in·​junc·​tion | \ in-ˈjəŋ(k)-shən How to pronounce injunction (audio) \

Definition of injunction

1 : a writ granted by a court of equity whereby one is required to do or to refrain from doing a specified act
2 : the act or an instance of enjoining : order, admonition

Other Words from injunction

injunctive \ in-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​tiv How to pronounce injunction (audio) \ adjective

Did you know?

Injunction derives, via Anglo-French and Late Latin, from the Latin verb injungere, which in turn derives from jungere, meaning "to join." Like our verb enjoin, injungere means "to direct or impose by authoritative order or with urgent admonition." (Not surprisingly, enjoin is also a descendant of injungere.) Injunction has been around in English since at least the 15th century, when it began life as a word meaning "authoritative command." In the 16th century it developed a legal second sense applying to a court order. It has also been used as a synonym of conjunction, another jungere descendant meaning "union," but that sense is extremely rare.

Examples of injunction in a Sentence

The group has obtained an injunction to prevent the demolition of the building. in the cult there were injunctions for and against everything, as nothing was a matter of personal choice
Recent Examples on the Web The inmates sued for the injunction, saying that the Oct. 28 execution of John Marion Grant demonstrated that Oklahoma officials have not resolved concerns about the state's execution method. Ken Miller, ajc, 13 Nov. 2021 If a judge on Wednesday refuses to grant the Rickmans’ request for the injunction blocking a sale, Sommers is hopeful that the sale of the house at 24442 Canyon Row will go forward that same day. Patrick Danner, San Antonio Express-News, 11 Nov. 2021 Trump's lawyers appealed the case to the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals and asked Thursday that court for an injunction while the case is argued. Bart Jansen, USA TODAY, 11 Nov. 2021 On Tuesday, Berham and Rietveld filed for an injunction barring the defendants from enforcing state law that prohibits out-of-state retailers from selling and delivering wine to Rhode Island residents., 5 Nov. 2021 Though the request for an injunction was rejected, the lawsuit will continue. Joseph O'sullivan, Anchorage Daily News, 19 Oct. 2021 The teachers had filed for the injunction with Sotomayor on Thursday, in an effort to keep the mandate from going into effect Friday. CBS News, 2 Oct. 2021 Justice Department attorney Brian Netter said the injury that creates the need for an injunction to stop the law is evident because of the decrease in the number of abortions able to be provided in Texas. Dallas News, 1 Oct. 2021 But the Supreme Court, siding with the city, said the request for an injunction should be dismissed., 30 Sep. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'injunction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of injunction

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for injunction

Middle English injunccion, from Anglo-French & Late Latin; Anglo-French enjunxion, from Late Latin injunction-, injunctio, from Latin injungere to enjoin — more at enjoin

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The first known use of injunction was in the 15th century

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Last Updated

28 Nov 2021

Cite this Entry

“Injunction.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

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More Definitions for injunction



English Language Learners Definition of injunction

: an order from a court of law that says something must be done or must not be done


in·​junc·​tion | \ in-ˈjəŋk-shən How to pronounce injunction (audio) \

Kids Definition of injunction

: a court order commanding or forbidding the doing of some act


in·​junc·​tion | \ in-ˈjəŋk-shən How to pronounce injunction (audio) \

Legal Definition of injunction

: an equitable remedy in the form of a court order compelling a party to do or refrain from doing a specified act — compare cease-and-desist order at order sense 3b, damage, declaratory judgment at judgment sense 1a, mandamus, specific performance at performance, stay

Note: An injunction is available as a remedy for harm for which there is no adequate remedy at law. Thus it is used to prevent a future harmful action rather than to compensate for an injury that has already occurred, or to provide relief from harm for which an award of money damages is not a satisfactory solution or for which a monetary value is impossible to calculate. A defendant who violates an injunction is subject to penalty for contempt.

affirmative injunction
: an injunction requiring a positive act on the part of the defendant : mandatory injunction in this entry
final injunction
: permanent injunction in this entry
interlocutory injunction
: an injunction that orders the maintenance of the status quo between the parties prior to a final determination of the matter specifically : preliminary injunction in this entry
mandatory injunction
: an injunction that compels the defendant to do some positive act rather than simply to maintain the situation as it was when the action was brought — compare prohibitory injunction in this entry
permanent injunction
: an injunction imposed after a hearing and remaining in force at least until the defendant has complied with its provisions

called also final injunction, perpetual injunction

preliminary injunction
: an interlocutory injunction issued before a trial for purposes of preventing the defendant from acting in a way that will irreparably harm the plaintiff's ability to enforce his or her rights at the trial

called also temporary injunction

— compare temporary restraining order at order

Note: Before a preliminary injunction can be issued, there must be a hearing with prior notice to the defendant. Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65, the hearing and the trial may be consolidated.

prohibitory injunction
: an injunction that prohibits the defendant from taking a particular action and maintains the positions of the parties until there is a hearing to determine the matter in dispute
temporary injunction
: preliminary injunction in this entry

History and Etymology for injunction

Middle French injonction, from Late Latin injunction-, injunctio, from Latin injungere to enjoin, from in- in + jungere to join

More from Merriam-Webster on injunction

Nglish: Translation of injunction for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of injunction for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about injunction


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