were unwilling to cross in the name of securing a deal? Kate Aronoff, The New Republic, 19 July 2022 Move aside Forrest Gump: Michael Wardian, a 48-year-old man from Arlington, Virginia, ran more than 3,200 miles to cross the U.S. in 62 days, finishing on Friday. Natasha Dye, PEOPLE.com, 1 July 2022 Monday’s derailment followed an incident Sunday in which three people in a sedan were killed about 20 miles west of Stockton, Calif., when the car tried to cross in front of an Amtrak train. Anchorage Daily News, 29 June 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of cross

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

1551, in the meaning defined above

Adverb

1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

Learn More About cross

Time Traveler for cross

Time Traveler

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Dictionary Entries Near cross

crosnes

cross

Cross

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Statistics for cross

Last Updated

16 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Cross.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cross. Accessed 16 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for cross

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.

cross

verb
crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)

cross

adjective
crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

cross

transitive verb

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds

cross

adjective

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

Cross biographical name

\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross

 (Entry 1 of 2)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician

Cross

geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 2 of 2)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

More from Merriam-Webster on cross

Nglish: Translation of cross for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cross for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cross

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