surcharge

verb
sur·​charge | \ ˈsər-ˌchärj How to pronounce surcharge (audio) \
surcharged; surcharging; surcharges

Definition of surcharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : overcharge
b : to charge an extra fee
c : to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
2 British : overstock
3 : to fill or load to excess the atmosphere … was surcharged with war hysteria— H. A. Chippendale
4a : to mark a surcharge on (a stamp)
b : overprint surcharge a banknote

surcharge

noun

Definition of surcharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an additional tax, cost, or impost
b : an extra fare a sleeping car surcharge
c : an instance of surcharging an account
2 : an excessive load or burden
3 : the action of surcharging : the state of being surcharged
4a(1) : an overprint on a stamp specifically : one that alters the denomination
(2) : a stamp bearing such an overprint
b : an overprint on a currency note

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Synonyms & Antonyms for surcharge

Synonyms: Verb

gouge, overcharge, soak, sting

Antonyms: Verb

undercharge

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Did You Know?

The Arab oil embargo of 1973 led airlines to add fuel surcharges to their passenger fares that were large enough to discourage air travel. Surcharges are usually added for special service. When you request a "rush job" from a service supplier, it will probably bring a surcharge along with it. A particularly difficult phone installation may carry a surcharge. An extra-large fine for a speeding offense after you've already had too many tickets could be called a surcharge. An added tax may be called a surcharge (or surtax) when it only affects people with incomes above a certain level. And if those low, low prices that show up in really big letters in ads for all kinds of services turn out to be misleading, it's probably because they don't include a bunch of surcharges that you won't find out about till later.

Examples of surcharge in a Sentence

Verb

contends that with the present tax structure, the state's lower-income residents are being surcharged and the wealthiest residents are getting off too lightly

Noun

The airline has added a $20 fuel surcharge on all international flights.

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Soil surcharging work done ... Over the last two years, the SpaceX site was essentially leveled, loaded with hundreds of tons of soil, plumbed with drainage pipes, and then left alone to have gravity do the rest of the work. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "Rocket Report: SpaceX gets Moon launches, South Korean rocket, BE-4 wins," 28 Sep. 2018 Cracks and joint separations are allowing stormwater to infiltrate and surcharge the lines, causing them to overflow from manholes. Lawrence Specker, AL.com, "Mobile water service lowers estimate of Cindy sewer overflows, says 'serious problem' remains," 23 June 2017 The House bill allows states to obtain waivers allowing insurers to reject applicants with medical conditions or surcharge them heavily under certain circumstances. Michael Hiltzik, chicagotribune.com, "While you watched Comey, Senate GOP moved to cripple healthcare," 9 June 2017 The House bill allows states to obtain waivers allowing insurers to reject applicants with medical conditions or surcharge them heavily under certain circumstances. Michael Hiltzik, latimes.com, "While you watched Comey, Senate GOP moved to cripple healthcare (and California moved to expand it)," 9 June 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The surcharge would reduce the savings from rooftop solar panels for residential and small business customers by 20% or more. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Proposed solar surcharge draws protest outside We Energies," 14 June 2019 The airline doesn't allow travelers on a basic economy ticket to bring a standard carry-on bag, so those bags are checked at the gate for the normal checked bag fee plus the surcharge. Dawn Gilbertson, USA TODAY, "Hate the hassle of paying bag fees at the airport? American (finally) plans to offer prepay option," 12 June 2019 The surcharge is expected to generate up to $71 million a year for companies and nonprofits to provide eco-friendly retrofits for low-income homeowners as well as job training for women, people of color and people with disabilities. oregonlive.com, "Portland retail tax applies more broadly than thought, igniting opposition at City Hall," 6 June 2019 The residential surcharge at FedEx is $3.80 per parcel and $3.95 at UPS. Paul Ziobro, WSJ, "Amazon’s Pitch to Woo Shippers: Fewer Fees Than FedEx, UPS," 23 Jan. 2019 Permit costs to the companies and the 25-cent surcharge per ride brought in $212,077, but the city spent $287,282. Andrew Theen, The Seattle Times, "E-scooters may return April 26, Portland says, with new rules to curb sidewalk riding," 25 Mar. 2019 Note: Cab fare surcharges apply during peak periods in the morning, late evening, and after midnight. Meagan Morrison, Condé Nast Traveler, "5 Common Mistakes Travelers Make in Singapore," 1 Mar. 2018 The millionaires tax would have imposed a 4-percentage-point surcharge on personal income above $1 million. James Pindell, BostonGlobe.com, "What’s next for Mass. progressives now that the ‘millionaires tax’ has been tossed out by court?," 19 June 2018 In 2016, in anticipation of this year’s disclosures, lawmakers in Portland, Oregon introduced a 10% business-tax surcharge on firms with pay ratios greater than 100:1 and a 25% surcharge on those with ratios above 250:1. The Economist, "American firms reveal the gulf between bosses’ and workers’ pay," 26 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surcharge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surcharge

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for surcharge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French surcharger, from sur- + charger to load, charge — more at charge

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Learn More about surcharge

Dictionary Entries near surcharge

surbate

Surbiton

surcease

surcharge

surcingle

surcoat

surculose

Statistics for surcharge

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for surcharge

The first known use of surcharge was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for surcharge

surcharge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of surcharge

: an amount of money that must be paid in addition to the regular price

surcharge

transitive verb
sur·​charge | \ ˈsər-ˌchärj How to pronounce surcharge (audio) \

Legal Definition of surcharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to impose a surcharge on surcharge a trustee for failing to exercise due care
2 : to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given

surcharge

noun

Legal Definition of surcharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an additional or excessive charge
2 : a penalty imposed on a fiduciary for failing to exercise due care in the management of assets

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