bump

noun
\ ˈbəmp \
plural bumps

Definition of bump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a relatively abrupt convexity or protuberance on a surface: such as
a : a swelling of tissue Her face flawless. Not a bump, a splotch or a freckle.— Katy Kelly
b : a sudden rise or uneven area in a road surface likely to jolt a passing vehicle a bump in the road
c phrenology : a cranial protuberance
2a : a sudden forceful blow, impact, or jolt felt a bump when the boat hit the dock
b : demotion
3 : an action of thrusting the hips forward with an abrupt suggestive motion (as in a dance or in a burlesque striptease act) — compare grind entry 2 sense 4
4 : baby bump Confirming her pregnancy at the September 6 MTV Video Music Awards, Kanye West's ex, 28, showed off her bump for the first time on the red carpet.— Allison Corneau
5 : an increase in amount a slight bump in wages/prices … since "Glee" burst on the scene last fall, some local show choirs have seen a bump in auditions …— Kristin Tillotson
6 slang : a small quantity of an illicit drug when inhaled in powdered form at one time At her first few shows Savannah did bumps of coke off her pinkie before hitting the stage.— Peter Wilkinson
7 volleyball : the act or an instance of bumping (see bump entry 2 sense 4) the ball with the forearms Loara High volleyball player Juli Miles demonstrates how to execute a bump during a match … . As the ball approaches, bring in your elbows and lock them so that your forearms are close to touching, which creates a nice, flat platform for the ball to bounce off.— Laura Czingula

bump

verb
bumped; bumping; bumps

Definition of bump (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to strike or knock with force or violence
2 : to collide with
3a(1) : to dislodge with a jolt
(2) : to subject to a scalar change rates being bumped up
b : to oust usually by virtue of seniority or priority was bumped from the flight
4 volleyball : to hit (the ball) with the forearms held close together and facing upward (as when receiving a serve) Hitting a ball with your bare forearms might sound painful, but it won't be if you learn how to bump the ball properly.— Eric Rinehimer
5 US slang : to play or listen to (recorded music, especially rap) … a portable DVD/CD player that bumps the new Snoop Dogg through surround-sound speakers …— Daniel G. Habib

intransitive verb

1 : to knock against something with a forceful jolt
2 : to proceed in or as if in a series of bumps
3 : to encounter something that is an obstacle or hindrance bumped up against a chair
bump into
: to encounter especially by chance

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Synonyms for bump

Synonyms: Noun

knot, lump, node, nodule, swelling

Synonyms: Verb

bang, bash, collide, crash, hit, impact, impinge, knock, ram, slam, smash, strike, swipe, thud

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Examples of bump in a Sentence

Noun

He wound up with a few minor bumps and bruises from the fight. Did you feel a bump?

