bruise

verb
\ˈbrüz \
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a archaic : disable

b : batter, dent bruise armor

2 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 2 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her

3 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush

4 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman

intransitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise

2 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily

bruise

noun

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion

b : a similar injury to plant tissue

3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

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Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

contusion

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Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Verb

She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.

Noun

He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Police found 50-year-old Otoni Eliseu, who was allegedly held captive, bloodied and bruised on Saturday. Malini Basu, ajc, "Gay man beaten, held captive for 4 days by angry teenager, police say," 3 July 2018 In addition to the bleed, the girl had bruising on her neck and multiple bone fractures, all indicative of abuse, according to the warrant. David Owens, courant.com, "Enfield Police Charge Father In Shaken Baby Assault Of Infant Son," 24 May 2018 My kids get bumped and bruised and scratched because they’re kids but that’s it. Time, "Children Were Tortured by Their Parents 'For Sadistic Purposes,' California Prosecutor Says," 15 May 2018 That’s what prosecutors say led to bruising on the child’s face, ear, chest and neck. Keith Bierygolick, Cincinnati.com, "Records: Babysitter struck 3-year-old, who later died, because she dumped ketchup in toilet," 16 Apr. 2018 Later, the boy's mother showed pictures to school personnel of bruising on her son's buttocks. Anna Claire Vollers, AL.com, "Paddling is legal in Alabama, but some teachers arrested for excessive force," 11 Apr. 2018 The New Orleans Saints veteran punter suffered torn cartilage and bruised ribs on his right side while making a touchdown-saving tackle on a first quarter punt in the NFC Divisional Playoff Game against the Minnesota Vikings on Sunday. Jeff Duncan, NOLA.com, "Thomas Morstead's valor earns respect, produces heartwarming charity," 17 Jan. 2018 Just hours after the home invasion, a friend of Cordon posted a picture showing Cordon bruised and bloodied in what appeared to be an ambulance or hospital. NBC News, "NFL player LeSean McCoy's estranged ex-girlfriend attacked during home invasion," 11 July 2018 Fitzpatrick reportedly bruised a kidney, but wouldn't confirm the injury during Alabama's national championship media day at Philips Arena. Wesley Sinor, AL.com, "Watch Alabama QBs Jalen Hurts, Tua Tagovailoa warm up for national championship," 8 Jan. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

An Instagram photo surfaced Tuesday of Cordon lying in a hospital bed with cuts and bruises across her face. Ryan Gaydos, Fox News, "LeSean 'Shady' McCoy's reported attorney has history of high-profile cases," 12 July 2018 The boy was treated at a hospital for cuts, bruises and bleeding from the ear, then released to his mother, who was not the woman in the video, police told The Riverside Press-Enterprise. Don Sweeney, sacbee, "Father swings his infant son at a woman ‘like a baseball bat,’ California police say," 11 July 2018 Someone called Boulder County EMS, and an ambulance took me to a hospital, where doctors told me I had five bite marks in my head, deep cuts from claws across my face, and bruises on my chest and neck. Patty Hodapp, Outside Online, "The Man Who Survived a Rattler, Bear, and Shark Attack," 10 July 2018 McCoy's girlfriend, Delicia, is shown in the picture with cuts and bruises across her face. Nihal Kolur, SI.com, "LeSean McCoy Accused of Domestic Violence, PED Use In Graphic Instagram Post," 10 July 2018 Another video shows a Thai doctor, who spent the night with them in the cave, treating their cuts and bruises and joking with the boys, many of whom appear to have new clothes and were wrapped in foil, heat-retaining blankets. Shibani Mahtani, BostonGlobe.com, "A congenital hand difference isn’t enough to hold this young athlete back," 4 July 2018 This May 12 accident sent her to the emergency room with a broken right arm, cuts and bruises. Peter Rowe, sandiegouniontribune.com, "Cindy Marten's fortune: leading San Diego Unified forward while suffering personal setbacks," 24 June 2018 Doctors and staff will be able to treat everything from cuts and bruises to heart attacks and strokes, with the ability to airlift patients to the main hospital if needed. Austen Erblat, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Medical facility being built in Westlake, developer reconsiders Acreage project," 5 June 2018 Theft, Oakwood Road: On March 1, police were dispatched to an Oakwood Road home after a resident reported her son had stolen money from her purse and a few days prior grabbed her arm, leaving bruises. John Benson, cleveland.com, "Grandmother threatened by woman in Valley Forge High School parking lot: Parma Heights Police Blotter," 8 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bruise

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for bruise

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celt origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 1

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Learn More about bruise

Dictionary Entries near bruise

bruh

bruik

bruin

bruise

bruised

bruiser

bruisewort

Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

4 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for bruise

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for bruise

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)

: to get a bruise

: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

noun

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury

: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb
\ˈbrüz \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ˈbrüz \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse

2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion

2 : an injury especially to the feelings

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Comments on bruise

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