charge

verb
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \
charged; charging

Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a(1) : to fix or ask as fee or payment charges $50 for an office visit
(2) : to ask payment of (a person) charge a client for expenses
b : to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability charged a new sofa
c(1) : to impose a financial burden on charge his estate with debts incurred
(2) : to impose or record as financial obligation charge debts to an estate
2a(1) : to give an electric charge to charge a capacitor
(2) : to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge
b(1) : to place a charge (as of powder) in
(2) : to load or fill to capacity
c : to fill or furnish fully The music is charged with excitement.
d : electrify sense 2 The crowd was charged by her performance.
e(1) : to assume as a heraldic bearing (see bearing sense 4)
(2) : to place a heraldic bearing on charged his shield with three roses
f archaic : to lay or put a load on or in : load horses charged with heavy burdens
3a : to rush against : attack The bull charged the matador. also : to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports
b : to bring (a weapon) into position for attack : level charge a lance
4a : to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame charges him with armed robbery They were charged as being instigators.
b : to place the guilt or blame for charge her failure to negligence
c : to assert as an accusation charges that they distorted the data
5a : to impose a task or responsibility on charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place
b : to command, instruct, or exhort with authority I charge you not to go.
c of a judge : to give a charge (see charge entry 2 sense 6a) to (a jury)

intransitive verb

1 : to rush forward in or as if in assault : attack came charging into the room also : to charge an opponent in sports
2 : to ask or set a price Do you charge for this service?
3 : to charge an item to an account charge now, pay later
4 of a battery or battery-powered device : to gain an electric charge : to receive and store a greater quantity of electrical energy She left the phone charging overnight.

charge

noun

Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : the price demanded for something no admission charge
b : a debit to an account The purchase was a charge.
c : expense, cost gave the banquet at his own charge
d : the record of a loan (as of a book from a library)
e British : an interest in property granted as security for a loan
2a : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body
b : the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge
c : the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold the charge of chemicals in a fire extinguisher
d : thrill, kick got a charge out of the game
e : a store or accumulation of impelling force the deeply emotional charge of the drama
3a : management, supervision has charge of the home office
b : a person or thing committed into the care of another played with her young charges at the day-care center
c : obligation, requirement … to maintain this readiness … is … a first charge upon our military effort …— Sir Winston Churchill
d : the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (such as a parish) committed to a clergyman
4a : a formal assertion of illegality a charge of murder
b : a statement of complaint or hostile criticism denied the charges of nepotism that were leveled against him
5a(1) : a violent rush forward (as to attack) the charge of the brigade
(2) : the signal for attack sound the charge
b : a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (such as basketball)
6a : instruction, command … he gave them charge about the Queen, To guard and foster her forevermore.— Alfred Tennyson
b : instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury
7a : a figure borne on a heraldic field
b obsolete : a material load or weight
in charge
: having control or custody of something He is in charge of the training program.

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Synonyms for charge

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Noun

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Choose the Right Synonym for charge

Verb

command, order, bid, enjoin, direct, instruct, charge mean to issue orders. command and order imply authority and usually some degree of formality and impersonality. command stresses official exercise of authority. a general commanding troops order may suggest peremptory or arbitrary exercise. ordered his employees about like slaves bid suggests giving orders peremptorily (as to children or servants). she bade him be seated enjoin implies giving an order or direction authoritatively and urgently and often with admonition or solicitude. a sign enjoining patrons to be quiet direct and instruct both connote expectation of obedience and usually concern specific points of procedure or method, instruct sometimes implying greater explicitness or formality. directed her assistant to hold all calls the judge instructed the jury to ignore the remark charge adds to enjoin an implication of imposing as a duty or responsibility. charged by the President with a secret mission

