\ ˈfil How to pronounce fill (audio) \
filled; filling; fills

Definition of fill

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to put into as much as can be held or conveniently contained fill a cup with water
b : to supply with a full complement the class is filled
c(1) : to cause to swell or billow wind filled the sails
(2) : to trim (a sail) to catch the wind
d : to raise the level of with fill filled land
e : to repair the cavities of (teeth)
f : to stop up : obstruct wreckage filled the channel
g : to stop up the interstices, crevices, or pores of (a material, such as cloth, wood, or leather) with a foreign substance
2a : feed, satiate fill livestock
b : satisfy, fulfill fills all requirements
c : make out, complete used with out or in fill out a formfill in the blanks
d : to draw the playing cards necessary to complete fill a straight or flush in poker
3a : to occupy the whole of smoke filled the room
b : to spread through music filled the air
c : to make full a mind filled with fantasies
4a : to possess and perform the duties of : hold fill an office
b : to place a person in fill a vacancy
5 : to supply as directed fill a prescription
6 : to cover the surface of with a layer of precious metal a gold-filled bracelet

intransitive verb

: to become full the rivers filled
fill one's shoes
: to take over one's job, position, or responsibilities No one will be able to fill his shoes after he retires.



Definition of fill (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a full supply especially : a quantity that satisfies or satiates eat your fill
2 : something that fills: such as
a : material used to fill a receptacle, cavity, passage, or low place
b : a bit of instrumental music that fills the pauses between phrases (as of a vocalist or soloist)
c : artificial light used in photography to reduce or eliminate shadows often used attributively fill flash

Keep scrolling for more

Synonyms & Antonyms for fill

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Verb

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of fill in a Sentence

Verb May I fill your glass for you? She filled her house with antiques. His massive body filled the doorway. He has enough books to fill a library. Two hundred people filled the room. fill a sheet of paper with writing a vase filled with flowers stadiums filled with cheering fans The rivers have filled and are close to flooding. The stadium filled more than an hour before the game. Noun They delivered a truckload of fill for the trench. we ripped the tag off years ago, so we have no idea what the fill in that pillow is
See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Childhood memories of my family's racist and bigoted acts fill me with shame. Elizabeth Diane Mack, Star Tribune, 21 July 2021 Use a sharp knife and cut a small circle from the center of the cupcake, and fill it up. Serena Coady, Glamour, 21 July 2021 Some were able to find water tanks and fill them from their neighbor’s pumps, or from other wells that haven’t yet dried up. oregonlive, 20 July 2021 Does using particular talents fill you with a sense of power or joy? Katharine Wilkinson, Time, 19 July 2021 That division’s top job, all but certain to be a hub of activity in the coming years, is officially vacant because Biden hasn’t nominated anyone to fill it. Matt Ford, The New Republic, 15 July 2021 As soon as the jars are filled and closed, remove the rack from a canning pot, fill it three-quarters of the way with water and bring to a boil over high heat. Ben Mims, Los Angeles Times, 15 July 2021 Put simply, there are far more open jobs than available, qualified workers willing or able to fill them. Mark C. Perna, Forbes, 6 July 2021 In an age when high-volume 3-pointer shooters are a valuable commodity, the Spurs lack players who can fill it up from outside with the aplomb Kispert displayed while starring for the Bulldogs. Tom Orsborn, San Antonio Express-News, 28 June 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun See the fill range of lacquering the drawer fronts of the semainier. Kelly Allen, House Beautiful, 23 July 2021 Each also was fitted with a slightly smaller fill plate, according to the specifications and shop drawings that guided the welders' work Tuesday. Noel Oman, Arkansas Online, 21 July 2021 These product lines feature triple-pane windows, which create two insulating air spaces combined with ProSolar Low-E glass, a warm-edge spacer, and gas fill for exquisite thermal performance. Madison Yauger, Better Homes & Gardens, 15 July 2021 The Ironhouse Sanitation District opened its residential recycled water fill station earlier than usual to make recycled water available for free to Oakley and Bethel Island residents. Rachel Ramirez, CNN, 9 July 2021 Many other Big Ten programs had already formally announced fill capacity. Nathan Baird, cleveland, 7 July 2021 As the tree stumps and their root systems decompose, cavities are created and the fill dirt moves into them. Ron Hurtibise,, 5 July 2021 The lack of water is apparent at the Bear River Refuge, where dry beds and grass fill spaces that used to hold water. Sara Tabin, The Salt Lake Tribune, 4 July 2021 Another rule calls for no more dumping at the parks unless authorized by the trustee, noting that clean fill is acceptable. Karen Caffarini,, 2 July 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fill.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of fill


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for fill

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Old English fyllan; akin to Old English full full

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More About fill

Time Traveler for fill

Time Traveler

The first known use of fill was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Dictionary Entries Near fill



fill a niche

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for fill

Last Updated

27 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Fill.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 6 Aug. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for fill



English Language Learners Definition of fill

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to make (something) full
: to become full
: to spread all through (an area, the air, etc.)



English Language Learners Definition of fill (Entry 2 of 2)

: a full amount : all that someone wants or needs
: material that is used to fill something


\ ˈfil How to pronounce fill (audio) \
filled; filling

Kids Definition of fill

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make or become full Please fill the tank. The pail filled slowly.
2 : to use up all the space or time in Meetings filled his schedule. Cars filled the street.
3 : to spread through Laughter filled the room.
4 : to stop up : plug The dentist filled a tooth.
5 : to do the duties of Who fills the office of class president?
6 : to hire a person for We have filled the position.
7 : to supply according to directions I need to fill a prescription.
8 : to succeed in meeting or satisfying You fill all requirements.
fill in
1 : to insert information Fill in the blanks.
2 : to provide information Fill me in on what's happening.
3 : to take another's place Can you fill in while I'm away?
fill out
1 : to increase in size and fullness The smaller plants are filling out.
2 : to complete by providing information Please fill out a form.



Kids Definition of fill (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : all that is wanted I ate my fill.
2 : material for filling something


transitive verb
\ ˈfil How to pronounce fill (audio) \

Medical Definition of fill

1 : to repair the cavities of (teeth)
2 : to supply as directed fill a prescription

More from Merriam-Webster on fill

Nglish: Translation of fill for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of fill for Arabic Speakers


Test Your Vocabulary

Farm Idioms Quiz

  • cow coming home
  • What does 'poke' refer to in the expression 'pig in a poke'?
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

 AlphaBear 2

Spell words. Make bears.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!