red

adjective
\ ˈred How to pronounce red (audio) \
redder; reddest

Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1a : of the color red
b : having red as a distinguishing color
2a(1) : flushed especially with anger or embarrassment
(2) : ruddy, florid
(3) : being or having skin of a coppery hue
b : bloodshot eyes red from crying
c : being in the color range between a moderate orange and russet or bay
d : tinged with red : reddish
3 : heated to redness : glowing
4a : inciting or endorsing radical social or political change especially by force
b often capitalized : communist
c often capitalized : of or relating to a communist country and especially to the U.S.S.R.
5 US politics : tending to support Republican candidates or policies Some choices are easy. You're either a dog guy or a cat guy. Red state or blue.— Rick Reilly — compare blue sense 9, purple sense 3
red in tooth and claw
: characterized by or displaying brutal emotion or violent behavior

red

noun
plural reds

Definition of red (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : a color whose hue resembles that of blood or of the ruby or is that of the long-wave extreme of the visible spectrum
2 : red clothing the lady in red
3 : one that is of a red or reddish color: such as
a : red wine
b : an animal with a red or reddish coat
4a : a pigment or dye that colors red
b : a shade or tint of red
5a : one who advocates the violent overthrow of an existing social or political order
b capitalized : communist
6 [ from the bookkeeping practice of entering debit items in red ink ] : the condition of showing a loss usually used with the in the red — compare black
7 physics : one of the three colors (see color entry 1 sense 15) that quarks have in the theory of quantum chromodynamics In QCD there is actually not just one type of quark, but three types or "colors" of quarks. These are sometimes denoted as "red," "blue," and "green" quarks …— Edward Witten

Definition of red (Entry 3 of 4)

reduce; reduction

Red

geographical name
\ ˈred How to pronounce Red (audio) \

Definition of Red (Entry 4 of 4)

1 river 1018 miles (1638 kilometers) long flowing east on the Oklahoma–Texas boundary and into the Atchafalaya and Mississippi rivers in Louisiana
2 river in north central U.S. and south central Canada flowing north on the Minnesota–North Dakota boundary and into Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba
3 — see arctic red
4 or Hong \ ˈhȯŋ How to pronounce Hong (audio) \ or (in China) Yuan \ yu̇-​ˈän How to pronounce Yuan (audio) , -​ˈan \ river 500 miles (805 kilometers) long in southeastern Asia rising in central Yunnan, China, and flowing southeast across northern Vietnam into the Gulf of Tonkin

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Examples of red in a Sentence

Adjective

a shiny red fire truck His face turns red when he gets angry.