Examples of charge in a Sentence

Verb We tried to charge the car's battery. The government charged that he had not paid taxes for five years. It is not clear if he violated the rules, as his critics have charged. The basketball player was charged with a foul. Noun He set off a charge that destroyed the mountain. He has charge of the building. There is no charge for fixing the tire. a delivery charge for the refrigerator an admission charge at the fair
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Indeed, the Federal Reserve used credit ratings to determine whether certain classes of borrowers should get emergency loans and what interest rates to charge them. Marc Joffe, National Review, "Echoes of the Great Recession in Commercial Real Estate," 22 Dec. 2020 Advertising fees: Some dealers try to charge you for a portion of the cost of their advertising. Nerd Wallet, cleveland, "What car buying fees should you pay?," 19 Dec. 2020 This gadget will both hold your phone and charge it, too. Rob Verger, Popular Science, "Gifts that every car owner should have," 18 Dec. 2020 His wife, Diane Stahura, 64, entered into a separate agreement acknowledging that prosecutors have enough evidence to charge her with wire fraud, according to the statement. Alexandra Kukulka, chicagotribune.com, "Prosecutors recommend 15-month prison sentence for former Whiting mayor," 16 Dec. 2020 Some restaurant companies have pushed back on the fees and costs that delivery companies charge them. Micah Maidenberg, WSJ, "DoorDash’s IPO Delivers as Shares Surge in Market Debut," 9 Dec. 2020 Drug use in public is a misdemeanor, but officers need to see someone doing drugs to arrest and charge them with the crime. Mallory Moench, SFChronicle.com, "BART police reverse dozens of overdoses: ‘A body in the morgue if Narcan wasn’t around’," 8 Dec. 2020 If Trump were to try to pardon himself, that act’s constitutionality could be tested if federal prosecutors charge him with crimes and assert in court that the pardon power does not extend to a President pardoning himself. Jeannie Suk Gersen, The New Yorker, "The Dangerous Possibilities of Trump’s Pardon Power," 3 Dec. 2020 Jonathan Davis has been imploring the government for years to either charge him with a crime, move forward with its forfeiture case against him or return his more than $4 million in seized assets. Kevin Krause, Dallas News, "Garland trade school owner charged with bilking VA out of $70 million," 26 Nov. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The Multnomah County District Attorney’s Office on Monday filed the single Measure 11 charge against Angel C. Martinez in the shooting death of Christian Martinez. oregonlive, "Portland man faces manslaughter charge after accidental shooting death of brother," 5 Jan. 2021 Blake's family and Kenosha community leaders on Monday urged police and prosecutors to fire and charge officer Rusten Sheskey in the Aug. 23 shooting that paralyzed Blake and sparked protests against police violence nationwide. Sophie Carson, USA TODAY, "Kenosha prepares for unrest, sets curfew ahead of expected charging decision in Jacob Blake shooting," 5 Jan. 2021 The Illinois teen faces two felony charges of homicide in the death of Rosenbaum and Huber, and a felony attempted homicide charge in the case of Grosskreutz. Amir Vera, CNN, "These are the key players in the Jacob Blake case," 5 Jan. 2021 If extradited, Assange, 49, would face a maximum of 175 years in prison if convicted on 17 espionage charges and one charge of computer misuse. NBC News, "WikiLeaks' Julian Assange cannot be extradited to the U.S. to face espionage charges, U.K. court rules," 4 Jan. 2021 Ford’s freshman effort, though worthy in many respects, falls short of the Teslas in range, fast-charge support, sophistication, brand value, and driver assistance. Dan Neil, WSJ, "Ford’s All-Electric Mach-E: A ‘Mustang’ in Name Only," 1 Jan. 2021 Each charge is a felony punishable by up to 20 years in prison. Miriam Marini, Detroit Free Press, "Warren police take down 'deadly drug cell,' 4 key leaders charged so far," 31 Dec. 2020 This Zoom presentation is free of charge and open to the public, by pre-registration only. courant.com, "Community News For The West Hartford Edition," 31 Dec. 2020 Those signals tell the installation to deploy a specific type of explosive charge, depending on the system. Lou Dzierzak, Scientific American, "Explosive Charges Protect Backcountry Skiers," 30 Dec. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'charge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of charge

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 2f

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 7b

History and Etymology for charge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger

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Time Traveler for charge

Time Traveler

The first known use of charge was in the 13th century

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Statistics for charge

Last Updated

29 Dec 2020

Cite this Entry

“Charge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/charge. Accessed 15 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for charge

charge

verb
How to pronounce charge (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give an amount of electricity to (something) : to put electricity into a battery so that a machine or device will run
formal : to give a job or responsibility to (a person or group) : to make (a person or group) responsible for something
: to formally accuse (someone) of a crime

charge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

: an amount of electricity
: the amount of an explosive material (such as dynamite) that is used in a single blast
: the responsibility of managing or watching over something

charge

noun
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \

Kids Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the responsibility of managing, controlling, or caring for She has charge of the building. He took charge of the planning.
2 : a task or duty given to a person : obligation Grooming the animals was his charge.
3 : a person or thing given to someone to look after At long last, each of our charges was tucked in bed.— Ann M. Martin, Baby-sitters' Winter Vacation
4 : the price asked especially for a service
5 : an amount listed as a debt on an account charges on a phone bill
6 : accusation a charge of mutiny
7 : an instruction or command based on authority a judge's charge to a jury
8 : the amount of an explosive material (as dynamite) used in a single blast
9 : an amount of electricity an electrical charge
10 : a rushing attack the soldiers' charge
11 : the signal for attack Sound the charge!

charge

verb
charged; charging

Kids Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to give an electric charge to charge a device
2 : to refill (as an exhausted battery) with available energy
3 : to give a task, duty, or responsibility to I was charged with supervising the children.
4 : to instruct or command with authority … he cried to his sons, and charged them to yield …— Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee
5 : to accuse especially formally He was charged with speeding.
6 : to rush toward or against The bull charged the matador.
7 : to ask for payment from You charged me too much.
8 : to ask or set as a price or fee The garage charged 100 dollars for repairs.
9 : to enter as a debt or responsibility on a record The purchase was charged to her account.
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \
charged; charging

Medical Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give an electric charge to

charge

noun

Medical Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a plaster or ointment used on a domestic animal
2 : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body

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charge

noun

Legal Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : something required : obligation
b : personal management or supervision put the child in his charge
c : a person or thing placed under the care of another
2 : an authoritative instruction or command especially : instruction in points of law given by a judge to a jury conviction…reversed, because of trial court's charge— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
3a : an incurred expense
b : the price demanded for something (as admission or use) a finance charge
c : a debit to an account especially : a debit resulting from unexpected operating expenses a charge against earnings
4 : a formal allegation of an offense or wrongdoing based on a charge that was dismissedNational Law Journal — see also complaint, indictment, information
charged; charging

Legal Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to impose a task or responsibility on was charged with protecting civil rights
b : to command or instruct with authority especially : to give a charge to (a jury) the jury should have been charged on common-law negligence National Law Journal
2a : to make an accusation against especially in order to bring to trial charging her with attempted robbery — see also accuse, indict
b : to allege especially as an accusation crimes charged in the indictment
3a : to impose a financial liability on charge the estate
b : to impose or record as a financial burden or liability charge the debts to the estate charging the loss against earnings
4a : to fix or ask as a fee or payment charge $4 for parking
b : to ask payment of (an individual or organization) charge a client for expenses

Other Words from charge

chargeable adjective

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Comments on charge

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