red

adjective
\ ˈred \
redder; reddest

Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1a : of the color red
b : having red as a distinguishing color
2a(1) : flushed especially with anger or embarrassment
(2) : ruddy, florid
(3) : being or having skin of a coppery hue
b : bloodshot eyes red from crying
c : being in the color range between a moderate orange and russet or bay
d : tinged with red : reddish
3 : heated to redness : glowing
4a : inciting or endorsing radical social or political change especially by force
b often capitalized : communist
c often capitalized : of or relating to a communist country and especially to the U.S.S.R.
5 US politics : tending to support Republican candidates or policies Some choices are easy. You're either a dog guy or a cat guy. Red state or blue.— Rick Reilly — compare blue sense 9, purple sense 3
red in tooth and claw
: characterized by or displaying brutal emotion or violent behavior

red

noun
plural reds

Definition of red (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : a color whose hue resembles that of blood or of the ruby or is that of the long-wave extreme of the visible spectrum
2 : red clothing the lady in red
3 : one that is of a red or reddish color: such as
a : red wine
b : an animal with a red or reddish coat
4a : a pigment or dye that colors red
b : a shade or tint of red
5a : one who advocates the violent overthrow of an existing social or political order
b capitalized : communist
6 [ from the bookkeeping practice of entering debit items in red ink ] : the condition of showing a loss usually used with the in the red — compare black
7 physics : one of the three colors (see color entry 1 sense 15) that quarks have in the theory of quantum chromodynamics In QCD there is actually not just one type of quark, but three types or "colors" of quarks. These are sometimes denoted as "red," "blue," and "green" quarks …— Edward Witten

Definition of red (Entry 3 of 4)

reduce; reduction

Red

geographical name
\ ˈred \

Definition of Red (Entry 4 of 4)

1 river 1018 miles (1638 kilometers) long flowing east on the Oklahoma–Texas boundary and into the Atchafalaya and Mississippi rivers in Louisiana
2 river in north central U.S. and south central Canada flowing north on the Minnesota–North Dakota boundary and into Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba
3 — see arctic red
4 or Hong \ ˈhȯŋ \ or (in China) Yuan \ yu̇-​ˈän , -​ˈan \ river 500 miles (805 kilometers) long in southeastern Asia rising in central Yunnan, China, and flowing southeast across northern Vietnam into the Gulf of Tonkin

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Examples of red in a Sentence

Adjective

a shiny red fire truck His face turns red when he gets angry.

Noun

The artist uses red to symbolize passion. a lady dressed in red the reds and oranges of autumn leaves
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The couple somewhat coordinated their looks for the evening, with the A Star Is Born director in a neutral checkered three-piece suit and the model in a red houndstooth coat and matching beret from Versace's Resort 2019 collection. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Bradley Cooper and Irina Shayk Suit Up for Another Rare Public Appearance," 9 Jan. 2019 The family had described the shooter as a white man driving a red pickup truck, prompting concerns that her death was a hate crime. Juan A. Lozano, The Seattle Times, "Man authorities believe shot Texas girl charged with murder," 9 Jan. 2019 The red coat from Fall 2013 will be getting a new airing this Christmas. Brooke Bobb, Vogue, "Tom Ford’s Gucci and 1980s BodyMap: These Are the 16 Collections We’d Like to See Reissued Now," 27 Dec. 2018 Last year, Kate surprised fans in a gorgeous red and green plaid coat with gold buttons and a furry black hat. Marina Liao, Marie Claire, "Meghan Markle Wore Head-to-Toe Navy at the Christmas Day Church Service With the Royal Family," 25 Dec. 2018 She was photographed wearing a red coat walking to St Mary Magdalene church for services with the rest of the royal family. Caroline Hallemann, Town & Country, "Kate Middleton Just Arrived at Christmas Day Church Services in a Festive Red Coat," 25 Dec. 2018 That was certainly the impression given by the red-carpet fanfare upon arrival. Alex Postman, Condé Nast Traveler, "This Flight Might Be the Best New Way to Visit Africa," 8 Nov. 2018 With holiday party season in full swing, there’s nothing like a bold red lip to get you in the right mindset and the right mood. Jenna Rennert, Vogue, "Dakota Johnson's Makeup Artist on How To Make Red Lipstick Last All Night," 31 Dec. 2018 Yesterday, Kim posted what is basically her own version of a royal Christmas card on Instagram, showing off her sweet family (with North in a striking red lip) and a few behind-the-scenes glimpses at their winter wonderland. Katherine J. Igoe, Marie Claire, "Kim Kardashian and Kanye Recreated Their Wedding First Dance at Their Christmas Party," 28 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

