en·​join | \ in-ˈjȯin How to pronounce enjoin (audio) , en- \
enjoined; enjoining; enjoins

Definition of enjoin

transitive verb

1 : to direct or impose by authoritative order or with urgent admonition enjoined us to be careful
2a : forbid, prohibit was enjoined by conscience from telling a lie
b : to prohibit by a judicial order : put an injunction on a book had been enjoined prior to publication— David Margolick

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Choose the Right Synonym for enjoin

command, order, bid, enjoin, direct, instruct, charge mean to issue orders. command and order imply authority and usually some degree of formality and impersonality. command stresses official exercise of authority. a general commanding troops order may suggest peremptory or arbitrary exercise. ordered his employees about bid suggests giving orders peremptorily (as to children or servants). she bade him be seated enjoin implies giving an order or direction authoritatively and urgently and often with admonition or solicitude. a sign enjoining patrons to be quiet direct and instruct both connote expectation of obedience and usually concern specific points of procedure or method, instruct sometimes implying greater explicitness or formality. directed her assistant to hold all calls the judge instructed the jury to ignore the remark charge adds to enjoin an implication of imposing as a duty or responsibility. charged by the President with a secret mission

What do enjoin and junta have in common?

Which of these words do you think has the same root as enjoin?

a. entelechy b. joy c. junta d. purloin

It might help if we tell you that enjoin derives ultimately from the verb jungere, which means "to join." Jungere is behind a number of English words, including join, conjoin, disjoin, and junction. Are you ready for your answer? The correct choice is junta, a term that entered English by way of Spanish. A junta is a committee that controls a government, especially after a revolutionary seizure of power—in other words, a group of persons joined together for a specific purpose.

Examples of enjoin in a Sentence

He was enjoined by his conscience from telling a lie. The judge enjoined them from selling the property.
Recent Examples on the Web The problem that Musk is dealing with via carbon capture might be something the U.S. should enjoin and provide even more financial incentives to solve this critical problem. Tim Bajarin, Forbes, 28 Apr. 2021 Twenty-one have sued the Treasury Department, asking federal courts to enjoin this unprecedented congressional power grab. Robert Alt, WSJ, 7 May 2021 In two instances, the department even pushed back against the plaintiffs’ efforts in Alabama and South Carolina to enjoin witness requirements for absentee ballots. Matt Ford, The New Republic, 26 Apr. 2021 The California Grocers Association filed a suit against Long Beach in January, asking a federal judge to enjoin the city from enforcing the ordinance, but it was denied a month later. Jeremy Beaman, Washington Examiner, 19 Apr. 2021 Litigation ensued with advocates bringing class action allegations asking federal courts to enjoin the agency from denying these states’ requests for additional funds for their poorest SNAP households. Tommy Tobin, Forbes, 16 Apr. 2021 In December, Smith & Wesson sued the State of New Jersey in federal court seeking to enjoin the state court from enforcing the subpoena. New York Times, 2 Mar. 2021 Last month a federal court declined a petition in another lawsuit, by the timber company Great Northern Resources, to enjoin further distributions from the Cares Fund. James Huffman, WSJ, 4 Dec. 2020 Clowers asked the circuit court to repeal a constitutional amendment Edwards relied on, to declare the previous elections under the order invalid and to enjoin the next election. Ron Wood, Arkansas Online, 6 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'enjoin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of enjoin

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for enjoin

Middle English, from Anglo-French enjoindre, from Latin injungere, from in- + jungere to join — more at yoke

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The first known use of enjoin was in the 13th century

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Last Updated

9 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Enjoin.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/enjoin. Accessed 24 Jul. 2021.

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More Definitions for enjoin



English Language Learners Definition of enjoin

: to direct or order (someone) to do something
: to prevent (someone) from doing something especially : to give a legal order preventing (someone) from doing something


transitive verb
en·​join | \ in-ˈjȯin How to pronounce enjoin (audio) \

Legal Definition of enjoin

: to prohibit by judicial order : issue an injunction against a three-judge district court had enjoined the plans— W. J. Brennan, Jr.

Other Words from enjoin

enjoinable adjective

History and Etymology for enjoin

Anglo-French enjoindre to impose, constrain, from Old French, from Latin injungere to attach, impose, from in- on + jungere to join

More from Merriam-Webster on enjoin

Nglish: Translation of enjoin for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of enjoin for Arabic Speakers


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