bruise

noun
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \

Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

bruise

verb
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 1 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her
2 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
3 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman
4a : batter, dent bruise armor
b archaic : disable

intransitive verb

1 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily
2 : to inflict a bruise

Keep scrolling for more

Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Noun He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple Verb She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.
See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The girl’s face had minor injuries and a bruise was near her eye. Bob Sandrick, cleveland, "Berea man arrested in connection to attempted rape; organizers of Black Lives Matter vigil harassed: Berea police blotter," 3 July 2020 Weeks later, photos show that her calf is still black and red from the infected bruise. oregonlive, "Portland’s Justice Center fence: A daunting place after dark for both protesters and police," 28 June 2020 The next day, Hunter woke up with a large, dark bruise on her inner thigh. Luke Mogelson, The New Yorker, "The Heart of the Uprising in Minneapolis," 15 June 2020 According to the station, troopers pronounced Gallagher dead at the scene and took Harris to a hospital for treatment of a superficial scratch to the front of her neck, a laceration on her wrist and a bruise on her thigh. Fox News, "Pennsylvania woman accused of cutting another woman's windpipe after 'windpipe location' internet search," 13 June 2020 The 20-page report, which was released with the consent of Floyd's family, also found Floyd had suffered blunt-force injuries to his face, shoulders, hands, arms, and legs, with bruises on his wrists from handcuffs and a broken rib. Mica Soellner, Washington Examiner, "Autopsy finds George Floyd had coronavirus before his death," 3 June 2020 The woman was taken to Fairview Park Hospital with bruises on her arms and cuts on her arms and legs, according to police. Adam Ferrise, cleveland, "Cleveland teen accused of attacking, attempting to sexually assault 74-year-old woman," 23 May 2020 Cities that rely more heavily on property taxes for their operating budgets will likely manage with fewer bruises. Dominic Fracassa, SFChronicle.com, "Bay Area cities face grim financial outlook amid budget slashing. Here’s what cities are planning to cut," 10 May 2020 His teachers noticed his fresh bruises at school and grew increasingly concerned by his questions, looking to the L.A. County Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) for help. Ineye Komonibo, refinery29.com, "Where Are Gabriel Fernandez’s Guardians Now?," 2 Mar. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The company has been bruised by a slowdown in Chinese and German manufacturing, rising pension costs and falling demand for European steel. Eyk Henning, Bloomberg.com, "Thyssen to Sell Elevators in $19 Billion Private-Equity Deal," 15 May 2020 Selfies of exhausted faces, bruised and creased from goggles and masks, have been posted on social media by nurses and doctors from around the world. Caitlin O'kane, CBS News, "Exhausted doctors and nurses post images of their bruised faces after long shifts wearing protective gear," 31 Mar. 2020 Voloshin was bruised but not seriously hurt, according to the document. oregonlive, "Candidate for Clackamas County sheriff confirms 2 suspensions, including one for using force," 28 Apr. 2020 More than 100 cases of the condition—characterized by purple, bruise-like bumps and swelling— have been recorded in a COVID-19 symptom registry kept by the American Academy of Dermatology. Jamie Ducharme, Time, "From 'COVID Toes' to Hives, These Are the Skin Conditions Dermatologists Think Could Be Signs of Coronavirus," 28 Apr. 2020 Though the research has not yet been peer-reviewed, the findings could help doctors and nurses whose protective gear has bruised their faces after long and harrowing shifts treating coronavirus patients. Natasha Reda, Glamour, "Improve Your Face Masks With One Simple Item You Probably Have In Your Drawers," 25 Apr. 2020 But that bruising experience didn’t shake his faith in the value of public discourse on issues affecting the scientific community and the need for scientists to become engaged in policy. Jeffrey Mervis, Science | AAAS, "Donald Kennedy, who led Science through turbulent times, dies at 88," 23 Apr. 2020 The victim suffered bruising to her eye, the release said. Christopher Roth, azcentral, "Caregiver arrested after video shows woman being hit on head in assisted living facility," 20 Apr. 2020 Some donors may experience bruising at the injection site. Claire Gillespie, Health.com, "Donating Plasma for COVID-19 Patients: Everything You Need to Know," 20 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of bruise

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 4b

History and Etymology for bruise

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 2

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about bruise

Time Traveler for bruise

Time Traveler

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

10 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Bruise.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bruise. Accessed 3 Aug. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for bruise

bruise

noun
How to pronounce bruise (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury
: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)
: to get a bruise
: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on bruise

What made you want to look up bruise? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

July 2020 Words of the Day Quiz

  • papercraft sunset
  • Which is a synonym of mien?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Bee Cubed

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!