charge

noun
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \

Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a obsolete : a material load or weight
b : a figure borne on a heraldic field
2a : the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold the charge of chemicals in a fire extinguisher
b : the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge
c : a store or accumulation of impelling force the deeply emotional charge of the drama
d : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body
e : thrill, kick got a charge out of the game
3a : obligation, requirement … to maintain this readiness … is … a first charge upon our military effort …— Sir Winston Churchill
b : management, supervision has charge of the home office
c : the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (such as a parish) committed to a clergyman
d : a person or thing committed into the care of another played with her young charges at the day-care center
4a : instruction, command … he gave them charge about the Queen, To guard and foster her forevermore— Alfred Tennyson
b : instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury
5a : expense, cost gave the banquet at his own charge
b : the price demanded for something no admission charge
c : a debit to an account the purchase was a charge
d : the record of a loan (as of a book from a library)
e British : an interest in property granted as security for a loan
6a : a formal assertion of illegality a charge of murder
b : a statement of complaint or hostile criticism denied the charges of nepotism that were leveled against him
7a(1) : a violent rush forward (as to attack) the charge of the brigade
(2) : the signal for attack sound the charge
b : a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (such as basketball)
in charge
: having control or custody of something he is in charge of the training program

charge

verb
charged; charging

Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a archaic : to lay or put a load on or in : load horses charged with heavy burdens
b(1) : to place a charge (as of powder) in
(2) : to load or fill to capacity
c(1) : to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge
(2) : to give an electric charge to charge a capacitor
d(1) : to assume as a heraldic bearing (see bearing sense 4)
(2) : to place a heraldic bearing on charged his shield with three roses
e : to fill or furnish fully the music is charged with excitement
f : electrify sense 2 the crowd was charged by her performance
2a : to impose a task or responsibility on charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place
b : to command, instruct, or exhort with authority I charge you not to go
c of a judge : to give a charge (see charge entry 1 sense 4b) to (a jury)
3a : to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame charges him with armed robbery they were charged as being instigators
b : to place the guilt or blame for charge her failure to negligence
c : to assert as an accusation charges that he distorted the data
4a : to bring (a weapon) into position for attack : level charge a lance
b : to rush against : attack The bull charged the matador. also : to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports
5a(1) : to impose a financial burden on charge his estate with debts incurred
(2) : to impose or record as financial obligation charge debts to an estate
b(1) : to fix or ask as fee or payment charges $50 for an office visit
(2) : to ask payment of (a person) charge a client for expenses
c : to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability charged a new sofa

intransitive verb

1 : to rush forward in or as if in assault : attack came charging into the room also : to charge an opponent in sports
2 : to ask or set a price do you charge for this service?
3 : to charge an item to an account charge now, pay later
4 of a battery or battery-powered device : to gain an electric charge : to receive and store a greater quantity of electrical energy She left the phone charging overnight.

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Synonyms for charge

Synonyms: Noun

complaint, count, indictment, rap

Synonyms: Verb

ask, command, demand

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Verb

command, order, bid, enjoin, direct, instruct, charge mean to issue orders. command and order imply authority and usually some degree of formality and impersonality. command stresses official exercise of authority. a general commanding troops order may suggest peremptory or arbitrary exercise. ordered his employees about like slaves bid suggests giving orders peremptorily (as to children or servants). she bade him be seated enjoin implies giving an order or direction authoritatively and urgently and often with admonition or solicitude. a sign enjoining patrons to be quiet direct and instruct both connote expectation of obedience and usually concern specific points of procedure or method, instruct sometimes implying greater explicitness or formality. directed her assistant to hold all calls the judge instructed the jury to ignore the remark charge adds to enjoin an implication of imposing as a duty or responsibility. charged by the President with a secret mission

Examples of charge in a Sentence

Noun

He set off a charge that destroyed the mountain. He has charge of the building. There is no charge for fixing the tire. a delivery charge for the refrigerator an admission charge at the fair