And all this after the natural blond spent years alternating colors between her born-with-it shade and Sansa Stark's eye-catching red. Abby Gardner, Glamour, "Sophie Turner Wasn't Allowed to Wash Her Hair While Filming Game of Thrones," 17 Jan. 2019 This outfit was strikingly different from Kate Middleton's who wore head-to-toe red. Marina Liao, Marie Claire, "Meghan Markle Wore Head-to-Toe Navy at the Christmas Day Church Service With the Royal Family," 25 Dec. 2018 The color choices all look lovely with trendy gradient options in purple or red. Ashley Carman, The Verge, "Xiaomi’s new Mi Play features a circular camera notch and dual, rear-facing cameras," 24 Dec. 2018 Inside, the walls of the main room are painted in the madder reds of a monk’s robes. Sophy Roberts, Condé Nast Traveler, "On Your Next Trip to Nepal, Rent the House Sir Edmund Hillary Loved," 20 Dec. 2018 Christian Louboutin made waves last year when, in collaboration with Gwyneth Paltrow's Goop, the signature red soled shoes were first released in mini form. Chloe Foussianes, Town & Country, "Christian Louboutin's Much-Loved Baby Shoes Are Coming Back," 8 Nov. 2018 This thermal image shows the severity of symptoms of an orchard in southern Italy from blue (least severe) to red (most severe). Lacy Schley, Discover Magazine, "Protecting Olive Trees From Above," 19 Oct. 2018 The touches of blonde coupled with the reds remind us of strawberries and champagne. Macaela Mackenzie, Allure, "15 Celebrities Who Prove a Dye Job Makes a Huge Difference," 18 Oct. 2018 Deep plums and reds were popping up everywhere, but they were often layered with other shades of the same color. Candace Braun Davison, House Beautiful, "Warning: You're Going To Be Obsessed With These Two Color Trends," 25 Sep. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'red.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of red

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for red

Adjective

Middle English, from Old English rēad; akin to Old High German rōt red, Latin ruber & rufus, Greek erythros

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Learn More about red

Dictionary Entries near red

recuse

recut

recycle

red

Red

redact

redacted

Statistics for red

Last Updated

19 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for red

The first known use of red was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for red

red

noun

Financial Definition of red

What It Is

Red is slang for loss. Losses are the negative amount remaining after all costs, depreciation, interest, taxes, and other expenses have been deducted from total sales. The formula for profit is:

Total Sales - Total Expenses = Profit

When expenses exceed sales, a company is “in the red.”

How It Works

Here is some information about Company XYZ for last year:

Using the formula and the information above, we can calculate that Company XYZ's profit was:

$1,000,000 - $500,000 - $400,000 - $200,000 - $5,000 + $1,000 = -$104,000

This means that Company XYZ lost $104,000 last year. It was “in the red.”

Why It Matters

Philosophically speaking, being in the red is bad. Being in “the black,” which means a company is profitable, is what motivates industry, entrepreneurship and innovation. It is the very thing that enables people to feed themselves, clothe their families, create jobs and set money aside for the future.

Profit is one of the most analyzed numbers a company can produce, and it plays a part in many other financial measures. It is also important to understand that changes in accounting methods can greatly influence whether a company is in the red, and these changes may have little to do with a company's actual operations.

In the retail industry, companies are often in the red until the fourth quarter, when Christmas shopping begins. This is the source of the term “Black Friday.”

Source: Investing Answers

red

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: having the color of blood

: reddish brown or reddish orange in color

of a person's face : pink because of embarrassment, anger, etc.

red

noun

English Language Learners Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

: the color of blood

Red : a Communist or someone who supports Communists

red

adjective
\ ˈred \
redder; reddest

Kids Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : of the color of blood : colored red a red light
2 : flushed with emotion (as embarrassment) His face was red.

Other Words from red

redness noun

red

noun

Kids Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the color of blood or of the ruby
2 : something red in color She's wearing red.

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red

adjective
\ ˈred \
redder; reddest

Medical Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: of the color red

red

noun

Medical Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a color whose hue resembles that of blood or of the ruby or is that of the long-wave extreme of the visible spectrum
2 : a pigment or dye that colors red — see congo red, neutral red, vital red

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More from Merriam-Webster on red

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for red

Spanish Central: Translation of red

Nglish: Translation of red for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of red for Arabic Speakers

Comments on red

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