instruct

verb
in·​struct | \ in-ˈstrəkt How to pronounce instruct (audio) \
instructed; instructing; instructs

Definition of instruct

transitive verb

1 : to give knowledge to : teach, train
2 : to provide with authoritative information or advice the judge instructed the jury
3 : to give an order or command to : direct

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Choose the Right Synonym for instruct

teach, instruct, educate, train, discipline, school mean to cause to acquire knowledge or skill. teach applies to any manner of imparting information or skill so that others may learn. taught us a lot about our planet instruct suggests methodical or formal teaching. instructs raw recruits in military drill educate implies development of the mind. more things than formal schooling serve to educate a person train stresses instruction and drill with a specific end in view. trained foreign pilots to operate the new aircraft discipline implies training in habits of order and precision. a disciplined mind school implies training or disciplining especially in what is hard to master. schooled the horse in five gaits

command, order, bid, enjoin, direct, instruct, charge mean to issue orders. command and order imply authority and usually some degree of formality and impersonality. command stresses official exercise of authority. a general commanding troops order may suggest peremptory or arbitrary exercise. ordered his employees about like slaves bid suggests giving orders peremptorily (as to children or servants). she bade him be seated enjoin implies giving an order or direction authoritatively and urgently and often with admonition or solicitude. a sign enjoining patrons to be quiet direct and instruct both connote expectation of obedience and usually concern specific points of procedure or method, instruct sometimes implying greater explicitness or formality. directed her assistant to hold all calls the judge instructed the jury to ignore the remark charge adds to enjoin an implication of imposing as a duty or responsibility. charged by the President with a secret mission

Examples of instruct in a Sentence

She instructed us that we were to remain in our seats. The judge instructed the jury that they should disregard the testimony of the last witness. She advised him to instruct a solicitor.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Troy Phillips wants to know: Did the 911 call taker instruct the caller to perform CPR? Lynn Arditi, BostonGlobe.com, "Going Quiet: Rhode Island among the states hiding 911 recordings from families, lawyers, and the general public," 16 July 2019 Officials instead urged residents to shelter in place, while tourists have been instructed to take shelter in hotels. Justin Carissimo, CBS News, "Barry makes landfall in Louisiana and weakens to tropical storm - live updates," 13 July 2019 Her security guard also instructed fans not to take photos, people sitting nearby have reported. Chloe Foussianes, Town & Country, "Meghan Markle Brings Archie to Cheer on Prince Harry at a Polo Match," 10 July 2019 Pollak travels the country, from grassroots to the pros, instructing these techniques. Richard Obert, azcentral, "Retired NFL player Mike Pollak teaches high school players to reduce football head trauma," 9 July 2019 The Maryland judge wants answers, and has instructed the DOJ to provide more information by Friday afternoon. Catherine Kim, Vox, "Vox Sentences: Trump throws census plans out the window," 4 July 2019 Yet there is no such nationwide policy that says hospitals can't instruct ambulances to take patients elsewhere. Barbara Brody, Health.com, "'Hospital Diversion' Is Perfectly Legal and Putting People at Risk. Here's What You Need to Know," 27 June 2019 The groom took the initiative, grabbed the mic, and instructed everyone to get up and get on. Alexandra Macon, Vogue, "Four Dresses, Two Parties, and One Adorable French Bulldog: Inside a Whirlwind New York City Wedding Weekend," 27 June 2019 The conservative justices on the high court remanded cases from Maryland and North Carolina to the lower courts and instructed those courts to dismiss the complaints of partisan gerrymandering. Luke Broadwater, baltimoresun.com, "In Maryland case, U.S. Supreme Court rules courts have no role in deciding partisan gerrymandering," 27 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'instruct.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of instruct

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for instruct

Middle English, from Latin instructus, past participle of instruere, from in- + struere to build — more at structure

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Statistics for instruct

Last Updated

20 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for instruct

The first known use of instruct was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for instruct

instruct

verb

English Language Learners Definition of instruct

formal
: to teach (someone) a subject, skill, etc.
: to give (someone) an order or command
law : to give an order or an explanation of a law to (a jury)

instruct

verb
in·​struct | \ in-ˈstrəkt How to pronounce instruct (audio) \
instructed; instructing

Kids Definition of instruct

1 : to give knowledge to : teach A tutor instructs him in math.
2 : to give information to I instructed him that school was closed.
3 : to give directions or commands to She instructed us to stay seated.

instruct

transitive verb
in·​struct

Legal Definition of instruct

: to provide (a jury) with explanation and directions regarding the law applicable to a case the judge instructed the jury that the plaintiff bears the burden of proof the jury was instructed to ignore the attorney's comments

intransitive verb

: to give instructions to a jury the trial judge refused to instruct on manslaughter— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.

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More from Merriam-Webster on instruct

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with instruct

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for instruct

Spanish Central: Translation of instruct

Nglish: Translation of instruct for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of instruct for Arabic Speakers

Comments on instruct

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