injunction

noun
in·​junc·​tion | \ in-ˈjəŋ(k)-shən How to pronounce injunction (audio) \

Definition of injunction

1 : the act or an instance of enjoining : order, admonition
2 : a writ granted by a court of equity whereby one is required to do or to refrain from doing a specified act

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Other Words from injunction

injunctive \ in-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​tiv How to pronounce injunctive (audio) \ adjective

Did You Know?

Injunction derives, via Anglo-French and Late Latin, from the Latin verb injungere, which in turn derives from jungere, meaning "to join." Like our verb enjoin, injungere means "to direct or impose by authoritative order or with urgent admonition." (Not surprisingly, enjoin is also a descendant of injungere.) Injunction has been around in English since at least the 15th century, when it began life as a word meaning "authoritative command." In the 16th century it developed a legal second sense applying to a court order. It has also been used as a synonym of conjunction, another jungere descendant meaning "union," but that sense is extremely rare.

Examples of injunction in a Sentence

The group has obtained an injunction to prevent the demolition of the building. in the cult there were injunctions for and against everything, as nothing was a matter of personal choice

Recent Examples on the Web

Judge Andrew Hanen declined to issue a nationwide injunction last year that would’ve halted DACA renewals in a lawsuit led by Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton that directly challenged the constitutionality of DACA. Obed Manuel, Dallas News, "How the Supreme Court’s decision to review DACA might rattle the 2020 political landscape," 28 June 2019 The health department also asked the court to reconsider its injunction, which the judge denied. Jennifer Calfas, WSJ, "Missouri Health Department Declines to Renew License for State's Last Abortion Clinic," 21 June 2019 Dodson last year ruled in favor of Florigrown and issued a temporary injunction requiring state health officials to begin registering Florigrown and other medical-marijuana firms to do business. Jim Saunders, sun-sentinel.com, "Florida House wants to defend marijuana law that restricts number of businesses," 3 June 2019 Earlier today, a federal judge in New York declined to issue a preliminary injunction to block the subpoenas. ProPublica, "Why Did Deutsche Bank Keep Lending to Donald Trump? — “Trump, Inc.” Podcast," 22 May 2019 The court's order will have little impact since the administration filed the emergency application in November, a lower court has already issued a temporary injunction against the government in the case. CNN, "Supreme Court wipes away lower court ruling that granted undocumented teen access to abortion," 4 June 2018 Cooley and Ferreira argued that their contempt order was issued in the criminal case and therefore could be appealed immediately, but Watford said Orrick had found the lawyers acted together with Daleiden to violate his injunction in the civil case. Bob Egelko, SFChronicle.com, "Antiabortion activists lose appeal over video posts, ordered to pay $195,000," 5 June 2019 The judge said in her judgment that the FDA is entitled an injunction ordering U.S. Stem Cell, based in Weston, to halt the procedure. Laura Mcginley And William Wan, sun-sentinel.com, "FDA wins groundbreaking case against for-profit Sunrise stem cell company," 4 June 2019 Eventually, the royals filed an injunction to stop the show. Caroline Hallemann, Town & Country, "The Scandalous Etchings of Queen Victoria that Inspired Tonight's Episode of Victoria," 18 Feb. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'injunction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of injunction

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for injunction

Middle English injunccion, from Anglo-French & Late Latin; Anglo-French enjunxion, from Late Latin injunction-, injunctio, from Latin injungere to enjoin — more at enjoin

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Dictionary Entries near injunction

injudicious

Injun

injunct

injunction

injurant

injure

in jure cessio

Statistics for injunction

Last Updated

9 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for injunction

The first known use of injunction was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for injunction

injunction

noun

Financial Definition of injunction

What It Is

An injunction is a court order that requires a party to stop doing certain things.