Verb

I have a bruise from where I bumped my head. Be careful not to bump the vase. You nearly bumped me off the edge! The jolt bumped him right out of his seat. They bumped into us from behind. The boat bumped against the pier. The TV show will be bumped to a new time. Increasing fuel costs are bumping the company's prices higher. The loss bumped us out of first place.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The consolidated package of spending bills the House passed on Thursday, however, would override that order and provide civilian workers with a 1.9 percent pay bump. James Freeman, WSJ, "The Pelosi Pay Raise," 4 Jan. 2019 Workers who are hired, though, could be seeing a pay bump by 2022. Oona Goodin-smith, Philly.com, "Your guide to the Fourth in Philly, study finds city hiring slow | Morning Newsletter," 27 June 2018 Over the course of Everything’s nine songs, the duo acknowledge bumps—subpoena-brandishing investigators, streaming services who don’t share the wealth, shady friends—while remaining resilient and focused, both on each other and on their art. Maura Johnston, Time, "Beyoncé and Jay-Z Continue to Surprise on Joint Album Everything Is Love," 19 June 2018 The green has an assortment of humps and bumps but nothing to be alarmed about. Steve Dimeglio, USA TODAY, "Tiger Woods starting to lose patience with his putter after dismal showing at U.S. Open," 15 June 2018 Mixed in were a few missed collisions, a few bumps from behind. Brendan Marks, charlotteobserver, "'I believe!' There are a million reasons for Kevin Harvick's All-Star victory ritual | Charlotte Observer," 20 May 2018 This resulted in a a physical altercation and a resulting bump on Cardi’s head from an elbow thrown by a security guard after Cardi threw her shoe. Bridget Read, Vogue, "This Was the Year of Celebrity Feuds," 26 Dec. 2018 The friction from a tight-fitting sports bra can irritate hair follicles and cause red bumps. Mona Gohara, Good Housekeeping, "5 Reasons You're Getting Back Acne — And How to Make It Go Away," 7 Dec. 2018 Those blocked pores can appear as whiteheads or cystic bumps on the chin and jawline — the telltale area for period breakouts, says Dr. Engelman. Kelsey Castañon, Seventeen, "Everything You Need to Know About Acne — and How to Get Rid of It," 4 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The two, who previously met at AA, bump into each other once again on Thanksgiving, when Jessie is seen cradling a wine bottle outside a convenience store. Candice Frederick, Harper's BAZAAR, "This Is Us Season 3 Episode 8: Miguel Claps Back," 21 Nov. 2018 Up until that point, the key was to get out front, away from the congestion and risk of bumping and falling. Marc Myers, WSJ, "Getting Run Over Couldn’t Stop Jimmie Johnson’s Rise to Nascar Champion," 14 Nov. 2018 But perhaps the most infuriating thing is the possibility of getting bumped from your flight due to overbooking. Aditi Shrikant, Vox, "Why airlines are allowed to overbook their flights," 14 Nov. 2018 Aside from the silk suit and gold chains that tie the whole ensemble together, Appleton bumps up the braid even more by sitting it all the way atop Lopez's head and fastening it in place with a black scrunchie. Leah Prinzivalli, Allure, "Jennifer Lopez Shows Off Her "Bronx Barbie" Look and Baby Hair on Instagram," 8 Oct. 2018 Last month, a Cruise Chevy Bolt being driven manually bumped into a Cruise Chevy Bolt in autonomous mode. Kinda hilarious, sure, but the minor incident has lessons to teach about the challenge of building self-driving car tech. Aarian Marshall, WIRED, "This Week in the Future of Cars: Lofty Goals, Raw Ambition," 7 July 2018 The figure bumped up to 32 last year, including the dozen educators in September, a month after Evers announced his gubernatorial bid and the GOP attacked him on this issue. Daniel Bice, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Bice: Teacher revocations spike under Tony Evers after GOP accuses him of being tardy on issue," 5 July 2018 Yet there’s always that unspoken dread of bumping back to the DLC’s frame narrative. Steven Strom, Ars Technica, "Prey: Mooncrash’s dystopic nightmare hits a little too close to home," 28 June 2018 They are not yet indoctrinated into the performance of the system; their powers of perception and inclination to question has not yet been eroded by years of bumping up against oppression both subtle and overt. Danielle Tcholakian, Longreads, "The Manipulative Power of ‘You Understand’," 14 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bump.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bump

Noun

1581, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1581, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for bump

Noun

probably imitative of the sound of a blow

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Learn More about bump

Dictionary Entries near bump

bummel

bummer

bummler

bump

bump-and-run

bump ball

bumper

Statistics for bump

Last Updated

19 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for bump

The first known use of bump was in 1581

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More Definitions for bump

bump

noun

English Language Learners Definition of bump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an area of skin that is raised because it was hit, injured, etc.

: a small raised area on a surface

: an act of something hitting against something else

bump

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bump (Entry 2 of 2)

: to hit (something, such as part of your body) against an object in a sudden and forceful way

: to hit and move (someone or something)

: to move into or against (someone or something) in a sudden and forceful way

bump

noun
\ ˈbəmp \

Kids Definition of bump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a rounded swelling of flesh as from an injury
2 : a small raised area on a surface
3 : a sudden heavy impact or jolt

bump

verb
bumped; bumping

Kids Definition of bump (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to strike or knock against something Open your eyes before you bump into something.
2 : to move along unevenly : jolt The car bumped over the dirt road.

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More from Merriam-Webster on bump

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with bump

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for bump

Spanish Central: Translation of bump

Nglish: Translation of bump for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bump for Arabic Speakers

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