abrasion

noun
abra·​sion | \ə-ˈbrā-zhən \

Definition of abrasion 

1a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction

b : irritation

2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane

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Synonyms for abrasion

Synonyms

bruise, graze, scrape

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Examples of abrasion in a Sentence

abrasion of rocks by wind and water walked away from the auto accident with only minor abrasions

Recent Examples on the Web

In the Taber Test, which measures wear from prolonged abrasion, Gorilla Glass 3 appears visibly less scratched than Gorilla Glass 4, and Gorilla Glass 5 looks to be somewhere in between the two. Shannon Liao, The Verge, "Why your brand-new smartphone will scratch just as easily as your old one," 19 Oct. 2018 The severity of the tears is measured in degrees, ranging from common 1st and 2nd degree (minor cuts or abrasions) to severe 3rd and 4th degree (deep lacerations to muscles and tissue). Frances F. Denny, Harper's BAZAAR, "What People Don’t Tell You About Childbirth: The Realities of Vaginal Tearing," 16 July 2018 Lillianna suffered several abrasions, contusions and bleeding on the brain. Washington Post, "Charges: Driver didn’t slow before he hit kids at playground," 13 June 2018 The lightweight fabric has UPF 45 protection, dries quickly, and shields against abrasions and scratches. Mandy Ferreira, Sunset, "10 Best Kids’ Hiking Shoes & Gear," 22 Jan. 2018 Give a few extra shots to the shoulders, chest, and waist, where the most abrasion occurs and DWR is most likely to wear off quicker. Ryan Stuart, Outside Online, "Tips to Make Your Rain Gear Last Forever," 31 May 2018 Police also noticed an abrasion on Evelyn Craft’s right shoulder and left forearm. Raisa Habersham, ajc, "Cops: Woman fatally stabbed mother, waited 4 hours to call Gwinnett police," 28 June 2018 Treatment ultimately depends on how bad your abrasion is. Korin Miller, SELF, "9 Health Issues That Can Cause Sensitivity to Light," 5 June 2018 Police were called about 11:30 p.m. The waitress was taken to Piedmont Henry Hospital, where she was treated for the stab wound and other abrasions and released. Chelsea Prince, ajc, "Applebee’s waitress was stabbed after she brushed up against diner’s leg, cops say," 13 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrasion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abrasion

circa 1550, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for abrasion

borrowed from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, abrāsiō, from Latin abrādere "to scrape off" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrade

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Statistics for abrasion

Last Updated

25 Nov 2018

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Time Traveler for abrasion

The first known use of abrasion was circa 1550

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More Definitions for abrasion

abrasion

noun

English Language Learners Definition of abrasion

: an injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin

: the act or process of damaging or wearing away something by rubbing, grinding, or scraping

abrasion

noun
abra·​sion | \ə-ˈbrā-zhən \

Medical Definition of abrasion 

1 : wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction

2a : the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane also : a place so abraded

b : the mechanical wearing away of the tooth surfaces by chewing

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Comments on abrasion

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