charge

noun
\ ˈchärj \

Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a obsolete : a material load or weight
b : a figure borne on a heraldic field
2a : the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold the charge of chemicals in a fire extinguisher
b : the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge
c : a store or accumulation of impelling force the deeply emotional charge of the drama
d : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body
e : thrill, kick got a charge out of the game
3a : obligation, requirement … to maintain this readiness … is … a first charge upon our military effort …— Sir Winston Churchill
b : management, supervision has charge of the home office
c : the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (such as a parish) committed to a clergyman
d : a person or thing committed into the care of another played with her young charges at the day-care center
4a : instruction, command … he gave them charge about the Queen, To guard and foster her forevermore— Alfred Tennyson
b : instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury
5a : expense, cost gave the banquet at his own charge
b : the price demanded for something no admission charge
c : a debit to an account the purchase was a charge
d : the record of a loan (as of a book from a library)
e British : an interest in property granted as security for a loan
6a : a formal assertion of illegality a charge of murder
b : a statement of complaint or hostile criticism denied the charges of nepotism that were leveled against him
7a(1) : a violent rush forward (as to attack) the charge of the brigade
(2) : the signal for attack sound the charge
b : a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (such as basketball)
in charge
: having control or custody of something he is in charge of the training program

charge

verb
charged; charging

Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a archaic : to lay or put a load on or in : load horses charged with heavy burdens
b(1) : to place a charge (as of powder) in
(2) : to load or fill to capacity
c(1) : to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge
(2) : to give an electric charge to charge a capacitor
d(1) : to assume as a heraldic bearing (see bearing sense 4)
(2) : to place a heraldic bearing on charged his shield with three roses
e : to fill or furnish fully the music is charged with excitement
f : electrify sense 2 the crowd was charged by her performance
2a : to impose a task or responsibility on charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place
b : to command, instruct, or exhort with authority I charge you not to go
c of a judge : to give a charge (see charge entry 1 sense 4b) to (a jury)
3a : to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame charges him with armed robbery they were charged as being instigators
b : to place the guilt or blame for charge her failure to negligence
c : to assert as an accusation charges that he distorted the data
4a : to bring (a weapon) into position for attack : level charge a lance
b : to rush against : attack The bull charged the matador. also : to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports
5a(1) : to impose a financial burden on charge his estate with debts incurred
(2) : to impose or record as financial obligation charge debts to an estate
b(1) : to fix or ask as fee or payment charges $50 for an office visit
(2) : to ask payment of (a person) charge a client for expenses
c : to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability charged a new sofa

intransitive verb

1 : to rush forward in or as if in assault : attack came charging into the room also : to charge an opponent in sports
2 : to ask or set a price do you charge for this service?
3 : to charge an item to an account charge now, pay later
4 of a battery or battery-powered device : to gain an electric charge : to receive and store a greater quantity of electrical energy She left the phone charging overnight.

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Synonyms for charge

Synonyms: Noun

complaint, count, indictment, rap

Synonyms: Verb

ask, command, demand

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Verb

command, order, bid, enjoin, direct, instruct, charge mean to issue orders. command and order imply authority and usually some degree of formality and impersonality. command stresses official exercise of authority. a general commanding troops order may suggest peremptory or arbitrary exercise. ordered his employees about like slaves bid suggests giving orders peremptorily (as to children or servants). she bade him be seated enjoin implies giving an order or direction authoritatively and urgently and often with admonition or solicitude. a sign enjoining patrons to be quiet direct and instruct both connote expectation of obedience and usually concern specific points of procedure or method, instruct sometimes implying greater explicitness or formality. directed her assistant to hold all calls the judge instructed the jury to ignore the remark charge adds to enjoin an implication of imposing as a duty or responsibility. charged by the President with a secret mission

Examples of charge in a Sentence

Noun

He set off a charge that destroyed the mountain. He has charge of the building. There is no charge for fixing the tire. a delivery charge for the refrigerator an admission charge at the fair

Verb

We tried to charge the car's battery. The government charged that he had not paid taxes for five years. It is not clear if he violated the rules, as his critics have charged. The basketball player was charged with a foul.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

