damage

noun
dam·​age | \ ˈda-mij How to pronounce damage (audio) \

Definition of damage

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation flood damage sustained severe damage to her knee
2 damages plural : compensation in money imposed by law for loss or injury The judge awarded them $5,000 in damages.
3 : expense, cost "What's the damage?" he asked the waiter

damage

verb
damaged; damaging

Definition of damage (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to cause damage (see damage entry 1 sense 1) to don't damage the furniture returning soldiers damaged by war

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Other Words from damage

Verb

damageability \ ˌda-​mi-​jə-​ˈbi-​lə-​tē How to pronounce damageability (audio) \ noun
damager noun

Choose the Right Synonym for damage

Verb

injure, harm, hurt, damage, impair, mar mean to affect injuriously. injure implies the inflicting of anything detrimental to one's looks, comfort, health, or success. badly injured in an accident harm often stresses the inflicting of pain, suffering, or loss. careful not to harm the animals hurt implies inflicting a wound to the body or to the feelings. hurt by their callous remarks damage suggests injury that lowers value or impairs usefulness. a table damaged in shipping impair suggests a making less complete or efficient by deterioration or diminution. years of smoking had impaired his health mar applies to injury that spoils perfection (as of a surface) or causes disfigurement. the text is marred by many typos

Examples of damage in a Sentence

Noun The items were carefully wrapped to protect them from damage during shipping. The city sustained heavy damage during the war. Fortunately the boat suffered no serious damage in the storm. The fall caused considerable damage to her knee. The disease is known to cause permanent brain damage. The scandal caused significant damage to her career. You've said enough. Please leave before you do any more damage. He tried to repair the damage by apologizing, but it was too late. He apologized, but the damage was already done. Verb Please return any items that are damaged during shipping. Many homes were damaged or completely destroyed in the fire. The fall severely damaged her knee. Smoking can seriously damage your lungs. The scandal significantly damaged her career. This news will undoubtedly damage the governor's reputation. He was worried that his comments had seriously damaged their relationship. He's trying to repair his damaged reputation.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Coffee and tea are also leading sources of antioxidants in our diet, which can help protect cells from damage. Barbara Vandenburgh, USA TODAY, "5 things we learned about caffeine from Michael Pollan’s new Audible audiobook," 13 Feb. 2020 This isn’t to minimize the damage caused by those who willfully poison the digital landscape. Whitney Phillips, Wired, "You May Not Even Know You're Spreading Lies," 13 Feb. 2020 The damage to Vietnam’s tourism sector due to the coronavirus will range between $5.9 billion and $7.7 billion, according to Vietnam National Administration of Tourism estimates. Charlie Campbell / Krabi, Time, "'It Will Be Catastrophic.' Asia's Tourism-Dependent Economies Are Being Hit Hard by the Coronavirus," 13 Feb. 2020 To the south, severe thunderstorms with damaging winds moved through Alabama and Tennessee, producing damage to homes and uprooting trees. Max Golembo, ABC News, "Coldest air of the season is moving into the Midwest and the Northeast," 13 Feb. 2020 In other remarks, DeWine urged local officials to sign off on a proposal to unify the state and communities in pursuit of a potential damages settlement with the pharmaceutical industry over prescription opioids. al, "Ohio woman nearly dies in Alabama distracted-driving wreck, takes fight home," 13 Feb. 2020 Whatever hopes for the country that might lie in the population tables or proposals to retool American democracy, something must be done in the interim, to minimize and contain the damage the GOP can inflict on the nation. Osita Nwanevu, The New Republic, "End the GOP," 13 Feb. 2020 Among other problems, bomb damage inflicted on the tower during the Second World War had been found to be more extensive than first thought. NBC News, "London's 'Big Ben' tower more badly damaged by Nazi bombs than thought," 13 Feb. 2020 That corner of the building had extensive interior water damage. Maria Halkias, Dallas News, "Tornado-damaged Preston and Royal gets its bakery back," 12 Feb. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb After he was indicted for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in the country’s western region of Darfur, his defiance badly damaged the young court’s credibility. The Economist, "A day of reckoning Omar al-Bashir, Sudan’s ex-dictator, could at last face justice," 13 Feb. 2020 But the Marcels are damaged people, and the visit doesn’t go as planned. Celia Wren, Washington Post, "GALA’s ‘Exquisita Agonia’ pours its heart out," 13 Feb. 2020 Nearly all of the people insisted on anonymity to speak about the situation to avoid damaging any relationships. Kevin Draper, New York Times, "Yes, the Mets Are Still for Sale. No, the Owners Don’t Have to Sell Them.," 13 Feb. 2020 Chesterfield Township Library went fine-free Jan. 1, but said in a news release that fees will continue for lost or damaged items. Christina Hall, Detroit Free Press, "Some Michigan libraries join nationwide trend: Eliminating late fees on overdue books," 12 Feb. 2020 The problem could occur if the wire harness for the power outlet in the third row becomes pinched, damaging the wires, which can lead to an electrical short and potentially a fire. Colin Beresford, Car and Driver, "Honda Recalls Nearly 250,000 Odyssey Minivans for Fire Hazard," 12 Feb. 2020 Strikes and the falling price of copper slowed the industry - controlled by the Anaconda Copper Mining Company - while underground work shifted to safer but more visibly damaging open pits. Kathleen Mclaughlin, Anchorage Daily News, "A once-powerful Montana mining town warily awaits final cleanup of its toxic past," 12 Feb. 2020 Amtrak hasn’t routinely rolled along the Gulf Coast since Hurricane Katrina damaged much of the line in 2005. al, "Fate of Amtrak’s return to Mobile falls to county commission," 11 Feb. 2020 Some neighborhoods in Pendleton, a town of 16,000, were hit, damaging mobile homes. BostonGlobe.com, "Oregon flooding abates; part of interstate still closed - The Boston Globe," 10 Feb. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'damage.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of damage

