abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Definition of abrasion

1a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane

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Synonyms for abrasion


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Examples of abrasion in a Sentence

abrasion of rocks by wind and water walked away from the auto accident with only minor abrasions
Recent Examples on the Web The report from the Chilmark Town Affairs Council was dated Aug. 25 and posted to the website of the Chilmark Community Center, the site of the troubling encounter that left the Black child with an abrasion on his neck. BostonGlobe.com, 30 Aug. 2021 The young victim went home with an abrasion on his neck. BostonGlobe.com, 4 Aug. 2021 In the next week or so, the rover will unleash one instrument that could help answer this puzzle: an abrasion bit mounted at the end of its 2-meter-long arm. Paul Voosen, Science | AAAS, 21 July 2021 The Unbreakable 6 Straight denim pants feel pretty much like regular jeans but have far superior abrasion resistance and some nice touches, such as a carabiner loop for keys, and deep pockets, including a roomy coin pocket. Bill Roberson, Forbes, 31 May 2021 Cole suffered a corneal abrasion and chemical burns on her eye and skin. Andy Mannix, Star Tribune, 26 May 2021 The smooth fabric didn’t pill in our tests, even after our abrasion machine rubbed it 1,000 times. Lexie Sachs, Good Housekeeping, 17 May 2021 That adds a considerable degree of comfort inside a tent, blocking moisture invading from the ground, and protecting the tent floor from dirt, abrasion, and dog paws. Wes Siler, Outside Online, 2 May 2021 Babolat started from the bottom up, working with Michelin—the two French companies have a long history of partnership—to redesign the outsole by reinforcing areas that see the most abrasion while using less material in low-impact zones. Tim Newcomb, Forbes, 5 July 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrasion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abrasion

circa 1550, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for abrasion

borrowed from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, abrāsiō, from Latin abrādere "to scrape off" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrade

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The first known use of abrasion was circa 1550

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abrasion platform

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Last Updated

18 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Abrasion.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abrasion. Accessed 24 Oct. 2021.

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English Language Learners Definition of abrasion

: an injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin
: the act or process of damaging or wearing away something by rubbing, grinding, or scraping


abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Medical Definition of abrasion

1 : wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2a : the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane also : a place so abraded
b : the mechanical wearing away of the tooth surfaces by chewing

More from Merriam-Webster on abrasion

Nglish: Translation of abrasion for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of abrasion for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about abrasion


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