\ ˈsləmp \
slumped; slumping; slumps

Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to fall or sink suddenly
b : to drop or slide down suddenly : collapse
2 : to assume a drooping posture or carriage : slouch
3 : to go into a slump sales slumped



Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a marked or sustained decline especially in economic activity or prices
b : a period of poor or losing play by a team or individual
2 : a downward slide of a mass of rock or land

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Synonyms & Antonyms for slump

Synonyms: Noun

depression, recession

Antonyms: Noun


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Examples of slump in a Sentence


She fainted and slumped to the floor. Exhausted, he slumped down into the chair. His shoulders slumped forward in disappointment. Real estate prices slumped during the recession.


The economy's been in a slump since last year. They've been in a slump ever since they traded their best player. He's in a batting slump.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Never mind the policy issues at play amid an ongoing government shutdown, a slumping stock market, and a border crisis in which two migrant children have died while in U.S. custody. Michelle Ruiz, Vogue, "Have We Learned Nothing From 2016 About How to Cover Women in Politics?," 3 Jan. 2019 If the pilot is slumped over the controls, move him or her out of the way. Cnt Editors, Condé Nast Traveler, "How to Land an Airplane, According to Bear Grylls," 27 Aug. 2018 While revenue per available room in the market slumped 7.7 percent in Stockholm in the first quarter, looking now at the first five months the drop has slowed to 3.5 percent. Niklas Magnusson,, "Sweden Is Expecting a Tourism Boom," 18 June 2018 Kiner-Falefa has slumped of late, going 5 for 30 over his past eight games, but has a hit in three straight after an 0-for-13 skid. Jeff Wilson, star-telegram, "What will Rangers do with Kiner-Falefa once Odor returns from DL? | Fort Worth Star-Telegram," 10 May 2018 Martin and her daughter believed the band director, Aaron Allison, had saved them with his heroics, grabbing the bus’s steering wheel after the driver has slumped over. Emily Foxhall, San Antonio Express-News, "Channelview band director hailed as hero in wake of Alabama bus crash," 14 Mar. 2018 Wall Street's Dow Jones and S&P 500 benchmarks had slumped 4.6 percent and 4.1 percent on Monday, their biggest drops since August 2011. Marc Jones, Anchorage Daily News, "Rolling world stock sell-off runs to $4 trillion," 6 Feb. 2018 The slumping Cavaliers are looking to shake up their roster in an attempt to reach their fourth consecutive NBA Finals. Jason Jones, sacbee, "Why Kings’ young point guards could soon lose George Hill as their veteran mentor," 23 Jan. 2018 Despite a slumping stock and repeated strategic missteps, Campbell for years avoided activists, partially because a more than 40% stake owned by heirs to the soup dynasty acted as a deterrent. Cara Lombardo, WSJ, "Activist Investors Gain Clout as Stocks Tumble," 26 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Last April, after the ruble was hit by damaging U.S. sanctions and a slump in emerging markets, the country stopped buying foreign currency on the open market in an effort to stabilize the currency. Anatoly Kurmanaev, WSJ, "Russia to Restart Foreign Exchange Reserves Buying," 11 Jan. 2019 McClatchy’s decisions also come in the midst of a slump in its stock price, which has lost nearly 18 percent of its value in the past six months, compared to a 5 percent decline for the S&P 500 index over the same period. Asia Fields, The Seattle Times, "The News Tribune publisher David Zeeck leaves amid McClatchy shakeups," 12 Dec. 2018 There’re studies linking a poor night’s sleep to a slump in cognitive performance and mood. Laura Regensdorf, Vogue, "How to Get a Better Night’s Sleep—And Why It Should Be Your Top Priority (Really)," 1 Nov. 2018 But for many, the slump in Goetze's career had come even before that night of triumph in Rio de Janeiro. Christophe Beaudufe,, "Gotze, from World Cup glory to soccer hell in four years," 13 July 2018 The slump in Walgreens shares weighed on the Dow Jones Industrial Average, which added the stock to its index of 30 companies this month, replacing General Electric Co. Robert Langreth / Bloomberg, Time, "Amazon Makes Big Foray Into Health Care With Purchase of Pharmacy Startup PillPack," 28 June 2018 Springer began Tuesday in a 2-for-30 slump with six strikeouts in his last eight games. Hunter Atkins, Houston Chronicle, "Astros have plenty of confidence in slumping George Springer," 26 June 2018 The slump in the oil price in 2014 put paid to such ideas. The Economist, "Scottish nationalists face up to the economic challenges of independence," 7 June 2018 Thin margins make online retailers particularly vulnerable in a slump. Carol Ryan, WSJ, "Consumer Slump Will Hit Online Retailers Too," 20 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'slump.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of slump


circa 1677, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1887, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for slump


probably imitative

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Statistics for slump

Last Updated

15 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for slump

The first known use of slump was circa 1677

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More Definitions for slump



English Language Learners Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to sit or fall down suddenly and heavily

: to move down or forward suddenly

: to decrease suddenly and by a large amount



English Language Learners Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden decrease in prices, value, amount, etc.

: a period of time when an economy is doing poorly

sports : a period of time when a team or player is doing poorly


\ ˈsləmp \
slumped; slumping

Kids Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to drop or slide down suddenly : collapse The tired woman slumped into a chair.
2 : slouch entry 2 Don't slump when you walk.
3 : to drop sharply Sales slumped.



Kids Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

: a big or continued drop especially in prices, business, or performance

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More from Merriam-Webster on slump

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with slump

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for slump

Spanish Central: Translation of slump

Nglish: Translation of slump for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of slump for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about slump

Comments on slump

What made you want to look up slump? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to settle judicially or to act as judge

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