1

jump

play
verb \ˈjəmp\

Definition of jump

  1. intransitive verb
  2. 1 a :  to spring into the air :  leap; especially :  to spring free from the ground or other base by the muscular action of feet and legs b :  to move suddenly or involuntarily :  start c :  to move over a position occupied by an opponent's piece in a board game often thereby capturing the piece d :  to undergo a vertical or lateral displacement owing to improper alignment of the film on a projector mechanism e :  to start out or forward :  begin —usually used with off <jump off to a big lead> f :  to move energetically :  hustle g :  to go from one sequence of instructions in a computer program to another

  3. 2 :  coincide, agree

  4. 3 a :  to move haphazardly or irregularly :  shift abruptly <jumped from job to job> b :  to change or abandon employment especially in violation of contract c :  to rise suddenly in rank or status d :  to undergo a sudden sharp change in value <prices jumped> e :  to make a jump in bridge f :  to make a hurried judgment <jump to conclusions> g :  to show eagerness <jumped at the chance> h :  to enter eagerly <jump on the bandwagon>

  5. 4 :  to make a sudden physical or verbal attack <jumped on him for his criticism>

  6. 5 :  to bustle with activity <the restaurant was jumping>

  7. transitive verb
  8. 1 a :  to leap over <jump a hurdle> b :  to move over (a piece) in a board game c :  to act, move, or begin before (as a signal) <jump the green light> d :  to leap aboard <jump a freight>

  9. 2 obsolete :  risk, hazard

  10. 3 a :  to escape from :  avoid b :  to leave hastily or in violation of contract <jump town without paying their bills — Hamilton Basso> c :  to depart from (a normal course) <jump the track>

  11. 4 a :  to make a sudden physical or verbal attack on b :  to occupy illegally <jump a mining claim>

  12. 5 a (1) :  to cause to leap (2) :  to cause (game) to break cover :  start, flush b :  to elevate in rank or status c :  to raise (a bridge partner's bid) by more than one rank d :  to increase suddenly and sharply

jump bail

  1. :  to abscond after being released from prison on bail

jump ship

  1. 1 :  to leave the company of a ship without authority

  2. 2 :  to desert a cause or party especially abruptly

jump the gun

  1. 1 :  to start in a race before the starting signal

  2. 2 :  to act, move, or begin something before the proper time

jump the queue

  1. British :  to advance directly to or as if to the head of a line

jump the shark

  1. :  to undergo a significant change for the worse that marks the point at which a period of success ends (as for a TV series)

Examples of jump in a sentence

  1. The circus lion jumped through the hoop.

  2. The fans were jumping up and down with excitement.

  3. Everyone was jumping for joy when we found out that we had won an award.

  4. The cat jumped down off the table.

  5. The runner jumped a hurdle.

  6. The car jumped the curb.

  7. Everyone jumped into the pool.

  8. He jumped into his truck and drove away.

  9. She jumped when she heard a loud knock late at night.

  10. She jumped to an early lead in the race.

What does jump the shark mean?

— jump the shark
: to undergo a significant change for the worse that decisively marks the point at which a period of success, excellence, or popularity ends (as for a TV series) and an unrecoverable period of decline begins

The phrase jump the shark derives from a 1977 episode of the American TV series “Happy Days” (1974–1984) in which the program's most popular character, Fonzie, jumped over a shark while waterskiing in his trademark leather jacket. Some years later that episode came to be widely identified as marking the beginning of the iconic show's decline.

<Nearly all TV shows ever produced have jumped the shark eventually. Such is the nature of television's creative conundrum. — Monica Collins, Boston Herald, 9 Jan. 2000>

<Most TV series take three seasons to jump the shark, but in the theater it can happen in 20 minutes … — Bob Verini, Daily Variety, 18 Sept. 2009>

<But in its headlong embrace of capitalism and corporate tie-ins, “Sex and the City” may have finally jumped the shark. — Laura Compton, San Francisco Chronicle, 30 May 2010>

<Not everyone agrees when Picasso's art jumped the shark. — Jeffry Cudlin, Washington Post, 27 Feb. 2011>

Origin and Etymology of jump

probably akin to Low German gumpen to jump


First Known Use: 1530


2

jump

adverb

Definition of jump

obsolete

  1. :  exactly, pat

1539

First Known Use of jump

1539


3

jump

noun

Definition of jump

  1. 1 a (1) :  an act of jumping :  leap (2) :  any of several sports competitions featuring a leap, spring, or bound (3) :  a leap in figure skating in which the skater leaves the ice with both feet and turns in the air (4) :  a space cleared or covered by a leap (5) :  an obstacle to be jumped over or from b :  a sudden involuntary movement :  start c :  a move made in a board game by jumping d :  a transfer from one sequence of instructions in a computer program to a different sequence

  2. 2 obsolete :  venture

  3. 3 a (1) :  a sharp sudden increase (2) :  a bid in bridge of more tricks than are necessary to overcall the preceding bid — compare shift b :  an abrupt change or transition c (1) :  a quick short journey (2) :  one in a series of moves from one place to another d :  the portion of a published item (as a newspaper article or story) that comprises the continuation of an item that begins on a preceding page

  4. 4 :  an advantage at the start <getting the jump on the competition>

  5. 5 :  jazz music with a fast tempo

Examples of jump in a sentence

  1. The horse took the first jump easily but balked at the second.

  2. <took a small jump forward to avoid stepping in the puddle>

Circa 1552

First Known Use of jump

circa 1552



JUMP Defined for English Language Learners

1

jump

play
verb \ˈjəmp\

Definition of jump for English Language Learners

  • : to move your body upward from the ground and often forward, backward, or sideways through the air by pushing with your legs

  • : to cause your body to drop or fall down from something by pushing with your legs

  • : to move forward through the air and over (something)


3

jump

noun

Definition of jump for English Language Learners

  • : an act of jumping

  • : a sudden movement because of surprise or shock

  • : something to be jumped over


JUMP Defined for Kids

1

jump

play
verb \ˈjəmp\

Definition of jump for Students

jumped

jumping

  1. 1 :  to spring into the air :  leap

  2. 2 :  to pass over or cause to pass over with or as if with a leap <Our dog tried to jump the fence.>

  3. 3 :  to make a sudden movement <The sudden noise made me jump.>

  4. 4 :  to make a sudden attack <“Are you trying to make hash out of little Willie with all five of you jumping on him at once?” — Astrid Lindgren, Pippi Longstocking>

  5. 5 :  to have or cause a sudden sharp increase <Food prices have jumped.>

  6. 6 :  to make a hasty judgment <Don't jump to conclusions.>

jump the gun

  1. 1 :  to start in a race before the starting signal

  2. 2 :  to do something before the proper time


2

jump

play
noun

Definition of jump for Students

  1. 1 :  an act or instance of leaping <He made a running jump.>

  2. 2 :  a sudden involuntary movement :  start <He gave a jump when she came in.>

  3. 3 :  a sharp sudden increase <a jump in temperature>

  4. 4 :  an initial advantage <We got the jump on the other team.>



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