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for damage

Noun and Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from dan damage, from Latin damnum — see damn entry 1

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Learn More about damage

Time Traveler for damage

Time Traveler

The first known use of damage was in the 14th century

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Statistics for damage

Last Updated

16 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Damage.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/damage. Accessed 22 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for damage

damage

noun
How to pronounce damage (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of damage

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: physical harm that is done to something or to someone's body
: emotional harm that is done to someone
: problems that are caused by a mistake, wrong action, etc. : bad or harmful effects on a situation, a person's reputation, etc.

damage

verb

English Language Learners Definition of damage (Entry 2 of 2)

: to physically harm (something)
: to cause problems in or for (something) : to have a bad effect on (a situation, a person's reputation, etc.)

damage

noun
dam·​age | \ ˈda-mij How to pronounce damage (audio) \

Kids Definition of damage

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : loss or harm caused by injury to a person's body or property How much damage was done to the car?
2 damages plural : money demanded or paid according to law for injury or damage The jury awarded $50,000 in damages.

damage

verb
damaged; damaging

Kids Definition of damage (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause harm or loss to

damage

noun
dam·​age

Legal Definition of damage

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation
2 plural : the money awarded to a party in a civil suit as reparation for the loss or injury for which another is liable — see also additur, cover, mitigate, remittitur — compare declaratory judgment at judgment sense 1a, injunction, specific performance at performance

Note: The trier of fact determines the amount of damages to be awarded to the prevailing party. More than one type of damages may be awarded for a single injury.

actual damages
: damages deemed to compensate the injured party for losses sustained as a direct result of the injury suffered

called also compensatory damages

consequential damages
: special damages in this entry
direct damages
: damages for a loss that is an immediate, natural, and foreseeable result of the wrongful act — compare special damages in this entry
exemplary damages \ ig-​ˈzem-​plə-​rē-​ \
: punitive damages in this entry
expectation damages
: damages recoverable for breach of contract and designed to put the injured party in the position he or she would have been in had the contract been completed

called also expectancy damages

general damages
1 : damages for a loss that is the natural, foreseeable, and logical result of a wrongful act — compare special damages in this entry
2 : damages for losses (as pain and suffering, inconvenience, or loss of lifestyle) whose monetary values are difficult to assign
hedonic damages \ hi-​ˈdä-​nik-​ \
: damages deemed to compensate for the loss of enjoyment of life resulting from a wrongful act

Note: Hedonic damages are not recognized in all jurisdictions.

incidental damages
: damages recoverable under section 2-715 of the Uniform Commercial Code in breach of contract cases for losses that include expenses incurred in handling and caring for goods which were the subject of the contract, reasonable expenses incurred in obtaining cover, and any other reasonable expenses resulting from the breach that do not fall into any other category
liquidated damages
: damages whose amount is agreed upon by the parties to a contract as adequately compensating for loss in the event of a breach

called also stipulated damages

Note: Liquidated damages in an amount exceeding that needed to reasonably compensate the injured party constitute a penalty and are therefore void.

moratory damages
in the civil law of Louisiana : damages recoverable for loss resulting from an obligor's delay in performing

Note: Compensatory damages are recoverable in a case of failure to perform.

nominal damages
: damages awarded in a small amount (as one dollar) in cases in which a party has been injured but no loss resulted from the injury or in which the injured party failed to prove that loss resulted from the injury
presumed damages
: damages that are presumed under the law to result naturally and necessarily from a tortious act and that therefore do not require proof
punitive damages
: damages awarded in cases of serious or malicious wrongdoing to punish or deter the wrongdoer or deter others from behaving similarly

called also exemplary damages, smart money

special damages
: damages awarded in an amount deemed to compensate for losses that arise not as a natural result of the injury but because of some particular circumstance of the injured party specifically : damages relating to a business, profession, or property that are easily calculable in monetary terms

called also consequential damages

— compare direct damages in this entrygeneral damages in this entry

Note: Because special damages do not arise in every case, they must be specifically requested in the pleadings. This is an issue of particular importance in cases of harm to reputation, such as slander, libel, and malicious prosecution.

stipulated damages
in the civil law of Louisiana : liquidated damages in this entry
treble damages \ ˈtre-​bəl-​ \
: damages awarded in an amount that is three times the amount for which the trier of fact finds the wrongdoer liable

Note: Treble damages are recoverable where authorized by statute and are usually imposed as a punishment.

3 plural : losses for which damages are recoverable did not incur damages, because he was unlikely to win the foreclosure case— Rosalind Resnick

damage

adjective

Legal Definition of damage (Entry 2 of 2)

: of or relating to damages a damage action a damage remedy

History and Etymology for damage

Noun

Old French, from dam injury, harm, from Latin damnum financial loss, fine

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More from Merriam-Webster on damage

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for damage

Spanish Central: Translation of damage

Nglish: Translation of damage for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of damage for Arabic Speakers

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