Verb

We tried to charge the car's battery. The government charged that he had not paid taxes for five years. It is not clear if he violated the rules, as his critics have charged. The basketball player was charged with a foul.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Few of the cases resulted in charges of human trafficking, and those that did ended with only minor punishments. Terry Spencer, The Seattle Times, "AP Investigation: Florida gets tougher on massage-parlor sex," 31 Mar. 2019 Barclays PLC announced the surprise departure of investment-banking head Tim Throsby in a reshuffle that puts Chief Executive Jes Staley directly in charge of the embattled unit of the British lender. Margot Patrick, WSJ, "Barclays Investment Bank Boss Steps Down as Part of Broad Restructuring," 27 Mar. 2019 Jackson moved out of Neverland after his 2005 trial for charges of child molestation, closing the property, and allowing it to go into foreclosure in 2008, Esquire reported. Taylor Mead, House Beautiful, "Neverland Ranch Is Back on the Market, Here's Everything You Need to Know," 6 Mar. 2019 But just in case there was any doubt over who's in charge, two new royal portraits of herself were just painted — one of which has some special symbolism featured on it. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "Queen Elizabeth II's Outfit in Her New Portrait Has a Hidden Meaning," 3 Dec. 2018 Though Sarah Grace and Kymberli Joye were saved by America’s votes, Kelly’s other charges, Chevel Shepherd and Lynnea Moorer, were two of the last three on the stage. Megan Stein, Country Living, "'The Voice' Cameras Caught Kelly Clarkson Telling Chevel Shepherd a Secret About the Show," 28 Nov. 2018 But only OpenTable charges for each reservation made through the platform — $1 per reservation made directly on OpenTable’s site and apps and 25 cents for each reservation made on a restaurant’s website. Sayer Devlin, Recode, "Resy is winning newer, cooler restaurants away from OpenTable," 19 Oct. 2018 But Einstein’s theory made important predictions about black holes too, notably that a black hole can be completely defined by only three features: its mass, charge, and spin. Fox News, "Video from 2011 creates headaches for Sinema," 12 Oct. 2018 Feminine but chic, in the Off-White lexicon, is not quite the polished bourgeois attitude that trended elsewhere in Paris, but a savvy conceal-reveal proposition that puts women in charge. Amanda Brooks, Vogue, "The Making of Off-White’s Fall 2019 Show," 15 Mar. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

After Lori Loughlin was charged for her involvement in Varsity Blues, one of the largest college cheating scandals in U.S. history, her popular Hallmark show When Calls the Heart was put on hold indefinitely. Amanda Garrity, Good Housekeeping, "'When Calls the Heart' Star Erin Krakow Posts Cryptic Message After Lori Loughlin's College Scandal," 9 Apr. 2019 The trial of two men blamed for the 2016 Oakland warehouse fire that killed 36 people is set to focus not only on the two defendants, but also on several people who haven’t been charged in the blaze. Zusha Elinson, WSJ, "‘Ghost Ship’ Blaze Trial Set to Begin in Oakland," 8 Apr. 2019 It can be emotionally charged and complicated; a source of guilt or empowerment; and methods for bringing in cash can be traditional, or for some women, very creative. Macaela Mackenzie, Glamour, "'I Make $1,700 A Month Selling My Used Underwear on Craigslist'," 26 Mar. 2019 Lori Loughlin and her husband Mossimo Giannulli were two of many people who were charged in a massive college admissions scam. Megan Stein, Country Living, "Lori Loughlin Reportedly Dropped From All Hallmark Shows and Movies," 14 Mar. 2019 The drone, being flown by Lynn Fodale and Teddy Henn, was on a mission to find a lost dog named Dezie when it was felled by Chasteen, who is now being charged with third-degree criminal mischief and prohibited use of a weapon. Eric Limer, Popular Mechanics, "Man Shotguns Drone Searching for Lost Dog," 25 Feb. 2019 People who had been charged reported that their requests for refunds were being processed and were expected to be completed in the next 30 days. Dan Goodin, Ars Technica, "iOS apps used Touch ID feature to trick users into paying hefty fees," 3 Dec. 2018 And with no obstacles, Cheniere could charge forward. Joe Pappalardo, Popular Mechanics, "America's New Energy Coast," 19 Mar. 2019 Many popular fitness studios charge anywhere from $20 to $30 or more per class, which can really add up. Alexa Tucker, SELF, "My 8 Favorite Hacks to Take Group Fitness Classes Without Paying Full Price," 12 Feb. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'charge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of charge

