abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Definition of abrasion

1a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane

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Synonyms for abrasion


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Examples of abrasion in a Sentence

abrasion of rocks by wind and water walked away from the auto accident with only minor abrasions
Recent Examples on the Web An argument followed, and Brown is accused of physically grabbing a man, tearing his shirt and leaving him with abrasions, according to the report. Phil Helsel, NBC News, "Former NFL wide receiver Antonio Brown released on bond after turning himself in to police," 25 Jan. 2020 At Community Regional Medical Center hospital in Fresno, she was diagnosed with a concussion, severe bruises across much of her body, with a severe neck abrasion from the rope. Tom Stienstra, SFChronicle.com, "Injured Yosemite climber triumphs with father on Ecuador peak," 14 Dec. 2019 The officer wrote that the victim was shirtless and noted that the victim’s thumb had an abrasion and was bleeding. Bob Blubaugh, baltimoresun.com/maryland/carroll, "Taneytown woman arrested after allegedly biting man on Thanksgiving," 3 Dec. 2019 Watson had an abrasion near his right elbow, but the Giants were concerned the reliever may have damaged his left wrist after a hard fall. Kerry Crowley, The Mercury News, "Tony Watson lays out ‘like a 34-year-old dad,’ updates status after X-Ray," 5 Sep. 2019 He was later discharged from the hospital and is resting at home with abrasions, bumps and bruises, FHP said. Richard Tribou, orlandosentinel.com, "Video shows FHP trooper being dragged by fleeing car in downtown Orlando," 20 June 2019 The government agency notes that the disease can be transmitted in different ways: via skin abrasions or direct contact with other infected snakes or mothers who pass it to their offspring in certain species. Fox News, "Rare disease makes snakes look like 'mummies'," 7 Nov. 2019 There are people who are going to get cuts and abrasions (…) and are then going to be wading in water, which has high levels of fecal bacteria because there’s usually a disruption in sanitation. Sanya Mansoor, Time, "Hurricane Dorian Is Gone. But the Bahamas Still Faces a Big Risk From Infectious Disease," 12 Sep. 2019 Milroy said the abrasions found on her nose, chin, knuckles and knees, as well as a bruise in her neck, were minor and did not indicate a violent struggle as portrayed by the prosecution. George Houde, chicagotribune.com, "Testifying for defense at murder trial, pathologist says South Barrington woman’s drowning death in 2000 could have been accidental," 15 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrasion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abrasion

circa 1550, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for abrasion

borrowed from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, abrāsiō, from Latin abrādere "to scrape off" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrade

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Time Traveler for abrasion

Time Traveler

The first known use of abrasion was circa 1550

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Statistics for abrasion

Last Updated

4 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Abrasion.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abrasion. Accessed 17 Feb. 2020.

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How to pronounce abrasion (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of abrasion

: an injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin
: the act or process of damaging or wearing away something by rubbing, grinding, or scraping


abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Medical Definition of abrasion

1 : wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2a : the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane also : a place so abraded
b : the mechanical wearing away of the tooth surfaces by chewing

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