bruise

1 of 2

noun

1
a
: an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b
: a similar injury to plant tissue
2
3
: an injury especially to the feelings
criticisms that left a bruise

bruise

2 of 2

verb

bruised; bruising

transitive verb

1
: to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 1 sense 1) on : contuse
bruised her arm when he grabbed her
2
: to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
3
: wound, injure
especially : to inflict psychological hurt on
The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman
4
a
: batter, dent
bruise armor
b
archaic : disable

intransitive verb

1
: to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising
her skin bruises easily
2
: to inflict a bruise

Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Noun He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple Verb She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
Vulnerable because of her carelessness (and blackouts) to waking up in, say, Latvia for no clear reason, Ellen is perpetually teetering through life on high heels with a face full of smeared make-up or, just as frequently, blood and bruises. Leslie Felperin, The Hollywood Reporter, 19 Feb. 2024 And those bruises don’t always show up in the obvious places. Alexis Soloski, New York Times, 15 Feb. 2024 Visible bruises corroborate his claim, immediately earning the parents’ sympathy. Carlos Aguilar, Variety, 22 Jan. 2024 The couple focused their attention on one autopsy photo showing a bruise in the shape of a small dot above Mandadi's right ear, and on another photo showing a larger bruise above her left ear. Michael Loftus, CBS News, 19 Jan. 2024 As for Sunday night’s victory, the Heat went up 24 in the second quarter and nursed the lead to the finish, with Butler out again with a toe injury and Love sitting out with a knee bruise. Ira Winderman, Sun Sentinel, 14 Jan. 2024 Two police officers suffered cuts and bruises while pulling the driver from the car, police said. Don Sweeney, Sacramento Bee, 8 Feb. 2024 An autopsy report stated Terrance had 15 to 20 bruises on his head, as well as more on his shoulder blades and back, which prosecutors believe were caused by the boy's fight to stay alive, Macomb Daily reports. Nicole Acosta, Peoplemag, 6 Feb. 2024 Howerton told the police officer Cayley already had bruises on her legs earlier in the day. Peter Van Sant, CBS News, 20 Jan. 2024
Verb
La Sportiva’s modernized take on an ankle-height boot offers flexion through the forefoot, a generous heel upper that doesn’t bruise or rub, and a secure heel counter to prevent blisters. Maggie Slepian, Travel + Leisure, 9 Feb. 2024 Stubborn weight gain in the legs may start for someone as a teenager or young adult, diet and exercise don’t help, and the weight can be accompanied by painful swelling and easy bruising, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Elizabeth Siegel, Allure, 8 Feb. 2024 If a grocery store cucumber isn't wrapped in plastic, it is likely covered in a food-safe wax to retain the fruit's moisture and protect it from bruising and mold. Susan Hall Mahon, Southern Living, 2 Feb. 2024 Easy bruising and scarring are hallmarks of the condition too. Korin Miller, SELF, 1 Feb. 2024 The high school freshman suffered bruising and briefly blacked out, her father later said. Nic F. Anderson, CNN, 30 Jan. 2024 His feet grow bruised, his heart hammers, and his shirt and trousers become soaked with sweat. Nick Romeo, The New Yorker, 16 Jan. 2024 Despite the bruising contest, many Trump supporters had kind things to say about Mr. DeSantis. Shane Goldmacher, New York Times, 21 Jan. 2024 Other photos show deep bruising above Cayley's left ear, like the one described by the medical examiner in the first trial. Peter Van Sant, CBS News, 20 Jan. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'bruise.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 2

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

First Known Use

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 4b

Time Traveler
The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near bruise

Cite this Entry

“Bruise.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bruise. Accessed 23 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

bruise

1 of 2 verb
bruised; bruising
1
a
: to cause a bruise on
b
: to become bruised
2
: to crush (as leaves or berries) by pounding
3
: to hurt the feelings of

bruise

2 of 2 noun
1
: an injury (as from a blow) in which the skin is not broken but is discolored from the breaking of small blood vessels that lie underneath the skin : contusion
2
: an injury to a plant or fruit that resembles a bruise

Medical Definition

bruise

1 of 2 verb
bruised; bruising

transitive verb

1
: to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2
: wound, injure
especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising
she bruises easily

bruise

2 of 2 noun
1
: an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2
: an injury especially to the feelings

More from Merriam-Webster on bruise

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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