abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Definition of abrasion

1a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane

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Synonyms for abrasion


bruise, graze, scrape

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Examples of abrasion in a Sentence

abrasion of rocks by wind and water walked away from the auto accident with only minor abrasions

Recent Examples on the Web

The injuries to the others included facial abrasions and a broken arm; none was life threatening, Lt. Michael Gold, New York Times, "West Point Accident Kills Cadet and Injures 22 Others," 6 June 2019 Dickies says the fabric makes the Moto line 300 percent more abrasion-resistant than normal denim. James Lynch, Popular Mechanics, "The New Dickies Moto Is Good-Looking Gear for Motorcyclists Who Don't Want to Spend a Fortune," 5 Nov. 2018 The Arch Rock’s abrasion-resistant nylon has plenty of stretch, a UPF 50 rating, and a DWR finish to help shed summer storms. Graham Averill, Outside Online, "The Best Summer Hiking Pants for Men," 28 June 2018 An influx of tourists over the course of decades had inundated the tomb with humidity, dust, and carbon dioxide; scratches and abrasions were also threatening the longevity of the wall paintings. Chloe Foussianes, Town & Country, "King Tut's Tomb Is Reopening—And This Time, It's Tourist-Proof," 1 Feb. 2019 According to reports, the rapper suffered cuts and abrasions, and lost four teeth after flipping a golf cart. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "T-Pain Is the Monster on 'The Masked Singer' and Any Other Theory Is Wrong," 27 Feb. 2019 These pathogens, which affect mostly horses and dogs, can enter an animal's body through small cuts or abrasions. Kelly O'sullivan, Country Living, "A Deadly 'Swamp Cancer' Has Killed Seven of the Famous Chincoteague Wild Ponies," 11 Jan. 2019 This not only helps protect more delicate fabrics from abrasion and snagging on hardware, but shields dark colors from wear and tear that can cause fading, says Forte. Brigitt Earley, Good Housekeeping, "A Laundry Expert's 8 Biggest Dos and Don'ts," 8 Feb. 2019 Corneal abrasions usually heal in a day or two, the Mayo Clinic says. Korin Miller, SELF, "Here’s Why Your Eyes Are Burning When You Put In Your Contacts," 10 Oct. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrasion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abrasion

circa 1550, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for abrasion

borrowed from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, abrāsiō, from Latin abrādere "to scrape off" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrade

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Statistics for abrasion

Last Updated

24 Jun 2019

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Time Traveler for abrasion

The first known use of abrasion was circa 1550

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English Language Learners Definition of abrasion

: an injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin
: the act or process of damaging or wearing away something by rubbing, grinding, or scraping


abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Medical Definition of abrasion

1 : wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2a : the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane also : a place so abraded
b : the mechanical wearing away of the tooth surfaces by chewing

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