\ ˈsləmp How to pronounce slump (audio) \
slumped; slumping; slumps

Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to fall or sink suddenly
b : to drop or slide down suddenly : collapse
2 : to assume a drooping posture or carriage : slouch
3 : to go into a slump sales slumped



Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a marked or sustained decline especially in economic activity or prices
b : a period of poor or losing play by a team or individual
2 : a downward slide of a mass of rock or land

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Synonyms & Antonyms for slump

Synonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Noun

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Examples of slump in a Sentence

Verb She fainted and slumped to the floor. Exhausted, he slumped down into the chair. His shoulders slumped forward in disappointment. Real estate prices slumped during the recession. Noun The economy's been in a slump since last year. They've been in a slump ever since they traded their best player. He's in a batting slump.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The subsidies were introduced, alongside interest rate cuts, to try to inject some life into an economy that had already suffered years of stagnation before the global pandemic and slump in demand for oil, Russia’s biggest export earner. Anna Andrianova,, "Apartment Prices Surge in Russia, Raising Fears of a Bubble," 28 Aug. 2020 Unsubsidized enrollment has continued to slump from 9.4 million in 2014 to 5.2 million in 2018. Chris Pope, National Review, "Why Didn’t Obamacare’s Mandate Work?," 29 Sep. 2020 That sets them up for a sizable payday—in some cases even if the shares slump. Maureen Farrell, WSJ, "United Wholesale Mortgage Goes Public in Biggest SPAC Deal Ever," 23 Sep. 2020 These issues are particularly stark in Nigeria’s flailing economy where the local naira currency continues to slump against the dollar, leading to shortages of foreign exchange and recurring restrictions on forex transactions by the government. Yomi Kazeem, Quartz Africa, "Regulators in Africa’s big economies are scrambling to get on top of a spike in cryptocurrency trade," 22 Sep. 2020 Some predicted global trade would slump by more than 30% this year, compared with 2019. The Economist, "Down but not out How has trade survived covid-19?," 12 Sep. 2020 At the onset of the pandemic, Jalbert says, it was largely assumed in the industry that housing would slump or crash. Lance Lambert, Fortune, "‘Severe lumber shortage’ is adding $14,000 to the cost of a new home," 31 Aug. 2020 Congress hasn’t taken action on additional stimulus measures this summer, and without them consumer demand and retail employment could slump. Eric Morath And Danny Dougherty, WSJ, "Retail Stores Add Jobs as Shoppers Return," 4 Sep. 2020 For one, the U.S. dollar continues to slump, having fallen to its lowest levels in more than two years. Rey Mashayekhi, Fortune, "Investors are pouring record amounts into Wall Street’s new favorite ‘safe haven’," 1 Sep. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun This time the bet is on the redshirt freshman (Rattler) to beat the senior (Ehlinger) and the unranked Sooners to slug out of their slump to beat the No. 22 Longhorns. USA TODAY, "Bold predictions for Week 6 of the college football season," 9 Oct. 2020 The Rays are likely to start their ace as well, Blake Snell, who the Yankees beat in Game 1. Luke Voit broke out of his 1-for-11 slump to hit his first career postseason home run to the second deck in left-center field. Kristie Ackert,, "Yankees force a Game 5, but it took their best relievers to do it," 8 Oct. 2020 In addition, earnings are starting to improve for companies in cyclical sectors that were hardest hit during the early part of the spring slump, such as industrials, materials and energy. Paul R. La Monica, CNN, "Earnings expected to plunge again but there are hopeful signs," 1 Oct. 2020 Still, the Fed’s latest Survey of Consumer Finances showed that inequality in the world’s biggest economy remained near record levels even before the coronavirus slump, which has hit poorer Americans hardest. Rich Miller,, "U.S. Income Gaps Narrowed in Pre-Covid Years, Fed Survey Shows," 28 Sep. 2020 Narváez, mired in a miserable, season-long slump at the plate, followed with a sharp single to center to score Arcia and up Milwaukee's lead to 3-0. Todd Rosiak, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Brewers 3, Cardinals 0: Brandon Woodruff, Ryan Braun deliver to keep postseason hopes alive," 26 Sep. 2020 A year ago, Berrios snapped out of his annual August slump and finished with four out of five strong starts. Star Tribune, "In these different playoffs, Jose Berrios under same pressure to produce," 25 Sep. 2020 Another slump ensued across European economies, bringing with it years of high unemployment, low inflation and weak growth. Ben Casselman, New York Times, "Why the U.S. Risks Repeating 2009’s Economic Stimulus Mistakes," 24 Sep. 2020 Although 21-year-old infielder Isaac Paredes doesn't speak much English, Gardenhire calmed him down through his first big-league slump. Evan Petzold, Detroit Free Press, "Next Detroit Tigers manager must build off what Ron Gardenhire started," 20 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'slump.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of slump


circa 1677, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1887, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for slump


probably imitative

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Time Traveler for slump

Time Traveler

The first known use of slump was circa 1677

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Statistics for slump

Last Updated

17 Oct 2020

Cite this Entry

“Slump.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 25 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for slump


How to pronounce slump (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to sit or fall down suddenly and heavily
: to move down or forward suddenly
: to decrease suddenly and by a large amount



English Language Learners Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden decrease in prices, value, amount, etc.
: a period of time when an economy is doing poorly
US, sports : a period of time when a team or player is doing poorly


\ ˈsləmp How to pronounce slump (audio) \
slumped; slumping

Kids Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to drop or slide down suddenly : collapse The tired woman slumped into a chair.
2 : slouch entry 2 Don't slump when you walk.
3 : to drop sharply Sales slumped.



Kids Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

: a big or continued drop especially in prices, business, or performance

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