cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade

cross

verb
crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
b : intersect
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute

cross

adjective

Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges

cross

preposition

Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)

: across

cross

adverb

Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise

Cross

biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician

Cross

geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross

Noun

cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross

Verb

crosser noun

Adjective

crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

crucible, fire, gauntlet (also gantlet), ordeal, trial

Synonyms: Verb

backstab, betray, double-cross, sell (out), two-time

Synonyms: Adjective

cold-blooded (or coldblood), crossbred, hybrid, mixed, mongrel

Antonyms: Verb

stand by

Antonyms: Adjective

blooded, full-blood, full-blooded, purebred, thoroughbred

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun

a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross.

Verb

We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other.

Adjective

I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Sometimes the screen will also help inform customers about what the car is doing—for example, if the car stops to let a pedestrian cross, the screen will make that clear. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "Waymo One, the groundbreaking self-driving taxi service, explained," 5 Dec. 2018 Her jewelry is simple: a delicate cross celebrating her cultural background and her family’s dedication to church. Fawnia Soo Hoo, Glamour, "The Costumes in Widows Mirror Each Woman’s Journey," 15 Nov. 2018 Heuser’s image featured prominently on Sayoc’s van; the rest of it was covered in slogans attesting to Trump’s greatness, as well as images of Democratic figures with cross-hairs stamped over their faces. Bijan Stephen, The Verge, "That Trump tank meme on Cesar Sayoc’s van was made as a joke, creator says," 26 Oct. 2018 Then get the heart rate pumping by standing up and performing a jab-cross with the dumbbells. Leah Prinzivalli, SELF, "Jennifer Lopez's 8-Move Arm and Back Workout Is a Total-Body Challenge," 5 Oct. 2018 Also in the cross hairs are three vulnerable Democrats running for re-election in states won by President Trump. Chris Stirewalt, Fox News, "Dem revolt threatens another incumbent," 12 Sep. 2018 As People reported, Rose showed up to Ace of Diamonds in West Hollywood with her new 'do, a cross between the pastel hair trend and the wet look seen on other celebrities like Kim Kardashian and Margot Robbie. Emily Wang, Allure, "Amber Rose Now Has Waist-Grazing Purple Hair, and She Looks So Different," 31 July 2018 Ecuador, which had planned to introduce the measure, was the first to find itself in the cross hairs. Eric Levitz, Daily Intelligencer, "It’s Normal for the U.S. to Put Corporate Profits Above Babies’ Health," 10 July 2018 Ecuador, which had planned to introduce the measure, was the first to find itself in the cross-hairs. New York Times, BostonGlobe.com, "US opposition to breast-feeding resolution stuns world health officials," 9 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Fingers crossed that the mutants can strike gold again with The New Mutants. Darren Orf, Popular Mechanics, "The 2019 Sci-Fi Film Guide," 3 Jan. 2019 Their monopole trap thus set, now all the researchers have to do is watch and wait, fingers crossed. Adam Hadhazy, Discover Magazine, "Scientists Hunt for A Seeming Paradox: A Magnet With Only One Pole," 13 Nov. 2018 But Trump may stand on sturdier political footing in the next stage of debate over how to deal with families accused of crossing the border illegally, according to a Washington Post-Schar School poll released last week. Scott Clement, Washington Post, "The public rejected Trump’s child-separation policy, but a majority supports his push to detain families until court hearings," 13 July 2018 Many of the families crossing the border illegally are seeking asylum due to violence in their native countries. Sarah Gray, Fortune, "'Eligible' Children Under 5 Have Been Reunited With their Families, Trump Administration Says," 12 July 2018 The Obama administration reacted by significantly expanding family detention, expediting the deportation of families apprehended crossing the border. NBC News, "Separated from son, one migrant mom takes on the feds," 7 July 2018 However, as technology improved, comic games started to cross into other genres, and less mainstream series started to make appearances on game consoles and PCs in households across America. Michael Thompson, Ars Technica, "Drawn together: The love affair between comics and games," 24 Dec. 2018 Having access to all the music equipment all the time [at home in Portland], the lines started to cross. Rachel Hahn, Vogue, "The Argentinian Artist Whose Colorful Closet and Music Are Inspired by Postmodern Furniture," 24 Dec. 2018 The administration’s top priority is building about 104 miles of barriers in the Rio Grande Valley — which has become by far the most common area for Central American families to cross between ports of entry (i.e. illegally). Dara Lind, Vox, "Slats, fences, and wall, explained: what exactly the shutdown fight is about," 21 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Getty Think of this as your starting point to the most epic cross-country trip ever. Caitlin Morton, Condé Nast Traveler, "The Most Beautiful Place in Every U.S. State," 9 May 2018 Already by 8 pm Eastern, polls in a fairly broad cross-section of regions and swing districts will have closed. Andrew Prokop, Vox, "It could take days — or weeks — to find out which party won Congress," 6 Nov. 2018 The victim was on the school robotics team, student council, ran cross country and played in the marching band, Dwyer said. Fox News, "Police: Teen fatally stabs love rival at Detroit-area school," 12 Sep. 2018 Blind spot monitoring with rear cross traffic alert is also standard. Jeff Yip, Houston Chronicle, "Toyota’s all-new 2019 Avalon hits dealerships in May," 28 Apr. 2018 That’s mainly because Germans have learned from history that government shutdowns tend to be one of the least successful measures to force cross-party cooperation. Rick Noack, Washington Post, "Why other countries don’t have government shutdowns," 9 Feb. 2018 The other two pieces from last year’s state meet team are Revord’s younger sister, McKenna, a sophomore, who was 24th at last fall’s state cross country meet, and junior Bella Pisani. Steve Reaven, chicagotribune.com, "Hinsdale Central seniors hope to 'go out on top' in 4x800," 7 May 2018 The other 4 to 9 spots are open to involved citizens, business owners, committee or board members, and builders or developers to provide a broad cross-section of the community. Karen Huppertz, ajc, "Norcross seeking volunteers for committee openings," 5 June 2018 The criss-cross rattan takes the starch out of a formal bed frame shape without sacrificing any drama. Joanna Linberg, Sunset, "10 Stunning Rattan Pieces for Your Home," 22 Jan. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

