surcharge

verb
sur·​charge | \ ˈsər-ˌchärj How to pronounce surcharge (audio) \
surcharged; surcharging; surcharges

Definition of surcharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : overcharge
b : to charge an extra fee
c : to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
2 British : overstock
3 : to fill or load to excess the atmosphere … was surcharged with war hysteria— H. A. Chippendale
4a : to mark a surcharge on (a stamp)
b : overprint surcharge a banknote

surcharge

noun

Definition of surcharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an additional tax, cost, or impost
b : an extra fare a sleeping car surcharge
c : an instance of surcharging an account
2 : an excessive load or burden
3 : the action of surcharging : the state of being surcharged
4a(1) : an overprint on a stamp specifically : one that alters the denomination
(2) : a stamp bearing such an overprint
b : an overprint on a currency note

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Synonyms & Antonyms for surcharge

Synonyms: Verb

gouge, overcharge, soak, sting

Antonyms: Verb

undercharge

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Did You Know?

The Arab oil embargo of 1973 led airlines to add fuel surcharges to their passenger fares that were large enough to discourage air travel. Surcharges are usually added for special service. When you request a "rush job" from a service supplier, it will probably bring a surcharge along with it. A particularly difficult phone installation may carry a surcharge. An extra-large fine for a speeding offense after you've already had too many tickets could be called a surcharge. An added tax may be called a surcharge (or surtax) when it only affects people with incomes above a certain level. And if those low, low prices that show up in really big letters in ads for all kinds of services turn out to be misleading, it's probably because they don't include a bunch of surcharges that you won't find out about till later.

Examples of surcharge in a Sentence

Verb

contends that with the present tax structure, the state's lower-income residents are being surcharged and the wealthiest residents are getting off too lightly

Noun

The airline has added a $20 fuel surcharge on all international flights.

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Soil surcharging work done ... Over the last two years, the SpaceX site was essentially leveled, loaded with hundreds of tons of soil, plumbed with drainage pipes, and then left alone to have gravity do the rest of the work. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "Rocket Report: SpaceX gets Moon launches, South Korean rocket, BE-4 wins," 28 Sep. 2018 Cracks and joint separations are allowing stormwater to infiltrate and surcharge the lines, causing them to overflow from manholes. Lawrence Specker, AL.com, "Mobile water service lowers estimate of Cindy sewer overflows, says 'serious problem' remains," 23 June 2017 The House bill allows states to obtain waivers allowing insurers to reject applicants with medical conditions or surcharge them heavily under certain circumstances. Michael Hiltzik, chicagotribune.com, "While you watched Comey, Senate GOP moved to cripple healthcare," 9 June 2017 The House bill allows states to obtain waivers allowing insurers to reject applicants with medical conditions or surcharge them heavily under certain circumstances. Michael Hiltzik, latimes.com, "While you watched Comey, Senate GOP moved to cripple healthcare (and California moved to expand it)," 9 June 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

In 2016, in anticipation of this year’s disclosures, lawmakers in Portland, Oregon introduced a 10% business-tax surcharge on firms with pay ratios greater than 100:1 and a 25% surcharge on those with ratios above 250:1. The Economist, "American firms reveal the gulf between bosses’ and workers’ pay," 26 May 2018 The measure would draw funding from dollars generated by Proposition 63, a 1% income tax surcharge on millionaires passed in 2004 that funds mental health services. Melanie Mason, latimes.com, "Heading off a ballot fight, California lawmakers approve consumer privacy rules," 28 June 2018 Sulzer was executive director of the agency, the San Diego Association of Governments, in 1987 when voters first approved Transnet, a half-cent sales tax surcharge to fund transportation projects countywide. David Garrick, sandiegouniontribune.com, "Longtime SANDAG executive Ken Sulzer dies," 14 May 2018 The merger led to a five-year transition surcharge to pay off millions in debt that started accumulating in 2010, which predates the arrival of current City Manager Tanisha Briley, who didn't start until 2013. Thomas Jewell, cleveland.com, "Former Cleveland Heights mayor says existing City Charter holds up," 28 Feb. 2018 The budget deal reached over the summer after months of disagreement between the governor and Mr. Sweeney included a higher tax rate for filers earning more than $5 million and a four-year surcharge on companies earning more than $1 million. Joseph De Avila, WSJ, "New Jersey Senate President Rebuffs Discussion of Tax Increases," 20 Dec. 2018 Prices vary by distance, time of day and demand in the area, so prepare yourself for a surcharge. Jessi Roti, chicagotribune.com, "Getting There: 2018 Chicago Auto Show," 10 Feb. 2018 Legislative leaders countered with a two-year surcharge on certain corporations that would raise up to $800 million annually. Andrew Seidman, Philly.com, "Gov. Murphy, N.J. lawmakers at budget impasse," 21 June 2018 These are industries that became enormously profitable by bending the truth and inventing surcharges. Christopher Elliott, The Seattle Times, "Travel Wise | No, you can’t (usually) take airplane pillows home with you," 15 Oct. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surcharge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surcharge

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for surcharge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French surcharger, from sur- + charger to load, charge — more at charge

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Dictionary Entries near surcharge

surbate

Surbiton

surcease

surcharge

surcingle

surcoat

surculose

Statistics for surcharge

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for surcharge

The first known use of surcharge was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for surcharge

surcharge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of surcharge

: an amount of money that must be paid in addition to the regular price

surcharge

transitive verb
sur·​charge | \ ˈsər-ˌchärj How to pronounce surcharge (audio) \

Legal Definition of surcharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to impose a surcharge on surcharge a trustee for failing to exercise due care
2 : to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given

surcharge

noun

Legal Definition of surcharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an additional or excessive charge
2 : a penalty imposed on a fiduciary for failing to exercise due care in the management of assets

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