discharge

verb
dis·​charge | \ dis-ˈchärj How to pronounce discharge (audio) , ˈdis-ˌchärj\
discharged; discharging; discharges

Definition of discharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to relieve of a charge, load, or burden:
a : unload discharge a cargo ship
b : to release from an obligation will be discharged from further payment
c electrical engineering : to release electrical energy from (something, such as a battery or capacitor) by a discharge (see discharge entry 2 sense 9b) discharging electricity from a battery
2a : to let or put off discharge passengers discharge cargo
b : shoot discharge an arrow
c : to release from confinement, custody, or care discharge a prisoner discharge a patient
d : to give outlet or vent to : emit discharge emotions vehicles discharging exhaust fumes
3a(1) : to dismiss from employment had to discharge several employees last month
(2) : to release from service or duty discharge a soldier was discharged from the Navy
b : to get rid of (something, such as a debt or obligation) by performing an appropriate action (such as payment) failing to discharge their debts
c law : to set aside or dismiss : annul discharge a court order
d : to order (a legislative committee) to end consideration of a bill (see bill entry 4 sense 6) in order to bring it before the house (see house entry 1 sense 6a) for action
4 : to bear and distribute (something, such as the weight of a wall above an opening)
5 : to bleach out or remove (color or dye) in dyeing and printing textiles
6 : to cancel the record of the loan of (a library book) upon return

intransitive verb

1a : to throw off or deliver a load, charge, or burden
b : to release electrical energy by a discharge (see discharge entry 2 sense 9b) ensure that the electricity discharges safely
2a : go off, fire used of a gun His weapon discharged .
b : spread, run some dyes discharge
c : to pour forth fluid or other contents where the river discharges into the ocean

discharge

noun
dis·​charge | \ ˈdis-ˌchärj How to pronounce discharge (audio) , dis-ˈchärj\

Definition of discharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : the act of relieving of something that oppresses : release
b : something that discharges or releases especially : a certification of release or payment produced the discharge as evidence
2 : the state of being discharged or relieved
3 : the act of discharging or unloading her discharge from the hospital
4 law : release from confinement a record of prison discharges
5 : a firing off the discharge of a weapon
6a : a flowing or issuing out a discharge of spores a discharge of mucus also : a rate of flow controlling the discharge of water
b : something that is emitted a purulent discharge a clear discharge from the eyes and nose
7 law : the act of removing an obligation or liability (see liability sense 2) received a full discharge from his creditors
8a : release or dismissal especially from an office or employment suing for wrongful discharge
b : complete separation from military service her discharge from the Navy an honorable discharge
9a physics : the equalization of a difference of electric potential (see potential entry 2 sense 2c) between two points
b energy engineering : the conversion of the chemical energy of a battery into electrical energy

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Other Words from discharge

Verb

dischargeable \ dis-​ˈchär-​jə-​bəl How to pronounce dischargeable (audio) , ˈdis-​ˌchär-​ \ adjective
dischargee \ (ˌ)dis-​ˌchär-​ˈjē How to pronounce dischargee (audio) \ noun
discharger \ dis-​ˈchär-​jər How to pronounce discharger (audio) , ˈdis-​ˌchär-​ \ noun

Synonyms for discharge

Synonyms: Verb

blast, fire, loose, shoot, squeeze off

Synonyms: Noun

blasting, firing, shot

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Choose the Right Synonym for discharge

Verb

perform, execute, discharge, accomplish, achieve, effect, fulfill mean to carry out or into effect. perform implies action that follows established patterns or procedures or fulfills agreed-upon requirements and often connotes special skill. performed gymnastics execute stresses the carrying out of what exists in plan or in intent. executed the hit-and-run discharge implies execution and completion of appointed duties or tasks. discharged his duties accomplish stresses the successful completion of a process rather than the means of carrying it out. accomplished everything they set out to do achieve adds to accomplish the implication of conquered difficulties. achieve greatness effect adds to achieve an emphasis on the inherent force in the agent capable of surmounting obstacles. effected sweeping reforms fulfill implies a complete realization of ends or possibilities. fulfilled their ambitions

Examples of discharge in a Sentence

Verb

She's due to be discharged from the hospital on Wednesday. We had to discharge several employees last week. Thousands of soldiers were discharged after the war. The judge discharged the jury. The ship discharged missiles against enemy targets. The gun failed to discharge.