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for charge

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car

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Statistics for charge

Last Updated

17 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for charge

The first known use of charge was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for charge

charge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount of electricity
: the amount of an explosive material (such as dynamite) that is used in a single blast
: the responsibility of managing or watching over something

charge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

: to give an amount of electricity to (something) : to put electricity into a battery so that a machine or device will run
formal : to give a job or responsibility to (a person or group) : to make (a person or group) responsible for something
: to formally accuse (someone) of a crime

charge

noun
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \

Kids Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the responsibility of managing, controlling, or caring for She has charge of the building. He took charge of the planning.
2 : a task or duty given to a person : obligation Grooming the animals was his charge.
3 : a person or thing given to someone to look after At long last, each of our charges was tucked in bed.— Ann M. Martin, Baby-sitters' Winter Vacation
4 : the price asked especially for a service
5 : an amount listed as a debt on an account charges on a phone bill
6 : accusation a charge of mutiny
7 : an instruction or command based on authority a judge's charge to a jury
8 : the amount of an explosive material (as dynamite) used in a single blast
9 : an amount of electricity an electrical charge
10 : a rushing attack the soldiers' charge
11 : the signal for attack Sound the charge!

charge

verb
charged; charging

Kids Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to give an electric charge to charge a device
2 : to refill (as an exhausted battery) with available energy
3 : to give a task, duty, or responsibility to I was charged with supervising the children.
4 : to instruct or command with authority … he cried to his sons, and charged them to yield …— Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee
5 : to accuse especially formally He was charged with speeding.
6 : to rush toward or against The bull charged the matador.
7 : to ask for payment from You charged me too much.
8 : to ask or set as a price or fee The garage charged 100 dollars for repairs.
9 : to enter as a debt or responsibility on a record The purchase was charged to her account.
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \
charged; charging

Medical Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give an electric charge to

charge

noun

Medical Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a plaster or ointment used on a domestic animal
2 : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body

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charge

noun

Legal Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : something required : obligation
b : personal management or supervision put the child in his charge
c : a person or thing placed under the care of another
2 : an authoritative instruction or command especially : instruction in points of law given by a judge to a jury conviction…reversed, because of trial court's charge — W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
3a : an incurred expense
b : the price demanded for something (as admission or use) a finance charge
c : a debit to an account especially : a debit resulting from unexpected operating expenses a charge against earnings
4 : a formal allegation of an offense or wrongdoing based on a charge that was dismissedNational Law Journal — see also complaint, indictment, information
charged; charging

Legal Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to impose a task or responsibility on was charged with protecting civil rights
b : to command or instruct with authority especially : to give a charge to (a jury) the jury should have been charged on common-law negligence National Law Journal
2a : to make an accusation against especially in order to bring to trial charging her with attempted robbery — see also accuse, indict
b : to allege especially as an accusation crimes charged in the indictment
3a : to impose a financial liability on charge the estate
b : to impose or record as a financial burden or liability charge the debts to the estate charging the loss against earnings
4a : to fix or ask as a fee or payment charge $4 for parking
b : to ask payment of (an individual or organization) charge a client for expenses

Other Words from charge

chargeable adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on charge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with charge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for charge

Spanish Central: Translation of charge

Nglish: Translation of charge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of charge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about charge

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