abra·sion | \ə-ˈbrā-zhən \

Definition of abrasion 

1a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction

b : irritation

2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane

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Synonyms for abrasion


bruise, graze, scrape

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Examples of abrasion in a Sentence

abrasion of rocks by wind and water walked away from the auto accident with only minor abrasions

Recent Examples on the Web

Treatment ultimately depends on how bad your abrasion is. Korin Miller, SELF, "9 Health Issues That Can Cause Sensitivity to Light," 5 June 2018 Police were called about 11:30 p.m. The waitress was taken to Piedmont Henry Hospital, where she was treated for the stab wound and other abrasions and released. Chelsea Prince, ajc, "Applebee’s waitress was stabbed after she brushed up against diner’s leg, cops say," 13 July 2018 The other cyclist suffered a broken arm, some cuts and abrasions. Nick Powell, Houston Chronicle, "One dead after vehicle strikes two bicyclists in Galveston," 5 June 2018 Flyweight Ray Borg suffered multiple cornea abrasions in the wake of the McGregor attack and his fight against Brandon Moreno was also scratched. Crimesider Staff, CBS News, "Conor McGregor seen leaving police station in handcuffs after backstage melee," 6 Apr. 2018 The prosecution motion describes the wounds stretching from head to toe as bruises, abrasions, red dots, scabs, cuts and a traumatic brain injury. Garrett Therolf, latimes.com, "Anthony Avalos was extensively tortured over days before dying, prosecutors allege," 4 July 2018 Keratitis can crop up because of a ton of things, including injuries, corneal abrasions, bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. Korin Miller, SELF, "This Is When to See a Doctor About Eye Pain ASAP," 19 June 2018 Anderson was taken to Mount Sinai Hospital where he was treated for cuts and abrasions, officials said. William Lee, chicagotribune.com, "No bail in fatal DUI crash in Logan Square involving rideshare car," 10 June 2018 Ear infections, respiratory issues, cold, cough, abrasions and the flu are some common cases the urgent care is expecting to see. Samie Gebers, azcentral, "Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport opens urgent care to treat travelers, employees," 25 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrasion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abrasion

circa 1550, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for abrasion

borrowed from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, abrāsiō, from Latin abrādere "to scrape off" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrade

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Statistics for abrasion

Last Updated

30 Sep 2018

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Time Traveler for abrasion

The first known use of abrasion was circa 1550

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More Definitions for abrasion



English Language Learners Definition of abrasion

: an injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin

: the act or process of damaging or wearing away something by rubbing, grinding, or scraping


abra·sion | \ə-ˈbrā-zhən \

Medical Definition of abrasion 

1 : wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction

2a : the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane also : a place so abraded

b : the mechanical wearing away of the tooth surfaces by chewing

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Comments on abrasion

What made you want to look up abrasion? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


exaggeratedly or childishly emotional

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