bruise

noun
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \

Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

bruise

verb
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 1 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her
2 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
3 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman
4a : batter, dent bruise armor
b archaic : disable

intransitive verb

1 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily
2 : to inflict a bruise

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Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

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Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Noun He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple Verb She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Most were suffering cuts and bruises from flying glass and debris. Fox News, "Suicide bombing near Afghanistan's Bagram Air Base kills 2, wounds more than 70," 12 Dec. 2019 In September, a therapist called DCFS with concerns about a 10-year-old boy who had a bruise and scratch on his upper thigh. ProPublica, "“None of the Children at the School Are Safe”," 12 Dec. 2019 The court papers said that on Saturday in Palm Harbor the young girl intervened as her mother was being punched in the face, resulting in bruises. Robert Gearty, Fox News, "Florida girl, 11, stabbed mother's attacker with scissors, deputies say," 21 Aug. 2019 The video, dated March 4, shows AJ lying naked on a mattress, covered in bruises and bandages, according to an affidavit from McHenry County Sheriff’s Detective Edwin Maldonado. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Court records: Illinois father led police to son’s body," 2 May 2019 My eyes were practically swollen shut and my face was covered in bruises and sutures. Serena Daniari, Allure, "The Complicated Process of Undergoing Facial-Feminization Surgery, and Why I Did It," 23 Mar. 2019 The victim suffered a broken elbow, cuts and bruises. Kieran Nicholson, The Denver Post, "Man sentenced to 16 years for robbery of 87-year-old," 6 Dec. 2019 Many of the injuries were minor – cuts and bruises – but some were more severe fractures and internal organ injuries and had the risk of long-term complications, the study published Thursday says. Ryan W. Miller, USA TODAY, "Our cell phones are causing more head and neck injuries, study shows," 6 Dec. 2019 In 2005, an M&M’s balloon smacked into a lamppost in Times Square, causing cuts and bruises to a woman in a wheelchair and her 11-year-old sister. Washington Post, "After wind scare, balloons fly in Macy’s Thanksgiving parade," 28 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Have to let the swelling and bruising go down first. Michele Corriston, PEOPLE.com, "Bachelor Nation's Blake Horstmann May Need Surgery After 'Crazy Person' Randomly Punches Him," 6 Jan. 2020 This will be the third straight game Russell has missed since bruising his shoulder in a collision with guard Luka Doncic in last Saturday’s loss to the Mavericks. Connor Letourneau, SFChronicle.com, "Warriors’ D’Angelo Russell, Kevon Looney out vs. Pistons," 4 Jan. 2020 Injury report Rockets: Guard James Harden (sprained toe) and center Clint Capela (bruised right heel) are questionable. Jonathan Feigen, Houston Chronicle, "Scouting report: Rockets vs. Nuggets," 31 Dec. 2019 That the Patriots would score a game-clinching touchdown on Rex Burkhead’s bruising 1-yard plunge six plays later is officially what secured their 24-17 win over the Bills on Saturday, but from beginning to end, this drive was Edelman’s. BostonGlobe.com, "FOXBOROUGH — Game in the balance, division title for the taking, Patriots get the ball. Fourth quarter, 9:01 to play, trailing the Bills by a point. Tom Brady takes the snap, scans the middle of the field, and sees him, streaking wide open across his path.," 22 Dec. 2019 Berg’s then 8-week-old child was hospitalized this past October with a skull fracture, brain-bleed, broken ribs, bleeding and bruising of his genitalia, a swollen-shut left eye and cuts on his forehead and ear. Sarah Horner, Twin Cities, "St. Paul man who caused life-threatening injuries to his infant son from ongoing abuse sentenced to prison," 19 Dec. 2019 Her body was pink and normal-looking, except for the slight bruising around neck and chest from the compression. Melissa Fletcher Stoeltje, ExpressNews.com, "Her baby was stillborn. Now, a San Antonio woman wants to spare mothers the grief," 8 Dec. 2019 Trying to protect kids from every bump, scrape, and bruise prevents them from figuring out risk management on their own. Krista Langlois, Outside Online, "When Is the Right Time to Take Kids on a Big Adventure?," 1 Dec. 2019 It was widely considered tastier than the Cavendish, and more difficult to bruise. Time, "What We Can Learn From the Near-Death of the Banana," 18 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bruise

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 4b

History and Etymology for bruise

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 2

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

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Time Traveler for bruise

Time Traveler

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

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Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

12 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Bruise.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bruise. Accessed 21 January 2020.

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More Definitions for bruise

bruise

noun
How to pronounce bruise (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury
: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)
: to get a bruise
: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings

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Comments on bruise

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