How It Works

In the business world, injunctions sometimes involve intellectual property. Let's say that Company XYZ is a restaurant company. It has trademarked its name ("Donuts and Company") and has decorated all of its restaurants in the same, distinct way (striped awnings in front of the stores, special light fixtures, and a particular color scheme inside the restaurants). The company is doing well and opening a lot of restaurants around the country.

Jane Smith visits a Donuts and Company store one day while she is vacationing in Miami. She thinks her small town in Arizona could use a restaurant like Donuts and Company. Instead of becoming a franchisee, she starts a knock-off. She leases a site in Arizona, puts together a very similar menu, and decorates her "Donuts and Friends" restaurant with the same colors and distinctive awning outside.

One day, Donuts and Company catches wind of Jane's venture. They send an executive out to her restaurant to take pictures and collect evidence of Jane's efforts to imitate Donuts and Company. Then they sue Jane for trademark infringement. The judge issues an injunction, ordering Jane to stop selling food under the "Donuts and Friends" name, to change her trade dress (decorative appearance), and to stop using the Donuts and Company menu.

Some injunctions are preliminary injunctions, which means that a party is prohibited from doing something until the court has made a further decision. That further decision may involve issuing a permanent injunction, which forbids a party from doing something indefinitely or until certain conditions are met. Restraining orders are a kind of injunction.

Why It Matters

Injunctions are an alternative to monetary judgments, in which the court might order a party to pay damages to another party. In some cases, they are much better for defendants to deal with; in Jane's case, the monetary damages could have come with a much higher cost if Donuts and Company alleged that it lost business in Arizona due to Jane's knock-off. In some cases, they are better for plaintiffs as well.

Source: Investing Answers

injunction

noun

English Language Learners Definition of injunction

law : an order from a court of law that says something must be done or must not be done

injunction

noun
in·​junc·​tion | \ in-ˈjəŋk-shən How to pronounce injunction (audio) \

Kids Definition of injunction

: a court order commanding or forbidding the doing of some act

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injunction

noun
in·​junc·​tion | \ in-ˈjəŋk-shən How to pronounce injunction (audio) \

Legal Definition of injunction

: an equitable remedy in the form of a court order compelling a party to do or refrain from doing a specified act — compare cease-and-desist order at order sense 3b, damage, declaratory judgment at judgment sense 1a, mandamus, specific performance at performance, stay

Note: An injunction is available as a remedy for harm for which there is no adequate remedy at law. Thus it is used to prevent a future harmful action rather than to compensate for an injury that has already occurred, or to provide relief from harm for which an award of money damages is not a satisfactory solution or for which a monetary value is impossible to calculate. A defendant who violates an injunction is subject to penalty for contempt.

affirmative injunction
: an injunction requiring a positive act on the part of the defendant : mandatory injunction in this entry
final injunction
: permanent injunction in this entry
interlocutory injunction
: an injunction that orders the maintenance of the status quo between the parties prior to a final determination of the matter specifically : preliminary injunction in this entry
mandatory injunction
: an injunction that compels the defendant to do some positive act rather than simply to maintain the situation as it was when the action was brought — compare prohibitory injunction in this entry
permanent injunction
: an injunction imposed after a hearing and remaining in force at least until the defendant has complied with its provisions

called also final injunction, perpetual injunction

preliminary injunction
: an interlocutory injunction issued before a trial for purposes of preventing the defendant from acting in a way that will irreparably harm the plaintiff's ability to enforce his or her rights at the trial

called also temporary injunction

— compare temporary restraining order at order

Note: Before a preliminary injunction can be issued, there must be a hearing with prior notice to the defendant. Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65, the hearing and the trial may be consolidated.

prohibitory injunction
: an injunction that prohibits the defendant from taking a particular action and maintains the positions of the parties until there is a hearing to determine the matter in dispute
temporary injunction
: preliminary injunction in this entry

History and Etymology for injunction

Middle French injonction, from Late Latin injunction-, injunctio, from Latin injungere to enjoin, from in- in + jungere to join

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Comments on injunction

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appealing forcibly to the mind or reason

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