Noun

The artist uses red to symbolize passion. a lady dressed in red the reds and oranges of autumn leaves
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Modern Family's Ariel Winter just debuted a huge hair change (totally inspired by The Little Mermaid) by dying her normally dark brunette hair a bright, funky orange-red color. Katherine J. Igoe, Marie Claire, "I'm in Love with Ariel Winter's New 'Little Mermaid'-Inspired Red Hair," 5 May 2019 The four shades — Hawaii Coral, Bomb Shell, Beach Babe, and Deep Toast — are each warm brown-red variations of the color of Sebastian's shell. Leah Prinzivalli, Allure, "Disney Finally Launched a Little Mermaid Makeup Collection — But There's a Catch," 17 Apr. 2019 In Democrats’ favor, Republicans will be defending 22 of the 34 contested Senate seats, with just one incumbent Democrat in obvious jeopardy: Sen. Doug Jones of deep-red Alabama. Alan Fram, The Seattle Times, "For ’20 Dems, more targets but uphill slog to win Senate," 31 Mar. 2019 Her electric orange-red lipstick was applied by celebrity makeup artist Kate Lee. Jenna Rosenstein, Harper's BAZAAR, "Charlize Theron Just Debuted New Brown Hair at the Oscars," 25 Feb. 2019 Hot Turkey and Provolone Sandwich The best part about the $3.99 sandwich, which includes oven-roasted turkey, provolone cheese, red onions, and tomatoes, is that it's warmed up for added perfection. Alex Aronson, Redbook, "The 14 Best Costco Food Court Menu Items, Ranked," 4 Apr. 2019 Press it and an LED turns red, indicating that the camera and mics are off. Kevin Dupzyk, Popular Mechanics, "Things Come Apart: Facebook Portal+," 24 Mar. 2019 Her BFF Courtney Barry got married and Selena fit right in with her floor length black gown and red lipstick. Tamara Fuentes, Seventeen, "6 Ways Selena Gomez Has Been Living it Up Since Justin Bieber Married Hailey Baldwin," 29 Mar. 2019 Last year, for the brand's March On campaign — named for both Women's History Month and the past and present marches led by and for women — Elizabeth Arden launched a classic red lipstick. Marci Robin, Allure, "Reese Witherspoon and Elizabeth Arden Launched a Lipstick to Support Worldwide Gender Equality," 17 Mar. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Jolie's famous pout is painted a vibrant shade of red. Nicole Saunders, Harper's BAZAAR, "Angelina Jolie Looks Both Terrifying and Beautiful in the New Maleficent Poster and I'm Shook," 7 Mar. 2019 Encourage guests to build their own plates and enjoy a glass of red by the fire. ELLE Decor, "This Holiday Party Is Anything But Traditional—And We're Obsessed," 30 Nov. 2018 But DeSantis’s win is another sign that the Sunshine State is turning a deeper shade of red. Caroline Houck, Vox, "Andrew Gillum concedes Florida gubernatorial race," 17 Nov. 2018 Even seemingly subtle shifts can make a major difference, like Serena Williams’s foray into the world of blonde balayage or Emma Stone’s mastery of a wide spectrum of reds. Macaela Mackenzie, Allure, "15 Celebrities Who Prove a Dye Job Makes a Huge Difference," 18 Oct. 2018 Miley took the monochrome route with red heeled sandals and a rosy lip to match her frothy Valentino number. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Miley Cyrus Stuns in a Sheer Valentino Gown on the Red Carpet Without Liam Hemsworth," 12 Feb. 2019 Kate wore a red Catherine Walker coat for the event. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kate Middleton Stuns in a Red Catherine Walker Coat at Westminster Abbey," 11 Mar. 2019 Not to be confused with atopic dermatitis (also known as eczema), contact dermatitis is a red, itchy rash that can emerge when a substance aggravates your skin in some way, according to the Mayo Clinic. Jessica Toscano, SELF, "Here's What It Means If You Got a Skin Reaction From Your Makeup," 1 Mar. 2019 The Queen's granddaughter wore a vibrant red Andrew Gn dress, while Jack opted for a blue overcoat. Michelle Manetti, Good Housekeeping, "Princess Beatrice Stuns in Navy Outfit for Christmas Church Service," 25 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'red.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of red

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for red

Adjective

Middle English, from Old English rēad; akin to Old High German rōt red, Latin ruber & rufus, Greek erythros

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Learn More about red

Dictionary Entries near red

recuse

recut

recycle

red

Red

redact

redacted

Statistics for red

Last Updated

11 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for red

The first known use of red was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for red

red

noun

Financial Definition of red

What It Is

Red is slang for loss. Losses are the negative amount remaining after all costs, depreciation, interest, taxes, and other expenses have been deducted from total sales. The formula for profit is:

Total Sales - Total Expenses = Profit

When expenses exceed sales, a company is “in the red.”

How It Works

Here is some information about Company XYZ for last year:

Using the formula and the information above, we can calculate that Company XYZ's profit was:

$1,000,000 - $500,000 - $400,000 - $200,000 - $5,000 + $1,000 = -$104,000

This means that Company XYZ lost $104,000 last year. It was “in the red.”

Why It Matters

Philosophically speaking, being in the red is bad. Being in “the black,” which means a company is profitable, is what motivates industry, entrepreneurship and innovation. It is the very thing that enables people to feed themselves, clothe their families, create jobs and set money aside for the future.

Profit is one of the most analyzed numbers a company can produce, and it plays a part in many other financial measures. It is also important to understand that changes in accounting methods can greatly influence whether a company is in the red, and these changes may have little to do with a company's actual operations.

In the retail industry, companies are often in the red until the fourth quarter, when Christmas shopping begins. This is the source of the term “Black Friday.”

Source: Investing Answers

red

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: having the color of blood
: reddish brown or reddish orange in color
of a person's face : pink because of embarrassment, anger, etc.

red

noun

English Language Learners Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

: the color of blood
somewhat old-fashioned, informal + disapproving : a Communist or someone who supports Communists

red

adjective
\ ˈred How to pronounce red (audio) \
redder; reddest

Kids Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : of the color of blood : colored red a red light
2 : flushed with emotion (as embarrassment) His face was red.

Other Words from red

redness noun

red

noun

Kids Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the color of blood or of the ruby
2 : something red in color She's wearing red.

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red

adjective
\ ˈred How to pronounce red (audio) \
redder; reddest

Medical Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: of the color red

red

noun

Medical Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a color whose hue resembles that of blood or of the ruby or is that of the long-wave extreme of the visible spectrum
2 : a pigment or dye that colors red — see congo red, neutral red, vital red

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More from Merriam-Webster on red

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for red

Spanish Central: Translation of red

Nglish: Translation of red for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of red for Arabic Speakers

Comments on red

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