in·​for·​ma·​tion | \ ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən How to pronounce information (audio) \

Definition of information

1a(1) : knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction
(3) : facts, data
b : the attribute inherent in and communicated by one of two or more alternative sequences or arrangements of something (such as nucleotides in DNA or binary digits in a computer program) that produce specific effects
c(1) : a signal or character (as in a communication system or computer) representing data
(2) : something (such as a message, experimental data, or a picture) which justifies change in a construct (such as a plan or theory) that represents physical or mental experience or another construct
d : a quantitative measure of the content of information specifically : a numerical quantity that measures the uncertainty in the outcome of an experiment to be performed
2 : the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence
3 : the act of informing against a person
4 : a formal accusation of a crime made by a prosecuting officer as distinguished from an indictment presented by a grand jury

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Other Words from information

informational \ ˌin-​fər-​ˈmā-​shnəl How to pronounce information (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
informationally adverb

Synonyms for information


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Examples of information in a Sentence

They're working to collect information about the early settlers in the region. The pamphlet provides a lot of information on recent changes to the tax laws. He gave the police false information about his background. The conference will give us an opportunity to exchange information with other researchers. We can't make a decision until we have more information. The tests have not yet uncovered any new information. I don't like having to reveal personal information when I fill in a job application. He's accused of withholding useful information. I couldn't remember his number so I had to call information.
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Recent Examples on the Web The patrol said more information on the teen will be released Sunday at 4 p.m. Kim Hyatt, Star Tribune, "16-year-old girl killed in car crash near Cannon Falls, Minn.," 4 Apr. 2021 Instead, that information was released three days later by COPA and the Cook County Medical Examiner's office. CBS News, "Pressure builds to release body cam video of fatal police shooting of 13-year-old Adam Toledo in Chicago," 2 Apr. 2021 An autopsy is scheduled to be conducted; no further information was released by police. Howard Koplowitz |, al, "Death investigation underway after infant’s body found in Florence home," 1 Apr. 2021 No other information on the nature of the shooting or any suspects has been released. William Sanders, Arkansas Online, "Police release ID of 13-year-old North Little Rock homicide victim," 1 Apr. 2021 No information is released regarding the number of deaths by facility. Rich Exner, cleveland, "Decline in Ohio nursing home coronavirus cases levels off," 1 Apr. 2021 No additional information on the victims or the incidents had been released early Thursday, April 1, 2021. Lawrence Andrea, The Indianapolis Star, "1 dead, 2 wounded in connected shootings on the east side of Indianapolis, police say," 1 Apr. 2021 This story will be updated as more information is released. The Editors, Town & Country, "Amanda Seyfried Will Play Theranos's Elizabeth Holmes in TV Series The Dropout," 31 Mar. 2021 No information has been released about which playlists from the previous battles will be available to subscribers. Keyaira Boone, Essence, "Verzuz Is Coming To Peloton," 29 Mar. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'information.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of information

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Time Traveler for information

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The first known use of information was in the 14th century

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Last Updated

8 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Information.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 10 Apr. 2021.

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More Definitions for information



English Language Learners Definition of information

: knowledge that you get about someone or something : facts or details about a subject
US : a service that telephone users can call to find out the telephone number for a specified person or organization


in·​for·​ma·​tion | \ ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən How to pronounce information (audio) \

Kids Definition of information

: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction : facts or details about a subject

Choose the Right Synonym for information

information, knowledge, and learning mean what is or can be known. information may be used of a collection of facts gathered from many places. The book has a lot of information about baseball. knowledge is used for facts and ideas acquired by study, observation, or experience. She has a knowledge of birds. learning is used of knowledge acquired by long and careful study. The learning of a lifetime is in that book.



Legal Definition of information

: an instrument containing a formal accusation of a crime that is issued by a prosecuting officer and that serves the same function as an indictment presented by a grand jury — compare complaint sense 2, indictment

Note: About half the states in the United States allow prosecutors to issue informations. The rest require indictment.

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