Noun

The doctors approved her discharge from the hospital. Several former employees are suing the company for wrongful discharge. After his discharge from the military, he went to college to become a teacher. The damage was caused by accidental discharge of a hunting rifle. a rapid discharge from a gun
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Because these buses sit idle for most of the day, when school is out of session, their batteries can store electricity when demand is low and discharge it at peak hours. Wired, "The Red Lights Stopping Yellow School Buses from Going Green," 4 Sep. 2019 Keel then allegedly raised the weapon in the air and discharged it before turning his aim toward a crowd of about 10 people in front of the club and opening fire, reports said. Zak Koeske, Daily Southtown, "Son of Harvey cop shot security guards, patron before being killed, sheriff's investigation finds," 14 June 2019 With more of his signature emphasis on statistics, Yang says that college graduates leave with an average debt load of $37,000 in student loans that normally can’t be discharged through bankruptcy. Seamus Kirst, Teen Vogue, "Andrew Yang Explains Why Young Voters Are Drawn to His Candidacy," 14 May 2019 Philip wasn't injured in the crash, but two other people involved did sustain minor injuries (they were treated at a local hospital, but were later discharged). Kayleigh Roberts, Marie Claire, "Prince Philip Officially Surrenders Driver's License Following His Controversial Car Crash," 9 Feb. 2019 The officer accidentally discharged the weapon, killing Stamps instantly. BostonGlobe.com, "That prediction became a reality last Sunday, when Wilkins appeared in his first NFL game, playing 65 snaps and making four tackles for the Dolphins in their Week 1 loss to the Ravens. This Sunday, Wilkins will be facing his hometown Patriots in Miami.," 13 Sep. 2019 The Hennepin County Sheriff’s Office, the agency investigating the shooting, declined to answer questions from The Washington Post, including how many officers discharged their weapons and how many rounds were fired. Katie Mettler, Washington Post, "A man live-streamed his traffic stop. He recorded police fatally shooting him.," 9 Sep. 2019 The man has not been identified, and is said to have fired his weapon at his own head at the same time that a Houston police officer discharged their weapon, said Assistant Chief Sheryl Victorian. Michelle Iracheta, Houston Chronicle, "Man dies in apparent suicide after confrontation with police officers in north Houston," 16 Aug. 2019 When two officers arrived at the scene and encountered the man, each discharged their service weapons, hitting the man, Mau said. George Kelly, The Mercury News, "Hayward: Officers shoot gun-waving man, police say," 14 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

In early April, House minority whip Steve Scalise (R., La.) filed a discharge petition, which, if signed by a majority of members, would allow the GOP to override Democratic obstruction and bring the bill for a vote. Alexandra Desanctis, National Review, "House Republicans Hold a Hearing on the Born-Alive Bill," 11 Sep. 2019 His mother told the Daily Pilot in 2017 that her son received an honorable discharge for testing positive for marijuana. Priscella Vega, Daily Pilot, "Federal judge upholds Huntington Beach officer’s use of deadly force in 2017 shooting," 31 July 2019 His face was bloated and yellow, the corners of his eyes sudsy with discharge. Colin Barrett, Harper's magazine, "The Alps," 22 July 2019 At the close of the Korean War, Clyde was awarded an honorable discharge. sun-sentinel.com, "Deaths in South Florida: 7/21," 21 July 2019 Among their allegations are wrongful discharge and violations of the Whistleblowers Protection Act. John Wisely, Detroit Free Press, "Autism therapy provider's $8 million state grant on hold amid investigation," 16 Feb. 2018 It Off The chemical reactions inside lithium-ion batteries are more comfortable with shorter charges and discharges, rather than being drained all the way down and then topped all the way up. David Nield, WIRED, "How To Get the Most Out of Your Smartphone Battery," 25 Aug. 2019 Through October 2018, the city had another 19 unauthorized sewage discharges, according to letters from the state Department Of Environmental Protection, which assessed $34,000 in fines. Larry Barszewski, sun-sentinel.com, "Costs rising as Fort Lauderdale tries to dam its water crisis," 22 Aug. 2019 In addition to the attempted assault charge, Nieves was charged with criminal possession of a firearm, unlawful discharge, reckless endangerment, weapons in a motor vehicle and criminal mischief. Christine Dempsey, courant.com, "Pair arrested after Sisson Avenue gunfire Wednesday, Hartford police say," 7 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'discharge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of discharge

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for discharge

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French descharger, from Late Latin discarricare, from Latin dis- + Late Latin carricare to load — more at charge entry 1