According to Russian state media the test was overseen by Putin himself, giving the order from the National Center for Defense Management to the Strategic Missile Troops in charge. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Russia Tests Yet Another Hypersonic Weapon," 27 Dec. 2018 Ever wonder what goes into preparing a Christmas when our favorite fictitious monkey is in charge? Lauren Rearick, Teen Vogue, "Christmas Movies on Netflix You Can Stream During the Holidays," 19 Dec. 2018 Which leads me to my latest theory: some sort of higher power is behind all this—some alien presence or non-physical entity who is totally in charge and who knows exactly what’s going on. Steve Brykman, Ars Technica, "Forget Fortnite—my son is still obsessed with Minecraft," 16 Dec. 2018 Amazon warehouses have come under criticism for years with charges of poor working conditions. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Infant Girl Found Dead in Amazon Warehouse," 17 Jan. 2019 This usually results in a hodgepodge of Venmo and credit card charges. Lindsay Schallon, Glamour, "A Beauty Editor's Impulse Buys: $263 of Treatments, Custom Cat Socks, and More," 11 Jan. 2019 Facing possible impeachment over embezzlement charges, the Duke decided that a move to Germany was in their best interest. Chloe Foussianes, Town & Country, "The True Ending of The Favourite: In Real Life, Lady Marlborough Got the Last Laugh," 5 Jan. 2019 One platinum ranking member charges $100 per hour and an additional $50 travel fee. Sara Rodrigues, House Beautiful, "How Much Does It Cost To Have Marie Kondo KonMari Your Life?," 4 Jan. 2019 On August 6, Facebook banned right-wing conspiracy theorist Alex Jones; on August 13, the federal government filed charges saying that Facebook had violated the Fair Housing Act by allowing ads to discriminate against certain groups. Emily Stewart, Vox, "Facebook’s very bad year, explained," 21 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Some teletherapy companies charge for monthly memberships or sessions and don’t take insurance. Cassie Shortsleeve, SELF, "How to Actually Have a Successful Teletherapy Appointment," 2 Feb. 2019 Traditionally a witchcraft charge amounted to powerful men charging powerless women with a phony crime. Dylan Scott, Vox, "Trump’s favorite slander against Robert Mueller’s investigation has a very long history.," 26 Jan. 2019 Separately, Panasonic already has invested in a battery factory with U.S. electric car maker Tesla Inc. Innovations in batteries are critical for electric vehicles, with charging times and costs key obstacles. Yuri Kageyama, The Seattle Times, "Toyota, Panasonic announce venture for green auto batteries," 23 Jan. 2019 This election, a nationwide referendum of sorts on President Donald Trump, could be even more divisive and politically charged than 2016. Cady Drell, Marie Claire, "Everybody Running for President in 2020," 18 Jan. 2019 The car comes with 1,000 kWh of free charging at Electrify America, which sounds generous but would likely equate to less than 3,000 miles of driving—or, in gasoline terms, maybe $400 worth of regular. Ezra Dyer, Popular Mechanics, "Five EVs We're Fired Up for in 2019," 10 Jan. 2019 Acer Other features of note include a pair of upward-facing speakers that flank the keyboard, and the use of a pair of USB-C ports for charging and display. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Acer's Chromebook 315 pairs an AMD processor with a 15.6-inch display for as low as $279.99," 6 Jan. 2019 Of course, if the battery is only discharged during periods of peak emissions and only charged when fossil fuel use is low, then a household might reduce emissions. Megan Geuss, Ars Technica, "Under current policies, residential batteries increase emissions in most cases," 28 Dec. 2018 The first floor features a large, four-car industrial level workshop—with electric vehicle charging—while the upper floors house the living spaces. Megan Barber, Curbed, "The 5 best shipping container houses of 2018," 27 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'charge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of charge

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for charge

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car

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Statistics for charge

Last Updated

6 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for charge

The first known use of charge was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for charge

charge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount of electricity
: the amount of an explosive material (such as dynamite) that is used in a single blast
: the responsibility of managing or watching over something

charge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

: to give an amount of electricity to (something) : to put electricity into a battery so that a machine or device will run
formal : to give a job or responsibility to (a person or group) : to make (a person or group) responsible for something
: to formally accuse (someone) of a crime

charge

noun
\ ˈchärj \

Kids Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the responsibility of managing, controlling, or caring for She has charge of the building. He took charge of the planning.
2 : a task or duty given to a person : obligation Grooming the animals was his charge.
3 : a person or thing given to someone to look after At long last, each of our charges was tucked in bed.— Ann M. Martin, Baby-sitters' Winter Vacation
4 : the price asked especially for a service
5 : an amount listed as a debt on an account charges on a phone bill
6 : accusation a charge of mutiny
7 : an instruction or command based on authority a judge's charge to a jury
8 : the amount of an explosive material (as dynamite) used in a single blast
9 : an amount of electricity an electrical charge
10 : a rushing attack the soldiers' charge
11 : the signal for attack Sound the charge!

charge

verb
charged; charging

Kids Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to give an electric charge to charge a device
2 : to refill (as an exhausted battery) with available energy
3 : to give a task, duty, or responsibility to I was charged with supervising the children.
4 : to instruct or command with authority … he cried to his sons, and charged them to yield …— Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee
5 : to accuse especially formally He was charged with speeding.
6 : to rush toward or against The bull charged the matador.
7 : to ask for payment from You charged me too much.
8 : to ask or set as a price or fee The garage charged 100 dollars for repairs.
9 : to enter as a debt or responsibility on a record The purchase was charged to her account.
\ ˈchärj \
charged; charging

Medical Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give an electric charge to

charge

noun

Medical Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a plaster or ointment used on a domestic animal
2 : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body

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charge

noun

Legal Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : something required : obligation
b : personal management or supervision put the child in his charge
c : a person or thing placed under the care of another
2 : an authoritative instruction or command especially : instruction in points of law given by a judge to a jury conviction…reversed, because of trial court's charge — W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
3a : an incurred expense
b : the price demanded for something (as admission or use) a finance charge
c : a debit to an account especially : a debit resulting from unexpected operating expenses a charge against earnings
4 : a formal allegation of an offense or wrongdoing based on a charge that was dismissedNational Law Journal — see also complaint, indictment, information
charged; charging

Legal Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to impose a task or responsibility on was charged with protecting civil rights
b : to command or instruct with authority especially : to give a charge to (a jury) the jury should have been charged on common-law negligence National Law Journal
2a : to make an accusation against especially in order to bring to trial charging her with attempted robbery — see also accuse, indict
b : to allege especially as an accusation crimes charged in the indictment
3a : to impose a financial liability on charge the estate
b : to impose or record as a financial burden or liability charge the debts to the estate charging the loss against earnings
4a : to fix or ask as a fee or payment charge $4 for parking
b : to ask payment of (an individual or organization) charge a client for expenses

Other Words from charge

chargeable adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on charge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with charge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for charge

Spanish Central: Translation of charge

Nglish: Translation of charge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of charge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about charge

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