\ ə-ˈbrād How to pronounce abrade (audio) \
abraded; abrading

Definition of abrade

transitive verb

1a : to rub or wear away especially by friction : erode
b : to irritate or roughen by rubbing
2 : to wear down in spirit : irritate, weary

Other Words from abrade

abradable \ ə-​ˈbrā-​də-​bəl How to pronounce abrade (audio) \ adjective
abrader noun

Examples of abrade in a Sentence

ropes abraded by the rocks were a huge danger to the climbers the prisoner's manacles abraded his wrists and ankles until they bled
Recent Examples on the Web Using a drill and a wire metal brush attachment, abrade the wood by running the brush along the surface. Hannah Bruneman, Better Homes & Gardens, 19 Sep. 2022 Wine Away was easy to remove from fabrics without excessive blotting or rinsing that can abrade or damage fabrics. Carolyn Forté, Good Housekeeping, 1 Sep. 2022 Like dirt, those teeth will abrade fabrics during a wash cycle. Joe Lindsey, Outside Online, 17 July 2021 This parodic picaresque finds Sturges at the zenith of his formidable powers to abrade and delight. Washington Post, 31 July 2021 Anyway, to get back to the subject, the definitions for chafe are broad and grumpy: to irritate and vex, to abrade, to rub so as to wear away, to make sore, to feel irritation, discontent or impatience. Bernadette Kinlaw, Arkansas Online, 31 May 2021 Another great crossover from the auto-body industry is rubbing compound that cleans and abrades the surface at the same time. Joseph Truini, Popular Mechanics, 26 Apr. 2020 The findings from the cave also included a number of pumice stones that the Neanderthals likely used as an abrading tool to sharpen other tools. Ashley Strickland, CNN, 15 Jan. 2020 The important thing is to abrade off shiny spots, rust, deep scratches, and the like. Dan Roe, Popular Mechanics, 20 Oct. 2019 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrade.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of abrade

1675, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for abrade

borrowed from Latin abrādere "to remove by rubbing, scrape off," from ab- ab- + rādere "to scrape" — more at rase

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Last Updated

23 Sep 2022

Cite this Entry

“Abrade.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abrade. Accessed 6 Oct. 2022.

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More Definitions for abrade


\ ə-ˈbrād How to pronounce abrade (audio) \
abraded; abrading

Kids Definition of abrade

: to wear away or irritate by rubbing The rough fabric abraded his skin.


transitive verb
\ ə-ˈbrād How to pronounce abrade (audio) \
abraded; abrading

Medical Definition of abrade

: to irritate or roughen by rubbing : chafe

More from Merriam-Webster on abrade

Nglish: Translation of abrade for Spanish Speakers


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