surcharge

verb
sur·​charge | \ ˈsər-ˌchärj \
surcharged; surcharging; surcharges

Definition of surcharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : overcharge
b : to charge an extra fee
c : to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
2 British : overstock
3 : to fill or load to excess the atmosphere … was surcharged with war hysteria— H. A. Chippendale
4a : to mark a surcharge on (a stamp)
b : overprint surcharge a banknote

surcharge

noun

Definition of surcharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an additional tax, cost, or impost
b : an extra fare a sleeping car surcharge
c : an instance of surcharging an account
2 : an excessive load or burden
3 : the action of surcharging : the state of being surcharged
4a(1) : an overprint on a stamp specifically : one that alters the denomination
(2) : a stamp bearing such an overprint
b : an overprint on a currency note

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Synonyms & Antonyms for surcharge

Synonyms: Verb

gouge, overcharge, soak, sting

Antonyms: Verb

undercharge

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Did You Know?

The Arab oil embargo of 1973 led airlines to add fuel surcharges to their passenger fares that were large enough to discourage air travel. Surcharges are usually added for special service. When you request a "rush job" from a service supplier, it will probably bring a surcharge along with it. A particularly difficult phone installation may carry a surcharge. An extra-large fine for a speeding offense after you've already had too many tickets could be called a surcharge. An added tax may be called a surcharge (or surtax) when it only affects people with incomes above a certain level. And if those low, low prices that show up in really big letters in ads for all kinds of services turn out to be misleading, it's probably because they don't include a bunch of surcharges that you won't find out about till later.

Examples of surcharge in a Sentence

Verb

contends that with the present tax structure, the state's lower-income residents are being surcharged and the wealthiest residents are getting off too lightly

Noun

The airline has added a $20 fuel surcharge on all international flights.

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Soil surcharging work done ... Over the last two years, the SpaceX site was essentially leveled, loaded with hundreds of tons of soil, plumbed with drainage pipes, and then left alone to have gravity do the rest of the work. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "Rocket Report: SpaceX gets Moon launches, South Korean rocket, BE-4 wins," 28 Sep. 2018 Cracks and joint separations are allowing stormwater to infiltrate and surcharge the lines, causing them to overflow from manholes. Lawrence Specker, AL.com, "Mobile water service lowers estimate of Cindy sewer overflows, says 'serious problem' remains," 23 June 2017 The House bill allows states to obtain waivers allowing insurers to reject applicants with medical conditions or surcharge them heavily under certain circumstances. Michael Hiltzik, chicagotribune.com, "While you watched Comey, Senate GOP moved to cripple healthcare," 9 June 2017 The House bill allows states to obtain waivers allowing insurers to reject applicants with medical conditions or surcharge them heavily under certain circumstances. Michael Hiltzik, latimes.com, "While you watched Comey, Senate GOP moved to cripple healthcare (and California moved to expand it)," 9 June 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The surcharge is intended as part of a broader push to reduce congestion in Manhattan. Paul Berger, WSJ, "Judge Stalls Congestion Fee on Manhattan Taxis," 20 Dec. 2018 Creating the ability to call 911 from a smart speaker would require an additional monthly 911 surcharge that customers or the technology companies would have to pay to support emergency call infrastructure. Sarah Krouse, WSJ, "Alexa Can Do Many Things But Won’t Call 911," 6 Nov. 2018 Legislation sponsored by Sweeney would levy a two-year surcharge to raise the overall tax rate for the biggest corporations to 13 percent, higher than any other state. Elise Young, Bloomberg.com, "Murphy Offers New Jersey Lawmakers Compromises on Tax Increases," 27 June 2018 And some detention center machines - much like ATMS — used to put money in detainees’ accounts include a surcharge. Staff And Wire Report, San Antonio Express-News, "Unclear math: HHS has 2,047 children; full US count lacking," 26 June 2018 Similar to the way ride-hailing services such as Uber and Lyft up their ride prices when demand is higher, MoviePass will add a surcharge to see films when demand is higher, such as during a movie’s opening weekend. Ethan Millman, latimes.com, "MoviePass plans surge-pricing fees for popular movies," 22 June 2018 Raising a surcharge at the registry to support community preservation? Joshua Miller, BostonGlobe.com, "Every Senate Republican in Mass. voted to OK new fees in budget. (Yes, Republican)," 31 May 2018 The fillings also can be made into a breakfast burrito for a surcharge. Carol Deptolla, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Brunch restaurant Zisters in Elm Grove sets its opening for June 7," 29 May 2018 Hunt/Fish License Hunt/Fish (resident): $76 Hunt/Fish (resident) : $266 *Items include a $1 surcharge. Brandon Patterson, Detroit Free Press, "What you need to know before you fish in Michigan," 24 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surcharge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surcharge

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for surcharge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French surcharger, from sur- + charger to load, charge — more at charge

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Learn More about surcharge

Dictionary Entries near surcharge

surbate

Surbiton

surcease

surcharge

surcingle

surcoat

surculose

Statistics for surcharge

Last Updated

23 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for surcharge

The first known use of surcharge was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for surcharge

surcharge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of surcharge

: an amount of money that must be paid in addition to the regular price

surcharge

transitive verb
sur·​charge | \ ˈsər-ˌchärj \

Legal Definition of surcharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to impose a surcharge on surcharge a trustee for failing to exercise due care
2 : to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given

surcharge

noun

Legal Definition of surcharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an additional or excessive charge
2 : a penalty imposed on a fiduciary for failing to exercise due care in the management of assets

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Comments on surcharge

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