bruise

verb
\ˈbrüz \
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a archaic : disable

b : batter, dent bruise armor

2 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 2 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her

3 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush

4 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman

intransitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise

2 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily

bruise

noun

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion

b : a similar injury to plant tissue

3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

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Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

contusion

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Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Verb

She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.

Noun

He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

According to a criminal complaint obtained Tuesday, a Las Cruces police officer wrote that Turpin grabbed and bruised both arms of the victim, ripped her shirt and slammed her phone on the counter, causing the screen to break. Stephen Hawkins, The Seattle Times, "Turpin dismissed from TCU team after 2nd charge surfaces," 23 Oct. 2018 Though light bruising is fine, dark spots or punctures are not. Audrey Bruno, SELF, "How to Pick the Most Delicious Pears Every Time," 19 Sep. 2018 Facts: There's no outward sign that Trump's aggressive posturing changed anything for the alliance other than bruise its veneer of unity. Calvin Woodward And Hope Yen, chicagotribune.com, "Trump is in Europe and the truth is not with him: A fact check," 14 July 2018 On July 4, Jones allegedly used a brick to beat Rodriguez, who is recovering from two broken ribs, a broken cheekbone and bruising across much of his body, the statement says. Chris Harris, PEOPLE.com, "California Woman Arrested After Allegedly Beating Man, 92, and Telling Him 'Go Back to Mexico'," 12 July 2018 Sheriff's spokeswoman Brenda Bassett said in a statement Monday the baby suffered only minor scrapes and bruising. Ashley May, USA TODAY, "'Miracle' baby buried alive in Montana woods for 9 hours was saved by a deputy who heard a faint cry," 10 July 2018 Tien Luong, 34, and Nip Mihn Tsi, 36, are accused of causing severe bruising to the woman's entire body, including permanent scars caused from stabbing her with tools, the warrants state. Lavendrick Smith, charlotteobserver, "Duo accused of human trafficking at NC salon stabbed woman with tools, warrants say," 29 June 2018 But a straight guy could not use that without his ego being bruised. Alim Kheraj, GQ, "How to Do Pride Right, With Bob the Drag Queen," 18 June 2018 Over his storied athletic career, Anderson has broken his ankle and bruised his kidneys. Brigit Katz, Smithsonian, "Holey Swiss: Man Breaks Record in British Downhill Cheese Race," 4 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Upon noticing bruises on Abigail's back and stomach, investigators interviewed the other Hart kids, who said they were often grounded, spanked, or sent to their beds without food. Lauren Smiley, Glamour, "Two White Moms. Six Black Kids. One Unthinkable Tragedy. A Look Inside the ‘Perfect’ Hart Family," 6 Sep. 2018 In November 2010, a teacher found bruises on Abigail, then 6, across her sternum to her belly button and from her mid-back down to the waist of her jeans, according to an Alexandria police report. Joe Heim And Julie Tate, chicagotribune.com, "As children begged for help, adoption system failed them," 13 July 2018 But while the adoption of Devonte, Jeremiah and Ciera was pending, in September 2008, Hannah Hart told a teacher that Jennifer had hit her with a belt, leaving a bruise on her arm - the first public record of many allegations of abuse. Joe Heim And Julie Tate, Houston Chronicle, "As Hart children begged for help, system failed them," 12 July 2018 Standing up to leave, Perrote notices a bruise on her leg. Eve Barlow, GQ, "15 Hours With Hinds, Spain's Wildest Rock Band," 25 June 2018 Vice President Kembo Mohadi had leg injuries, while Constantino Chiwenga, a second vice president and the former military commander, had bruises on his face, the report said. Farai Mutsaka, USA TODAY, "A ‘cowardly act:’ Authorities say explosion was assassination attempt on Zimbabwe leader," 23 June 2018 Vice President Kembo Mohadi had leg injuries, while Constantino Chiwenga, a second vice president and the former military commander, had bruises on his face, the report said. Hadra Ahmed, BostonGlobe.com, "Explosions hit rallies for leaders of Ethiopia, Zimbabwe," 23 June 2018 Another boy hit her and left a large bruise on her face. Jack Healy, New York Times, "Migrant Parents Wait and Hope for Their Children: ‘I Feel Like I’m Going to Die’," 21 June 2018 Photos posted on Facebook show the extent of her injuries, which included bruises on her arms and face. Arizona Republic, azcentral, "These 6 body-cam videos have put Mesa police in national spotlight," 15 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bruise

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for bruise

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celt origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 1

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Learn More about bruise

Dictionary Entries near bruise

bruh

bruik

bruin

bruise

bruised

bruiser

bruisewort

Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

29 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for bruise

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for bruise

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)

: to get a bruise

: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

noun

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury

: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb
\ˈbrüz \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ˈbrüz \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse

2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion

2 : an injury especially to the feelings

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More from Merriam-Webster on bruise

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with bruise

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for bruise

Spanish Central: Translation of bruise

Nglish: Translation of bruise for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bruise for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bruise

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