injunction

play
noun in·junc·tion \ in-ˈjəŋ(k)-shən \
Updated on: 26 Jul 2017

Definition of injunction

1 :the act or an instance of enjoining :order, admonition
2 :a writ granted by a court of equity whereby one is required to do or to refrain from doing a specified act

injunctive

play \in-ˈjəŋ(k)-tiv\ adjective

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Examples of injunction in a Sentence

  1. The group has obtained an injunction to prevent the demolition of the building.

  2. in the cult there were injunctions for and against everything, as nothing was a matter of personal choice

Recent Examples of injunction from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'injunction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Did You Know?

Injunction derives, via Anglo-French and Late Latin, from the Latin verb injungere, which in turn derives from jungere, meaning "to join." Like our verb enjoin, injungere means "to direct or impose by authoritative order or with urgent admonition." (Not surprisingly, enjoin is also a descendant of injungere.) Injunction has been around in English since at least the 15th century, when it began life as a word meaning "authoritative command." In the 16th century it developed a legal second sense applying to a court order. It has also been used as a synonym of conjunction, another jungere descendant meaning "union," but that sense is extremely rare.

Origin and Etymology of injunction

Middle English injunccion, from Anglo-French & Late Latin; Anglo-French enjunxion, from Late Latin injunction-, injunctio, from Latin injungere to enjoin — more at enjoin


Financial Definition of INJUNCTION

injunction

What It Is

An injunction is a court order that requires a party to stop doing certain things.

How It Works

In the business world, injunctions sometimes involve intellectual property. Let's say that Company XYZ is a restaurant company. It has trademarked its name ("Donuts and Company") and has decorated all of its restaurants in the same, distinct way (striped awnings in front of the stores, special light fixtures, and a particular color scheme inside the restaurants). The company is doing well and opening a lot of restaurants around the country.

Jane Smith visits a Donuts and Company store one day while she is vacationing in Miami. She thinks her small town in Arizona could use a restaurant like Donuts and Company. Instead of becoming a franchisee, she starts a knock-off. She leases a site in Arizona, puts together a very similar menu, and decorates her "Donuts and Friends" restaurant with the same colors and distinctive awning outside.

One day, Donuts and Company catches wind of Jane's venture. They send an executive out to her restaurant to take pictures and collect evidence of Jane's efforts to imitate Donuts and Company. Then they sue Jane for trademark infringement. The judge issues an injunction, ordering Jane to stop selling food under the "Donuts and Friends" name, to change her trade dress (decorative appearance), and to stop using the Donuts and Company menu.

Some injunctions are preliminary injunctions, which means that a party is prohibited from doing something until the court has made a further decision. That further decision may involve issuing a permanent injunction, which forbids a party from doing something indefinitely or until certain conditions are met. Restraining orders are a kind of injunction.

Why It Matters

Injunctions are an alternative to monetary judgments, in which the court might order a party to pay damages to another party. In some cases, they are much better for defendants to deal with; in Jane's case, the monetary damages could have come with a much higher cost if Donuts and Company alleged that it lost business in Arizona due to Jane's knock-off. In some cases, they are better for plaintiffs as well.


INJUNCTION Defined for English Language Learners

injunction

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noun

Definition of injunction for English Language Learners

  • law : an order from a court of law that says something must be done or must not be done


INJUNCTION Defined for Kids

injunction

play
noun in·junc·tion \ in-ˈjəŋk-shən \

Definition of injunction for Students

:a court order commanding or forbidding the doing of some act

Law Dictionary

injunction

play
noun in·junc·tion \ in-ˈjəŋk-shən \

legal Definition of injunction

:an equitable remedy in the form of a court order compelling a party to do or refrain from doing a specified act — compare cease-and-desist order at order 3b, damage, declaratory judgment at judgment 1a, mandamus, specific performance at performance, stay
Note: An injunction is available as a remedy for harm for which there is no adequate remedy at law. Thus it is used to prevent a future harmful action rather than to compensate for an injury that has already occurred, or to provide relief from harm for which an award of money damages is not a satisfactory solution or for which a monetary value is impossible to calculate. A defendant who violates an injunction is subject to penalty for contempt.
affirmative injunction
:an injunction requiring a positive act on the part of the defendant :mandatory injunction in this entry
final injunction
:permanent injunction in this entry
interlocutory injunction
:an injunction that orders the maintenance of the status quo between the parties prior to a final determination of the matter; specifically :preliminary injunction in this entry
mandatory injunction
:an injunction that compels the defendant to do some positive act rather than simply to maintain the situation as it was when the action was brought — compare prohibitory injunction in this entry
permanent injunction
:an injunction imposed after a hearing and remaining in force at least until the defendant has complied with its provisions called also final injunction, perpetual injunction
preliminary injunction
:an interlocutory injunction issued before a trial for purposes of preventing the defendant from acting in a way that will irreparably harm the plaintiff's ability to enforce his or her rights at the trial called also temporary injunction; compare temporary restraining order at order
Note: Before a preliminary injunction can be issued, there must be a hearing with prior notice to the defendant. Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65, the hearing and the trial may be consolidated.
prohibitory injunction
:an injunction that prohibits the defendant from taking a particular action and maintains the positions of the parties until there is a hearing to determine the matter in dispute
temporary injunction
:preliminary injunction in this entry

Origin and Etymology of injunction

Middle French injonction, from Late Latin injunction-, injunctio, from Latin injungere to enjoin, from in- in + jungere to join



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