\ ˈfil How to pronounce fill (audio) \
filled; filling; fills

Definition of fill

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to put into as much as can be held or conveniently contained fill a cup with water
b : to supply with a full complement the class is filled
c(1) : to cause to swell or billow wind filled the sails
(2) : to trim (a sail) to catch the wind
d : to raise the level of with fill filled land
e : to repair the cavities of (teeth)
f : to stop up : obstruct wreckage filled the channel
g : to stop up the interstices, crevices, or pores of (a material, such as cloth, wood, or leather) with a foreign substance
2a : feed, satiate fill livestock
b : satisfy, fulfill fills all requirements
c : make out, complete used with out or in fill out a formfill in the blanks
d : to draw the playing cards necessary to complete fill a straight or flush in poker
3a : to occupy the whole of smoke filled the room
b : to spread through music filled the air
c : to make full a mind filled with fantasies
4a : to possess and perform the duties of : hold fill an office
b : to place a person in fill a vacancy
5 : to supply as directed fill a prescription
6 : to cover the surface of with a layer of precious metal a gold-filled bracelet

intransitive verb

: to become full the rivers filled
fill one's shoes
: to take over one's job, position, or responsibilities No one will be able to fill his shoes after he retires.



Definition of fill (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a full supply especially : a quantity that satisfies or satiates eat your fill
2 : something that fills: such as
a : material used to fill a receptacle, cavity, passage, or low place
b : a bit of instrumental music that fills the pauses between phrases (as of a vocalist or soloist)
c : artificial light used in photography to reduce or eliminate shadows often used attributively fill flash

Synonyms & Antonyms for fill

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Verb

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Examples of fill in a Sentence

Verb May I fill your glass for you? She filled her house with antiques. His massive body filled the doorway. He has enough books to fill a library. Two hundred people filled the room. fill a sheet of paper with writing a vase filled with flowers stadiums filled with cheering fans The rivers have filled and are close to flooding. The stadium filled more than an hour before the game. Noun They delivered a truckload of fill for the trench. we ripped the tag off years ago, so we have no idea what the fill in that pillow is See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb This provides employers with a huge opportunity to fill this gap by providing holistic financial education programs. Liz Frazier, Forbes, 3 Oct. 2022 Increasingly, charitable organizations are stepping up to fill the gap. Paul Sisson, San Diego Union-Tribune, 26 Sep. 2022 Last fall, Mayor Ted Wheeler proposed hiring more than 200 officers and 100 unarmed specialists over three years, and attempted to hire back 25 retired police officers to help fill the gap in the meantime. oregonlive, 22 Sep. 2022 Seven of the players listed on the injury report are offensive linemen, Traylor said, forcing UTSA to consider moving players from other position groups to fill the gap. Greg Luca, San Antonio Express-News, 20 Sep. 2022 Chief Sanderson and other leaders are calling for a tribal police force that could fill the gap when the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Canada’s federal police force, isn’t available. Vipal Monga, WSJ, 18 Sep. 2022 So the US State Department, working with humanitarian organizations, turned to ordinary Americans to fill the gap. Julie Watson,, 18 Sep. 2022 Given the stable spots on the calendar of St. Pete and Long Beach and what now appears like the makings of IndyCar’s plan to run at Texas Motor Speedway in the spring in late-March or early-April, Barber’s been the race that can best fill a gap. Nathan Brown, The Indianapolis Star, 16 Sep. 2022 Montana Assistant Solicitor Kathleen Smithgall said the state came up with the new rule to fill a gap in regulations after the 2021 law was blocked. CBS News, 15 Sep. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun This allowed the audience to get their fill from each act without feeling like any artist upstaged the other. Andre Gee, Rolling Stone, 14 Sep. 2022 Most movie buffs would watch hours and hours before getting their fill. John Defore, The Hollywood Reporter, 8 Sep. 2022 Two Hurricanes offensive linemen will be able to get their fill of wings at a popular restaurant chain. Adam Lichtenstein, Sun Sentinel, 7 Sep. 2022 After years of listening to Boris Johnson’s blarney, many Britons have had their fill, at least for now, of hot air cleverly channelled. John Cassidy, The New Yorker, 7 Sep. 2022 Music City visitors can get their fill of cold beer, southern fare and country tunes new and old next door to the museum at Johnny Cash’s Bar & BBQ. Fox News, 30 Aug. 2022 But when the world gets its fill and moves on to the next trend, where does that leave the women who have dedicated their lives and careers to this form of dance? Kourtney Pope,, 25 Aug. 2022 In hard-to-fill roles, such as workers in restaurants, warehouses, fulfillment centers, hotels and other front-line jobs, managers were open to hiring anyone halfway decent. Jack Kelly, Forbes, 4 Aug. 2022 With its tufted design and stretchy skirt, this pick evenly distributes its fill and stretches to fit mattresses up to 18 inches deep. Rachel Dube, Better Homes & Gardens, 4 Aug. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fill.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of fill


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for fill


Middle English fillen, fullen, fellen, going back to Old English fyllan, going back to Germanic *fulljan- (whence also Old Frisian fella "to fill," Old Saxon fullian, Old High German fullen, Old Icelandic fylla, Gothic fulljan), weak verb derivative from the stem of *fulla- full entry 1


(sense 1) Middle English fille, fulle, felle, going back to Old English fyllu, fyll, going back to Germanic *full-īn- (whence also Middle Dutch volle "full supply, fill," Old High German fullī, follī, Old Icelandic fylli, Gothic ufarfullei "superfluity"), from *fulla- full entry 1 + *-īn-, noun suffix of quality; (sense 2) derivative of fill entry 1

Note: As with other nouns originally formed with the suffix *-īn-, Old English has reclassed the nouns as regular *-ō feminine nouns by association with the suffix *-iþō.

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Time Traveler for fill

Time Traveler

The first known use of fill was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near fill



fill a niche

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Last Updated

7 Oct 2022

Cite this Entry

“Fill.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 Oct. 2022.

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More Definitions for fill


\ ˈfil How to pronounce fill (audio) \
filled; filling

Kids Definition of fill

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make or become full Please fill the tank. The pail filled slowly.
2 : to use up all the space or time in Meetings filled his schedule. Cars filled the street.
3 : to spread through Laughter filled the room.
4 : to stop up : plug The dentist filled a tooth.
5 : to do the duties of Who fills the office of class president?
6 : to hire a person for We have filled the position.
7 : to supply according to directions I need to fill a prescription.
8 : to succeed in meeting or satisfying You fill all requirements.
fill in
1 : to insert information Fill in the blanks.
2 : to provide information Fill me in on what's happening.
3 : to take another's place Can you fill in while I'm away?
fill out
1 : to increase in size and fullness The smaller plants are filling out.
2 : to complete by providing information Please fill out a form.



Kids Definition of fill (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : all that is wanted I ate my fill.
2 : material for filling something


transitive verb
\ ˈfil How to pronounce fill (audio) \

Medical Definition of fill

1 : to repair the cavities of (teeth)
2 : to supply as directed fill a prescription

More from Merriam-Webster on fill

Nglish: Translation of fill for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of fill for Arabic Speakers


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