1

recession

noun re·ces·sion \ ri-ˈse-shən \
Updated on: 15 Nov 2017

Definition of recession

1 : the act or action of receding : withdrawal
2 : a departing procession (as of clergy and choir at the end of a church service)
3 : a period of reduced economic activity

recessionary

play \ri-ˈse-shə-ˌner-ē\ adjective

First Known Use of recession

circa 1652


2

recession

noun re·ces·sion \ (ˌ)rē-ˈse-shən \

Definition of recession

: the act of ceding back to a former possessor

Origin and Etymology of recession

re- + cession


Financial Definition of RECESSION

recession

What It Is

A recession is two consecutive quarters of declining gross domestic product (GDP)

How It Works

Let's assume that there has been a significant decline in industrial production, employment, and wholesale or retail trade. These things may cause GDP to decline for a three-month period (a quarter). If the situation continues in the next quarter, most economists will declare that the economy is in a recession.

The effects of a recession are far-reaching. Employment levels fall, discretionary income falls, and overall consumer spending falls, leading to tough times for most companies, which in turn lay off more workers and reduce overall consumer spending further. Few businesses expand and few consumers spend money, which lowers the demand for loans. Interest rates usually fall, as banks try to encourage consumers to take out loans.

The National Bureau of Economic Research has identified 32 recessions in the United States since the mid-1850s.

Why It Matters

Recessions are a normal part of the business cycle, but government fiscal and monetary policies often play key roles in making sure recessions do not go on for long. These policies involve increasing or decreasing government spending on entitlement programs and public works projects that create jobs, and they may involve changing bank reserve requirements, the interest rate at which the Federal Reserve lends money to banks, or the purchase or sale of Treasury securities.


RECESSION Defined for Kids

recession

noun re·ces·sion \ ri-ˈse-shən \

Definition of recession for Students

: a period of reduced business activity

Medical Dictionary

recession

noun re·ces·sion \ ri-ˈsesh-ən \

medical Definition of recession

: pathological withdrawal of tissue from its normal position
  • advanced gum recession


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