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Statistics for discharge

Last Updated

4 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for discharge

The first known use of discharge was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for discharge

discharge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of discharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to allow (someone) to leave a hospital, prison, etc.
: to take away the job of (someone) : to end the employment of (someone)
: to end the service of (someone) in a formal or official way : to release (someone) from duty

discharge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of discharge (Entry 2 of 2)

: the release of someone from a hospital, prison, etc.
: the act of firing or dismissing someone from a job
: the act of ending a person's service to the military

discharge

verb
dis·​charge | \ dis-ˈchärj How to pronounce discharge (audio) \
discharged; discharging

Kids Definition of discharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to allow to leave or get off The patient was discharged from the hospital.
2 : to dismiss from service discharge a worker
3 : to free of a load or burden : unload discharge a ship
4 : shoot entry 1 sense 2 discharge a gun
5 : to cause to shoot out of discharge a bullet
6 : to pour forth fluid or other contents The chimney discharged smoke.
7 : to get rid of by paying or doing discharge a debt He discharged his responsibilities.

discharge

noun
dis·​charge | \ ˈdis-ˌchärj How to pronounce discharge (audio) \

Kids Definition of discharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the release of someone from a place The doctor approved her discharge from the hospital.
2 : the release from a duty or debt
3 : a certificate of release or payment
4 : the act of firing a person from a job
5 : an end of a person's military service
6 : an act of firing off a gun's discharge
7 : something that flows out The discharge was coming from a pipe.

discharge

verb
dis·​charge | \ dis(h)-ˈchärj How to pronounce discharge (audio) , ˈdis(h)-ˌ How to pronounce discharge (audio) \
discharged; discharging

Medical Definition of discharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to release from confinement, custody, or care discharge a patient from the hospital
2a : to give outlet to or emit a boil discharging pus
b : to release or give expression to (a pent-up emotion or a repressed impulse) discharged his anxiety by working out with a punching bag

intransitive verb

: to pour forth fluid or other contents

discharge

noun
dis·​charge | \ ˈdis(h)-ˌchärj How to pronounce discharge (audio) , dis(h)-ˈ How to pronounce discharge (audio) \

Medical Definition of discharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of relieving of something discharge of a repressed impulse
2 : release from confinement, custody, or care returned to work the day after discharge from the hospital
3 : something that is emitted or evacuated a purulent discharge from a wound a thick white vaginal discharge

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discharge

transitive verb
dis·​charge | \ dis-ˈchärj, ˈdis-ˌchärj How to pronounce discharge (audio) \

Legal Definition of discharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to release from an obligation: as
a : to relieve of a duty under an instrument (as a contract or a negotiable instrument) also : to render (an instrument) no longer enforceable a formal instrument…may be discharged by either cancellation or surrender — J. D. Calamari and J. M. Perillo
b : to release (a debtor in bankruptcy) from liability for his or her debts
2 : to release from confinement, custody, or care discharge a prisoner
3a : to dismiss from employment : terminate the employment of
b : to release from service or duty discharge a jury discharge a witness
4a : to get rid of (as a debt or obligation) by performing an appropriate action
b : to fulfill a requirement for evidence which is required to discharge the burden of going forward— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
5 : to order (a legislative committee) to end consideration of a bill in order to bring it before the house for action

Other Words from discharge

dischargeability \ dis-​ˌchär-​jə-​ˈbi-​lə-​tē \ noun
dischargeable \ dis-​ˈchär-​jə-​bəl How to pronounce dischargeable (audio) \ adjective

discharge

noun
dis·​charge | \ ˈdis-ˌchärj How to pronounce discharge (audio) \

Legal Definition of discharge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : the act of relieving of something that burdens or oppresses : release
b : something that discharges or releases especially : a certification of or a document proving release or payment
2 : the state of being discharged or released a party seeking a total discharge
3 : release from confinement ordering a conditional discharge of the alien on habeas corpusHarvard Law Review
4 : the act of removing an obligation or liability (as by payment of a debt or performance of a duty)
5a : a dismissal from employment or office
constructive discharge
: discharge of an employee effected by making the employee's working conditions so intolerable that he or she reasonably feels compelled to resign
retaliatory discharge
: a wrongful discharge that is done in retaliation for an employee's conduct (as reporting an employer's criminal activity) and that clearly violates public policy
wrongful discharge
: discharge of an employee for illegal reasons or for reasons that are contrary to public policy (as in retaliation for the employee's refusal to engage in unlawful activity)
b : a release from service or duty

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