benzoin

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noun ben·zo·in \ˈben-zə-wən, -zō-, -ˌwēn; -ˌzȯin\

Definition of benzoin

  1. 1 :  a hard fragrant yellowish balsamic resin from trees (genus Styrax) of southeastern Asia used especially as a fixative in perfumes, as incense, and in medicine as an expectorant and skin protectant

  2. 2 :  a white crystalline hydroxy ketone C14H12O2 made from benzaldehyde

Origin and Etymology of benzoin

modification of Medieval French benjoin, from Catalan benjuí, from Arabic lubān jāwi, literally, frankincense of Java


First Known Use: 1558


Medical Dictionary

noun ben·zo·in \ˈben-zə-wən, -ˌwēn; -ˌzȯin\

Medical Definition of benzoin

  1. 1:  a hard fragrant yellowish balsamic resin from trees (genus Styrax of the family Styracaceae) of southeastern Asia used especially as an expectorant and topically to relieve skin irritations

  2. 2:  a white crystalline hydroxy ketone C14H12O2 made from benzaldehyde

  3. 3:  a tree yielding benzoin

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