At the pageant, children sat cross-legged in the dirt, crowded close to the spindly stage where the contestants spun and danced in red feather headdresses, gold brocade and clouds of tulle. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "A Transgender Paradox, and Platform, in the Philippines," 29 Apr. 2018 In a corner of their studio, a small white robot sits cross-legged, surrounded by coils of sweet-smelling incense. The Economist, "Prophets and profitsIn South Korea fortune-telling will soon be a $3.7bn business," 24 Feb. 2018 The company projects that the merger will result in more than $1 billion in cost savings and eventually generate additional revenue from cross-selling products and services to its customers. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Molinaroli left his mark on Johnson Controls in his brief, tumultuous tenure as CEO," 2 Sep. 2017 Both assertions were rejected in January by a federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., which found that the jury instructions were valid and that the witness already had been cross-examined once, and a second cross would yield nothing materially new. Michael Hiltzik, chicagotribune.com, "A convicted coal executive is still trying to dodge blame for the deaths of 29 miners," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

1551, in the meaning defined above

Adverb

1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Dictionary Entries near cross

crosier

crosiered

crosnes

cross

Cross

crossability

crossable

Statistics for cross

Last Updated

18 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for cross

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for cross

cross

noun

English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment

the Cross : the cross on which Jesus Christ died

: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity

cross

verb

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)

: to go or pass across each other

: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other

cross

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.

cross

verb
crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)

cross

adjective
crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb

cross

noun
\ ˈkrȯs \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds

cross

adjective

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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More from Merriam-Webster on cross

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cross

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for cross

Spanish Central: Translation of cross

Nglish: Translation of cross for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cross for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cross

Comments on cross

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